Research Publications

2017 Publications

SCHOOL OF MEDICINE (272)

  1. Aggarwal, P., Bansal, V., Aggarwal, N., Arora, Z., Murthy, S., & Gabbard, S. (2017). The case of self-resolving type III achalasia after bilateral lung transplant. Neurogastroenterology and Motility: The Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 29(7). https://doi.org/10.1111/nmo.13048
  2. Aker L,R. Tubbs S., Oskouian RJ, Holsapple J., Massengale J., Cronk K., Samara A., Mansour S.,  Alkhdour S.M., Jumah F., Alzuabi M.A.,  Ghannam M., Adeeb N. (2017) Molecular Biology and Interactions in Intervertebral Disc Development, Homeostasis, and Degeneration, with Emphasis on Future Therapies: A Systematic Review. The Spine Scholar, 1(2):10.26632/ss.3.2017.1.1
  3. Akiyama, O., Matsushima, K., Gungor, A., Matsuo, S., Goodrich, D. J., Shane Tubbs, R., … Rhoton, A. L. (2017). Microsurgical and endoscopic approaches to the pulvinar. Journal of Neurosurgery, 127(3), 630–645. https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.8.JNS16676
  4. Akpinar-Elci, M., Bidaisee, S., Nguyen, M. T., & Elci, O. C. (2017). Occupational exposure and respiratory health problems among nutmeg production workers in Grenada, the Caribbean. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1080/10773525.2017.1280948
  5. Akpinar-Elci, M., Nguyen, M., Randall, M., Bidaisee, S., Elci, O., Olayinka, O., & Guzman, J. R. (2017). Assessment of current occupational safety and health regulations and legislation in the Caribbean. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica = Pan American Journal of Public Health, 41, e26.
  6. Alonso F., Iwanaga J., Fisahn C., Watanabe K., Rizk E., Chern J., Oskouian R.J., Tubbs R.S., Oakes W.J. (2017) Adjacent segment level disease in Klippel-Feil syndrome patients with congenital cervical fusion in the setting of anterolisthesis: Should management be altered in the presence of anterolisthesis?, Translational Research in Anatomy, Vol 6:1-3, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tria.2016.12.002.
  7. Alonso F., Rustagi T., Schmidt C., Iwanaga J., Tubbs R.S., Chapman J.R. (2017) Vascular Foramina of C2 and its Odontoid Process: Application to Better Understanding of Type II Odontoid Fractures. The Spine Scholar,1(1): 10.26632/ss.2.2017.1.1
  8. Alonso F., Rustagi T., Schmidt C., Iwanaga J., Tubbs R.S., Chapman J.R., Fisahn C. (2107) Subacute Combined Degeneration Disguised as Compressive Myelopathy The Spine Scholar, 1(1): 10.26632/ss.2.2017.1.1
  9. Alonso, F., Graham, R., Rustagi, T., Drazin, D., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Subcostal Nerve During Lateral Approaches to the Lumbar Spine: An Anatomical Study with Relevance for Injury Avoidance and Postoperative Complications Such as Abdominal Wall Hernia. World Neurosurgery, 104, 669–673. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.05.055
  10. Alonso, F., Iwanaga, J., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Corona Dentis: Description of an Anatomic Variant with Technical Implications for Anterior Odontoid Screw Placement. World Neurosurgery, 104, 132–135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.05.029
  11. Alonso, F., Kassem, M. W., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., Demerdash, A., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anterior Inferior Cerebellar Arteries Juxtaposed with the Internal Acoustic Meatus and Their Relationship to the Cranial Nerve VII/VIII Complex. Cureus, 9(8), e1570. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1570
  12. Alonso, F., Kirkpatrick, C. M., Jeong, W., Fisahn, C., Usman, S., Rustagi, T., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Lumbar Facet Tropism: A Comprehensive Review. World Neurosurgery, 102, 91–96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.02.114
  13. Alonso, F., Rustagi, T., Iwanaga, J., Fisahn, C., Oskouian, R., Tubbs, R. S., … Chapman, J. R. (2017). Self-made, Cost-Reducing Hemostatic Agent for use in Spine Surgery. World Neurosurgery. 108 (December 2017): 90–93. ttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.08.154
  14. Alonso, F., Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Hanscom, D., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Potential Mechanism for Some Post-operative C5 Palsies – an Anatomical Study. Spine. https://doi.org/10.1097/BRS.0000000000002281
  15. Alvarez-Pinzon, A. M., Wolf, A. L., Swedberg, H. N., Barkley, K. A., Cucalon, J., Curia, L., & Valerio, J. E. (2017). Comparison of Percutaneous Retrogasserian Balloon Compression and Gamma Knife Radiosurgery for the Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia in Multiple Sclerosis. World Neurosurgery, 97, 590–594. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.028
  16. Anandaraj, A. A., Syed Ismail, P. M., Namis, S. M., Bajnaid, Y. J., Shetty, S. B., & Almutairi, K. M. (2017). Association of Selected Adipocytokines and Inflammatory Markers on Body Mass Index in Type 2 Diabetes Patients in Saudi Arabia and as Risk Factors to Cardiovascular Disease. Current Diabetes Reviews, 13(3), 330–335. https://doi.org/10.2174/1573399812666160614014254
  17. Antoine, M, Lee, K, Donald, T, Belfon, Y, Drigo, A, Polson, S, Martin, F, Mitchell, G, Etienne-Julan, M, and Hardy-Dessources, M (2017). Prevalence of Sickle Cell Disease among Grenadian Newborns. Journal of Medical Screening, January 1, 2017, 969141317695356.
  18. Asher, E., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Can Infections Cause Alzheimers Disease? Clin Res Trials, 3(2), 1-4
  19. Bansal, V., Aggarwal, P., Mittal, A., Vachhani, M., Aggarwal, P., & Aggarwal, N. (2017). Colonic Mass Secondary to Sevelamer-Associated Mucosal Injury. ACG Case Reports Journal, 4, e92. https://doi.org/10.14309/crj.2017.92
  20. Bashir, A., Bird, B., Wu, L., Welles, S., Taylor, H., Anday, E., & Bhandari, V. (2017). Neonatal outcomes based on mode and intensity of delivery room resuscitation. Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association. 37, no. 10 (October 2017): 1103–7. https://doi.org/10.1038/jp.2017.102
  21. Bhusnurmath, S. R., Bhusnurmath, B., Goyal, S., Hafeez, S., Abugroun, A., & Okpe, J. (2017). Concept map as an adjunct tool to teach pathology. Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology, 60(2), 226–231. https://doi.org/10.4103/0377-4929.208410
  22. Bidaisee, S., & Dookeeram, D. (2017). Aviation and Alcohol: Assessment of Aeronautical Decision Making among Caribbean Pilots. Int Public Health J, 9(1):91-97
  23. Bilal, M., Edwards, B., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Johann Gaspar Spurzheim: A Life Dedicated to Phrenology. Cureus, 9(5), e1295. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1295
  24. Bilal, M., Voin, V., Topale, N., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Clinical anatomy of the physical examination of the abdomen: A comprehensive review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 352–356. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22832
  25. Blackmon, K., Thesen, T., Green, S., Ben-Avi, E., Wang, X., Fuchs, B., … Devinsky, O. (2017). Focal Cortical Anomalies and Language Impairment in 16p11.2 Deletion and Duplication Syndrome. Cerebral Cortex (New York, N.Y.: 1991), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhx143
  26. Bowen, G., Gonzales, J., Iwanaga, J., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) and his depictions of the human spine. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 12 (2017): 2067–70. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3354-9
  27. Carpenter, P. M., Sivadas, P., Hua, S. S., Xiao, C., Gutierrez, A. B., Ngo, T., & Gershon, P. D. (2017). Migration of breast cancer cell lines in response to pulmonary laminin 332. Cancer Medicine, 6(1), 220–234. https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.957
  28. Cattin, L. M., Pinheiro, P. S., Callahan, K. E., & Hage, R. (2017). Twenty-first century cancer patterns in small island nations: Grenada and the English-speaking Caribbean. Cancer Causes & Control: CCC, 28(11), 1241–1249. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-017-0960-5
  29. Charles J, Lessey L, Rooney J, Prokop I, Yearwood K, DaBreo H, Rooney P, Walker RH, and Sobering AK (2017). Presentation and care of a family with Huntington disease in a resource-limited community. Journal of Clinical Movement Disorders. 2017. 4:4.
  30. Choi, P. A., Parry, P. V., Bauer, J. S., Zusman, B. E., Panczykowski, D. M., Puccio, A. M., & Okonkwo, D. O. (2017). Use of Aspirin and P2Y12 Response Assays in Detecting Reversal of Platelet Inhibition With Platelet Transfusion in Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury on Antiplatelet Therapy. Neurosurgery, 80(1), 98–104. https://doi.org/10.1227/NEU.0000000000001401
  31. Chun, I. K. H., Ojumah, N., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Martin Heinrich Rathke (1793-1860) and his pouch and cyst. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3482-2
  32. Cofano, S. C., Ojukwu, D., Mozumdar, N., Raza, Z., Saigal, S., Musku, S., … Jalonen, T. O. (2017). Assessing knowledge of symptoms and first-aid care of epilepsy in Grenada, West Indies. Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B, 70(Pt A), 232–237. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2017.03.003
  33. Collin, P. G., D’Antoni, A. V., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Hip fractures in the elderly-: A Clinical Anatomy Review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 89–97. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22779
  34. Collin, P. G., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., D’Antoni, A. V., & Shane Tubbs, R. (2017). Five common clinical presentations in the elderly: An anatomical review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 168–174. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22771
  35. Cooper, S., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Evaluation of Risks and Factors linked to Precocious Puberty. J Translational Diagn Technol. 2(1), 27-29.
  36. Cox, M. A., Davis, M., Voin, V., Shoja, M., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Pineal Gland Agenesis: Review and Case Illustration. Cureus, 9(6), e1314. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1314
  37. Cox, M., Ng, G., Mashriqi, F., Iwanaga, J., Alonso, F., Tubbs, K., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Innervation of the Anterior Sacroiliac Joint. World Neurosurgery. . 107 (November 2017): 750–52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.08.062
  38. Cudjoe, N., Keku, E., Rodrigo, S., & Hegamin-Younger, C. (2017). Influential Factors Affecting Underage Drinking among the Caribbean Youths. Int Public Health J, 9(1):73-81
  39. D’Antoni, A. V., Donaldson, O. I., Schmidt, C., Macchi, V., De Caro, R., Oskouian, R. J., … Shane Tubbs, R. (2017). A comprehensive review of the anterior fontanelle: embryology, anatomy, and clinical considerations. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(6), 909–914. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3406-1
  40. Davis M., Tubbs R.S. (2017) Sclerotomes: A Comprehensive Review of the Innervation of Bone. The Spine Scholar,1(2): 10.26632/ss/6.2017.1.2
  41. Davis, M, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, R.S (2017). “Jean Cruveilhier and His Contributions to Understanding Childhood Hydrocephalus, Chiari II Malformation, and Spina Bifida.” Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, October 24, 2017.
  42. Dennis, M., Granger, A., Ortiz, A., Terrell, M., Loukos, M., & Schober, J. (2017). The Anatomy of the Musculocutaneous Latissimus Dorsi Flap for Neophalloplasty. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23016
  43. Doe, S., LoBue, S., Hamaoui, A., Rezai, S., Henderson, C. E., & Mercado, R. (2017). Prevalence and predictors of positive screening for postpartum depression in minority parturients in the South Bronx. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 20(2), 291–295. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-016-0695-4
  44. Dookeeram, D., Bidaisee, S., Paul, J. F., Nunes, P., Robertson, P., Maharaj, V. R., & Sammy, I. (2017). Polypharmacy and potential drug-drug interactions in emergency department patients in the Caribbean. International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy. 39, no. 5 (October 2017): 1119–27. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11096-017-0520-9
  45. Drazin D, Wang JM, Alonso F, Patel DM, Granger A, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. (2017). Intracranial Anatomical Triangles: A Comprehensive Illustrated Review. Cureus. 2017 Oct 4;9(10):e1741. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1741. Review.
  46. Drazin, D., Choi, E., Garcia, A., & Rustagi, T. (2017). Bone morphogenic proteins are a good choice for select spinal surgeries and merit further research. Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong), 3(1), 119–121. https://doi.org/10.21037/jss.2017.02.03
  47. du Plessis, M., & Hage, R. (2017). Incidence and 5-year survival rate for head and neck cancers in Grenada compared to the African American population over the period 1991-2010. Cancer Causes & Control: CCC, 28(11), 1227–1239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-017-0934-7
  48. Edwards, B., Wang, J. M., Iwanaga, J., Luviano, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Hiding Within the Cracks: Case Report of Rare Sutural Bone Found at the Nasion. Cureus, 9(6), e1333. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1333
  49. Fakoya, F. A., Emmanouil-Nikoloussi, E., Sharma, D., & Moxham, B. J. (2017). A core syllabus for the teaching of embryology and teratology to medical students. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 159–167. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22802
  50. Faour O., Gilloteaux J. (2017) Calcitonin: Survey of new anatomy data to pathology and therapeutic aspects Translational Research in Anatomy, Volume 6:4-15, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tria.2017.01.001.
  51. Ferm, S., Zarkowsky, D. S., Bostock, I., & Nolan, B. (2017). Aneurysmosis requiring extensive longitudinal care. Journal of Vascular Surgery, 65(5), 1518. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jvs.2016.02.061
  52. Fiacco RC, Ream GM, Wilson C, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Kozlowski PB, DiLandro AC, Jules KT, D’Antoni AV. (2017). Relationship Between the Intersesamoid Ligament and Sesamoid Bones in Cadaveric Feet with Hallux Valgus. Cureus. 2017 Nov 3;9(11):e1819. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1819.
  53. Fisahn, C., Burgess, B., Iwanaga, J., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Ulf Fernström (1915-1985) and his Contributions to the Development of Artificial Disc Replacements. World Neurosurgery, 98, 278–280. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.135
  54. Fisahn, C., Montalbano, M. J., Iwanaga, J., Moisi, M., Loukas, M., Chapman, J. R., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A new superficial landmark for the odontoid process: a cadaveric study. Anatomical Science International. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-017-0390-1
  55. Forde, M. S., Martin, F., Mitchell, G., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Public health response and lessons learned from the 2014 chikungunya epidemic in Grenada. Revista Panamericana De Salud Publica = Pan American Journal of Public Health, 41, e57.
  56. Fries, F. N., Hendrix, P., Brinker, T. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Otto Mennicke (1876-) and the first description of skull base anomalies causing cerebellar tonsillar ectopia: one of the first mentions of the Chiari I malformation. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(5), 825–827. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3395-0
  57. Gandhi, J., & Khan, S. A. (2017). A vicious cycle of causes and consequences of dyspareunia: rethinking the approach to management of genitourinary syndrome of menopause. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 217(5) November 2017: 625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2017.07.030
  58. Gandhi, J., Shah, J., Joshi, G., Vatsia, S., DiMatteo, A., Joshi, G., … Khan, S. A. (2017). Neuro-urological sequelae of lumbar spinal stenosis. The International Journal of Neuroscience, 1–28. https://doi.org/10.1080/00207454.2017.1400973
  59. Ghannam, M., Jumah, F., Mansour, S., Samara, A., Alkhdour, S., Alzuabi, M. A., … Shane Tubbs, R. (2017). Surgical anatomy, radiological features, and molecular biology of the lumbar intervertebral discs. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 251–266. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22822
  60. Ghodasara, A., Delisio M., & Bidaisee S. (2017). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Perceptions on Genetically Modified Organisms: Case for Sterile Mosquito Release Against Zika in Grenada. Journal of Epidemiological Research, (3)1, 57-60
  61. Gilloteaux, J, Subramanian, K, Solomon, N (2017). Peripheral neuropathy and leptin receptor defect: Demyelination of the sciatic nerve of the obese Zucker rat. Ultrastructural pathology; 41(1): 90-2.
  62. Glasgow, L., Forde, M., Fletcher, S., & Keku, E. (2017). Compliance with the World Organization for Animal Health guidelines for poultry production in Grenada. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 73(3), 515-526
  63. Gonzales, J., Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Schmidt, C., Fisahn, C., Alonso, F., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Simultaneous lateral ponticle with facet-like depression and epitransverse process of the atlas. Anatomical Science International, 92(3), 383–386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12565-017-0393-y
  64. Gonzalez, M., Razzano, D., Ebid, A., & Schubert, F. D. (2017). Clinical and Antibiotic Management of Urinary Tract Infections Pre- and Postimplementation of the CLINITEK AUWi System From Siemens to Screen Out Negative Urine Samples Submitted for Culture: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Laboratory Medicine. 92, no. 3 (June 2017): 383–86. https://doi.org/10.1093/labmed/lmx057
  65. Granger A., Kim S., Kollias T., Rajnauth T. (2017) Ossification of the falx cerebri: A review, Translational Research in Anatomy, Vol 7:20-22, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tria.2017.06.004.
  66. Granger, A., Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Wilson, T. J., Yang, L., Loukas, M., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Osborne’s Ligament: A Review of its History, Anatomy, and Surgical Importance. Cureus, 9(3), e1080. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1080
  67. Graves, M. J., Henry, B. M., Hsieh, W. C., Sanna, B., PĘkala, P. A., Iwanaga, J., … Tomaszewski, K. A. (2017). Origin and prevalence of the accessory phrenic nerve: A meta-analysis and clinical appraisal. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). 30, no. 8 (November 2017): 1077–82. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22956
  68. Green, S., Blackmon, K., Thesen, T., DuBois, J., Wang, X., Halgren, E., & Devinsky, O. (2017). Parieto-frontal gyrification and working memory in healthy adults. Brain Imaging and Behavior. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11682-017-9696-9
  69. Greenberg, W. M., & Citrome, L. (2017). Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Lurasidone Hydrochloride, a Second-Generation Antipsychotic: A Systematic Review of the Published Literature. Clinical Pharmacokinetics, 56(5), 493–503. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40262-016-0465-5
  70. Gross, J. A., Grady, B. E., Sanchez, K., & Gross, D. J. (2017). Postoperative Henoch-Schönlein purpura. Cutis, 99(3), E10–E12.
  71. Grunert, P., Drazin, D., Iwanaga, J., Schmidt, C., Alonso, F., Moisi, M., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Injury to the Lumbar Plexus and its Branches After Lateral Fusion Procedures: A Cadaver Study. World Neurosurgery, 105, 519–525. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.06.027
  72. Guo, F., Forde, M. S., Werre, S. R., Krecek, R. C., & Zhu, G. (2017). Seroprevalence of five parasitic pathogens in pregnant women in ten Caribbean countries. Parasitology Research, 116(1), 347–358. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00436-016-5297-6
  73. He, P., Truong, M. K., Adeeb, N., Tubbs, R. S., & Iwanaga, J. (2017). Clinical anatomy and surgical significance of the lingual foramina and their canals. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 194–204. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22824
  74. Heath, C.J., Lowther J., Noël T.P., Mark-George, I., Boothroyd D.B., Mitchell, G., MD, Macpherson C.N.L., A. Desiree LaBeaud, A.D. (2017) The Identification of Risk Factors for Chronic Chikungunya Arthralgia in Grenada, West Indies: A Cross Sectional Cohort Study. The Open Forum Infectious Diseases
  75. Henry BM, Marcinów A, Pękala P, Taterra D, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Walocha JA, Tomaszewski KA. (2017). Polish translation of the Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) Checklist: new guidelines for reporting in original anatomical studies. Folia Med Cracov. 2017;57(2):105-116.
  76. Henry, B. M., Tomaszewski, K. A., Ramakrishnan, P. K., Roy, J., Vikse, J., Loukas, M., … Walocha, J. A. (2017). Development of the anatomical quality assessment (AQUA) tool for the quality assessment of anatomical studies included in meta-analyses and systematic reviews. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 6–13. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22799
  77. Hoenes, C., Atiya, S., & Bidaisee, S. (2017). Parasitic botfly infection of a child in central Virginia. JAAD Case Reports, 3(4), 362–363. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdcr.2017.03.004
  78. Hoenes, C., Rashid, Q., & Pimentel, J. (2017). Diabetic ketoacidosis in a postoperative gastric bypass patient. Journal of Surgical Case Reports, 2017(7), rjx148. https://doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjx148
  79. Hoffman, T., Du Plessis, M., Prekupec, M. P., Gielecki, J., Zurada, A., Shane Tubbs, R., & Loukas, M. (2017). Ultrasound-guided central venous catheterization: A review of the relevant anatomy, technique, complications, and anatomical variations. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(2), 237–250. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22768
  80. Hong, P., Pereyra, C. A., Guo, U., Breslin, A., & Melville, L. (2017). Evaluating Complications of Chronic Sinusitis. Case Reports in Emergency Medicine, 2017, 8743828. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8743828
  81. Hughes, A., & Henderson, C. E. (2017). Maternal Death Due to Clostridium Novyi in an Injection Drug User. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 129(3), 580. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000001916
  82. Ishaq, S., Siau, K., Harrison, E., Tontini, G. E., Hoffman, A., Gross, S., … Neumann, H. (2017). Technological advances for improving adenoma detection rates: The changing face of colonoscopy. Digestive and Liver Disease: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Gastroenterology and the Italian Association for the Study of the Liver, 49(7), 721–727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dld.2017.03.030
  83. Iwanaga, J, Badaloni, F, Laws, T, Oskouian, RJ, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Anatomic Study of Extracranial Needle Trajectory Using Hartel Technique for Percutaneous Treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia. World Neurosurgery, November 22, 2017.
  84. Iwanaga, J, He, P, Watanabe, K, Kamura, Y, Oskouian, RJ, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Intraoral Observation of the Mentalis and Incisivus Labii Inferioris Muscles. The Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 28, no. 8 (November 2017): 2159–61.
  85. Iwanaga, J, Tabira, Y, Fisahn, C, Alonso, F, Watanabe, K, Kusukawa, J, Oskouian, RJ, Tubbs, RS, and Yamaki, KI (2017). Unusual Muscle of the Anterior Neck: Cadaveric Findings with Surgical Applications. Anatomy & Cell Biology 50, no. 3 (September 2017): 239–41.
  86. Iwanaga, J., Alonso, F., Akobo, S., Turgut, M., Yurttas, C., Loukas, M., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Lumbosacral Dural Venous Sinus: A New Discovery with Potential Clinical Applications. World Neurosurgery, 101, 203–207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.01.116
  87. Iwanaga, J., Fisahn, C., Alonso, F., DiLorenzo, D., Grunert, P., Kline, M. T., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Microsurgical Anatomy of the Hypoglossal and C1 Nerves: Description of a Previously Undescribed Branch to the Atlanto-Occipital Joint. World Neurosurgery, 100, 590–593. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.01.038
  88. Iwanaga, J., Granger, A., Vahedi, P., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., Fries, F. N., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Mapping the Internal Anatomy of the Lateral Brainstem: Anatomical Study with Application to Far Lateral Approaches to Intrinsic Brainstem Tumors. Cureus, 9(2), e1010. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1010
  89. Iwanaga, J., Kamura, Y., Tanaka, T., Watanabe, K., Kusukawa, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A new space of the face: The bucco-mandibular space. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 958–962. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22964
  90. Iwanaga, J., Kido, J., Lipski, M., Tomaszewska, I. M., Tomaszewski, K. A., Walocha, J. A., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomical study of the palatine aponeurosis: application to posterior palatal seal of the complete maxillary denture. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-017-1911-2
  91. Iwanaga, J., Kikuta, S., Nakamura, M., Koba, A., Ogata, K., Toyofuku, S., … Kusukawa, J. (2017). Intraoral vertico-sagittal ramus osteotomy: modification of the L-shaped osteotomy. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 46, no. 12 (December 2017): 1552–56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2017.06.003
  92. Iwanaga, J., Refsland, J., Iovino, L., Holley, G., Laws, T., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A new teaching model for demonstrating the movement of the extraocular muscles. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 733–735. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22930
  93. Iwanaga, J., Sardi, J. P., Laws, T., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomy of Alar Ligament Part III: Biomechanical Study. World Neurosurgery. 107 (November 2017): 1001–6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.07.188
  94. Iwanaga, J., Sardi, J., Voin, V., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomy of Alar Ligament Part I: Morphometrics and Variants. World Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.07.187
  95. Iwanaga, J., Voin, V., Nasseh, A. A., Kido, J., Tsukiyama, T., Kamura, Y., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). New supplemental landmark for the greater palatine foramen as found deep to soft tissue: application for the greater palatine nerve block. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA. 39, no. 9 (September 2017): 981–84. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-017-1829-8
  96. Iwanaga, J., Watanabe, K., Henry, B., Tomaszewski, K. A., Walocha, J. A., Oskouian, R. J., & Shane Tubbs, R. (2017). Anatomical study of the internal nasal branch of the infraorbital nerve: Application to Minimizing Nerve Damage With Surgery In and Around the Nose. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 817–820. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22927
  97. Iwanaga, J., Watanabe, K., Kusukawa, J., Fisahn, C., Alonso, F., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A novel treatment for keratitis sicca (Dry eye): Anatomical feasibility study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 839–843. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22946
  98. Iwanaga, J., Watanabe, K., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Previously undescribed palpebral branch from the infraorbital canal: Application to surgery of the eyelid and treatment of orbital floor fractures. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 835–838. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22940
  99. Iwanaga, J., Watanabe, K., Saga, T., Fisahn, C., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomical study of the superficial temporal branches of the auriculotemporal nerve: Application to surgery and other invasive treatments to the temporal region. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS, 70(3), 370–374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjps.2016.10.025
  100. Iwanaga, J., Watanabe, K., Saga, T., Tubbs, R. S., Tanaka, K., Kikuta, S., … Yamaki, K.-I. (2017). A Novel Method for Observation of the Mandibular Foramen: Application to a Better Understanding of Dental Anatomy. Anatomical Record (Hoboken, N.J.: 2007), 300(10), 1875–1880. https://doi.org/10.1002/ar.23639
  101. Jensen, C. J., Shereen, R., Tubbs, R. S., & Griessenauer, C. (2017). Fenestration in the P1 Segment of the Posterior Cerebral Artery. Cureus, 9(7), e1528. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1528
  102. Johal J., Loukas M., Oakes W.J., Tubbs R.S. (2107) Cutaneous Lesions Indicating Occult Spinal Dysraphisms: A Review. The Spine Scholar,1(1): 10.26632/ss.1.2017.1.1
  103. Johal, J., BelElary, S. S., Lax, E. A., Maharaja, G. K., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The vertebral nerve: A comprehensive review of its form and function. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, 41, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.04.008
  104. Johal, J., Fisahn, C., Burgess, B., Loukas, M., Chapman, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Dens: A Review of its Diverse Nomenclature and a Recommended Simplified Terminology. Cureus, 9(1), e981. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.981
  105. Johal, J., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anterior Fontanelle Wormian Bone/ Fontanellar Bone: A Review of this Rare Anomaly with Case Illustration. Cureus, 9(7), e1443. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1443
  106. Johal, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017a). “Political co-authorships” in medical science journals. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 831–834. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22932
  107. Johal, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). The early history of our understanding of the functions of the spinal cord. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3568-x
  108. Johal, J., Paulk, P. B., Oakes, P. C., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A comprehensive review of the foramina of Luschka: history, anatomy, embryology, and surgery. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 9 (September 2017): 1459–62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3480-4
  109. Johal, J., Ward, R., Gielecki, J., Walocha, J., Natsis, K., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). Beware of the predatory science journal: A potential threat to the integrity of medical research. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 767–773. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22899
  110. Joshi, M., Cheng, R., Kamath, H., & Yarmush, J. (2017). Great auricular neuropraxia with beach chair position. Local and Regional Anesthesia, 10, 75–77. https://doi.org/10.2147/LRA.S138998
  111. Kannarkatt, J., Joseph, J., Kurniali, P. C., Al-Janadi, A., & Hrinczenko, B. (2017). Adjuvant Chemotherapy for Stage II Colon Cancer: A Clinical Dilemma. Journal of Oncology Practice, 13(4), 233–241. https://doi.org/10.1200/JOP.2016.017210
  112. Kassem, M. W., Chern, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Intramedullary placement of ventricular shunts: a review of using bone as a distal cerebrospinal absorption site in treating hydrocephalus. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 12 (December 2017): 2095–98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3575-y
  113. Kassem, MW., Iwanaga, J, Loukas, M, Stone, JJ, Smith, J, Spinner, RJ, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Accessory Neuropathy After Sternotomy: Clinico-Anatomical Correlation Supporting an Inflammatory Cause.” Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), November 28, 2017. Kaur, Varinder, and Arjun Swami. “Ibrutinib-Associated Tumor Lysis Syndrome in a Patient with Mantle Cell Lymphoma: A Case Report. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice: Official Publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners 23, no. 3 (April 2017): 235–39.
  114. Kaur, V, Swami, A, Shebli, A, Shalin, S, Veeraputhiran, M, Emanuel, P, and Jethava, Y (2018). A Rare Case of Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm with Deletion 7q.31, in the Setting of Heavy Pre-Treatment with Alkylating Chemotherapy. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice: Official Publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners 23, no. 7 (October 2017): 552–56.
  115. Kaur, V., & Swami, A. (2017). Ibrutinib-associated tumor lysis syndrome in a patient with mantle cell lymphoma: A case report. Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice: Official Publication of the International Society of Oncology Pharmacy Practitioners, 23(3), 235–239. https://doi.org/10.1177/1078155216637218
  116. Khalid S, Tubbs RS. (2017). Neuroanatomy and Neuropsychology of Pain. Cureus. 2017 Oct 6;9(10):e1754. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1754.
  117. Khalid, S., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017a). Bilateral Absence of the Zygomatic Nerve and Zygomaticofacial Nerve and Foramina. Cureus, 9(7), e1505. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1505
  118. Khalid, S., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). Split Femoral Nerve Due to Psoas Tertius Muscle: A Review with Other Cases of Variant Muscles Traversing the Femoral Nerve. Cureus, 9(8), e1555. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1555
  119. Khoury, J. K., Khoury, N. C., Schaefer, D., Chitnis, A., & Hassen, G. W. (2017). A tick-acquired red meat allergy: A case series. The American Journal of Emergency Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajem.2017.10.044
  120. Kim, S., Dennis, M., Holland, J., Terrell, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017). The Anatomy of Forearm Free Flap Phalloplasty for Transgender Surgery. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23014
  121. Klaassen, Z., Arora, K., Goldberg, H., Chandrasekar, T., Wallis, C. J. D., Sayyid, R. K., … Kulkarni, G. S. (2017). Extended Venous Thromboembolism Prophylaxis After Radical Cystectomy: A Call for Adherence to Current Guidelines. The Journal of Urology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.juro.2017.08.130
  122. Klaassen, Z., Arora, K., Wilson, S. N., King, S. A., Madi, R., Neal, D. E., … Terris, M. K. (2017). Decreasing suicide risk among patients with prostate cancer: Implications for depression, erectile dysfunction, and suicidal ideation screening. Urologic Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urolonc.2017.09.007
  123. Kongnyuy, M, Islam, S, Mbah, AK, Halpern, DM, Werneburg, GT, Kosinski, KE, Chen, C, et al. (2017). PSA Kinetics Following Primary Focal Cryotherapy (Hemiablation) in Organ-Confined Prostate Cancer Patients. World Journal of Urology, November 17, 2017.
  124. Kongnyuy, M., Halpern, D. M., Liu, C. C., Kosinski, K. E., Habibian, D. J., Corcoran, A. T., & Katz, A. E. (2017). 3-T multiparametric MRI characteristics of prostate cancer patients suspicious for biochemical recurrence after primary focal cryosurgery (hemiablation). International Urology and Nephrology. 49, no. 11 (November 2017): 1947–54. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11255-017-1670-3
  125. Kruszka, P., Porras, A. R., Sobering, A. K., Ikolo, F. A., La Qua, S., Shotelersuk, V., … Muenke, M. (2017). Down syndrome in diverse populations. American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A, 173(1), 42–53. https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.a.38043
  126. Kuwai, T., Yamaguchi, T., Imagawa, H., Sumida, Y., Takasago, T., Miyasako, Y., … Ishaq, S. (2017). Endoscopic submucosal dissection of early colorectal neoplasms with a monopolar scissor-type knife: short- to long-term outcomes. Endoscopy, 49(9), 913–918. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0043-113631
  127. Kwon, CS, Al Awar, O, Ripa, V, Said, G, and Rocka, S (2017). Basal Cell Carcinoma of the Scalp with Destruction and Invasion into the Calvarium and Dura Mater: Report of 7 Cases and Review of Literature. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, October 23, 2017.
  128. Lafon, B, Henin, S, Huang, Y, Friedman, D, Melloni, L, Thesen, T, Doyle, W, et al. (2017). Low Frequency Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Does Not Entrain Sleep Rhythms Measured by Human Intracranial Recordings. Nature Communications 8, no. 1 (October 31, 2017): 1199.
  129. Lai, J., du Plessis, M., Wooten, C., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S., Oskouian, R. J., & Loukas, M. (2017). The blood supply to the sacrotuberous ligament. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA. 39, no. 9 (September 2017): 953–59. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-017-1830-2
  130. Lai, J., Ramai, D., Alchi, R., & Bloomfield, D. (2017). Anticoagulation therapy for thromboembolism prevention: a case of warfarin-induced skin necrosis in the setting of protein C deficiency. BMJ Case Reports, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2016-218015
  131. Landon, BG, Waechter, R, Wolfe, R (2017). Corporal Punishment and Physical Discipline in the Caribbean: Human rights and cultural practices. Caribbean Journal of Psychology: Vol 9, Issue 1
  132. Lau, CSM., and Chamberlain, RS (2017). Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Programs Improve Patient Outcomes and Recovery: A Meta-Analysis. World Journal of Surgery 41, no. 4 (April 2017): 899–913.
  133. Liu A, Thesen T, Barr W, Morrison C, Dugan P, Wang X, Meager M, Doyle W, Kuzniecky R, Devinsky O, Blackmon K (2017) Parahippocampal and Entorhinal Resection Extent Predicts Verbal Memory Decline in an Epilepsy Surgery Cohort. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience 29(5):869-880.
  134. Louis RG Jr, Whitesides JD, Kollias TF, Iwanaga J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. (2017). Intercostal Nerve to Long Thoracic Nerve Transfer for the Treatment of Winged Scapula: A Cadaveric Feasibility Study. Cureus. 2017 Nov 30;9(11):e1898. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1898.
  135. Macchi, V., Picardi, E. E. E., Porzionato, A., Morra, A., Bardini, R., Loukas, M., … De Caro, R. (2017). Anatomo-radiological patterns of pancreatic vascularization, with surgical implications: Clinical and anatomical study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(5), 614–624. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22885
  136. Macchi, V., Porzionato, A, Morra, A, Picardi, EEE, Stecco, C, Loukas, M, Tubbs, RS, and De Caro, R (2017). Anatomical Topography of the Inferior Lumbar Triangle for Transversus Abdominis Block: Comment on the Article by Chatzioglou et Al. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA, September 30, 2017.
  137. Macchi, V., Porzionato, A., Morra, A., Picardi, E. E. E., Stecco, C., Loukas, M., … De Caro, R. (2017). The triangles of Grynfeltt and Petit and the lumbar tunnel: an anatomo-radiologic study. Hernia: The Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery, 21(3), 369–376. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10029-016-1509-3
  138. Macpherson CC, Hill J (2017). Are Physicians Obliged To Lead Environmental Sustainability Efforts in Health Care Organizations? Case Discussion. AMA Journal of Ethics 19: 1164-1173. 2017. (http://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/2017/12/pdf/ecas2-1712.pdf )
  139. Macpherson CC, Wynia M (2017). Speaking up: are health professionals obligated to advocate for actions to reduce the health risks of climate change. AMA Journal of Ethics 19: 1202-1210. 2017 (http://journalofethics.ama-assn.org/2017/12/pdf/msoc1-1712.pdf )
  140. Manyevitch, R., Protas, M., Scarpiello, S., Deliso, M., Bass, B., Nanajian, A., … Murray, I. V. J. (2017). Evaluation Of Metabolic And Synaptic Dysfunction Hypotheses Of Alzheimer’s Disease (Ad): A Meta-Analysis Of Csf Markers. Current Alzheimer Research. https://doi.org/10.2174/1567205014666170921122458
  141. Mashriqi, F, Iwanaga, J, Loukas, M, D’Antoni, AV, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Penetrating Orbital Injuries: A Review. Cureus 9, no. 9 (September 29, 2017): e1725.
  142. Mashriqi, F., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., D’Antoni, A. V., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Chiari I Malformation and Spinal Cord Ischemia in a Cadaver. Cureus, 9(8), e1567. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1567
  143. McBain L. (2017) Intraspinal Cervical Lipoma. The Spine Scholar,1(2): 10.26632/ss.5.2017.1.2
  144. McBain L., Vetter M., Loukas M., Tubbs R.S. (2017) A Review of the Spinal Subarachnoid Space. The Spine Scholar,1(1): 10/26632/ss.2.2017.1.2
  145. McCreath, J., Larson, E., Bharatiya, P., Labanieh, H. A., Weiss, Z., & Lozovatsky, M. (2017). Long-Acting Injectable Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia: Sociodemographic Characteristics and Treatment Adherence. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.4088/PCC.16m02005
  146. Mian, A., Gabra, N. I., Sharma, T., Topale, N., Gielecki, J., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). Conjoined twins: From conception to separation, a review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 385–396. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22839
  147. Mitchell, K., Trakal, L., Sillerova, H., Avelar-González, F. J., Guerrero-Barrera, A. L., Hough, R., & Beesley, L. (2017). Mobility of As, Cr and Cu in a contaminated grassland soil in response to diverse organic amendments; a sequential column leaching experiment. Applied Geochemistry, 1(8).
  148. Mohammad, A. A., Wu, S. Z., Ibrahim, O., Bena, J., Rizk, M., Piliang, M., & Bergfeld, W. F. (2017). Prevalence of atopic comorbidities in eosinophilic esophagitis: A case-control study of 449 patients. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology, 76(3), 559–560. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaad.2016.08.068
  149. Mol F.M.U, Lataster A., Scheltinga M., Roumen R. (2017) Anatomy of abdominal anterior cutaneous intercostal nerves with respect to the pathophysiology of anterior cutaneous nerve entrapment syndrome (ACNES): A case study, Translational Research in Anatomy, Vol 8–9:6-10, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tria.2017.10.001.
  150. Montalbano, M. J., Loukas, M., Oakes, W. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Simultaneous Umbilical Hernia Repair with Transumbilical Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt Placement. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(2), 127–129. https://doi.org/10.1159/000455922
  151. Montalbano, M., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., Chapman, J. R., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Pediatric Hangman’s Fracture: A Comprehensive Review. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(3), 145–150. https://doi.org/10.1159/000455923
  152. Montalbano, MJ, Sharma, A, Oskouian, RJ, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, RS (2017). The Ancient Syrian Physician Archigenes and His Contributions to Neurology and Neuroanatomy. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery 33, no. 9 (September 2017): 1419–20.
  153. Morrison, K., Tomsons, S., Gomez, A., & Forde, M. (2017). Network of Ethical Relationships model for global North-South population health research. Global Public Health, January 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/17441692.2016.1276948
  154. Moxham, B. J., & Pais, D. (2017). A critique of utilitarian and instrumentalist concepts for the teaching of gross anatomy to medical and dental students: Provoking debate. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 912–921. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22953
  155. Moxham, B. J., McHanwell, S., & Berkovitz, B. (2017). The Development of a Core Syllabus for the Teaching of Oral Anatomy, Histology and Embryology to Dental Students via an International “Delphi Panel.” Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23002
  156. Muhleman, M. A., Aly, I., Walters, A., Topale, N., Tubbs, R. S., & Loukas, M. (2017). To cut or not to cut, that is the question: A review of the anatomy, the technique, risks, and benefits of an episiotomy. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 362–372. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22836
  157. Murphy, C., Rashid, W., & Henderson, C. E. (2017). Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Frequency of Blood Glucose Monitoring: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 130(5), 1158. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000002341
  158. Murphy, T, Ramai, D, Lai, J, Sullivan, K, and Grimes, C (2017). Adult Neck Hemangiolymphangioma: A Case and Review of Its Etiology, Diagnosis and Management. Journal of Surgical Case Reports 2017, no. 8 (August 2017): rjx168.
  159. Nagaradona, C & Forde, M. (2017). Physician Perceptions on the Prevalence of Illegal Abortions in Grenada, International Journal of Women’s Health and Wellness, 3(1), 3:049
  160. Ng G., Tubbs R.S., D’Antoni A.V. (2017) The Conus Medullaris: A Comprehensive Review. The Spine Scholar,1(2): 10.26632/ss.10.2017.1.2
  161. Nicksic, P. J., Sasor, S. E., Tholpady, S. S., Wooden, W. A., & Gutwein, L. G. (2017). Management of the Pressure Injury Patient with Osteomyelitis: An Algorithm. Journal of the American College of Surgeons. 225, no. 6 (December 2017): 817–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2017.08.017
  162. Niederhoffer, EC, Cline, S, Osheroff, N, Simmons, J, Diekman, A, Franklin, DS, Abali, E, Bateman, R, Fontes, J, Lindsley, J, Pearson, D, Rubenstein, P, Slaughter, C, Bernstein, J, Hyland, K, Park, V, Sobering, AK, Weiler, T, and Dasgupta, S (2017). Teaching Biochemistry and Genetics to Students of Dentistry, Medicine, and Pharmacy. 6th International Conference of the Association of Biochemistry Educators (ABE). 2017. Med Sci Educ. 27(4): 855–859. DOI 10.1007/s40670-017-0441-1. *http://rdcu.be/uiic
  163. Oakes, P. C., Kirkpatrick, C., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Shane Tubbs, R. (2017). Some of the earliest depictions of the human spine: a glimpse into European history. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3419-9
  164. Oakes, P. C., Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Topale, N., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Translation of Hecker’s 1922 “the occipital-atlanto-axial ligament system”: A study in comparative anatomy. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(3), 322–329. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22853
  165. Ofori, E, Ona, M, Ramai, D, Huang, T, Xiao, P, and Reddy, M (2017). Colonic Ganglioneuroma: A Rare Finding during Colorectal Cancer Screening. Case Reports in Gastroenterology 11, no. 2 (August 2017): 434–39.
  166. Ofori, E, Ramai, D, Etienne, D, Reddy, M, and Shahzad, G (2017). Large Dermoid Cyst Presenting as Recurrent Pancreatitis. Gastroenterology Research 10, no. 5 (October 2017): 322–24.
  167. Ofori, E, Ramai, D, Ona, MA, Papafragkakis, C, and Reddy, M (2017). Adult-Onset Henoch-Schonlein Purpura Duodenitis. Journal of Clinical Medicine Research 9, no. 11 (November 2017): 958–61.
  168. Ofori, E., Ramai, D., Ona, M., & Reddy, M. (2017). Paraneoplastic Dermatomyositis Syndrome Presenting as Dysphagia. Gastroenterology Research, 10(4), 251–254. https://doi.org/10.14740/gr841w
  169. Ojumah N., Choi P.J. , Tubbs R.S. (2017) Complications of Spinal Cord Stem Cell Injections for ALS. The Spine. 1(1): 10.26632/ss.3.2017.1.2
  170. Ojumah N, Ramdhan RC, Wilson C, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS (2017). Neurological Neonatal Birth Injuries: A Literature Review.
  171. Paglio, A. E., Bradley, A. P., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M., Kozlowski, P. B., Dilandro, A. C., … D’Antoni, A. V. (2017). Morphometric analysis of temporomandibular joint elements. Journal of Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery: Official Publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcms.2017.07.005
  172. Pais, D., Casal, D., Mascarenhas-Lemos, L., Barata, P., Moxham, B. J., & Goyri-O’Neill, J. (2017). Outcomes and satisfaction of two optional cadaveric dissection courses: A 3-year prospective study. Anatomical Sciences Education, 10(2), 127–136. https://doi.org/10.1002/ase.1638
  173. Pękala, P. A., Miza, E., Henry, B. M., Popieluszko, P., Loukas, M., & Tomaszewski, K. A. (2017). Injury to the infrapatellar branch of the saphenous nerve during tendon graft harvesting for knee ligament reconstruction: An ultrasound simulation study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 868–872. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22904
  174. Perkins, DR., Hall, JA, Lopez, LM, and Cahuayme-Zuniga, LJ (2017). Disseminated Methicillin-Susceptible Staphylococcus Aureus Infection.” Journal of Medical Microbiology, November 20, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1099/jmm.0.000644.
  175. Peters, M. A. K., Thesen, T., Ko, Y. D., Maniscalco, B., Carlson, C., Davidson, M., … Lau, H. (2017). Perceptual confidence neglects decision-incongruent evidence in the brain. Nature Human Behaviour, 1. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-017-0139
  176. Poonja, A. J., Hirano, M., Khakimov, D., Ojumah, N., Tubbs, R. S., Loukas, M., … D’Antoni, A. V. (2017). Anatomical Study of the Cervical and Interosseous Talocalcaneal Ligaments of the Foot with Surgical Relevance. Cureus, 9(6), e1382. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1382
  177. Popieluszko, P, Mizia, E, Henry, BM, PĘkala, PA, Sanna, B, Roy, J, Loukas, M, and Tomaszewski, KA (2017). The Surgical Anatomy of the Sural Nerve: An Ultrasound Study. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), October 17, 2017
  178. Porzionato, A., Macchi, V., Stecco, C., Loukas, M., Tubbs, R. S., & De Caro, R. (2017). Forensic clinical anatomy: A new field of study with application to medicolegal issues. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 2–5. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22796
  179. Protas M, Iwanaga J, Moisi M, Tubbs R.S., Wilson C (2017) Collateral Circulation of the Spinal Cord: A Review. The Spine Scholar,1(2):10.26632/ss.8.2017.1.2
  180. Protas M, Loukas M, Tubbs R.S (2017) The Lumbosacral Tunnel: Cadaveric Study and Review of the Literature. The Spine Scholar,1(2): 10.26632/ss/4.2017.1.2
  181. Protas M., Davis M., Bernard S., Alonso F., Moisi M., Oskouian R.J., Loukas M., Tubbs R.S. (2107) Sacroiliac Screw Fixation: A Systematic Review of Complications and their Causes. The Spine Scholar, 1(1) 10.26632/ss.5.2017.1.1
  182. Protas M., Wingfield H., Ishak B., Li R., Oskouian R.J., Loukas M., Tubbs R.S. (2017) Cervical Spine Aneurysmal Bone Cysts: A Meta-Analysis of 114 Cases and Comparison of Clinical Features between Pediatric and Adult Patients. The Spine Scholar,1(1): 10.26632/ss.4.2017.1.1
  183. Protas, M., Jones, L. W., Sardi, J. P., Fisahn, C., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Cervical Spine Aneurysmal Bone Cysts in the Pediatric Population: A Systematic Review of the Literature. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(4), 219–224. https://doi.org/10.1159/000475820
  184. Protas, M., Voin, V., Wang, J. M., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A Rare Case of Double-Headed Psoas Minor Muscle with Review of its Known Variants. Cureus, 9(6), e1312. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1312
  185. Ramai, D., Changela, K., Lai, J., Shahzad, G., & Reddy, M. (2017). Interval Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Rectum. Case Reports in Gastroenterology, 11(2), 396–401. https://doi.org/10.1159/000475922
  186. Ramai, D., Lai, J., Changela, K., Reddy, M., & Shahzad, G. (2017). Transverse colon schwannoma treated by endoscopic mucosal resection: A case report. Molecular and Clinical Oncology, 7(5), 830–832. https://doi.org/10.3892/mco.2017.1418
  187. Ramdhan R.C., Palakunnel J.J., Saker E., Araujo M.R., Johal J., Loukas M, Tubbs R.S. (2107) The Split Atlas Anomaly: A Comprehensive Review. The Spine Scholar, 9(10) 10.26632/ss.6.2017.1.1
  188. Ramdhan, R. C., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017b). Anatomical complications of hysterectomy: A review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(7), 946–952. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22962
  189. Ramesh, T., Nagula, S. V., Tardieu, G. G., Saker, E., Shoja, M., Loukas, M., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Update on the Notochord Including its Embryology, Molecular Development, and Pathology: A Primer for the Clinician. Cureus, 9(4), e1137. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1137
  190. Rapp A., Shah M., Tkachenko L., Moisi M., Tubbs R.S. (2017) The Paraspinal Wiltse Approach to The Lumbar Spine: A Literature Review and Anatomical Guide. The Spine Scholar, 1(2): 10.26632/ss.11.2017.1.2
  191. Regan, J. P., Szymanski, K., Podda, S., Gargano, F., & Kopiecki, A. (2017). A surgical approach to the craniofacial defects of Opitz G/BBB syndrome. Journal of Surgical Case Reports, 2017(2), rjx032. https://doi.org/10.1093/jscr/rjx032
  192. Rezai, S., Faye, J., Hughes, A., Cheung, M.-L., Cohen, J. R., Kaia, J. A., … Henderson, C. E. (2017). Hemolysis, Elevated Liver Enzymes, and Low Platelets, Severe Fetal Growth Restriction, Postpartum Subarachnoid Hemorrhage, and Craniotomy: A Rare Case Report and Systematic Review. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2017, 8481290. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/8481290
  193. Reznik, M., Islamovic, F., Choi, J., Leu, C.-S., & Rowlands, A. V. (2017). Factors associated with in-school physical activity among urban children with asthma. The Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1080/02770903.2017.1340482
  194. Ripa, V., Urakov, T. M., & Jernigan, S. C. (2017). Vertebral Artery Dissection in a Bouncy Castle Injury: Case Report and Literature Review. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(4), 234–239. https://doi.org/10.1159/000474944
  195. Rustagi, T., Iwanaga, J., Sardi, J. P., Alonso, F., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomical variations of the anterior atlanto-dental joint and relations to the apical and alar ligaments in a geriatric population. World Neurosurgery. 107 (November 2017): 506–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.08.039
  196. Saker, E., Bahri, G. N., Montalbano, M. J., Johal, J., Graham, R. A., Tardieu, G. G., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Gerbode defect: A comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, embryology, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment. Journal of the Saudi Heart Association, 29(4), 283–292. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsha.2017.01.006
  197. Saker, E., Cox, M., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). George J. Garceau (1896-1977) and the first introduction of the “filum terminale syndrome.” Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1233–1236. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3205-0
  198. Saker, E., Henry, B. M., Tomaszewski, K. A., Loukas, M., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The filum terminale internum and externum: A comprehensive review. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, 40, 6–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2016.12.020
  199. Saker, E., Loukas, M., Fisahn, C., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Historical Perspective of Split Cord Malformations: A Tale of Two Cords. Pediatric Neurosurgery, 52(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1159/000450584
  200. Saker, E., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., Johnston, J. M., Tubbs, R. S., & Conklin, M. (2017). A never before reported variant of the sacrum. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA, 39(7), 807–809. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00276-016-1772-0
  201. Sanders, F. H., Edwards, B. A., Fusco, M., Oskouian, R. J., Tubbs, R. S., & Johnston, J. M. (2017). Extremely large sinus pericranii with involvement of the torcular and associated with Crouzon’s syndrome. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. 33, no. 9 (September 2017): 1445–49. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3507-x
  202. Sanders, F. H., Fisahn, C., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Johann Gaspar Spurzheim (1775-1832) and his contributions to our understanding of neuroanatomy. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(6), 877–879. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3179-y
  203. Sanders, F. H., Wang, J. M. H., Oskouian, R. J., Tubbs, R. S., & Oakes, W. J. (2017). Radiological evolution of peri-odontoid pannus in a patient with Chiari I malformation: a case-based review. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1415–1417. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3459-1
  204. Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). First Gross Anatomic Findings of an Os Odontoideum. World Neurosurgery, 101, 813.e1-813.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.03.066
  205. Sardi, J. P., Iwanaga, J., Schmidt, C., Rustagi, T., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Anatomy of the Alar Ligament: Part II: Variations of Its Attachment onto the Dens. World Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.07.186
  206. Saxena, A. R., Gao, L. Y., Srivatsa, S., Bobersky, E. Z., Periasamy, S., Hunt, D. T., … Crawford, D. R. (2017). Oxidized and Original article degraded mitochondrial polynucleotides (DeMPs), especially RNA, are potent immunogenic regulators in primary mouse macrophages. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 104, 371–379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2017.02.009
  207. Saylor, L, Bernard, S, Vinaja, X, Loukas, M, and Schober, J (2017). Anatomy of Genital Reaffirmation Surgery (Male-to-Female): Vaginoplasty Using Penile Skin Graft with Scrotal Flaps. Clinical Anatomy 2017 Nov 27. doi: 10.1002/ca.23015
  208. Schmidt, C. K., Rustagi, T., Alonso, F., Loukas, M., Chapman, J. R., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Nerve root anomalies: making sense of a complicated literature. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1261–1273. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3457-3
  209. Schmidt, C., Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Alonso, F., Oskouian, R. J., Topale, N., … Oakes, W. J. (2017). Junctional neural tube defect in a newborn: report of a fourth case. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(5), 873–875. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3353-x
  210. Sewart, E, Willett, M, Gillman, O, Muller, D, Shin, E, Nauta, M, and Yoong, W (2017). Re: Cell Phone Calls in the Operating Theater and Staff Distractions: An Observational Study (Avidan A, Yavobi G, Weissman C, Levin P. J Patient Saf 2017). Journal of Patient Safety, June 1, 2017.
  211. Sharif, K, Sharif, A, Jumah, F, Oskouian, R, and Tubbs, RS (2017). Rheumatoid Arthritis in Review: Clinical, Anatomical, Cellular and Molecular Points of View. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), August 17, 2017.
  212. Shea, B., Boyan, W. P., Kamrani, K., Lepis, G., Dupree, D., Chang, S., … Kohli, M. (2017). Let us cut to the core: is core biopsy enough for subcentimeter breast cancer? The Journal of Surgical Research, 216, 30–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jss.2017.04.006
  213. Shea, B., Boyan, W., Botta, J., Ali, S., Fenig, Y., Paulin, E., … Borao, F. (2017). Five Years, Two Surgeons, and over 500 Bariatric Procedures: What Have We Learned? Obesity Surgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-017-2873-5
  214. Sheikh S, Iwanaga J, Gonzales JR, Saga T, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. (2017). Direct Insertion of the Papillary Muscle into the Anterior Mitral Leaflet: Cadaveric Findings. Cureus. 2017 Oct 5;9(10):e1752. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1752.
  215. Shereen, R., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Extensor Digitorum Brevis Manus: A Comprehensive Review of this Variant Muscle of the Dorsal Hand. Cureus, 9(8), e1568. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1568
  216. Shiels, L, Majmundar, P, Zywot, A, Sobotka, J, Lau, CSM, and Jalonen, TO (2017). Medical Student Attitudes and Educational Interventions to Prevent Neurophobia: A Longitudinal Study. BMC Medical Education 17, no. 1 (November 21, 2017): 225.
  217. Shin, E., Fadel, M, Sewart, E, and Yoong, W (2017). ‘Re: Campbell S, Corcoran P, Manning E, Greene R, for the Irish Maternal Morbidity Advisory Group. Peripartum Hysterectomy Incidence, Risk Factors and Clinical Characteristics in Ireland’ European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology 212 (May 2017): 193–94..
  218. Shoar, S, Saber, AA, Rubenstein, R, Safari, S, Brethauer, SA, Al-Thani, H, Asarian, AP, and Aminian, A (2017). Portomesentric and Splenic Vein Thrombosis (PMSVT) after Bariatric Surgery: A Systematic Review of 110 Patients. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery, September 14, 2017.
  219. Shoar, S., Poliakin, L., Khorgami, Z., Rubenstein, R., El-Matbouly, M., Levin, J. L., & Saber, A. A. (2017). Efficacy and Safety of the Over-the-Scope Clip (OTSC) System in the Management of Leak and Fistula After Laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy: a Systematic Review. Obesity Surgery. 27, no. 9 (September 2017): 2410–18. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11695-017-2651-4
  220. Shoja, M. M., Johal, J., Oakes, W. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Embryology and Pathophysiology of the Chiari I and II Malformations: A Comprehensive Review. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22939
  221. Shrager, S., Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Tubbs, R. S., & Johnston, J. (2017). Extreme aplasia cutis congenita involving the skull. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(8), 1395–1398. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3426-x
  222. Slater, MW., Vinaja, X, Aly, I, Loukas, M, Terrell, M, and Schober, J (2017). “Neovaginal Construction with Pelvic Peritoneum: Reviewing an Old Approach for a New Application.” Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), November 27, 2017.
  223. Smith, M. P., Standl, M., Heinrich, J., & Schulz, H. (2017). Accelerometric estimates of physical activity vary unstably with data handling. PloS One, 12(11), e0187706. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0187706
  224. Smith, N. L., Wilson, A. L., Gandhi, J., Vatsia, S., & Khan, S. A. (2017). Ozone therapy: an overview of pharmacodynamics, current research, and clinical utility. Medical Gas Research, 7(3), 212–219. https://doi.org/10.4103/2045-9912.215752
  225. Sodhi N, Yao B, Khlopas A, Davidson IU, Sultan AA, Samuel LT, Lamaj S, Newman JM, Pivec R, Fisher KA, Gaal B, Mont MA (2017). A Case for the Brace: A Critical, Comprehensive, and Up-To-Date Review of Static Progressive Stretch, Dynamic, and Turnbuckle Braces for the Management of Elbow, Knee, and Shoulder Pathology. Surg Technol Int. 2017 Dec 22;31. pii: sti31/926.
  226. Solomon, N, Hayes, J. (2017). Levamisole: A high performance cutting agent. Academic Forensic Pathology. 7(3):469-476.
  227. Solomon, N, Zeyhle, E, Carter, J, Wachira, J, Mengiste, A, Romig, T, Field,s PJ, Macpherson, CNL(2017) Cystic Echinococcosis in Turkana, Kenya: The Role of Cross-Sectional Screening Surveys in Assessing the Prevalence of Human Infection. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2017 Aug;97(2):587-595. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0643. PMID: 28722634
  228. Solomon, N. (2017). Redefining the psychological autopsy: A proposal for collaboration between forensic pathology and investigative psychology. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling. Accepted for publication 10 July 2017.
  229. Solomon, N., Fields, P. J., Tamarozzi, F., Brunetti, E., & Macpherson, C. N. L. (2017). Expert Reliability for the World Health Organization Standardized Ultrasound Classification of Cystic Echinococcosis. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96(3), 686–691. https://doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.16-0659
  230. Solomon, N., Kachani, M., Zeyhle, E., & Macpherson, C. N. L. (2017). The natural history of cystic echinococcosis in untreated and albendazole-treated patients. Acta Tropica, 171, 52–57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actatropica.2017.03.018
  231. Soma A, Myatt M, McKenna M, Ganesa S, Ka Wai Leung. (2017) An examination of entrance criteria for international medical graduates (IMGs) into Canadian psychiatry residency programs. Canadian Medical Education Journal 8 (1).
  232. Subramanian, K., Midha, I., & Chellapilla, V. (2017). Overcoming the Challenges in Implementing Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Prevention Programs Can Decrease the Burden on Healthcare Costs in the United States. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2017, 2615681. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/2615681
  233. Suh Y., Gandhi J., Zaidi S., Smith N.L., Tan M-Y., Khan S.A. (2017) Lumbar hernia: A commonly misevaluated condition of the bilateral costoiliac spaces, Translational Research in Anatomy, Vol 8–9:1-5, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tria.2017.10.002.
  234. Suh, Y., Gandhi, J., Joshi, G., Lee, M. Y., Weissbart, S. J., Smith, N. L., … Khan, S. A. (2017). Etiologic classification, evaluation, and management of hematospermia. Translational Andrology and Urology, 6(5), 959–972. https://doi.org/10.21037/tau.2017.06.01
  235. Sumida, Y., Kuwai, T., & Ishaq, S. (2017). Endoscopic submucosal dissection of early gastric neoplasms in the fornix using the newly developed scissor-type SB knife GX. Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society. https://doi.org/10.1111/den.12979
  236. Sun, X., Chen, W., He, L., Sheng, J., Liu, Y., Vu, G.-P., … Liu, F. (2017). Inhibition of human cytomegalovirus immediate early gene expression and growth by a novel RNase P ribozyme variant. PloS One, 12(10), e0186791. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0186791
  237. Tardieu, G. G., Edwards, B., Alonso, F., Watanabe, K., Saga, T., Nakamura, M., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Aortic arch origin of the left vertebral artery: An Anatomical and Radiological Study with Significance for Avoiding Complications with Anterior Approaches to the Cervical Spine. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(6), 811–816. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22923
  238. Tardieu, G. G., Loukas, M., Fisahn, C., Shoja, M. M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The Italian Giuseppe Muscatello (1866-1951) and his contributions to our understanding of childhood spina bifida aperta and occulta. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(3), 389–391. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-016-3204-1
  239. Tardieu, G. G., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). A previously undescribed variant of the confluence of sinuses. Folia Morphologica, 76(2), 316–318. https://doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2016.0063
  240. Tardieu, G. G., Topale, N., Saker, E., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Usher Parsons (1788-1868) and His 19th-Century Understanding and Surgical Treatment of Spinal Curvatures. World Neurosurgery, 102, 329–333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.02.015
  241. Terrell, M., Roberts, W., Price, C. W., Slater, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017a). Anatomy of the Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Phalloplasty in Transitioning-Males. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23020
  242. Terrell, M., Roberts, W., Price, C. W., Slater, M., Loukas, M., & Schober, J. (2017b). Anatomy of the Pedicled Anterolateral Thigh Flap for Phalloplasty in Transitioning-Males. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.). https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23017
  243. Thomas-Purcell, K. B., Tarver, W. L., Richards, C., & Primus-Joseph, M. (2017). Gatekeepers’ perceptions of the quality and availability of services for breast and cervical cancer patients in the English-speaking Windward Islands: an exploratory investigation. Cancer Causes & Control: CCC. 28, no. 11 (November 2017): 1195–1206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-017-0925-8
  244. Thompson, MD, Sakurai, T, Rainero, I, Maj, MC, Kukkonen, JP (2017). Orexin Receptor Multimerization versus Functional Interactions: Neuropharmacological Implications for Opioid and Cannabinoid Signalling and Pharmacogenetics. Pharmaceuticals (Basel). 10(4). pii: E79. doi: 10.3390/ph10040079.
  245. Tomaszewski, K. A., Henry, B. M., Kumar Ramakrishnan, P., Roy, J., Vikse, J., Loukas, M., … Walocha, J. A. (2017). Development of the Anatomical Quality Assurance (AQUA) checklist: Guidelines for reporting original anatomical studies. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 14–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22800
  246. Tomaszewski, K. A., Henry, B. M., Vikse, J., Pękala, P., Roy, J., Svensen, M., … Walocha, J. A. (2017). Variations in the origin of the deep femoral artery: A meta-analysis. Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 106–113. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22691
  247. Trakal, L., Raya-Moreno, I., Mitchell, K., & Beesley, L. (2017). Stabilization of metal(loid)s in two contaminated agricultural soils: Comparing biochar to its non-pyrolysed source material. Chemosphere, 181, 150–159. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2017.04.064
  248. Tubbs, R. I., Gabel, B., Jeyamohan, S., Moisi, M., Chapman, J. R., Hanscom, R. D., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Relationship of the lumbar plexus branches to the lumbar spine: anatomical study with application to lateral approaches. The Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society, 17(7), 1012–1016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.spinee.2017.03.011
  249. Tubbs, R. I., Gonzales, J., Iwanaga, J., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). The influence of ancient Greek thought on fifteenth century anatomy: Galenic influence and Leonardo da Vinci. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3462-6
  250. Tubbs, R. S., Ajayi, O. O., Fries, F. N., Spinner, R. J., & Oskouian, R. J. (2017). Variations of the accessory nerve: anatomical study including previously undocumented findings-expanding our misunderstanding of this nerve. British Journal of Neurosurgery, 31(1), 113–115. https://doi.org/10.1080/02688697.2016.1187253
  251. Tubbs, R. S., Collin, P. G., D’Antoni, A. V., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Spinner, R. J. (2017). Sciatic Nerve Intercommunications: New Finding. World Neurosurgery, 98, 176–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2016.10.118
  252. Tubbs, R. S., Iwanaga, J., Aly, I., Moisi, M. D., Hanscom, D. R., Chapman, J. R., … Oskouian, R. J. (2017). Extraforaminal compression of the L5 nerve: An anatomical study with application to failed posterior decompressive procedures. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia, 41, 139–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jocn.2017.03.051
  253. Tubbs, R. S., Maldonado, A. A., Stoves, Y., Fries, F. N., Li, R., Loukas, M., … Spinner, R. J. (2017). A novel method of lengthening the accessory nerve for direct coaptation during nerve repair and nerve transfer procedures. Journal of Neurosurgery, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.3171/2016.10.JNS161106
  254. Tubbs, R. S., Verma, K., Mirahsani, S. N., Mortazavi, M. M., Umeh, R. A., Rocque, B., & Blount, J. B. (2017). Dermoid of the Posterior Fossa in Chiari II Malformation: The First Reported Case. Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences, 12(1), 40–42. https://doi.org/10.4103/jpn.JPN_114_16
  255. Umeh, R., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Ectopic arachnoid granulation involving a rare intracranial venous sinus variant. Folia Morphologica, 76(2), 319–321. https://doi.org/10.5603/FM.a2016.0062
  256. Umeh, R., Oskouian, R. J., Loukas, M., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Giant Arachnoid Granulation Associated with Anomalous Draining Vein: A Case Report. Cureus, 9(3), e1065. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1065
  257. Vetreno, RP, Patel, Y, Patel, U, Walter, TJ, Crews, FT (2017). Adolescent Intermittent Ethanol Reduces Serotonin Expression in the Adult Raphe Nucleus and Upgrades Innate Immune Expression that is Prevented by Exercise. Brain Behav Immun. 2017 Feb; 60:333-345
  258. Vetter M, Charran O, Yilmaz E, Edwards B, Muhleman MA, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. (2017). Winged Scapula: A Comprehensive Review of Surgical Treatment. Cureus. 2017 Dec 7;9(12):e1923. doi: 10.7759/cureus.1923. Review
  259. Voin, V., Iwanaga, J., Sardi, J. P., Fisahn, C., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Relationship of the Median and Radial Nerves at the Elbow: Application to Avoiding Injury During Venipuncture or Other Invasive Procedures of the Cubital Fossa. Cureus, 9(3), e1094. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1094
  260. Voin, V., Khalid, S., Shrager, S., Tubbs, R. S., Greiner, R., Thamburaj, K., & Rizk, E. (2017). Neuroleukemiosis: Two Case Reports. Cureus, 9(7), e1529. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1529
  261. Voin, V., Kirkpatrick, C., Alonso, F., Rustagi, T., Sanders, F. H., Drazin, D., … Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Lateral Transpsoas Approach to the Lumbar Spine and Relationship of the Ureter: Anatomic Study with Application to Minimizing Complications. World Neurosurgery, 104, 674–678. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wneu.2017.05.062
  262. Voin, V., Topale, N., Iwanaga, J., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). Misdiagnosed syrinx in a patient with neuroschisis and Klippel-Feil syndrome: case report. Child’s Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery, 33(7), 1225–1227. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00381-017-3398-x
  263. Vu, D. M., Jungkind, D., & Angelle Desiree LaBeaud, (2017). Chikungunya Virus. Clinics in Laboratory Medicine, 37(2), 371–382. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cll.2017.01.008
  264. Wang JM, Edwards BA, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. (2017). Supernumerary abducens nerves: a comprehensive review. World Neurosurg. 2017 Nov 17. pii: S1878-8750(17)31975-7.
  265. Wang, J. M., Edwards, B., Tardieu, G. G., Loukas, M., Oskouian, R. J., & Tubbs, R. S. (2017). More Than Meets the Eye: The Contributions of John Dalrymple (1803-1852). Cureus, 9(6), e1366. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.1366
  266. Wang, JMH, Fries, FN, Hendrix, P, Brinker, T, Loukas, M, and Tubbs, RS (2017). “Orbital Blowout Fracture with Complete Dislocation of the Globe into the Maxillary Sinus.” Cureus 9, no. 9 (September 29, 2017): e1728.
  267. Waseem, M, Iyahen, P, Bryan Anderson, H, Kapoor, K, Kapoor, R, and Leber, M (2017). “Isolated LOC in Head Trauma Associated with Significant Injury on Brain CT Scan.” International Journal of Emergency Medicine 10, no. 1 (September 25, 2017): 30.
  268. Waseem, M., Paul, A., Schwartz, G., Pauzé, D., Eakin, P., Barata, I., … Joseph, M. (2017). Role of Pediatric Emergency Physicians in Identifying Bullying. The Journal of Emergency Medicine, 52(2), 246–252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jemermed.2016.07.107
  269. Willems, L., Hasegawa, H., Accolla, R., Bangham, C., Bazarbachi, A., Bertazzoni, U., … Yamano, Y. (2017). Reducing the global burden of HTLV-1 infection: An agenda for research and action. Antiviral Research, 137, 41–48. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.antiviral.2016.10.015
  270. Yellapu, V, and Wu, G (2017). “Color Contrast in the Labeling of Preservative-Free Artificial Tears.” Eye & Contact Lens 43, no. 6 (November 2017): 411.
  271. Żurada, A., Ustymowicz, A., Loukas, M., Michalak, M., Czyżewska, D., & Gielecki, J. (2017). Computerized tomography of the transverse pericardial sinus: Normal or pathologic? Clinical Anatomy (New York, N.Y.), 30(1), 61–70. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22778
  272. Zywot, A., Lau, C. S. M., Stephen Fletcher, H., & Paul, S. (2017). Bundles Prevent Surgical Site Infections After Colorectal Surgery: Meta-analysis and Systematic Review. Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract, 21(11), 1915–1930. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11605-017-3465-3

SCHOOL OF VETERINARY MEDICINE (31)

  1. Aire, T. A., du Plessis, L., Deokar, M. S., Rennie, E., & Gupta, S. K. (2017). Structural features of the spermatozoon of a passeridan bird, the Carib grackle, Quiscalus lugubris. Tissue & Cell, 49(2 Pt B), 233–238. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tice.2017.02.006
  2. Amadi, V. A., Matthew-Belmar, V., Subbarao, C., Kashoma, I., Rajashekara, G., Sharma, R., … Stone, D. (2017). Campylobacter Species Isolated from Pigs in Grenada Exhibited Novel Clones: Genotypes and Antimicrobial Resistance Profiles of Sequence Types. Foodborne Pathogens and Disease, 14(7), 419–425. https://doi.org/10.1089/fpd.2016.2229
  3. Amadi, VA., Hariharan, H., Arya G., Matthew-Belmar, V., Nicholas-Thomas, R., Pinckney, R., Sharma, R., Johnson R., (2017). Serovars and antimicrobial resistance of non-typhoidal Salmonella isolated from non-diarrhoeic dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary Medicine and Science, DOI:10.1002/vms3.84.
  4. Brown MC, Chikweto A , Tiwari KP., DeAllie C,  Bhaiyat MI and Sharma RN (2017. Prevalence of canine heartworm disease in stray dogs of Grenada, West Indies, Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, Vol 7: 168-174. 2017
  5. Chikweto, A., Sharma, R. N., Tiwari, K. P., Verma, S. K., Calero-Bernal, R., Jiang, T., … Dubey, J. P. (2017). Isolation and RFLP Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in Free-Range Chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Grenada, West Indies, Revealed Widespread and Dominance of Clonal Type III Parasites. The Journal of Parasitology, 103(1), 52–55. https://doi.org/10.1645/15-945
  6. Chipangura, JK., Chetty, T., Kgoete, M., Naidoo V. (2017).Prevalence of antimicrobial resistance from bacterial culture and susceptibility records from horse samples in South Africa. Prev Vet Med. 2017 Dec 1;148:37-43. doi: 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2017.10.004. Epub 2017 Oct 12.
  7. Del Pozo, J., Mishra, N., Kabuusu, R., Cheetham-Brow, S., Eldar, A., Bacharach, E., Lipkin, WI and Ferguson, HW. (2017). Syncytial hepatitis of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) is associated with orthomyxovirus-like virions. Veterinary Pathology 54:164-170.
  8. Di Cicco, E., Ferguson, H. W., Schulze, A. D., Kaukinen, K. H., Li, S., Vanderstichel, R., … Miller, K. M. (2017). Heart and skeletal muscle inflammation (HSMI) disease diagnosed on a British Columbia salmon farm through a longitudinal farm study. PloS One, 12(2), e0171471. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0171471
  9. Good C., Davidson J., Iwanowicz L., Meyer M., Dietz J., Kolpind D., Marancik D., Birkett J., Williams C., Summerfelt S (2017). Investigating the influence of nitrate nitrogen on post-smolt Atlantic salmon Salmo salar reproductive physiology in freshwater recirculation aquaculture systems. Aquacultural Engineering. 78(A):2-8, 2017.
  10. Guerrero, TG (2017). Fractures of the proximal femur in cats. In AOVET Surgical Reference Small Animals: https://www2.aofoundation.org/wps/myportal/surgery?vet=cat.  2017
  11. Hariharan H, Hariharan SH. (2017). Zoonotic bacteria associated with cats. Veterinary Medicine Open Journal. 2017; 2(3):68-75.
  12. Herath, T., Ashby, A., Jayasuriya, N., Bron, J., Taylor, J., Adams, S., Richards, R., Weidmann, M., Ferguson, H.W., Taggart, J., Migaud, H., Fordyce, M. & Thompson, K. (2017). Impact of Salmonid alphavirus infection in diploid and triploid Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) fry. PLoS ONE, 12 (9), Art. No.: e0179192
  13. Kabuusu, R. M., Aire, A. T., Stroup, D. F., Macpherson, C. N. L., & Ferguson, H. W. (2017). Production-level risk factors for syncytial hepatitis in farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L). Journal of Fish Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12672
  14. Misk E, Tubbs L, Garver K, Isaac S, Wright E, Al-Hussinee L, Lumsden JS (2017). Spring viremia of carp virus: A RT-qPCR assay and surveillance in Ontario from 2008 to 2012. Journal of Great Lakes Research, Volume 43, Issue 3, Pages 127-131
  15. O’Connell K., Tiwari K., Chikweto A., Bhaiyat M.I., Sharma R. N (2017). Epidemiological study of rabies (from 2001 to 2016) in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary Medicine -Open Journal. 2(2): 45-50. doi: 10 17140/VMOJ-2-115, 2017.
  16. Pham, P. H., Tong, W. W. L., Misk, E., Jones, G., Lumsden, J. S., & Bols, N. C. (2017). Atlantic salmon endothelial cells from the heart were more susceptible than fibroblasts from the bulbus arteriosus to four RNA viruses but protected from two viruses by dsRNA pretreatment. Fish & Shellfish Immunology, 70, 214–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2017.09.001
  17. Rizgalla, J., Shinn, A. P., Ferguson, H. W., Paladini, G., Jayasuriya, N. S., & Bron, J. E. (2017). A novel use of social media to evaluate the occurrence of skin lesions affecting wild dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), in Libyan coastal waters. Journal of Fish Diseases, 40(5), 609–620. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12540
  18. Sabaté Brescó M., O’Mahony L., Zeiter S., Kluge K., Ziegler M., Berset C., Nehrbass D., Richards RG, Moriarty TF (2017). Influence of fracture stability on Staphylococcus epidermidis and Staphylococcus aureus infection in a murine fermoral fracture model.  Eur Cell Mater. 2017 Nov 21;34:321-340. doi: 10.22203/eCM.v034a20
  19. Sharma R, Tiwari K, Birmingham K, Armstrong E, Montanez A, Guy R, DeAllie C. (2017) Cysticercus fasciolaris in brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology Research, Volume 2017 (2017), Article ID 1723406, 4 pages.
  20. Sharma, R. N., Dufayet, R., Maufras, T., Connell, K. O., & Tiwari, K. (2017). Seroprevalence of antibodies to astrovirus in chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary World, 10(6), 636–639. https://doi.org/10.14202/vetworld.2017.636-639
  21. Sharma, R.N, Tiwari K., Samantha W., McKayla D., Cassandra Tang Wing, DeAllie C. (2017). Detection of antibodies against bovine respiratory syncytial virus in ruminants of Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research 7 (2): 1-4, 2017.
  22. Singaravel, V., Gopalakrishnan, A., Raja, K., Asrafuzzaman, S. & Ferguson, HW (2017). Neoplasia in goldlined seabream, Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775). J Fish Dis. 2017 Nov 10. doi: 10.1111/jfd.12737. [Epub ahead of print]
  23. Taurisano, N. D., Butler, B. P., Stone, D., Hariharan, H., Fields, P. J., Ferguson, H. W., Hualena M., Cotrell P., Nielsen O, Raverty, S. (2017). Streptococcus phocae in Marine Mammals of Northeastern Pacific and Arctic Canada: A Retrospective Analysis of 85 Postmortem Investigations. Journal of Wildlife Diseases. https://doi.org/10.7589/2016-09-208
  24. Tiwari K., Bhaiyat M.I., Dufayet, R, Maufras, T, DeAllie C., Chikweto A., Sharma RN (2017). Expression pattern of tumor markers in canine hemangiopericytoma . Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology, 41(2) : 84-88.
  25. Tsofack, JEK., Zamostiano, R., Watted, S., Berkowitz, A., Rosenbluth, E., Mishra, N., Briese, T., Lipkin, WI., Kabuusu, RM., Ferguson, H., del Pozo, J., (2017). Detection of Tilapia Lake Virus in Clinical Samples by Culturing and Nested Reverse Transcription-PCR. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 55, 759-767, 2017.
  26. Vogler TM, Kumthekar M, K Tiwari, DeAllie C, Sharma RN (2017). Current Status of M. hyopneumoniae in Pigs in Grenada, West Indies. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine,7 : 77-84, 2017.
  27. Weiland LC., Kluge K., Ketter APN., Kronen PW (2017). Clinical evaluation of intranasal medetomidine-ketamine and medetomidine-S(+)-ketamine for induction of anaesthesia in rabbits in two centres with two different administration techniques.  Vet Anaesth Analg. 2017 Jan;44(1):98-105.  doi: 10.1111/vaa.12408.  Epub 2017 Feb 23
  28. Werners, A. H. (2017). Treatment of endotoxaemia and septicaemia in the equine patient. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 40(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/jvp.12329
  29. Wilkerson, M. J., Black, K. E., Lanza-Perea, M., Sharma, B., Gibson, K., Stone, D. M., George A, Nair ADS, Ganta, R. R. (2017). Initial development and preliminary evaluation of a multiplex bead assay to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, and Ehrlichia chaffeensis outer membrane peptides in naturally infected dogs from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation: Official Publication of the American Association of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnosticians, Inc, 29(1), 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1177/1040638716671979
  30. Wise, L. N., Kappmeyer, L. S., Silva, M. G., White, S. N., Grause, J. F., & Knowles, D. P. (2017). Verification of post-chemotherapeutic clearance of Theileria equi through concordance of nested PCR and immunoblot. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ttbdis.2017.08.007
  31. Zieger, U., Cheetham, S., Santana, S. E., Leiser-Miller, L., Matthew-Belmar, V., Goharriz, H., & Fooks, A. R. (2017). Natural exposure of bats in Grenada to rabies virus. Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, 7(1), 1332935. https://doi.org/10.1080/20008686.2017.1332935

SCHOOL OF ARTS AND SCIENCES (3)

  1. Amaral-Zettler, L. A., Dragone, N. B., Schell, J., Slikas, B., Murphy, L. G., Morrall, C. E., & Zettler, E. R. (2017). Comparative mitochondrial and chloroplast genomics of a genetically distinct form of Sargassum contributing to recent “Golden Tides” in the Western Atlantic. Ecology and Evolution, 7(2), 516–525.https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.2630
  2. Nimrod, S. H., Easter-Pilcher A.L., Aiken K., Buddo D., Franco C. (2017). Status of Diadema antillarum populations in Grand Anse Bay, Grenada 30 years after mass mortality. Bulletin of Marine Science, Volume 93, Number 3, July 2017, pp. 917-927(11)
  3. Tanimoto, A. M., Hart, P. J., Pack, A. A., Switzer, R., Banko, P. C., Ball, D. L., Sebastián-González, E., Komarczyk, L. & Warrington, M. H. (2017). Changes in vocal repertoire of the Hawaiian crow, Corvus hawaiiensis, from past wild to current captive populations. Animal Behaviour, 123, 427-432.

2016 Publications

School of Medicine (144)

Ajala O, Richards C, Pierre L, Hegamin N, Tessa Alexander-St.Cyr. Risky Sexual Behaviors and marijuana use among Grenadian adolescents, International Public health Journal, 2016, 8(3), 407-414

Akpinar-Elci M, Nguyen M, Bidaisee S, Elci OC,  Pesticide Exposure in the Caribbean: A Case from Nutmeg Processing, The Journal of Environmental Health, 2016, “78 (6), 62-64.

Akpinar-Elci M, Pasquale DK, Abrokwah M, Nguyen M, Elci OC. United Airway Disease Among Crop Farmers, J Agromedicine, 2016, 21(3):217-23

Alekseyev K, Micaily I, Parikh NA Severe Case of Levamisole-Induced Vasculitis Requiring Extensive Surgery and Skin Grafts. J Cutan Aesthet Surg, 2016, 9(1):41-3

Aly I, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Lumbar ribs: a comprehensive review., Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(5):781-5

Andall RG, Matusz P, du Plessis M, Ward R, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. The clinical anatomy of cystic artery variations: a review of over 9800 cases, Surg Radiol Anat, 2016, 38(5):529-39

Antonello A, Ishaq S, Zanatta L, Cesarotto M, Costantini M, Battaglia G. The role of flexible endotherapy for the treatment of recurrent Zenker’s diverticula after surgery and endoscopic stapling, Surg Endosc, 2016, 30(6):2351-7

Arumugam S, Lau CS, Chamberlain RS. Probiotics and Synbiotics Decrease Postoperative Sepsis in Elective Gastrointestinal Surgical Patients: a Meta-Analysis, J Gastrointest Surg, 2016, 20(6):1123-31

Arumugam S, Lau CS, Chamberlain RS. Use of preoperative gabapentin significantly reduces postoperative opioid consumption: a meta-analysis, J Pain Res, 2016, 12;9:631-40

Aziz MM, Guirguis G, Maratto S, Benito C, Forman EJ. Is there an association between assisted reproductive technologies and time and complications of the third stage of labor? Arch Gynecol Obstet, Arch Gynecol Obstet, 2016, 293(6):1193-6

Bahadoor-Yetman A, Riley L, Gibbons A, Fields PJ, Mapp-Alexander V, Hage R, Baldwin A, , Prevalence of cervical cancer and associated mortality in Grenada: 2000- 2010, Rev Panam Salud Publication, 2016,  39(4):194-99.

Battaglia G, Antonello A, Realdon S, Cavallin F, Giacomini F, Ishaq S. Feasibility, efficacy and safety of stent insertion as a palliative treatment for malignant strictures in the cervical segment of the esophagus and the hypopharynx, Surg Endosc, 2016, 30(1):159-67

Bender B, Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. The changing management of chylothorax in the modern era., European Journal Cardiothorac Surgery, 2016, 49(1):18-24

Bernardini F, Attademo L, Blackmon K, Devinsky O. Musical hallucinations: a brief review of functional neuroimaging findings., CNS Spectr 2016, 2016, Dec 19:1-7

Bidaisee S, Dookeeram D. Measuring the Intensity of Different Exercise Routines in Grenadas Sports for Health Program., Journal of Translational Space dentistry, Medicine and Exploration (JBR-TSME), 2016, 1(1), 1-4.”

Bidaisee S, Jacobs G. Females Education and Career Choice of Veterinary Medicine: Emergence of Life Stages Theory, J Translational Diagn Technol, 2016, “1(2), 11-20”

Bidaisee S. Sexual and reproductive health education: A case for inclusion in the curriculum of primary schools in the Caribbean, Int Public Health, 2016, 8(3):327-336.

Bubb K, du Plessis M, Hage R, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. The internal anatomy of the inferior vena cava with specific emphasis on the entrance of the renal, gonadal and lumbar veins, Surg Radiol Anat, 2016, 38(1):107-14

Budinich M, Johal J, Oskouian RJ, Thamburaj K, Tubbs RS, Rizk E. Appearing-disappearing-reappearing Rathke’s cleft cyst: An extraordinary finding and review of the literature, Translational Research in Anatomy, 2016, 4-Mar

Carpenter, A.M., Singh, I.P., Gandhi, C.D., Prestigiacomo, C.J. (2016). Genetic risk factors for spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage. Nat Rev Neurol, 12(1), 40-49. doi:10.1038/nrneurol.2015.226

Cesmebasi A, Spinner RJ, Smith J, Bannar SM, Finnoff JT. Role of Sonography in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Common Peroneal Neuropathy Secondary to Fabellae, J Ultrasound Med, 2016, 35(2):441-7

Chaucer B, Chevenon M, Toro C, Lemma T, Grageda M, Swyer-James-Macleod. syndrome: a rare finding and important differential in the ED setting, Am J Emerg Med, 2016, 34(7):1329

Chen, L., Gui, U., Illipparambil, L.C., Netherton, M.D., Sheshadri, B. Karu, E. , Peterson, S. J., Mehta, P.H. (2016) .  Racing Against the Clock: Internal Medicine Residents’ Time Spent On Electronic Health Records.  Journal of Graduate Medical Education. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-15-00240.1

Choi H, Lee CC, Kim HJ, Singer AJ. Identifying the optimal hand placement site for chest compression by measuring hand width and sternal length in young adults, Am J Emerg Med, 2016, 34(3):407-11

Delannoy CM, Zadoks RN, Crumlish M, Rodgers D, Lainson FA, Ferguson HW, Turnbull J, Fontaine MC. Genomic comparison of virulent and non-virulent Streptococcus agalactiae in fish, J Fish Dis, 2016, 39(1):13-29

Deliso M, Cotran E.K, Bidaisee S, Keku O.E. An Evaluation of Stray Dog Control in Grenada., J Translational Diagn Technol, 2016, “1(1), 1-6″

Demerdash A, Singh R, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. A historical glimpse into treating childhood hydrocephalus, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(3):405-7

di Meo N, Damiani G, Fadel M, Petrou S, Trevisan G. Cover Image: Dermoscopy of Ixodes scapularis on the scalp: feeding, engorgement and excrements, Br J Dermatol, 2016, 174(6):1423

Dubey JP, Verma SK, Villena I, Aubert D, Geers R, Su C, Lee E, Forde MS, Krecek RC. Toxoplasmosis in the Caribbean islands: literature review, seroprevalence in pregnant women in ten countries, isolation of viable Toxoplasma gondii from dogs from St”, “Kitts, West Indies with report of new T”, 2016, 115(4):1627-34

Fakoya FA, du Plessis M, Gbenimacho IB. Ultrasound and stethoscope as tools in medical education and practice: considerations for the archives, Adv Med Educ Pract, 2016, 13;7:381-7

Farmer, K., James A., Naraine, R., Sylvester, W. , Amadi, V. Kotelnikova, S. (2016). Urinary Tract Infection Escherichia coli Is Related to the Environmental Escherichia coli in Their DNA Barcoding and Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Grenada. Advances In Microbiology. 10.4236/aim.2016.61004

Fisahn C, Johal J, Moisi M, Iwanaga J, Oskouian RJ, Chapman JR, Tubbs RS. Detethering of the C2 nerve root and avoidance of transection and injury during C1 screw placement: A cadaveric feasibility study, World Neurosurgery , 2016, pii: S1878-8750(16)30994-9

Fitzgerald S, Romanoff A, Cohen A, Schmidt H, Weltz C, Bleiweis IJ, Jaffer S, Port ER. Close and Positive Lumpectomy Margins are Associated with Similar Rates of Residual Disease with Additional Surgery, Ann Surg Oncol, 2016, 23(13):4270-4276

Forde M, Martin E.F, Mitchell G, Bidaisee S. Public health response and lessons learned from the 2014 Chikungunya epidemic in Grenada. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pœblica/Pan American, Journal of Public Health, 2016, 2015-00685.R1

Forde MS, Forde S, Keens-Douglas A, Mukuria A. Provision of tuberculosis services in public facilities to HIV/AIDS infected clients in the Eastern Caribbean, International Public Health Journal, 2016, ” 8(3), p.377-384.”

Fries FN, Youssef P, Irwin PA, Tubbs RI, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Comparing the left and right Whitnall’s tubercles and their relation to the frontozygomatic suture: Application to symmetry following lateral orbital surgery , 2016 Dec;35(6):305-308,

Furman, R., Murray, I.V., Schall, H.E, Liu, Q., Ghiwot, Y., Axelsen, P.H.(2016). Amyloid Plaque-Associated Oxidative Degradation of Uniformly Radiolabeled Arachidonic Acid.  ACS Chemical neuroscience. 7(3):367-77

Ghaus S, Neumann H, Muhammad H, Tontini GE, Ishaq S. Diagnosis and Surveillance of Barrett’s Esophagus: Addressing the Transatlantic Divide, Dig Dis Sci, 2016, 61(8):2185-93

Gifford A, Bearer C, Comment on Niemel and Colleagues, Alcohol Clin Exp Res, 2016, 40(8):1607-8

Gilloteaux, J., Bhalla, A., Faour, O., and Jamison, J.M., (2016). Formation of intracellular lumina in human prostate carcinoma (DU145) cells, maturation into signet cells, and the cribriform morphology of tumors. Ultrastructural Pathology, DOI: 10.3109/01913123.2016.1155684

Giovane R, Rezai S, Bahl N, Henderson CE., Local Access to Family Planning Services and Female High School Dropout Rates, Obstet Gynecol, 2016, 128(1):207

Giovane R, Rezai S, Berjaoui C, Henderson CE., Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Hospital Readmissions After Delivery, Obstet Gynecol, 2016, 127(4):799-800

Giovane R, Rezai S, Shlimum A, Henderson CE. Trying to Conceive After an Early Pregnancy Loss: An Assessment on How Long Couples Should Wait, Obstet Gynecol, 2016, 127(6):1170-1

Gonzalez D, Bidaisee S. Uncovering the Needs of Underserved Areas in Arequipa, Peru: Community Perspectives West Indian Medical Journal, 2016, 10.7727/wimj.2016.066

Goodrich DJ, Patel D, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ. Symptomatic retethering of the spinal cord in postoperative lipomyelomeningocele patients: a meta-analysis, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(1):121-6

Gopinath S, Giambarberi L, Patil S, Chamberlain RS., Characteristics and survival of patients with eccrine carcinoma: A cohort study, J Am Acad Dermatol, 2016, 75(1):215-7

Granger A, Zurada A, Zurada-Zielinska A, Gielecki J, Loukas M. Anatomy of turner syndrome, Clinical Anatomy, 2016, 29(5): 638-42

Griessenauer CJ, McGrew B, Matusz P, De Caro R, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Surgical Approaches to the Jugular Foramen: A Comprehensive Review, J Neurol Surg B Skull Base, 2016, 77(3):260-4

Guo F, Forde MS, Werre S, Krecek Rosina C, Zhu G.  Seroprevalence of five parasitic pathogens in pregnant women in ten Caribbean countries, Parasitology Research, 2016, DOI: 10.1007/s00436-016-5297-6

Gupta R, Shodhan S, Hosny A. Retrograde Epidural Catheter Relieves Intractable Sacral Pain, Indian J Palliat Care, 2016, 22(2):180-2

Hansen KS, Gutwein LG, Hartman BC, Sood R, Socas J. Immediate Bilateral Breast Reconstruction with Unilateral Deep Superior Epigastric Artery and Superficial Circumflex Iliac Artery Flaps, Arch Plast Surg, 2016, 43(5):457-60

Ilyas S, Mina B, Esquinas AM. Acute dyspnea by diaphragmatic excursion: practicality sustainable in ED? , Am J Emerg Med, 2016, 34(12):2441-2442

Ishaq S, Hassan C, Antonello A, Tanner K, Bellisario C, Battaglia G, Anderloni A, Correale L, Sharma P, Baron TH, Repici A. Flexible endoscopic treatment for Zenker’s diverticulum: A systematic review and meta-analysis, Gastrointest Endosc, 2016, 83(6):1076-1089

Ishaq S, Neumann H. Water assisted colonoscopy: A promising new technique, Dig Liver Dis, 2016, 48(6):569-70

Ivashchuk G, Fries FN, Loukas M, Paulson D, Monteith SJ, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Arterial variations around the atlas: a comprehensive review for avoiding neurosurgical complications, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(6):1093-100

Johal J, Loukas M, Fisahn C, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Hemivertebrae: a comprehensive review of embryology, imaging, classification, and management, Child’s Nervous System, 2016, 32(11):2105-2109

Johal J, Loukas M, Fisahn C, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Bergmann’s ossicle (ossiculum terminale persistens): a brief review and differentiation from other findings of the odontoid process, Child’s Nervous System, 2016, 32(9): 1603-6

Jones D, Thomas-Purcell K, Lewis-Harris J, Richards C. Correlation between self-efficacy in sexual negotiation and engagement in risky sexual behaviors: Pilot study of adolescents attending a secondary school in Grenada, West Indies, International Public health Journal, 2016, “8(3), 397-405″

Joseph SC, D’antoni AV, Tubbs RS, Gielecki J, Loukas M. Woven coronary arteries: A detailed review, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(4):502-7

Jumah F, Ghannam M, Jaber M, Adeeb N, Tubbs RS. Neuroanatomical variation in autism spectrum disorder: A comprehensive review, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(4):454-65

Kalva, N.R., Tokala, M.R., Dhillon, S., Pisoh, W.N., Walayat, S., Vanar, V. and Puli1, S.R. (2016). An Unusual Cause of Acute Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: Acute Esophageal Necrosis. Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine. Volume 2016, Article ID 6584363, 4 pages

Kangas-Dick A, Khan U, Awoniyi O, Waqar S, Tun NN, Tun NN, Viswanathan K, Wong C. A Case of Chronic Calcific Nonalcoholic Pancreatitis, Case Rep Gastrointest Med, 2016, 51410:41:00

Kashan D, Muthu N, Chaucer B, Davalos F, Bernstein M, Chendrasekhar A. Uterine Perforation with Intra-Abdominal Clostridium perfringens Gas Gangrene: A Rare and Fatal Infection, J Gynecol Surg, 2016, 1;32(3):182-184

Keenaghan M, Sun L, Wang A, Hyodo E, Homma S, Ten VS. Intrauterine growth restriction impairs right ventricular response to hypoxia in adult male rats, Pediatr Res, 2016, 80(4):547-53

Keku E, Denny V, Zahedi I, Deliso M, Glasgow L, Russell H, Bidaisee S. Stray dog control and zoonotic disease prevention in Grenada, West Indies: Implications for rabies control, Journal of Epizootiology and Animal Health in West Africa, 2016, 16(1): 1-6

Kieu V, Rezai S, Henderson CE. An Important Cause of Child and Youth Homelessness, JAMA Pediatr, 2016, 1;170(9):909

Kim KS, Kim T, Choi H, Ahn C, Lee CC. Beef from the United States: Is It Safe? J Korean Med Sci, J Korean Med Sci, 2016, 31(7):1009-10

Kornblatt AP, Nicoletti VG, Travaglia A. The neglected role of copper ions in wound healing, J Inorg Biochem, 2016, 161:1-8

Kwon S, Lew S, Chamberlain RS. Leukocyte filtration and postoperative infections, J Surg Res, 2016, 205(2):499-509

Lau CS, Chamberlain RS. Probiotics are effective at preventing Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Int J Gen Med, 2016, 22;9:27-37

Lau CS, Chamberlain RS. Ultrasound-guided central venous catheter placement increases success rates in pediatric patients: a meta-analysis, Pediatr Res, 2016, 80(2):178-84

Lau CS, Ward A, Chamberlain RS. Probiotics improve the efficacy of standard triple therapy in the eradication of Helicobacter pylori: a meta-analysis, Infect Drug Resist, 2016, 9:275-289

Lau CS, Ward A, Chamberlain RS. Sequential (as Opposed to Simultaneous) Antibiotic Therapy Improves Helicobacter pylori Eradication in the Pediatric Population: A Meta-Analysis, Clin Pediatr (Phila), 2016, 55(7):614-25

Lavy DS, Paulin ET, Parker MI, Zhang B, Parker GS, Schwartz MR. Pylori in a gastric schwannoma: A case report, Ann Transl Med, 2016, 4(7):137

Lee CJ, Mahendraraj K, Houng A, Marano M, Petrone S, Lee R, Chamberlain RS. Pediatric Burns: A Single Institution Retrospective Review of Incidence, Etiology, and Outcomes in 2273 Burn Patients (1995-2013), J Burn Care Res, 2016, 37(6):e579-e585

Lee S, Singla M, An Unrecognized Rash Progressing to Lyme Carditis: Important Features and Recommendations Regarding Lyme Disease, Am J Ther, 2016, 23(2):e566-9

Lew S, Chamberlain RS. Risk of Metabolic Complications in Patients with Solid Tumors Treated with mTOR inhibitors: Meta-analysis, Anticancer Res, 2016, 36(4):1711-8

Liu A, Thesen T, Barr W, Morrison C, Dugan P, Wang X, Meager M, Doyle W, Kuzniecky R,  Devinsky O, Blackmon K. Parahippocampal and Entorhinal Resection Extent Predicts Verbal Memory Decline in an Epilepsy Surgery Cohort, J Cogn Neurosci, 2016, 2016 Dec 19:1-12.

Loukas M, Aly I, Tubbs RS, Anderson RH, , The naming game: A discrepancy among the medical community, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(3):285-9

Loukas M, Andall RG, Khan AZ, Patel K, Muresian H, Spicer DE, Tubbs RS. The clinical anatomy of high take-off coronary arteries, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(3):408-19

Loukas M, Du Plessis M, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Apaydin N. The subdiaphragmatic part of the phrenic nerve – morphometry and connections to autonomic ganglia, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(1):120-8

Loukas M, Joseph S, Etienne D, Linganna S, Hallner B, Tubbs RS. Topography and landmarks for the nerve supply to the levator ani and its relevance to pelvic floor pathologies, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(4):516-23

Loukas M, Patel S, Cesmebasi A, Muresian H, Tubbs RS, Spicer D, Dabrowski M. The clinical anatomy of the conal artery, Clin Anat, 2016, 32(3):371-9

Loukas M, Youssef P, Gielecki J, Walocha J, Natsis K, Tubbs RS. History of cardiac anatomy: a comprehensive review from the Egyptians to today, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(3):270-84

Lynch W, Rezai S, Henderson CE. Human amniotic fluid: a source of stem cells for possible therapeutic use, Am J Obstet Gynecol, 2016, 215(3):401

Macpherson C, Noel T, Fields P, Jungkind D, Yearwood K, Simmons M, Widjaja S, Mitchell G, Noel D, Bidaisee S, Myers TE, LaBeaud AD. Clinical and Serological Insights from the Asian Lineage Chikungunya Outbreak in Grenada, 2014: An Observational Study, Am J Trop Med Hyg, 2016, 5;95(4):890-893

Macpherson CC.  Individual and Collective Responsiveness to Climate Change. A Response to Dwyer, BioethiqueOnline, 2016, (5)1 online

Mahendraraj K, Durgan DM, Chamberlain RS. Acute mental disorders and short and long term morbidity in patients with third degree flame burn: A population-based outcome study of 96, 451 patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) database (2001-2011), Burns, 2016, 80(4):547-53

Mahendraraj K, Lau CS, Lee I, Chamberlain RS. Trends in incidence, survival, and management of uveal melanoma: a population-based study of 7, 516 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (1973-2012), Clin Ophthalmol, 2016, 10:2113-2119

Marisa D, Cotran EK, , Bidaisee S, Keku EO. The Effectiveness of Stray Dog Control and Zoonotic Diseases Prevention in Global Health: A One-Health Approach from Grenada. Journal of Translational Diagnostics and Technology, J Translational Diagnostics Technol, 2016, 1(1) 1-6

McDaniel W, Memon H, Katz E, Cristofano S, Ware JC. Madness of bipolar driver safety assessments, Traffic Inj Prev, 2016, 18;17(4):329

Miller JH, Montalbano MJ, Raborn J, Gordon A, Rizk E, Tubbs RS, Kim H, Wellons III JC. Successful Surgical Treatment of Intractable Hemifacial Spasm: A Review of Cerebellar Hamartomas of the Floor of the Fourth Ventricle , Translational Research in Anatomy, 2016, 5

Montalbano MJ, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Innervation of the blood vessels of the spinal cord: A Comprehensive Review., Neurosurgical Review, 2016,

Montalbano MJ, Sharma A, Oskouian RJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RJ. The ancient Syrian physician Archigenes and his contributions to neurology and neuroanatomy, Child’s Nervous System, 2016,

Moxham BJ, Pais D. How optional should regional anatomy be in a medical course? An opinion piece, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(6):702-10

Naraine R, Charles A, Walcotte T, Findley L, Khvostova E, Alleynes S, Williams J, Ramirez J, Im D, Tau F, Joseph A, McEwen A, Kotelnikova S. Characterization of CRISPR-Cas Operons and spacer elements in the acidophilic Archaeum Ferroplasma acidarmanus fer1, Oxford Journal of Viral Evolution, 2016, March, 2016, vol.1. Suppl.2

Nunez Herrero L, Chaucer B, Zafar W, Davalos F, Salman S, Naing S. Primary Malignant Melanoma of the Rectum: a Case Report of an Extremely Rare Gastrointestinal Cancer, J Gastrointest Cancer, 2016, 47(4):494-496

Otero J, Ben-Yakar N, Alemayehu B, Kozusko SD, Borao F, Vates TS 3rd. A Unique Case of Intraabdominal Polyorchidism: A Case Study, Case Rep Urol, 2016, 2729614

Philpott-Jones S, Gefenas E, Macpherson CC, Strosberg MA, Hall RT. Fogarty and Charge of Moral Imperialism: A Response to Hellmann et al, Arch Med Res, 2016, 47(1):65-6

Pozzi N, Koblick S, Leung P, Boudourakis L. Arterial embolization of retained kidney remnant following blunt traumatic injury: A case report, Int J Surg Case Rep, 2016, 27:176-180

Ramesh R, Juhn A, Babey M, Patel K, Liu B. An Unusual Case of Colonic Intussusception Masquerading as a Transverse Colon Mass, Am J Gastroenterol, 2016, 111(7):921

Resnick J, Bidaisee S, Durgampudi PK, Keku EO. The Dangers of Smallpox in Modern Day Bioterrorism, J Translational Diagnostics Technol., 2016, 1(3), 21-26

Reyes A, Thesen T, Wang X, Hahn D, Yoo D, Kuzniecky R, Devinsky O, Blackmon K. Resting-state functional MRI distinguishes temporal lobe epilepsy subtypes, Epilepsia, 2016, 57(9):1475-84

Rezai S, Faye J, Chadee A, Gottimukkala S, Upadhyay R, Lara C, Rajegowda BH, Corwin AD, Lala RV, Vernon J, Nuritdinova D, Chasen S, Henderson C. Amniotic Band Syndrome, Perinatal Hospice, and Palliative Care versus Active Management”, Case Rep Obstet Gynecol, 2016, 9756987

Rezai S, LoBue S, Henderson CE. Diabetes prevention: Reproductive age women affected by insulin resistance, Womens Health (Lond), 2016, 12(4):427-32

Roberts W, Zurada A, Zurada-Zielinska A, Gielecki J, Loukas M. Anatomy of trisomy 18, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(5):628-32

Roberts W, Zurada A, Zurada-Zielinska A, Gielecki J, Loukas M. Anatomy of trisomy 12, Clinical Anatomy, 2016, 29(5):663-637

Roepcke F, Rezai S, Vidulich C, Henderson CE. Association of Spouse Deployment on Pregnancy Outcomes in a U.S. Military Population, Obstetrics & Gynecology:, 2016, 127(1):164

Rostami R, Mittal S, Rostami P, Tavassoli F, Jabbari B. Brain metastasis in breast cancer: a comprehensive literature review, J Neurooncol, 2016, 127(3):407-14

Sablani N, Jain G, Hasan MM, Sivakumar K, Feuerwerker S, Arcot K, Farkas J. A novel approach to the management of carotid blowout syndrome: the use of thrombin in a case of failed covered stenting, BMJ Case Rep, 2016, 24;2016

Saker E, “Graham RA, “, Nicholas R, D’Antoni AV, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. Ligaments of the Costovertebral Joints including Biomechanics, Innervations, and Clinical Applications: A Comprehensive Review with Application to Approaches to the Thoracic Spine, Cureus, 2016, 11:e874

Saker E, Cox M, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RJ.  Geroge J Garceau (1896-1977) and the first introduction of the “”filum terminale syndrome”, Child’s Nervous System, 2016:1-4

Saker E, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS. The intriguing history of vertebral fusion anomalies: the Klippel-Fiel syndrome, Child’s Nervous System, 2016, 32(9):1599-602

Shoar S, Nguyen T, Ona MA, Reddy M, Anand S, Alkuwari MJ, Saber AA. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass reversal: a systematic review, Surg Obes Relat Dis, 2016, 12(7):1366-1372

Siegel G, Mockenhaupt FH, Behnke AL, Ermilov E, Winkler K, Pries AR, Malmsten M, Hetzer R, Saunders R, Lindman B. Lipoprotein binding to anionic biopolyelectrolytes and the effect of glucose on nanoplaque formation in arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease, Adv Colloid Interface Sci, 2016, 232:25-35

Simmons M, Myers T, Guevara C, Jungkind D, Williams M, Houng HS. Development and Validation of a Quantitative, One-Step, Multiplex, Real-Time Reverse Transcriptase PCR Assay for Detection of Dengue and Chikungunya Viruses”, J Clin Microbiol, 2016, 54(7):1766-73

Siracuse BL, Chamberlain RS. A Preoperative Scale for Determining Surgical Readmission Risk After Total Hip Replacement, JAMA Surg, 2016, 1;151(8):701-9

Soriani P, Tontini GE, Neumann H, Ishaq S, Annunziata ML, Pastorelli L, Vecchi M. Esophageal post-inflammatory polyposis in extensive and severe Crohn’s disease treated with anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha, Endoscopy, 2016, 48 1:E261-2

Tardieu GG, Loukas M, Chapman J, Oskouian RJ, Moisi M, Fisahn C, Tubbs RS., The Epidural Ligaments (of Hofmann), Cureus, 2016, 8(9): e779

Tardieu GG, Loukas M, Fisahn C, Shoja MM, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RSThe Italian Giuseppe Muscatello (1866-1951) and his contributions to our understanding of childhood spina bifida aperta and occulta, Child’s Nervous System, 2016,

Tardieu GG, Oskouian RJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RS.  A previuosly undescribed variant of the confluences of sinuses, Folia Morphologica, 2016,

Teppola H, Sarkanen JR, Jalonen TO, Linne ML. Morphological Differentiation Towards Neuronal Phenotype of SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells by Estradiol, Retinoic Acid and Cholesterol, Neurochem Res, 2016, 41(4):731-47

Thomas-Purcell K, Tarver W, Richards C, Primus-Joseph M, Mc Barnette B. Grenadian women’s perspectives on screening for breast and cervical cancer: A participatory approach to understanding prevention, Global Journal of Health Education and Promotion, 2016, 17(3), 1-16

Thompson MD Capra V,  Clunes MT, Thompson MD, Capra V, , Clunes MT, Stankova J, Thompson MD, Capra V, Clunes MT, Rovati GE, Stankova ,  Duffy DL. Cysteinyl Leukotrienes Pathway Genes, Atopic Asthma and Drug Response: From Population Isolates to Large Genome-Wide Association Studies, Front Pharmacol, 2016, 7:299

Tildesley HD, Wright AM, Chan JH, Mazanderani AB, Ross SA, Tildesley HG, Lee AM, Tang TS, White AS. A Comparison of Internet Monitoring with Continuous Glucose Monitoring in Insulin-Requiring Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Can J Diabetes, 2016, 40 Suppl 1:24-7

Tomaszewski KA, Henry BM, Vikse J, Pekala P, Roy J, Svensen M, Guay D, Hsieh WC, L, Loukas M, Walocha JA. Variations in the origin of the deep femoral artery: A meta-analysis, 2016, 30(1):106-113

Topale L. The strategic use of lecture recordings to facilitate an active and self-directed learning approach, BMC Med Educ, 2016, 12;16(1):201

Tubbs RS, Benzie AL, Rizk E, Chern JJ, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. Histological study of the occipital bone from patients with Chiari I malformation, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(2):351-3

Tubbs RS, Demerdash A, D’Antoni AV, Loukas M, Kulwin C, Oskouian RJ, Cohen-Gadol A. Can blockage or sacrifice of the middle meningeal artery lead to hydrocephalus?, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(11):2153-2157

Tubbs RS, Demerdash A, Vahedi P, Griessenauer CJ, Oakes WJ. Chiari IV malformation: correcting an over one century long historical error, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(7):1175-9

Tubbs RS, Fries FN, Kulwin C, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Modified skin incision for avoiding the lesser occipital nerve and occipital artery during retrosigmoid craniotomy: potential applications for enhancing operative working distance and angles while minimizing the risk of postoperative neuralgias and intraoperative hemorrhage, J Clin Neurosci, 2016, 32:83-7

Tubbs RS, Granger A, Fisahn C, Loukas M, Moisi M, Iwanaga J, Paulson D, Jeyamohan S, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ. The Vertebral Artery Cave at C2: Anatomic Study with Application to C2 Pedicle Screw Placement , World Neurosurgery , 2016, 94:368-374

Tubbs RS, Malefant J, Loukas M, Jerry Oakes W, Oskouian RJ, Fries FN. Enigmatic human tails: A review of their history, embryology, classification, and clinical manifestations, Clin Anat, 2016, 29(4):430-8

Tubbs RS, Patel C, Loukas M, Oskouian RJ, Chapman JR. Traumatic atlanto-occipital dislocation: do children and adolescents have better or worse outcomes than adults? A narrative review, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(8):1387-92

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Aggarwal A, Gupta T, Loukas M, Sahni D, Ansari SF, Cohen-Gadol AA. Choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle: Review and anatomic study highlighting anatomical variations, J Clin Neurosci, 2016, 26:79-83

Tubbs RS, Yan H, Demerdash A, Chern JJ, Fries FN, Oskouian RJ, Oakes WJ. Sagittal MRI often overestimates the degree of cerebellar tonsillar ectopia: a potential for misdiagnosis of the Chiari I malformation, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(7):1245-8

Tubbs SR, Hose N, Loukas M, De Caro R, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neural connections between the nervus intermedius and the facial and vestibulocochlear nerves in the cerebellopontine angle: an anatomic study, Surg Radiol Anat, 2016, 38(5):619-23

Tun AM, Thar YY, Soe AM, Naing EE. Elderly man with a pulmonary mass and osteolytic lesions: is it primary pulmonary plasmacytoma or multiple myeloma with an extramedullary pulmonary nodule? BMJ Case Rep, BMJ Case Rep, 2016, pii: bcr2016215870

Tun AM, Tun NM, Zin Thein K, Naing EE, Giashuddin S, Shulimovich M. A Rare Concurrence of Leiomyomatosis Peritonealis Disseminata, Leiomyosarcoma of the Pelvis and Leiomyomatous Nodule of the Liver, Case Rep Oncol Med, 2016, 3025432

Waseem M, Uffer H, Josephson EAn Audit of Top Citations Published in Pediatric Emergency Care, Pediatr Emerg Care, 2016, 32(5):279-85

Watanabe K, Tubbs RS, Satoh S, Zomorodi AR, Liedtke W, Labidi M, Friedman AH, Fukushima T.  Isolated Deep Ear Canal Pain: Possible Role of Auricular Branch of Vagus Nerve-Case Illustrations with Cadaveric Correlation, World Neurosurg, 2016, 96:293-301

Whitman L, Scharaga EA, Blackmon K, Wiener J, Bender HA, Weiner HL, MacAllister WS. Material Specificity of Memory Deficits in Children with Temporal Tumors and Seizures: A Case Series, Applied Neuropsychology, 2016,

Wolbrom DH, Rahman A, Tschabrunn CM. Mechanisms and Clinical Management of Ventricular Arrhythmias following Blunt Chest Trauma, Cardiol Res Pract, 2016, 7270247

Youssef  P, Loukas M, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS.  Comprehensive anatomical and immunohistochemical review of the innervation of the human spine and joints with application to an improved understanding of back pain, Childs Nerv Syst, 2016, 32(2):243-51

School of Veterinary Medicine (44)

Akpinar-Elci M, Nguyen M, Bidaisee S, Elci OC. Pesticide Exposure in the Caribbean: A Case from Nutmeg Processing, The Journal of Environmental Health, January/February 2016, 78 (6)

Bacharach, E., Mishra, N., Briese, T., Zody, M.C., Tsofack, J.E.K., Zamostiano, R., Berkowitz, A., Ng,J., Nitido, A., Corvelo, A., Toussaint, N.C., abel Neilsen, S.C., Hornig, M., Del Poza, J., Bloom, T., Ferguson, H.W., Eldar,A., Lipin,W.I. (2016). Characterization of a novel orthomixo like virus causing mass die-offs of tilapia. mBio.7 (2): e00431-16. Doi:10.1128/mbio.00431-16.

Bidaisee S., 2016. Sexual and reproductive health education: A case for inclusion in the curriculum of primary schools in the Caribbean. Int Public Health J 2016;8(3):00-0

Butler, C.M., Sloet van Oldruitenborgh- oosterbaan, M.M., werners, A.H., Stout, T.A.E., Nielen,M., Jongejan,F.,van der Kolk, J.H., Houwers,d.J. (2016). Borrelia burgdorferi and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in ticks and their equine hosts: A prospective clinical and diagnostic study of 47 horses following removal of feeding tick. Pferdeheikunde 32(4): 335-345.

Butler, C.M., Sloet van oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M., Stout, T.A.E., Jongenjan,F., Werners, A.h., Houwers, D.J. (2016). Classification of ticks collected from the Netherlands in 2008-2009 and identification of the xoonotic agents they contain. Pferdeheilkunde. 32(4): 329-334.

Chikweto, A, Sharma, R, Tiwari, K, Verma, S, Calero–Bernal, R, Jiang, T, Su, C, Kwok, O,  Dubey, J (2016). Isolation and RFLP genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii in free-range chickens in Grenada, West Indies revealed widespread and dominance of clonal type III parasites . Journal of  Parasitology. DOI: 10.1645/15-945

Corrigan, A, (2016). “Mitochondrial genetic diversity, selection and recombination in a canine transmissible cancer” Strakova et al. DOI:  http://dx.doi.org/10.7554/eLife. 14552. May 17, 2016.

Crișan M. I., A. Damian, I. Morar, E. Pall, C. Peștean and I. Șt. Groza. Equine Embryo Sexing and Ultrasonographic Foetal Sexing – Interests and Applicability (Review Article). Anatomia Histologia, Embryologia, 45 (2016): 329-337.

Del Pozo, J., Mishra, N., Kabuusu, R., Cheetham-Brow, S., Eldar, A., Bacharach, E., Lipkin, W.I. and Ferguson, H.W. (2016). Syncytial hepatitis of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) is associated with orthomyxovirus-like virions. Veterinary Pathology, On-line August 10th.

Dezdrobitu, C, Crişan, M, Gudea, A, Chirilean, ID, Martonos, CO, Papuc, I, Lǎcǎtuş, R, Purdoiu, RC, Damian, A (2016). Investigation techniques of the lymphatic drainage of the caudal thoracic mammary gland (t2) in domestic cat. Lucrări ştiinţifice medicină veterinară vol. XLIX(1), 2016, Timişoara, pp: 67-77.

Di Cicco, E., Ferguson, H.W., Kaukinen, K., Schulze, A., Li, S., Vanderstichel, R., Laurin, E., Wessel, O., Rimstad, E., Gardner, I.A., Hammell, L. & Miller, K.M (2016). Longitudinal Farm Study into Heart and Skeletal Muscle Inflammation (HSMI) disease on a British Columbia salmon farm. Submitted, Plos 1.

Farmer, K., James A., Naraine, R., Dolfin, G, Sylvester, W. , Amadi, V. Kotelnikova, S. (2016). Urinary Tract Infection Escherichia coli Is Related to the Environmental Escherichia coli in Their DNA Barcoding and Antibiotic Resistance Patterns in Grenada. Advances In Microbiology, 6:33-46.

Forde M, Martin E.F, Mitchell G, Bidaisee S., 2016. Public health response and lessons learned from the 2014 Chikungunya epidemic in Grenada. Revista Panamericana de Salud

Gallo, R.C, Willems, L. and Hasegawa, H, and the Global Virus Network (Macpherson, C.N.L) (2016). Screening transplant donors for HTLV-1 and -2. Blood 2016 :blood-2016-09-739433; doi:10.1182/blood-2016-09-739433

Gibson, K.E., Fitzpatrick, D.M., Stone, D., Noel, T.P., Macpherson, C.N.L. (2016). Vector-borne diseases in the Caribbean: History and current status. CAB Reviews 11 (022). Doi:10.1079/PAVSNNR 2016 11022.

Gonzalez D., Bidaisee S., 2016. Uncovering the Needs of Underserved Areas in Arequipa, Peru: Community Perspectives. West Indian Medical Journal, DOI is 10.7727/wimj.2016.066

Guerrero TG (2016). Web based publication. Fractures of the proximal femur in dogs.  In  AOVET Surgical Reference Small Animals:  https://www2.aofoundation.org/wps/portal/surgery?vet=dog

Hariharan, H. (2016). Observations on Emerging Zoonotic Enteric Bacterial Pathogens. Vet Med Open J. 2016; 1(2): e3-e4. doi: 10.17140/VMOJ-1-e002

Hariharan, H., Amadi, V. (2016). Shellfish as reservoirs of bacterial pathogens. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 4(4): 253-258. doi:10.12980/jclm.4.2016J6-13

Hariharan, H., Brathwaite-Sylvester, E., Matthew Belmar, V., Sharma, R. (2016). Bacterial isolates from urinary tract infection in dogs in Grenada, and their antibiotic susceptibility. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine 6: 85-88.

Hariharan, H., Rovira, A., Matthew Belmar, Volger, T., Stratton, G. Sharma, R. (2016). Gram negative bacteria from pharynx and nasal cavity of domestic goats in Grenada, and resistance of Manhemia hemolytica and Bibersteinia trehlosi to tulathromycin and trimethaprim sulfamethoxazole. British Microbial. Res. J. 11(1): 1-8

Herath,T.K., Ferguson, H.W., Weidmann, M., Bron, J.E., Thompson, K.d., Adams, A., Richards, R.H. (2016). Pathogenesis of experimental salmonid alphavirus infection in vivo: an ultrastructural insight. Veterinary Research. (on line: http:// www. veterinaryresearch.org/content/47/1/7).

Irizarry R, Amadi V, Brathwaite-Sylvester E, Nicholas Thomas R, Sharma R, Hariharan H. 2016. Update on urinary tract infections in dogs in a tropical island and antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli isolates for the period 2010-2016. Veterinary Medicine Open Journal 2016; 1(3):56-61.

Kabuusu, R.M., Vogler, T., Kumthekar, S., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M.I., De Allie, C., Alexander, R., Richards, C., Sharma, R.N. (2016). Evaluation of Sensitivity and Positive Predictive Values of Cytopathologic Diagnosis of Solid Masses in dogs. Open Journal of Veterinary medicine 6: 95-98.

Kalchofner Guerrero KS, Schwarz A, Wuhrmann R, Feldmann S, Hartnack S, Bettschart-Wolfensberger R (2016). Comparison of a new metamizole formulation and carprofen for extended post-operative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Vet J. 2016; 204(1):99-104.

Kalchofner,K., Campagna,I., Bruhl Day, R., Guerero, T. (2016). Intraperitoneal bupivacaine with or without incisional bupivacaine for post operative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. . Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia. 43:571-578.

Macpherson, C., Noël, T., Fields, P., Jungkind, D., Yearwood, K., Simmons, M., Widjaja, S., Mitchell, G., Noel, D., Bidaisee. S., Myers, T.E., LaBeaud, A.D. (2016). Clinical and Serological Insights from the Asian Lineage Chikungunya Outbreak in Grenada, 2014: An Observational Study. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2016 Aug 15. pii: 16-0122. [Epub ahead of print]

May,C., Guthrie, A.J., Schulman, M.L. (2016). Addition of an intramammary antimicrobial formulation markedly decreased the intervals to elimination of Taylorella equigenitalis in a carrier mare and gelding. Journal of equine Veterinary Science 39:62. Doi: http;//dx.doi/org/10.2016 jevs.2016.02.134.

Naraine, R., Charles, A. , Walcotte, T., Findley, L., Kvostova, E., Alleynes, S., Willams, J., Ramirez, J., Im, D. , Tau, F., Joseph, A., McEven, A. , Kotelnikova, S. (2016). Characterization of CRISPR-Cas Operons and spacer elements in the acidophilic Archaeum Ferroplasma acidarmanus fer1.  Oxford Journal Of Viral Evolution. March, 2016, vol.1. Suppl.2

Resnick J, Bidaisee S, Durgampudi PK, Keku EO (2016) The Dangers of Smallpox in Modern Day Bioterrorism. J Translational Diagn Technol. 1(3), 21-26

Rizgalla, J., Bron, J.E., Shinn, A.P., Herath, T.K., Paladini, G. & Ferguson, H.W. 2016. Ulcerative dermatitis in wild dusky grouper Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe) from Libyan waters. J. Fish Diseases, 39:1457-1466.

Rizgalla, J., Shinn, A.P., Ferguson, H.W., Paladini, G., Jayasuyira, N., Taggart, J. & Bron, J.E. A novel use of social media to evaluate the occurrence of skin lesions affecting wild dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus (Lowe, 1834), in Libyan coastal waters. In press, J Fish Dis. On line Aug 15, 2016.

Rizgalla, J., Shinn, A.P., Ferguson, H.W., Paladini, G., Jayasuyira, N., Taggart, J. & Bron, J.E. 2016. Use of the Facebook social media network to establish the distribution and prevalence of dusky grouper dermatitis (DGD) in Libyan waters. Abstract for “AquaEpi I” conference in Oslo September 20-22. Front. Vet. Sci.  doi: 10.3389/conf.FVETS.2016.02.00004

Sandoval,C., Infante,J., Battaglia,J.abad., Pardes, E. ferguson,H.W.,Llardi,P. (2016). Case report: strawberry disease in farmed Chilean rainbow trout. J. Aquatic Anim. Health. 28: 1-10.

Sharma RN, Tiwari K, Alfred Chikweto, Claude DeAllie, Muhammad Iqbal Bhaiyat. Pulmonary adenocarcinoma in two dogs in Grenada, West Indies: case report. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology . Indian J Vet Pathol. 40(4): 368-371.

Sharma, R., Tiwari, K., Matthew Belmar, V., Kumar, S., Goyal, S.M., Amadi, V.A., Watson, N. and Hariharan, H. (2016). Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of campylobacter species isolated from Backyard Chickens in Grenada, West Indies. British Microbiology Research Journal. 11(4): 1-8.

Sharma, R.N., Beckford, S., Tiwari, K., Vinet, E., Thomas, D., de Allie, C., Chikweto, A. (2016). Seroprevalence of Bluetongue virus antibody in ruminants from Grenada. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine. 6: 99-103

Tiwari K, Henary Manning S, Kelsey Meyer, Carol Ponce (2016) Seroprevelence of antibodies to bovine herpes virus type-1 (BoHV-1) in Ruminants of Grenada, West Indies, Journal of Animal research, v.6 n.6, p. 1-1.

Tiwari, K., Carloni, J., Tomas, D., De Allie, C., Chikweto, A., Hegamin-Younger, C. and Sharma, R.N. (2016). Prevalence of Gastrointestinal Parasites in stray dogs (Canis familiaris) from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research 6(1): 921-926.

Tiwari, K., Cornish, C., Gamble, B., Thomas, D., Sharma, R.N. (2016) Seroprevalence of Bovine Parainfluenza Type 3 (bPI-3V) in Ruminants from Grenada. Open J Vet Med. 6: 23-27.

Tiwari, K.P., Bhaiyat, M.I., Chikweto, A., Sharma, R.N., Younger, C.H. and Pawaiya,  R.V.S. (2016). Expression pattern of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in round cell tumors of dogs from Grenada, West Indies. Indian J. Vet. Pathol. 40(2): 144-147.

Tsofack, J.E.K.,  Zamostiano, R., Watted, S.,  Berkovitz, A., Rosenbluth, E., Mishra, N., Briese, T., Lipkin, W.I., Kabuusu, R, Ferguson, H.W., Eldar, A. & Bacharach, E. Detection of Tilapia Lake Virus (TiLV) in Clinical Samples by Culturing and Nested RT-PCR. J. Clin. Micro. In press. Online Dec14th 2016.

Werners, A.H. (2016). Treatment of endotoxaemia and septicaemia in the equine patient. J. vet. Pharmacol. Therap. doi: 10.1111/jvp.12329

Wilkerson, M., K. Black, M. Lanza-Perea, B. Sharma, K. Gibson, D. Stone, A. George, A. Nair, and R. Ganta (2016). Initial development and preliminary evaluation of a multiplex bead assay to detect antibodies to Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia chaffeensis outer membrane peptides in naturally-infected dogs from Grenada, West Indies. J Vet Diagn Invest. November 16,2016: 1-6 DOI: 10.1177/104063871667179.

School of Arts and Sciences (7)

Gogin, N. and Mylläri, A. (2016). Padovan-like sequences and Bell polynomials, Mathematics and Computers in Simulation,   2016,   volume 125,   pages 168-177

Greaves, D. (2016). Management/ Leadership of Health Systems in Small island Developing States of the English-Speaking Caribbean: A Critical Review. Journal of Health Management, 18(4) 1-16.

Mylläri, A. A., Raikov, A. A., Orlov, V. V., Tarakanov, P. A., Yershov, V. N., Yezhkov, M. Y. (2016). Fractality of Isotherms of the Cosmic Microwave Background Based on Data from the Planck Spacecraft, Astrophysics, March 2016, Volume 59, Issue 1, pp 31–37

Mylläri, A., Orlov, V., Chernin, A., Martynova, A.,  and Mylläri, T. (2016). Symbolic Dynamics, Mixing and Entropy in the Three-Body Problem, Baltic Astronomy, vol. 25, pp.254-260, 2016

Saunders, R. (2016). Water disinfection by SODIS and Titanium dioxide nanoparticles. New Biotechnology 2016, Elsevier, Vol 33S, P 16-7, 148

Saunders, R. and Ali Shah, S. (2016). SODIS using Titanium dioxide nanoparticles; A positive aspect of nanotoxicity; 8th International Nanotoxicology Congress, Boston 2016, Abs 209, 244.

Siegel, G., Mockenhaupt, F., Behnke, A., Ermilov, E., Winkler, K., Pries, A., Malmsten, M., Hetzer, R., Saunders, R., Lindman, B. (2016). Lipoprotein binding to anionic biopolyelectrolytes and the effect of glucose on nanoplaque formation in arteriosclerosis and Alzheimer’s disease. Advances in Colloidal and Interface science, 232, 2016), 25-35.

2015 Publications

School of Medicine (161)

Aggarwal A, Kaur H, Gupta T, Tubbs RS, Sahni D, Batra YK, Sondekoppam RV (2015). Anatomical study of the infraorbital foramen: a basis for successful infraorbital nerve block Clinical anatomy, 28(6):753-60

Akobo S, Rizk E, Loukas M, Chapman JR, Oskouian RJ, Tubbs RS (2015). “The odontoid process: a comprehensive review of its anatomy, embrology, and variations”. Childs Nervous System, 31(11):2025-34

Akpinar-Elci M, Martin F E, Behr J G, Diaz R (2015). Saharan dust, climate variability, and asthma in Grenada, the Caribbean. International Journal of Biometeorology. 9(11):1667-71

Akpinar-Elci, M., Coomansingh, K., Blando, J., Mark, L. (2015). Household bush burning practice and related respiratory symptoms in Grenada, the Caribbean. Journal of Air & Waste Management Association. 2015 Sep;65(9):1148-52. doi: 10.1080/10962247.2015.1070773

Al-Adra DP, Gill RS, Axford S J, Shi X, Kneteman N, Liau SS. Treatment of unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma with yttrium-90 radioembolization: a systematic review and pooled analysis. European Journal of Surgical Oncology. 2015, 41(1):120-7

Anderson HB, Rezai S, Setlur A, Henderson CE (2015). Comment on Hughes et al. An early pregnancy HbA1c  ≥ 5.9% (41 mmol/mol) is optimal for detecting diabetes and identifies women at increased risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Diabetes Care 2014;37:2953-2959. Diabetes Care. 38(6):e92

Badjatia N, Monahan A, Carpenter A, Zimmerman J, Schmidt JM, Claassen J, Connolly ES, Mayer SA, Karmally W, Seres D (2015). “Inflammation, Negative Nitrogen Balance, and Outcome after Subarachnoid Hemorrhage” Neurology, 84(7):680-7

Barton MD, Jr Qureshi A, Vijapura A, Temple HT (2015). Non-injected illicit drug use and infectious disease risk of donor tissue: a single institution retrospective review. Cell Tissue Bank, 16(4):623-9

Bass B, Upson S, Roy K, Montgomery E, Jalonen TO, Murray IVJ (2015). Glycogen and Amyloid beta: Key players in the shift from neuronal hyperactivity to hypoactivity observed in Alzheimer’s disease? Neural Regeneration Research, 10(7):1023-1025

Battaglia G, Antonello A, Realdon S Cavallin F, Giacomini F, Ishaq S (2015). Feasibility, efficacy and safety of stent insertion as a palliative treatment for malignant strictures in the cervical segment of the esophagus and the hypopharynx. Surg Endosc, 30(1):159-67

Battaglia G, Antonello A, Realdon S, Cesarotto M, Zanatta L, Ishaq S (2015). Flexible endoscopic treatment for Zenker’s diverticulum with the S B, Knife. Preliminary results from a single-center experience. Dig Endosc , 27(7):728-33

Bernard S, Loukas M, Rizk E, Oskouian RJ, Delashaw J, Tubbs RS (2015). The human occipital bone: review and update on its embryology and molecular developments. Childs Nervous System, 31(12):2217-23

Bosmia AM, Hogan E, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Blood supply to the human spinal cord: part I. Anatomy and hemodynamics. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):52-64

Bosmia AM, Tubbs RS, Hogan E, Bohnstedt BN, Denardo AJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Bloody supply to the human spinal cord: part II. Imaging and pathology. Clincal Anatomy, 28(1):65-74

Bosmia AN, Griessenauer CJ, Tubbs RS (2015). Mumblety-Peg: a potential cause of flesh wounds and ocular trauma Journal of Injuery and Violence Reseaerch, 7(2):91-2

Bosmia AN, Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Haddad V (2015). Jr Ritualistic envenomation by bullet ants among the Satere-Mawe indians in the Brazilian Amazon Wilderness Environ Med, 26(2):271-3

Bosmia AN, Tubbs RS, Hogan E, Bohnstedt BN, Denardo AJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Blood Supply to the human spinal cord. II. Imaging and pathology Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):65-74

Butt AM, Gill C, Demerdash A, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS (2015). A comprehensive review of the sub-axial ligaments of the vertebral column: part II histology and embryology. Childs Nervous System, 31(7):1061-6

Butt AM, Gill C, Demerdash A, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS (2015). A comprehensive review of the sub-axial ligaments of the vertebral column: part I anatomy and function. Childs Nervous System, 31(7):1037-59

Capek S, Tubbs RS, Spinner RJ (2015). Do cutaneous nerves cross the midline? Clinical anatomy, 28(1):96-100

Carpenter AM, Singh PI, Gandhi CD, Prestigiacomo CJ (2015). Genetic risk factors for spontaneous intracerebral haemorrhage. Nature Reviews Neurology, 12(1)40-9

Cesmebasi A, Baker A, Du Plessis M, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The surgical anatomy of the inguinal lymphatics. American Journal of Surgery, 81(4):365-9

Cesmebasi A, Howe BM, Amrami K K, Spinner RJ (2015) Sequential MR imaging demonstrates evolution of a fibular intraneural ganglion cyst after knee dislocation. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):2-4.

Cesmebasi A, John A, Etienne D, Shane Tubbs R, Loukas M (2015). Heinrich Obersteiner and his contributions. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):5-11

Cesmebasi A, Loukas M, Hogan E, Kralovic S, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). The Chiari malformations: a review with emphasis on anatomical traits. Clinical Anatomy, 28(2):184-94

Cesmebasi A, Melafant J, Patel SD, Du Plessis M, Renna S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The surgical anatomy of the lymphatic system of the pancreas. Clinical Anatomy, 28(4):527-37

Cesmebasi A, Muhleman MA, Hulsberg P, Gielecki J, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Occipital neuralgia: anatomic considerations. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):101-8

Cesmebasi A, O’driscoll SW, Smith J, Skinner JA, Spinner RJ (2015). The snapping medial antebrachial cutaneous nerve Clinical anatomy, 28(7):872-7

Cesmebasi A, Smith J, Spinner RJ (2015). Role of Sonography in surgical decision making for iatrogenic spinal accessory nerve injuries: a paradigm shift Jounral of Ultrasound in Medicine, 34(12):2305-12

Cesmebasi A, Spinner RJ (2015). An anatomic-based approach to the iatrogenic spinal accessory nerve injury in the posterior cervical triangle: how to avoid and treat it Clinical Anatomy, 28(6):761-6.

Cesmebasi A, Spinner RJ, Smith J, Martinoli C (2015). Dynamic ultrasonography can demonstrate the mechanism of the palmaris profundus in carpal tunnel syndrome Clinical anatomy, 28(4):428-30

Cesmebasi A, Yadav A, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Genitofemoral neuralgia: a review. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):128-35

Chaucer B, Chevenon M, Toro C, Lemma T, Grageda M (2015). Swyer-James-Macleod syndrome: a rare finding and important differential in the ED setting. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, pii: S0735-6757(15)01101-8.

Choi H, Irwin MR, Cho HJ (2015). Impact of social isolation on behavioral health in elderly: Systematic review. World J, Psychiatry, 5(4):432-8.

Choi H, Lee CC, Kim H J, Singer AJ (2015). Identifying the optimal hand placement site for chest compression by measuring hand width and sternal length in young Korean adults. American Journal of Emergency Medicine, pii: S0735-6757(15)00959-6

Chotai PN, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Unusual origin of the levator scapulae muscle from mastoid process. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(10):1277-81

Cohen R, Mallet T, Gale M, Soltys R, Loarte P (2015). Portal vein thrombosis. Case Reports in Vascular Medicine, 2015:823063.

Dasso L (2015). Promoting More Fluent Discussions in Small Group Sessions. Medical Science Educator, 25:119–122

Delpech PA, Haynes-Smith G (2015). Breast Self-examination and Health Beliefs in Grenadian Women. Cancer Nursing, 8(5):E54-9.

Du Plessis M, Ramai D, Shah S, Holland JD, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). The clinical anatomy of the musculotendinous part of the diaphragm. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(9):1013-20

Dufresne F, Simmons B, Vlachostergios P J, Fleischner Z, Joudeh R, Blakeway J, Julliard K (2015). Feasibility of energy medicine in a community teaching hospital: an exploratory case series. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(6):339-49.

Duma N, Barlow C, Sanchez L, Sadikot S (2015). Bronchial-oesophageal fistula: a rare initial presentation of squamous cell carcinoma of the lung. BMJ, Case Reports, pii: bcr2014209103.

Folterman C, Rezai S, Henderson CE (2015). Association of prelabor cesarean delivery with reduced mortality in twins born near term. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 125(5):1248.

Forde MS, Dewailly E (2015). What Is in the Caribbean Baby? Assessing Prenatal Exposures and Potential Health Outcomes to Environmental Contaminants in 10 Caribbean Countries. West Indian Medical Journal,64(1):23-8.

Forde MS, Mitchell L (2015). Trends in reported occupational injury claims for Grenada and Dominica. West Indian Medical Journal. 2015, 1-75.

Forde MS, Robertson L, Laouan Sidi E A, Côté S, Gaudreau E, Drescher O, Ayotte P (2015). Evaluation of exposure to organophosphate, carbamate, phenoxy acid, and chlorophenol pesticides in pregnant women from 10 Caribbean countries. Environ Sci Process Impacts.  17(9):1661-71.

Foreman PM, Chua M, Harrigan MR, Fisher WS 3rd Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Griessenauer CJ (2015). Antifibrinolytic therapy in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage increases the risk for deep venous thrombosis: a case-control study Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 139:66-9

Gaiser CA, Dhawan N (2015). Paradoxical Presentation of Glucagonoma with Delayed Onset of Necrolytic Migratory Erythema Journal of American Medicine, 128(2):e1-2.

Gale MJ, Maritato MS, Chen YL, Abdulateef SS, Ruiz JE (2015). Pseudomonas aeruginosa causing inflammatory mass of the nasopharynx in an immunocompromised HIV infected patient: A mimic of malignancy. ID Cases, 2(2):40-3.

Gifford AE, Bearer CF (2015). Universal screening programs for gestational exposures. Journal of Pediatrics, 166(3):522-4.

Gilloteaux J, Lau HL, Gouraru I, Neal D, Jamison JM, Summers JL (2015). Apatone induces endometrioid ovarian carcinoma (MDAH 2774) cells to undergo karyolysis and cell death autoschizis: A potent and safe anticancer treatment. Translational Research in Anatomy, 2015, 25e-39 doi:10.1016/j.tria.2015.10.005.

Gilloteaux J, Pardhan D (2015). Crinophagy in thyroid follicular and parafollicular cells of male obese Zucker rat. Ultrastructural Pathology, 39(4): 255-69.

Giovane R, Rezai S, Berjaoui C, Henderson CE (2015). The Anachronistic Terminology of Gestational Hypertension: Time for a Change. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 126(6):1310-1.

Giovane R, Rezai S, Winsor R, Henderson CE (2015). Treatment for and Clinical Characteristics of Granulomatous Mastitis. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 126(2):449-50.

Greenberg WM, Citrome L (2015). Paliperidone Palmitate for Schizoaffective Disorder: A, Review of the Clinical Evidence. Neurology and Therapy, 4(2):81-91

Griessenauer CJ,  Yalcin B,  Matusz P,  Loukas M,  Kulwin CG,  Tubbs RS,  Gadol AA. (2015).  Analysis of the tortuosity of the internal carotid artery in the cavernous sinus. Childs Nervous System, 31(6):941-4

Griessenauer CJ, Raborn J, Foreman P, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). “Venous drainage of the spine and spinal cord: a comprehenive review of its history, embryology, anatomy, physiology, and pathology”. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):75-87

Griessenauer CJ, Salam S, Hendrix P, Patel DM, Tubbs RS, Blount JP, Winkler PA (2015). Hemispherectomy for treatment of refractory epilepsy in the pediatric age group: a systematic review Journal of Neurosurgery and Pediatrics, 15(1):34-44

Gu Y, Kokar C, Gooday C, Morrow D, Dhatariya K (2015). A 5-Year Follow-up Study to Assess Clinical Outcomes of Patients with Diabetes Undergoing Lower Limb Angiography for Significant Peripheral Artery Disease. Diabetes Therapy, 6(4):481-493.

Haffner MJ, Oakes P, Demerdash A, Yammine KC, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Formaldehyde exposure and its effects during pregnancy: recommendations for laboratory attendance based on available data. Clinical Anatomy, 28(8):972-9

Hasanali ZS, Saroya BS, Stuart A, Shimko S, Evans J, Vinod Shah M, Sharma K, Leshchenko VV, Parekh S, Loughran TP, Jr Epner EM (2015). Epigenetic therapy overcomes treatment resistance in T cell prolymphocytic leukemia. Science Translational Medicine. 2015, 7(293):293ra102.

Hassen GW, Costea A, Carrazco C, Frew T, Swaminathan A, Feliberti J, Chirurgi R, Smith T, Chen A, Thompson S, Gushway-Henry N, Simmons B, Fernaine G, Kalantari H, Talebi S (2015). Isolated T. Wave Inversion in Lead aVL: An EC G, Survey and a Case Report. Emergency Medicine International. 2015, 2015:250614.

Hassumani D, Cancellieri S, Boudakov I, Upadhya S, Sobering A (2015). Quiz Discuss Compare: Using Audience Response Devices to Actively Engage Students Medical Science Educator, 25(3):299-302

Hayat M, Hill M, Kelly D, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). A very unusual complication of amniocentesis. Clinical Case Reports, 3(6):345-8

Ikolo F, Zhang M, Harrington D J, Robinson C, Waller A S, Sutcliffe I C, Black GW (2015). Characterisation of SEQ0694 (PrsA/PrtM) of Streptococcus equi as a functional peptidyl-prolyl isomerase affecting multiple secreted protein substrates. Molecular Biosystems, 11(12):3279-86.

Ishaq S, Nunn L (2015). Helicobacter pylori and gastric cancer: a state of the art review. Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench, 8(Suppl 1):S6-S14.

Ivashchuk G, Loukas M, Blount JP, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ(2015). Chiari III malformation: a comprehensive review of this enigmatic anomaly. Childs Nervous System, 31(11):2035-40
Jiang X, Anderson HB, Guy CD, Mosca PJ, Riedel RF, Cardona DM (2015).

Rhabdomyosarcomatous Transformation of a Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor following Treatment with Imatinib. Case Reports In Oncological Medicine, 2015:317493.

Johnson DR (2015). Emotional intelligence as a crucial component to medical education. International Journal of Medical Education, 6:179-83.

Jones GW, Nazroo JY, Larsen T, Menon T (2015). Readability of Patient Education Materials From Professional Societies in Radiation Oncology: Are We Meeting the National Standard? In Regard to Byun et al. International Journal of Radiation Oncol, Biology Physics, 93(3):728.

Kakarlapudi H, Speirs S, Lal A P, Alaie D, Petrillo R, Ashraf M B, Kolanuvada B, Bhargava M (2015). A 73-Year-Old Male with Cervical Spine Osteomyelitis Presenting as Urosepsis. Clin Med Insights Case Rep, 8:105-7.

Khasani S, Gill S, Semenova L, Sarva H (2015). Predominant Jaw Myoclonus from Cefepime Toxicity: A, Case Report and a Review of the Literature. Journal of Movement Disorders, 8(3):144-6.

Kim JE, Hsieh MH, Shum PC, Tubbs RS, Allison DB (2015). Risk and injury severity of obese child passengers in motor vehicle crashes Obesity, 23(3):644-52

Kimball D, Kimball H, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Ossification of the posterior petroclinoid dural fold: a cadaveric study with neurosurgical significance. “Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base”, 76(4):272-7

Kimball D, Kimball H, Shane Tubbs R, Loukas M (2015). Variant middle meningeal artery origin from the ophthalmic artery: a case report. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37:105–108

Kimball D, Ples H, Kimball H, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M (2015). Fusiform aneurysm of a persistent trigeminal artery associated with rare intracranial arterial variations and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(1):115-8. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1304-8.

Kimball D, Ples H, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M (2015). Persistent hypoglossal artery aneurysm located in the hypoglossal canal with associated subarachnoid hemorrhage. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37(2):205-9. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1285-7.

Krauss, G., Sandy, S., Corbin, D. O., Bird-Compton, J., Jack, F., Nelson, B., Jalonen, T.O., Ali, A., Fortune, T., Clarke, D., Okolie, J., Cervanka, M.C. (2015). Epilepsy care in the southern Caribbean. Epilepsy & Behavior, 51, 267-272.

Larner SP, Mcquone B, Schober JM, Loukas M, Terrell M (2015). Perceptions of the living dead: an assessment of knowledge and opinions about whole body donation and its process and willingness to become cadaveric donors in Pennsylvania. Clinical Anatomy, 28(4):442-8

Lau CS, Chamberlain RS ( 2015). Probiotic administration can prevent necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants: A meta-analysis. Journal of Pediatric Surgery, 50(8):1405-12.

Lau CS, Mahendraraj K, Chamberlain RS (2015). Atypical teratoid rhabdoid tumors: a population-based clinical outcomes study involving 174 patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database (1973-2010). Cancer Management and Research, 7:301-9.

Lau CS, Mahendraraj K, Chamberlain RS (2015). Hepatocellular Carcinoma in the Pediatric Population: A, Population Based Clinical Outcomes Study Involving 257 Patients from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Result (SEER) Database (1973-2011). HP B, Surg, 2015:670728.

Lau CS, Ward A, Chamberlain RS (2015). Sequential (as Opposed to Simultaneous) Antibiotic Therapy Improves Helicobacter pylori Eradication in the Pediatric Population: A, Meta-Analysis. Clinical Pediatrics. 2015, pii: 0009922815601982.

Lew, S. & Chamberlain, R.S (2015). Hypertension Risk Among Cancer Patients Treated With Sunitinib: A Meta-analysis and Systematic Review. The Journal of Targeted Therapies in Cancer, 4(3), 42-54.

Loukas M (2015). Translational Research in Anatomy: The Future of our Discipline. Translational Research in Anatomy. 2015, December pp.1 doi:10.1016/j.tria.2015.10.004

Loukas M, Du Plessis M, Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Apaydin N (2015).The subdiaphragmatic part of the phrenic nerve – morphometry and connections to the autonomic ganglia. Clinical Anatomy, 29(1):120-8.

Loukas M, Germain AS, Gabriel A, John A, Tubbs RS, Spicer D (2015). Coronary artery fistula: a review. Cardiovascular Pathology, 24(3):141-8

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Apaydin N, Bartczak A, Vefali H, Alsaiegh N, Fudalej M (2015). Erratum to: an endoscopic and anatomical approach to the septal papillary muscle of the conus. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(5):569

Luyt K, Tighe M (2015). Emphysematous pyelitis. Journal of Pediatrics, 166(1):201
Macpherson CC, Akpinar-Elci M (2015). Caribbean heat threatens health, well being and the future of humanity. Public Health Ethics, 8(2):196-208.

Marasa L, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Neurosurgical contributions of Samuel D Gross. Acta Medico-Historica Adriatica, 13(1):105-12

Matusz P,  MICL?U? GD,  Banciu CD,  Sas I,  Joseph SC,  Pirtea LC, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Congenital solitary kidney with multiple renal arteries: case report using MDCT angiography. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):823-6

Matusz P,  MICL?U? GD,  Gabriel A,  Catereniuc I, Olariu S,  Tubbs RS,  Loukas M (2015). Single ectopic thoracic renal artery associated with a normal kidney position and renal artery stenosis: a case report and review of literature. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):557-62

McNamara CJ, Limone LA, Westover T, Miller RC (2015). Maternal source of false-positive fetal sex chromosome aneuploidy in noninvasive prenatal testing. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 125(2):390-2.

Miclaus GD, Pupca G, Gabriel A, “Matusz P, “, Loukas M (2015). Right lump kidney with varied vasculature and urinary system revealed by multidetector computed tomographic (MDCT) angiography. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37(7):859-65. doi: 10.1007/s00276-014-1390-7

Mortazavi MM, Harmon OA, Adeeb N, Deep A, Tubbs RS (2015). Treatment of spinal cord injury: review of engineering using neural and mesenchymal stem cells. Clinical Anatomy, 28:1 (37-44)

Mortazavi MM, Rizq F, Harmon O, Adeeb N, Gorjian M, Hose M, Modammadirad E, Taghavi P, Rocque BG, Tubbs RS (2015). Anatomical variations and neurosurgical significance of Liliequist’s membrane Childs Nervous System, 31(1):15-28

Mortazavi MM, Verma K, Harmon OA, Griessenauer CJ, Adeeb N, Theodore N, Tubbs RS (2015). The microanatomy of spinal cord injury: a review Clinical anatomy, 28(1):27-36

Moxham B, McHanwell S, Plaisant O, Pais D (2015). A core syllabus for the teaching of neuroanatomy to medical students. Clinical Anatomy, 28(6):706-16.

Nofal R, Sawaf H, Zeinali L (2015). Splenic Infarction Induced By Epstein-Barr Virus Infection in a Patient with Sickle Cell Trait. Blood, 126 (23).

Patel H, Randhawa J, Nanavati S, Marton L R, Baddoura W J, DeBari VA (2015). Laboratory and Clinical features of EI A, Toxin-positive and EI A, Toxin-negative Community-acquired Clostridium difficile Infection. Annals of Clinical Laboratory Science, 45(3):333-9.

Patel HD, Schwartz BA, Rahman MZ, Grossman EB (2015). A, Patient With Gardner’s Syndrome and Familial Adenomatous Polyposis Presenting With Extra-abdominal Desmoid Tumors and Diffuse Intestinal Polyposis. ACG, Case Reports Journal, 10;2(3):133-4.

Patel V, Zhang X, Tautiva NA, Nyabera AN, Owa OO, Baidya M, Sung HC, Taunk P, Abdollahi, Charles S, Gonella R, Gadi N, Duong K.T, Fawver J, Ran C, Jalonen TO, Murray IVJ (2015). “Small molecules and Alzheimer’s disease: misfolding, metabolism and imaging”. Current Alzheimer’s Research, 12(5):445-61

Pawar, S., Chamberlain, R.S., Rosenberg, H., LaRosa, J., Adamson, P., & Bonamo J (2015). Dantrolene for the treatment of malignant hyperthermia and other malignant hyperthermia-like syndromes: A multicenter 5 year cohort study. Open Journal of Anesthesiology, 5(4), 63-71.

Pinkhasov A, Furer T, Augusto S (2015). Transient expressive aphasia after bitemporal electroconvulsive therapy: a rarely documented reversible phenomenon. Journal of ECT, 31(1):e20-1.

PLEŞ H,  Kimball D,  MICLĂUŞ GD,  Iacob N,  Kimball H,  Matusz P,  Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Fenestration of the middle cerebral artery in a patient who presented with transient ischemic attack. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):861-5

PLEŞ H, Loukas M, Iacob N,  Andall NR,  MICLĂUŞ GD,  Tubbs RS,  Matusz P. (2015). Duplication of the distal end of the left vertebral artery with fenestration of the right posterior cerebral artery. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, 56(2):575-7

Pontell ME, Sparber LS, Chamberlain RS (2015). Corrective and reconstructive surgery in patients with postburn heterotopic ossification and bony ankylosis: an evidence-based approach. Journal of Burn Care Research, 36(1):57-69.

Raeburn K, Burns D, Hage R, Tubbs RS, Loukas M (2015). Cross-sectional sonographic assessment of the posterior interosseus nerve. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, 37(10):1155-60

Ramai D, Elliott R, Goldin S, Pulisetty T (2015). “A cross-sectional study of pediatric eye care perceptions in Ghana, Honduras, and India”. Jounral of Epidemiology and Global Health, 5(2):133-42. doi: 10.1016/j.jegh.2014.06.004

Restrepo CE, Tubbs RS, Spinner RJ (2015). Expanding what is known of the anatomy of the spinal accessory nerve Clinical anatomy, 28(4):467-71

Rezai S, Bisram P, Lora Alcantara I, Upadhyay R, Lara C, Elmadjian M (2015). Didelphys Uterus: A, Case Report and Review of the Literature, 2015:865821.

Rezai S, LaBine M, Gomez Roberts HA, Lora Alcantara I, Henderson CE, Elmadjian M, Nuritdinova D (2015). Essure Microinsert Abdominal Migration after Hysteroscopic Tubal Sterilization of an Appropriately Placed Essure Device: Dual Case Reports and Review of the Literature. Case Rep Obstet Gynecol, 2015:402197.

Rezai S, LoBue S, Adams D, Oladipo Y, Posso R, Mapp T, Santiago C, Jain M, Marino WD (2015). Untreated Active Tuberculosis in Pregnancy with Intraocular Dissemination: A, Case Report and Review of the Literature. Case Reports in Pulmonology, 2015:370462 .

Rezai S, Nakagawa JT, Tedesco J, Chadee A, Gottimukkala S, Mercado R, Henderson CE (2015). Gestational Gigantomastia Complicating Pregnancy: A, Case Report and Review of the Literature. Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2015:892369.

Rooney PJ, Rooney J, Balint G, Balint P (2015). Polymyalgia rheumatica: 125 years of epidemiological progress? Scott Med J, 60(1):50-7.

Rooney, J. and Rooney, P.J (2015). The pharmacological management of rheumatoid arthritis in the Caribbean in 2015. The Caribbean Medical Journal, Vol. 77, No.1, 40-44.ISSN 0374-7042.

Rostami Nejad M, Ishaq S, Al Dulaimi D, Zali MR, Rostami K (2015). The role of infectious mediators and gut microbiome in the pathogenesis of celiac disease. Archives of Iranian Medicine, 18(4):244-9.

Rubacha M, Tubbs RS, Li R, Rocque B, Blount JP (2015). Pediatric central nervous system solitary fibrous tumor: case report Childs Nervous System, 31(12):2379-81

Sacerdote A, Bahtiyar G, Luislam M, Inoue T, Nakagawa J (2015). Letter to the Editor: Progress of Diabetic Severity and Risk of Dementia by Chiu P.C., et al. Journal of Clinincal Endocrinoloy and Metabolsim, 100(11):L112-3.

Schwartzberg D, Ivanovic S, Patel S, Burjonrappa SC (2015). We thought we would be perfect: medication errors before and after the initiation of Computerized Physician Order Entry. Journal of Surgical Research, 198(1):108-14.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Fakhree MA, Jouyban A, Balch MW, Loukas M, Khodadoust KKhalili M, Eknoyan G (2015). Herbal diurectics in medieval Persian and Arabic medicine Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 21(6):309-20

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ghabili K, Griessenauer CJ, Balch MW, Cuceu M (2015). The Roman empire legacy of Galen (129-200 AD) Childs Nervous System, 31(1):1-5

Siddiqui B, Fernandes D, Chaucer B, Chevenon M, Nandi M, Saverimuttu J, Nfonoyim J (2015). Behcet’s disease in acquired immune deficiency syndrome. ID Cases. 2015, 3:3-4.

Singh R, Singla M, Tubbs RS (2015). “Macro/micro observational studies of fibres maintaining the biceps brachii tendon in the bicipital groove: application to surgery, pathology, and kinesiology” Folia Morphologica (Warsz), 74(4):439-46

Sobotka J, Hinrichs C (2015). Breast Density Legislation: Discussion of Patient Utilization and Subsequent Direct Financial Ramifications for Insurance Providers. Journal of American College of Radiology, 12(10):1011-5.

Spariosu M, Coira D, Coira R, Wassef C, Emolo J (2015). The Significant Role of Consultation Psychiatrist in Preventing, Identifying and Treating Wernicke’s. Encephalopathy European Psychiatry, 30(1):28-31.

Sribnick E, Sarda S, Moore M, Capasse M, Tubbs RS, Wrubel D, Chern JJ (2015).Clinical outcome of children with suspected shunt malfunction evaluated in the emergency department Neurosurgery, 76(6):695-8

Stewart AM, Grossman L, Collier AD, Echevarria DJ, Kalueff AV (2015). Anxiogenic-like effects of chronic nicotine exposure in zebrafish. Pharmacol Biochem Behav, 139 Pt B:112-20.

Taghiof H, Rezai S, Henderson CE (2015). Effect of an Exercise Intervention on Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A, Randomized Controlled Trial. Obstet Gynecol, 126(3):676

Thomas AJ, Chua M, Fusco M, Ogilvy CS, Tubbs RS, Harrigan MR, Griessenauer CJ (2015). Proposal of venous drainage-based classification system for carotid cavernous fistulae with validity assessment in a multicenter cohort Neurosurgery, 77(3):380-5

Thongkham D, Tran J, Clunes MT, Brahim F (2015). Prevalence and severity of asthmatic symptoms in Grenadian school children: the Grenada National Asthma Survey. BMJ Open, 5(10):e008557. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008557.

Tildesley HD, Conway ME, Deng L, Lee AM, Chan JH, Mazanderani AB, Tildesley HG, White AS, Pawlowska M, Ross SA (2015). The effectiveness of Internet intervention on 926 patients with diabetes mellitus for up to 30 months. Canadian Journal of Diabetes, 39(3):216-20.

Tontini G E, Pastorelli L, Ishaq S, Neumann H (2015). Advances in endoscopic imaging in ulcerative colitis. Expert Rev Gastroenterol Hepatol, 9(11):1393-405.

Tubbs RI, Barton JC III, Watson CC, Kollias T, Ward RJ, Loukas M, Barbaro NM, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). A novel method for sciatic nerve decompression: Cadaveric feasibility study with potential application to patients with piriformis syndrome. Translational Research in Anatomy, 40e-43 doi:10.1016/j.tria.2015.10.006

Tubbs RS, Blouir MC, Singh R, Lachman N, D’Antoni AV, Loukas M, Hattab E, Oskouian RJ (2015). Relationship between regional atherosclerosis and adjacent spinal cord histology. Cureus, 7(9):e329.

Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Gupta T, Chawla K, Loukas M, Sahni D, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). The enigmatic psalterium: a review and anatomic study with relevance to callosotomy procedures. Neurosurgery, 11(2):322-8

Tubbs RS, Ditty B, Bosmia AN, Bosmia AN (2015). Ischiopagus and diprosopus in India: two pairs of conjoined twins perceived as incarnations of Hindu deities Journal of Religion and Health, 54(1):87-92

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Bilal M, Raborn J, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Dural septation of the inner surface of the jugular foramen: an anatomical study. “Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base”, 76(3):214-7

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Hendrix P, Oakes P, Loukas M, Chern JJ, Rozzelle CJ, Oakes WJ (2015). Relationship between pharyngitis and peri-odontoid pannus: a new etiology for some Chiari I malformations? Clinical Anatomy, 28(5):602-7

Tubbs RS, Lobashevsky A, Oakes P, D’Antoni AV, Hattab E, Topp K, Loukas M, Spinner R (2015). Meningeal relationships to the spinal nerves and rootlets: a gross histological and radioloical study with application to intradural extramedullary spinal tumors. Childs Nervous System, 31(5):675-81

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Barbaro NM, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Superficial cortical landmarks for localization of the hippocampus: application for temporal lobectomy and amygdalohippocampectomy. Surgical Neurology International, 6:16

Tubbs RS, Paulk PB, (2015). Essential anatomy of the head and neck: the complete Delphi panel list Clinical Anatomy, 28(4):423

Tubbs RS, Sharma A, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). External cortical landmarks and measurements for the temporal horn: anatomic study with application to surgery of the temporal lobe. Surgical Neurology International, 6:17

Tubbs RS, Shoja M M, Aggarwal A, Gupta T, Loukas M, Sahni D, Ansari SF, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Choroid plexus of the fourth ventricle: Review and anatomic study highlighting anatomical variations. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience, pii: S0967-5868(15)00530-5

Tubbs RS, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Ventriculoiliac shunt: a cadaveric feasibility study      Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics, 15(3):310-2. doi: 10.3171/2014.10.PEDS14252

Tubbs RS, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Oakes WJ (2015). Alexander Monro Tertius and his works on hydrocephalus. Child’s Nervous System, 31(3):351-3. doi: 10.1007/s00381-014-2466-8

Tubbs RS, Walker AM, Demerdash A, Matusz P, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA (2015). Skull base connections between the middle meningeal and internal carotid arteries. Childs Nervous System, 31(9):1515-20

Tubbs, RS (2015). Form follows function or does it? Clinical anatomy, 28(8):955

Tubbs, RS (2015). Gentlemen, damn the sphenoid bone! Clinical Anatomy, 29(1)

Tubbs, RS (2015). Those who have dissected or inspected many [bodies] have at least learnt to doubt; while others who are ignorant of anatomy and do not take the trouble to attend it are in no doubt at all. Clinical Anatomy, 28(6):691

Tun AM, Naing EE, Tun NM, Guevara E (2015). A predictable but life-threatening complication of hydroxyurea in a patient with sickle cell anaemia: an experience learned from a Jehovah’s Witness. BMJ, Case Rep, pii: bcr2015211785

Veith P, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Blaak C, Loukas M, Tubbs RS (2015). Humphrey Ridley (1653-1708): forgotten neuroanatomist and neurophysiologist. Clinical Anatomy, 28(1):12-5

Waechter R, (2015). Sexual Violence in America: Public Funding and Social Priority. American Journal of Public Health, 105(12): 2430-2437

Warber SL, DeHudy AA, Bialko MF, Marselle MR, Irvine KN (2015). Addressing “Nature-Deficit Disorder”: A, Mixed Methods Pilot Study of Young Adults Attending a Wilderness Camp. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med, 2015:651827.

Waseem M, Erickson E, Agyare S, Godil MA (2015). Primary hyperparathyroidism: an uncommon cause of hip pain. Pediatr Emerg Car, 31(4):272-3 .

Wiggins MS, Hauser B, (2015). Psycho-physiological benefits in a rehabilitative exercise program: A Cerebral Palsy case study. Advanced Studies in Medical Sciences, 3(1): 15-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.12988/asms.2015.583″

Wooten C, Doros C, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M (2015). A case of bilateral tracheal bronchus: report of a rare association in multidetector computed tomography bronchoscopy. Surgical Radiologic Anatomy, 37(6):693-696

Wright M, Adair L, James C, Amuleru-Marshall O, Peltzer K, Pengpid S, Samuels TA (2015). The association of nutrition behaviors and physical activity with general and central obesity in Caribbean undergraduate students. Rev Panam Salud Publica. 8(4):278-85.

Yalcin B, Develi S, Tubbs RS, Poyrazoglu Y, Yazar F (2015). Blood supply of the terminal part of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve Surgery Today, 45(9):1160-5

Yuen S, Rezai S, Henderson CE (2015). Exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors in early pregnancy and the risk of miscarriage. Obstet Gynecol, 125(2):493.

School of Veterinary Medicine (28)

Amadi V, Avendano E, Onyegbule OA, Pearl Z, Graeme S, Sharma R and Hariharan H (2015). Antimicrobial drug resistance in Escherichia coli including 015:H7 isolate from feces of healthy goats in Grenada. Annual Research and Review in Biology 7(1): 68-74.

Amadi V, Peterson R, Matthew Belmar V, Sharma R and Hariharan H (2015). Prevalence and antibiotic susceptibility of Gram-negative aerobic bacteria cultures from the intestine and hepatopancreas of Blue Land Crab (Cardisoma guanhumi) in Grenada, West Indies. British microbiology Research Journal. 5(2):169-179. Article no. BMRJ. 2015.018.

Amadi V, Watson N, Onyegbule O, Avendone E, Matthew V, Tiwari K, Sharma R and Hariharan H (2015). Antimicrobial resistance profiles of Escherichia coli recovered from feces of healthy free-range chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Int. J. Curr. Microbiol. App. Sci. 4(6): 168-175.

Amadi V, Zieger U, Onyegule OA, Matthew-Belmar V, Sharma R, Hariharan H. (2015). Absence of Escherichia coli O157:H7 serotype in small Indian mongooses (herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada and antimicrobial drug resistance of the non-0157 isolates. Ann Res Rev Biol. 7: 91-99.

Amadi VA, Matthew Belmar V, Tiwari K, Brathwaite E, Sharma R and Hariharan H (2015).Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli recovered from feces of young healthy domestic pigs in Grenada, West Indies. British microbiology research Journal. 5 (3): 300-306.

Bidaisee, S., Quereshi, A., Dookeeram, D. (2015). Animals as sentinels of environmental hazards to humans: case of hardware diseases in Grenada. Caribbean Medical Journal; 77:S(2)1.

Brown M, Chikweto A, Sharma R (2015). A retrospective study of tumors in nasal and paranasal regions of dogs in Grenada, West Indies. J Anim Res. 5(3): 403-406.

Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M.I., Mofya, S. and Sharma, R.N. (2015). Gnathostomiasis in a Dog in LusakaZambia. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Report, Vol. 2015 (2015), Article ID 330445, 4 pages. DOI: 10.5171/2015.330445

Coomansingh CM, Yabsley M, Wagner N, Pinckney R, Bhaiyat MI, Chikweto A, Macpherson C, Fields P (2015). Meta-analysis of the prevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs from Grenada, West Indies. Int J Vet Med. Res. And reports. Vol. 2015 article ID 429690, 8 pages. DOI: 10.5171/2015.429690.

Coughlin J, Brown M, Chikweto A, Sharma R (2015). Squamous cell carcinoma in nasal and paranasal sinus in dogs in Grenada West Indies. Indian J Vet Pathol. 39 (3): 267-268.

Del Pozo J, Mishra N, Kabuusu R., Cheetham Brow S, Eldar A, Bacharach, E, Lipkin W I, Ferguson H W. 2015. Suncytial hepatitis of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) is associated with orthomyxovirus –like virions. Veterinary Pathology  (in press).

Hariharan H, Bhaiyat MI, Tiwari KP, Chikweto A (2015). Multifocal pulmonary abscesses due to Trueperella pyogenes in a sheep. EC-Vet Sc. 2.2: 98-102.

Hariharan, H., Rovira, A, Matthew-Belmar, V., Vogler, T.,Stratton, G. and Sharma, R.N. (2015).Gram-Negative Bacteria from Pharynx and Nasal Cavity of Domestic Goats in Grenada, and Resistance of Mannheimia haemolytica and Bibersteinia trehalosi to Tulathromycin and Trimethoprim-Sulfamethoxazole. British Microbiology Research Journal, 11(1): 1-8, 2016, Article no.BMRJ.21925, DOI: 10.9734/BMRJ/2016/21925.

Hariharan, H., Tiwari, K. P., Kumthekar, S., Thomas, D., Hegamin-Younger, C., Edwards, B., & Sharma, R. N. (2015). Serological detection of caseous lymphadenitis in sheep and goats using a commercial ELISA in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, Vol. 2015 (2015), Article ID 473459, DOI: 10.5171/2015.473459.

Henderson, RW, Harrison B, Berg CS, Rush EM. (2015). Glimpses of social behavior in Grenada bank tree boas (Corralus grenadensis). IRCF Reptiles and Amphibians. 22 (3): 98-101.

Kalchofner Guerrero KS, Campagna I, Bruhl-Day R, Lanza Perea M, Hegaman-Younger C, Guerrero TG (2015). Evaluation of intraperitonial and incisional bupivacain for postoperative analgesia undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE). Vet. Anesthesia Analgesia J. (under edition)

Matthew Belmar V, Amadi A, Stone D, Subbarao C, Sharma R, Hariharan H (2015). Antimicrobial resitance profiles of Campylobacter jejuni and Camylobacter coli recovered from feces of young healthy domestic pigs in Grenada. Int. J Curr Microbiol Appl Sc. 4: 197-206.

May CE1, Schulman ML1, Howell PG2, Lourens CW2, Gouws J3, Joone C2, Monyai MS2, le Grange M2, Bezuidt OK4, Harper CK5, Guthrie AJ6 (2015). Draft genome sequence of Taylorella equigenitalis Strain ERC_G2224 isoalted from the semen of  a Lipizzaner Stalion in South Africa. Genome announcement 2015 Sept/Oct 3(5). Doi:10.1128/genome A 01205-15.

Miller S, Zieger U, Ganser C, Satterlee SA, Bankvich B, Amadi S, hariharan H. Stone, D, Wisely SM (2015). Influence of land use and weather on the prevalence of Salmonella in the small Indian Mongoose. J Wildlife Dis. 51: 60-68.

Mooney JP, Lokken KL, Byndloss MX, George MD, Velazquez EM, Faber F, Butler BP, Walker GT, Ali MM, Potts R, Tiffany C, Ahmer BM, Luckhart S, Tsolis RM. Inflammation-associated alterations to the intestinal microbiota reduce colonization resistance against non-typhoidal Salmonella during concurrent malaria parasite infection. Sci Rep. 2015 Oct 5;5:14603. doi: 10.1038/srep14603. PubMed PMID: 26434367; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4592952

Pearl, Graeme Stratton, Kathryn Elizabeth Gibson and Ravindra Sharma (2015) Quality and composition of goat milk in Grenada, West indies: a preliminary study. J. Animal Res. Journal of animal Research 5 (4): 677-681.

Sharma R, Brejeon A, Bruyant S, Tiwari K, Chikweto A and Bhaiyat MI (2015). Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease, chicken infectious anemia and avian influenza in indigenous chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research 5(1): 1-5.

Sharma R, Bush J, Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI (2015). Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum in sheep and goats from Grenada, West Indies. Open J vet Med. 5: 219-223.

Sharma R, Jehna B, Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI (2015). Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in sheep and goats in Grenada, West Indies. Int. J. current Res and academic review. 3(10): 261-267.

Sharma R, Kimmit T, Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Thomas D, Lanza Perea M, Bhaiyat M  (2015). Serological evidence of antibodies to Neospora caninum in stray and owned Grenadian dogs. Tropical Biomedicine. 32(2): 1-5.

Sharma R, Tiwari K, Chikweto A, DeAllie C, Bhaiyat M (2015). Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum in pigs in Grenada, West Indies. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine 5: 138-141.

Sharma RN, Tiwari K, Matthew Belmar V, Kumar S, Goyal SM, Hariharan H (2015). Prevalence and antimicrobial resistance of Campylobacter species isolated from backyard chickens in Grenada. British Microbial Res J. 11(4): 1-8.

Zieger, U (2015). Diagnosis of rabies via RT-PCR on skin samples of wild and domestic animas. Open J Vet Med. 5: 191-196.

School of Arts and Sciences (1)

Siegel, G., Meyer-Rath, G., Ermilov, E., Rodríguez, M., Malmsten, M., Claesson, P., Saunders, R.,Hetzer, R., Lindman, B. (2015). Flow sensing in the cardiovascular system. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochem. Eng. Aspects 480 (2015) 318–327.

2014 Publications

School of Medicine (138)

Akpinar-Elci M., Elci O.C.Re: Pierce et al. Diacetyl and 2,3-pentanedione exposures associated with cigarette smoking: Implications for risk assessment of food and flavoring workers Crit Rev Toxicol, 2014; 44(5):420-435 Critical Reviews in Toxicology 2014 44:7(638-639)

Aratani Y., Addy S.Disparities in repeat visits to emergency departments among transition-age youths with mental health needs Psychiatric Services 2014 65:5(685-688)

Aziz MM, Kilshtok S, Wagner A, Ponterio J, Moretti ML. Acute complications of unfractionated heparin thromboprophylaxis after casarean delivery. Journal of Reproductive Medicine. 2014, 59(1-2):1-6.

Bidaisee S., Macpherson C.N.L.Zoonoses and one health: A review of the literature Journal of Parasitology Research 2014 2014 Article Number 874345

Bosmia AN, Patel TR, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Benjamin Hobson (1816-1873): His work as a medical missionary and influence on the practice of medicine and knowledge of anatomy in China and Japan. Clin Anat. 2014 Mar;27(2):154-61.

Bosmia AN, Tubbs RI, Clapp DC, Batzdorf U, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Johann Conrad Brunner (1653-1727) and the first description of syringomyelia. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Feb;30(2):193-6.

Cassidy L, Bandela S, Wooten C, Jennifer C, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Friedrich Trendelenburg: historical background and significant medical contributions. Clin Anat. 2014 Sep;27(6):815-20.

Cesmebasi A, Abel N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Fat herniation through the canal of Schwalbe. Folia Morphol 2014 73(4) 504-6

Cesmebasi A, Du Plessis M, Iannatuono M, Shah S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A review of the anatomy and clinical significance of adrenal veins. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1253-63.

Cesmebasi A, Gabriel A, Niku D, Bukala K, Donnelly J, Fields PJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Pediatric head and neck tumors: An intra-demographic analysis using SEER* database. Medical Science Monitor 2014, 20(2536-2542)

Cesmebasi A, Oelhafen K, Shayota BJ, Klaassen Z, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A historical perspective: Bernhard von Langenbeck German surgeon (1810-1887). Clin Anat. 2014 Oct;27(7):972-5.

Cesmebasi A., Howe B.M., Amrami K.K., Spinner R.J.Expanding the spectrum of indirect trauma and superior tibiofibular joint-related intraneural ganglion cysts Clinical Anatomy 2014  27:8(1130-1132)

Chamberlain RS, Klaassen Z, Meadows MC, Weitzman S, Loukas M. St George’s University’s Medical Student Research Institute: A Novel, Virtual Programme for Medical Research Collaboration. West Indian Med J. 2014 Apr 8;63(1):86-92.

Chamberlain RS, Shayota B, Nyberg C, Sridharan P. The utility of procalcitonin as a biomarker to reduce the duration of antibiotic therapy in adult sepsis patients. Surgical Sciences 2014, 5:342-53.

Chappell TM, Panchani PN, Moore GD, Shane Tubbs R, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Kozlowski PB, Khan KH, DiLandro AC, D’Antoni AV. Morphometry of the fibular collateral ligament: anatomic study with comprehensive review of the literature. Clin Anat. 2014 Oct;27(7):1089-96.

Charran O, Muhleman M, Shah S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Ligaments of the rectum: anatomical and surgical considerations. Am Surg. 2014 Mar;80(3):275-83.

Collins JA, Munoz JV, Patel TR, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The anatomy of the aging aorta. Clin Anat. 2014 Apr;27(3):463-6.

Coskuner O., Murray I.V. (2014) Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) reduces amyloid-β protein misfolding in vitro. J Alzheimers Dis. 41(2):561-74.

Davis MC, Griessenauer CJ, Bosmia, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM. The naming of the cranial nerves: A historical review. Clinical Anatomy 2014 27:1 (14-19)

Demerdash A, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The tragedy of syrinx. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Mar;30(3):371-3.

Dominguez L.W., Doggette R.P., Gonzalez-Ibarra F., Shaik I.H., Syed A.K. Takotsubo’s cardiomyopathy in a patient with kartagener’s syndrome Case Reports in Medicine 2014 2014 Article Number 690151

Driscoll, Maggie; Alcantora, Isamarie Lora MD; Hastings, Andrei; Henderson, Cassandra E. Diabetic Ketoacidosis in Pregnancy Obstetrics & Gynecology:May 2014 – Volume 123 – Issue 5 – p 1106

El-Sedfy A. Chamberlain RS. Surgeon and their tools: A history of surgical instruments and the innovators – Part II. The surgeon’s Wand – Evolution from knife to scalpel to electrocautery. American Surgeon 2014, 80(12):1196-200.

El-Sedfy A, Chamberlain RS. Surgeons and their tools: a history of surgical instruments and their innovators-part I: place the scissors on the mayo stand. Am Surg. 2014 Nov;80(11):1089-92.

Fawver, J.N., Ghiwot, Y., Koola, K., Carrera, W.,  Rodriguez-Rivera, J., Hernandez, C. Dineley, K.T., Li, J., Jhamandas,J., Perry,G., and Murray, I.V.J. (2014) Islet Amyloid Polypeptide (IAPP): A second amyloid in Alzheimer’s Disease. Current Alzheimer’s Research 2014 11:10(928-940)

Forde M.S., Dewailly E., Robertson L., Laouan Sidi E.A., CÔté S., Dumas P., Ayotte P. Prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants and polybrominated diphenyl ethers in 10 Caribbean countries Environmental Research 2014 133(211-219)

Forde M.S., Dewailly E., Robertson L., Laouan Sidi E.A., Côté S., Sandy L., Dumas P., Ayotte P.Mercury and lead blood concentrations in pregnant women from 10 Caribbean countries Environmental Sciences: Processes and Impacts 2014 16:9(2184-2190)

Gabriel A, Batey J, Capogreco J, Kimball D, Walters A, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Adult brain cancer in the U.S. black population: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) analysis of incidence, survival, and trends. Med Sci Monit. 2014 Aug 25;20:1510-7.

Gabriel A, Donnelly J, Kuc A, Good D, Doros G, Matusz P, Loukas M. Ectopia cordis: A rare congenital anomaly. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1193-9.

Gilloteaux J, Afolayan A. Clarification of the terminology of the major human salivary glands: acinus and alveolus are not synonymous. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2014 Aug;297(8):1354-63.

Gilloteaux J, Jamison JM, Neal D, Summers JL. Synergistic antitumor cytotoxic actions of ascorbate and menadione on human prostate (DU145) cancer cells in vitro: nucleus and other injuries preceding cell death by autoschizis. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2014 Apr;38(2):116-40.

Gilloteaux J, Jamison JM, Summers JL. Pro-oxidant Treatment of Human Prostate Carcinoma (DU145) Induces Autoschizis Cell Death: Autophagosomes Build up out of Injured Endomembranes and Mitochondria. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2014 Oct;38(5):315-28.

Griessenauer C.J., Raborn J., Mortazavi M.M., Tubbs R.S., Cohen-Gadol A.A.Relationship between the pituitary stalk angle in prefixed, normal, and postfixed optic chiasmata: An anatomic study with microsurgical application Acta Neurochirurgica 2014 156:1(147-151)

Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA. The artery of Percheron: an anatomic study with potential neurosurgical and neuroendovascular importance. Br J Neurosurg. 2014 Jan;28(1):81-5.

Gudipati S., Murthy V., Chamberlain R. A critical review of the role of roux-en-y gastric bypass in treatment resistant non-obese type II diabetic patients Journal of Surgical Research 2014 186:2(553-554)

Haq A, Patil S, Parcells AL, Chamberlain RS. The Simplified Acute Physiology Score III Is Superior to the Simplified Acute Physiology Score II and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II in Predicting Surgical and ICU Mortality in the “Oldest Old”. Curr Gerontol Geriatr Res. 2014;2014:934852. doi: 10.1155/2014/934852.

Hassen GW, Costea A, Smith T, Carrazo C, Hussein H, Soroori-Rad B, Vaidian S, Seashore J, Alderwish E, Sun W, Chen A, Simmons B, Usmani S, Kalantari H, Fernaine G. The neglected lead of electrocardiogram: T wave inversion in lead aVL, nonspecific finding or a sign for left anterior descending artery lesion? The Journal of Emergency Medicine. 2014, 46(2):165-70.

Hassen G.W., Hwang A., Liu L.L., Mualim F., Sembo T., Tu T.J., Wei D.H., Johnston P., Costea A., Meletiche C., Usmani S., Barber A., Jaiswal R., Kalantari H. Follow up for emergency department patients after intravenous contrast and risk of nephropathy Western Journal of Emergency Medicine 2014 15:3(276-281)

Hasssen GW, Manizate F, Patel N, Nazeer O, Kalantari H. The role of bediside ultrasound in pretherapeutic and posttherapeutic lumbar puncture in patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension. Am J Emerg Med 2014, 32(10): 1298.e3-4

Hastings A.N., Chadee A.N.N., Driscoll M.M., Henderson C.E.Helminth infections: A new global women’s health agenda Obstetrics and Gynecology 2014 123:6(1354-)

Hendrix P, Griessenauer CJ, Foreman P, Loukas M, Fisher WS 3rd, Rizk E, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS. Arterial supply of the lower cranial nerves: a comprehensive review. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):108-17.

Hendrix P, Griessenauer CJ, Foreman P, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Arterial supply of the upper cranial nerves: A comprehensive review. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1159-66.

Hilu K.W., Black C.M., Oza D. Impact of gene molecular evolution on phylogenetic reconstruction: A case study in the rosids (Superorder Rosanae, angiosperms) PLoS ONE 2014 9:6 Article Number e99725

Ho A, Gabriel A, Bhatnagar A, Etienne D, Loukas M. Seasonality pattern of breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer is dependent on latitude. Med Sci Monit. 2014 May 19;20:818-24.

Housman B, Bellary S, Hansra S, Mortazavi M, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Giulio Cesare Casseri (c. 1552-1616): The servant who became an anatomist. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):675-80.

Housman B, Bellary SS, Walters A, Mirzayan N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873): Early founder of neurology. Clin Anat. 2014 Mar;27(2):147-9.

Iacob N, Sas I, Joseph SC, Ples H, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Anomalous pattern of origin of the left gastric, splenicand common hepatic arteries arising independently from the abdominal aorta. Rom J Morphol Embryol 2014:55(4) 1449-1453.

Ivanschuk G, Cesmebasi A, Sorenson EP, Blaak C, Loukas M, Tubbs SR. Amyand’s hernia: a review. Med Sci Monit. 2014 Jan 28;20:140-6.

Jeannette C, Huie G, Finefrock D, Feldman J, Kelly M. Not created equal: A look at the complex world of meniscal injuries. Advance for NPs and Pas, November 21, 2014 http://nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants.advanceweb.com/Features/Articles/Not-Created-Equal.aspx

Joseph SC, Delcastilo E, Loukas M, Osiro S. Common cancers in centenarians. Med Sci Monit. 2014 Jan 8;20:18-23.

Kapur S., Patel N.K., Levin M.B., Huang R.Malignant mesenteric perivascular epithelioid cell neoplasm presenting as an intra-abdominal fistula in a 49-year-old female Case Reports in Oncological Medicine 2014 2014 Article Number 534175

Kaya B, Apaydin N, Loukas M, Tubbs RS.The topographic anatomy of the masseteric nerve: A cadaveric study with an emphasis on the effective zone of botulinum toxin A injections in masseter. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2014 Aug 7. pii: S1748-6815(14)00419-7.

Klaassen Z, Sorenson E, Tubbs RS, Arya R, Meloy P, Shah R, Shirk S, Loukas M. Thoracic outlet syndrome: A neurological and vascular disorder. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):724-32.

Kleinerman R, John A, Etienne D, Turner B, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Giovanni Domenico Santorini (1681-1737): a prominent physician and meticulous anatomist. Clin Anat. 2014 May;27(4):545-7.

Köhler O., E. Benros M., Nordentoft M., Farkouh M.E., Iyengar R.L., Mors O., Krogh J.Effect of anti-inflammatory treatment on depression, depressive symptoms, and adverse effects a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials JAMA Psychiatry 2014 71:12(1381-1391)

Linne M.-L., Jalonen T.O.Astrocyte-neuron interactions: From experimental research-based models to translational medicine Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science 2014 123(191-217)

Liu Y, Yuan J, Tan T, Jia W, Lugea A, Mareninova O, Waldron RT, Pandol SJ. Genetic inhibition of protein kinase C attenuates necrosis in experimental pancreatitis. American Journal of Physiology-Gastrointestinal and Live Physiology. 2014 308:5(G550-G563)

Loukas M, Bhatnagar A, Arumugam S, Smith K, Matusz P, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS. Histologic and immunohistochemical analysis of the antiatherogenic effects of myocardial bridging in the adult human heart.  Cardiovasc Pathol. 2014 Jul-Aug;23(4):198-203.

Loukas M, Bilinsky E, Bilinsky S, Blaak C, Tubbs RS, Anderson RH. The anatomy of the aortic root. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):748-56.

Loukas M, Cesmebasi A, Le D, Etienne D, Tubbs RS, Anderson RH. Etienne-Arthur Louis Fallot and his tetralogy. Clin Anat. 2014 Oct;27(7):958-63.

Loukas M, du Plessis M, Owens DG, Kinsella CR Jr, Litchfield CR, Nacar A, Lu O, Tubbs RS. The lateral thoracic artery revisited. Surg Radiol Anat. 2014 Aug;36(6):543-9.

Macpherson C.C.Climate change matters Journal of Medical Ethics 2014 40:4(288-290)

Macpherson CC, Chiochinkatmun N, & Akpinar-Elci M. Hospice and palliation in the English-speaking Caribbean: Attention to context. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics. 23 (3): 341-348. 2014.

Mahendraraj K., Moore I., Chamberlain R.S.Demographics and clinical outcomes of carcinosarcoma of the uterus: A population based clinical outcomes study from the surveillance epidemiology and end results (SEER) database (1973-2010) Journal of Surgical Research 2014 186:2(569-570)

Mathenge N, Osiro S, Rodriguez II, Salib C, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Superior mesenteric artery syndrome and its associated gastrointestinal implications. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1244-52.

Melville A., Jerrett I., Gallaher J., Adeyemo A., Yoong W Intrauterine fetal death associated with maternal ketoacidosis as a first presentation of diabetes in an African woman. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2014 34:2(196-197)

Mezue K. The increasing burden of hypertension in Nigeria – Can a dietary salt reduction strategy change the trend? Perspectives in Public Health 2014 134:6(346-352)

Mian A, Bertino F, Shipley E, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Petrus Camper: A history and overview of the clinical importance of Camper’s fascia in surgical anatomy. Clin Anat. 2014 May;27(4):537-44.

Mian A, Chaudhry I, Huang R, Rizk E, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Brachial plexus anesthesia: A review of the relevant anatomy, complications, and anatomical variations. Clin Anat. 2014 Mar;27(2):210-21.

Mian A, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Guillaume Rondelet (1507-1566): Cardinal physician and anatomist who dissected his own son. Clin Anat. 2014 Apr;27(3):279-81.

Michaud LJ, Louden EJ, Lippert WC, Allgier AJ, Foad SL, Mehlman CT. Use of botulinum toxin type A in the management of neonatal brachial plexus palsy. 2014 6(12):1107-19

Miclaus GD, Sas I, Joseph SC, Matusz P, Ples H, Tubbs RS, Loulas M. Seven renal arteries: a case report using MDCT angiography. Rom J Embryol 2014: 55(3) 1181-1184

Mohanty B.D., Looser P.M., Gokanapudy L.R., Handa R., Mohanty S., Choi S.S., Goldman M.E., Fuster V., Halperin J.L. Controversies regarding the new oral anticoagulants for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation Vascular Medicine (United Kingdom) 2014 19:3(190-204)

Mortazavi M.M., Latif B., Verma K., Adeeb N., Deep A., Griessenauer C.J., Tubbs R.S., Fukushima T. The fallopian canal: A comprehensive review and proposal of a new classification Child’s Nervous System 2014 30:3(387-395)

Mortazavi MM, Griessenauer CJ, Adeeb N, Deep A, Bavarsad Shahripour R, Loukas M, Tubbs RI, Tubbs RS. The choroid plexus: a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, function, histology, embryology, and surgical considerations. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Feb;30(2):205-14.

Mortazavi MM, Griessenauer CJ, Krishnamurthy S, Verma K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The inferior petrosal sinus: a comprehensive review with emphasis on clinical implications. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 May;30(5):831-4.

Moxham B.J., Plaisant O.The history of the teaching of gross anatomy how we got to where we are! European Journal of Anatomy 2014 18:3(219-244)

Moxham BJ, Standring S, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Trelease RB, Tunstall R, Lewis TL. 21st century anatomy teaching and learning–quo vadis? Vesalius. 2014 Summer;20(1):30-4.

Murthy V, Sparber S, Schaefer S, Santoro EJ, McDermott JH, Chamberlain RS, Blackwood MM. Multidisciplinary breast conference improves patient management and treatment. Surgical Science 2014, 5:313-31

Naimi I., Apter A.J., Ginsburg K., Naimi D.R. Evaluating the adolescent with asthma: Are we doing enough? Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice 2014 2:2(230-232)

Olowo-Ofayoku A., John Moxham B. Comparisons between the attitudes of medical and dental students toward the clinical importance of gross anatomy and physiology [Article in Press] Clinical Anatomy 2014 27(7):976-87

Panchani PN, Chappell TM, Moore GD, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Kozlowski PB, Khan KH, DiLandro AC, D’Antoni AV. Anatomic study of the deltoid ligament of the ankle. Foot Ankle Int. 2014 Sep;35(9):916-21.

Patel P, Khorami S, Hallenback J, Huie G, Ogedegbe C. Atrial fibrillation in a patient with lung cancer tumors may cause extrinsic compression of the heart. Advance for NPs and Pas, October 8, 2014. http://nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assitants.advanceweb.com/Colums/Case-Files/Atrial-Fibrillation-in-a-patient-with-lung-cancer.aspx.

Patel S, Bhatnagar A, Wear C, Osiro S, Gabriel A, Kimball D, John A, Fields PJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Are pediatric brain tumors on the rise in the USA? Significant incidence and survival findings from the SEER database analysis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Jan;30(1):147-54.

Patel SD, Peterson A, Bartczak A, Lee S, Chojnowski S, Gajewski P, Loukas M. Primary cardiac angiosarcoma – a review. Med Sci Monit. 2014 Jan 23;20:103-9.

Patil S., Chamberlain R.Does primary tumor resection method influence survival in stage I/II node negative lung cancer patients: A comparative analysis of six different primary tumor resection methods (seer 1998-2009) Journal of Surgical Research 2014 186:2(614-615)

Plaisant O, Stephens S, Apaydin N, Courtois R, Lignier B, Loukas M, Moxham B. Medical students’ attitudes towards science and gross anatomy, and the relationship to personality. J Anat. 2014 Mar;224(3):261-9.

Pupca G, Miclaus GD, Bucuras V, Iaocb N, Sas I, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Left crossed fused renal ectopia L-shaped kidney type, with double nutcracker syndrome (anterior and posterior). Rom J Morphol Embryol 2014, 55 (3) 1237-1241.

Sacheli A., Bauer R. Influenza vaccine-induced CNS demyelination in a 50-year-old male American Journal of Case Reports 2014 15(368-373)

Seijffers R., Zhang J., Matthews J.C., Chen A., Tamrazian E., Babaniyi O., Selig M., Hynynen M., Woolf C.J., Brown Jr. R.H.ATF3 expression improves motor function in the ALS mouse model by promoting motor neuron survival and retaining muscle innervation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2014 111:4(1622-1627)

Shah, PD, Macpherson CC, Akpinar ME. Impacts of Undertreated Sickle Cell Pain in the Caribbean. West Indian Medical Journal (WIMJ) Open 2014; 1 (2): 63DOI: 10.7727/wimjopen.2014.145.

Sharma A., Ng H., Kumar A., Teli K., Randhawa J., Record J., Maroules M. Colorectal cancer: Histopathologic differences in tumor characteristics between patients with and without diabetes Clinical Colorectal Cancer 2014 13:1(54-61)

Shayota BJ, Oelhafen K, Shoja M, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Abraham Colles and his contributions to anatomy. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):670-4.

Shoja MM, Oyesiku NM, Griessenauer CJ, Radcliff V, Loukas M, Chern JJ, Benninger B, Rozzelle CJ, Shokouhi G, Tubbs RS. Anastomoses between lower cranial and upper cervical nerves: a comprehensive review with potential significance during skull base and neck operations, part I: trigeminal, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerves. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):118-30.

Shoja MM, Oyesiku NM, Shokouhi G, Griessenauer CJ, Chern JJ, Rizk EB, Loukas M, Miller JH, Tubbs RS. A comprehensive review with potential significance during skull base and neck operations, Part II: glossopharyngeal, vagus, accessory, and hypoglossal nerves and cervical spinal nerves 1-4. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):131-44.

Sidhu K., Patil S., Chamberlain R. Malignant melanoma in african americans: A clinical outcomes based study involving 1,106 African American patients from the surveillance epidemiology and end result (SEER) database (1988-2010) Journal of Surgical Research 2014 186:2(566-567)

Singla A, Sahni D, Gupta AK, Loukas M, Aggarwal A. Surgical anatomy of round window and its implications for cochlear implantation. Clin Anat. 2014 Apr;27(3):331-6.

Smy L., Chan A.C.H., Bozzo P., Koren G.Is it safe to use inhaled corticosteroids in pregnancy? Canadian Family Physician 2014 60:9(809-812 and e433-e435)

Snosek M, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Sternalis muscle, what every anatomist and clinician should know. Clin Anat. 2014 Sep;27(6):866-84.

Song YB, Watanabe K, Hogan E, D’Antoni AV, Dilandro AC, Apaydin N, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS. The fibular collateral ligament of the knee: A detailed review. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):789-97.

Spentzouris G, Zandian A, Cesmebasi A, Kinsella CR, Muhleman M, Mirzayan N, Shirak M, Tubbs RS, Shaffer K, Loukas M. The clinical anatomy of the inferior vena cava: A review of common congenital anomalies and considerations for clinicians. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1234-43.

Stewart AM, Grossman L, Nguen M, Maximino C, Rosemberg DB, Echevarria DJ, Kauelff AV. Aquatic toxicology of fluoxetine: Understanding the knowns and the unknowns. Aquatic Toxicology. 2014: 156(269-273)

Sujka J., Zeoli T., Ciccone J.M.Sacral Neuromodulation for Bladder Atony – A Case Report Urology Case Reports 2014 2:1(27-29)

Swergold N, Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. “Males at high risk for breast cancer – who are they and how should we screen them?” Surgical Science 2014, 5:320-331

Tashtoush B., Balagadde A., Bhatt M.Spontaneous coronary artery dissection with multiple coronary artery aneurysms in a patient with diabetic ketoacidosis Journal of Thoracic Disease 2014 6:2(E5-E10)

Tildesley H.D., Conway M.E., Ross S.A., Lee A.M., Chan J.H.M., Mazanderani A.B., Tildesley H.G., White A.S. Review of the effect of internet therapeutic intervention in patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes Diabetes Care 2014 37:2(e31-e32)

Tubbs R.S., Watanabe K., Loukas M., Cohen-Gadol A.A.The intramuscular course of the greater occipital nerve: Novel findings with potential implications for operative interventions and occipital neuralgia Surgical Neurology International 2014 5 Article Number 143743

Tubbs RS, Benninger B, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The nerve of McKenzie: anatomic study with application to intradural rhizotomy for spasmodic torticollis. Br J Neurosurg. 2014 Oct;28(5):650-2.

Tubbs RS, Benninger B, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA.Cranial roots of the accessory nerve exist in the majority of adult humans. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):102-7.

Tubbs RS, Goodrich D, Tubbs I, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. A novel method for passing cerebrospinal fluid shunt tubing: a proof of principle study. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 30(12):2115-7

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer C, Loukas M, Ansari SF, Fritsch MH, Cohen-Gadol AA. Trautmann’s triangle anatomy with application to posterior transpetrosal and other related skull base procedures. Clin Anat. 2014 Oct;27(7):994-8.

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer C, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The Circular Sinus: An Anatomic Study with Neurosurgical and Neurointerventional Applications. World Neurosurg. 2014 82(3-4):e475-e478.

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Hogan E, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neural interconnections between portio minor and portio major at the porus trigeminus: application to failed surgical treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):94-6.

Tubbs RS, Oakes P, Maran IS, Salib C, Loukas M. The foramen of Monro: a review of its anatomy, history, pathology, and surgery. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Oct;30(10):1645-9.

Tubbs RS, Padmalayam D, Shoja MM, Loukas M. Heinrich August Wrisberg (1736-1808): physician and anatomist. Clin Anat. 2014 Jan;27(1):10-3.

Tubbs RS, Sharma A, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Ossification of the petrosphenoidal ligament: unusual variation with the potential for abducens nerve entrapment in Dorello’s canal at the skull base. Surg Radiol Anat. 2014 Apr;36(3):303-5.

Tubbs RS, Sorenson EP, Sharma A, Benninger B, Norton N, Loukas M, Moxham BJ. The development of a core syllabus for the teaching of head and neck anatomy to medical students. Clin Anat. 2014 Apr;27(3):321-30.

Tubbs RS, Sorenson EP, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Hattab E, Cohen-Gadol AA. Histologic confirmation of neuronal cell bodies along the spinal accessory nerve. Br J Neurosurg. 2014 28(6):746-9

Tubbs RS, Veith P, Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. A new segment of the trochlear nerve: cadaveric study with application to skull base surgery. J Neurol Surg B Skull Base. 2014 Feb;75(1):8-10.

Tubbs RS, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Anatomy of the inferior petro-occipital vein and its relation to the base of the skull: Application to surgical and endovascular procedures of the skull base. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):698-701.

Use of Botulinum Toxin Type A in the Management of Neonatal Brachial Plexus Palsy. PM and R 2014. 6:12(1107-1119)

Veena Bhaskar S Gowda, Sharmila Upadhya, Pratap Kumar N, Satish Kumar Adiga, Bhaskar Hebbani Nagaiah, Sudhir Kumar Ambati. Evaluation of oxidative stress and antioxidants in serum and follicular fluid of women undergoing invitro fertilization. International Journal of Basic and Life Sciences(IJBLS) Volume No. 2 (2014), Issue No.2(April)

Walters A, Cassidy L, Muhleman M, Peterson A, Blaak C, Loukas M. Pneumomediastinum and the aortic nipple: The clinical relevance of the left superior intercostal vein. Clin Anat. 2014 Jul;27(5):757-63.

Waseem M., Chen J., Paudel G., Sharma N., Castillo M., Ain Y., Leber M.Can a simple urinalysis predict the causative agent and the antibiotic sensitivities? Pediatric Emergency Care 2014 30:4(244-247)

Watson C.C., Griessenauer C.J., Tubbs R.S., Johnston J.M.Lambdoidal synostosis in dizygotic twins with a family history of an undiagnosed connective tissue disorder Child’s Nervous System 2014 30:6(1117-1120)

Weng K.A., Jeffreys C.A., Bickel S.E.Rejuvenation of Meiotic Cohesion in Oocytes during Prophase I Is Required for Chiasma Maintenance and Accurate Chromosome Segregation PLoS Genetics 2014 10:9

Wood H., Drebot M.A., Dewailly E., Dillon L., Dimitrova K., Forde M., Grolla A., Lee E., Loftis A., Makowski K., Morrison K., Robertson L., Krecek R.C.Short report: Seroprevalence of seven zoonotic pathogens in pregnant women from the Caribbean American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2014 91:3(642-644)

Wooten C, Doros C, Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M A case of bilateral tracheal bronchus: report of a rare association in multidetector computed tomography bronchoscopy. Surg Radiol Anat. 2014 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 25374253

Wooten C, Hayat M, du Plessis M, Cesmebasi A, Koesterer M, Daly KP, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Anatomical significance in aortoiliac occlusive disease. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1264-74.

Wooten C, Patel S, Cassidy L, Watanabe K, Matusz P, Shane Tubbs R, Loukas M. Variations of the tracheobronchial tree: Anatomical and clinical significance. Clin Anat. 2014 Nov;27(8):1223-33.

Zandian A, Clarke P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A partially ossified falx cerebri. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2014 Aug;73(3):363-5.

Zandian A, Haffner M, Johnson J, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Endoscopic third ventriculostomy with/without choroid plexus cauterization for hydrocephalus due to hemorrhage, infection, Dandy-Walker malformation, and neural tube defect: a meta-analysis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2014 Apr;30(4):571-8.

Zandian A, Osiro S, Hudson R, Ali IM, Matusz P, Tubbs SR, Loukas M. The neurologist’s dilemma: a comprehensive clinical review of Bell’s palsy, with emphasis on current management trends. Med Sci Monit. 2014 Jan 20;20:83-90.

School of Veterinary Medicine (33)

Amadi, V.A., Matthew-Belmar, V., Tiwari, K., Brathwaite, E., Sharma, R., Hariharan, H. (2014). Antimicrobial susceptibility profiles of Escherichia coli recovered from feces of young healthy domestic pigs in Grenada, West Indies. British microbiology research Journal. 5 (3): 300-306.

Butler, B.P., Mooney, J.P. Lokken, K.L., Xavier, M.N., Chau, J.Y., Schattenberg,N., Dandekar, S., George, M.D., Santos, R.L., Luckart, S. Tsolis, R. M. (2014). Mucosal inflammatory response to non-typhoidal Salmonella in the intestines is blunted by IL 10 during concurrent malaria parasite infection. Mucosal immunol. Doi 10:1038/mi:2014.18.

Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M. I., Lanza-Perea, M., Veytsman, S., Tiwari, K., De Allie, C., et al. (2014). Retrospective study of canine heartworm disease with caval syndrome in Grenada, West Indies. Vet Parasitol, 205(3-4), 721-724.

Chikweto, A., Kumthekar, S., Chawla ,P., Tiwari, K. P., Perea, L.m., Paterson, T. and Sharma, R. N. (2014). Seroprevalence of Trpanosoma cruzi in stray and pet dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Tropical Biomedicine 31(2) 347-350.

Chou, L., Griffin, M., Fraites, T., Ware, C., Kierstead, N., Brake, J., Ferguson, H. W., Goodwin, A., Hawke, J. P., Gretchen, R. G., Gaunt, P., and Soto, E. (2014) Phenotypic and genotypic heterogeneity amongst Streptocoocus iniae isolates recovered from cultured and wild fish in the United States and Caribbean. J. Aquatic Animal Health. 26(4):263-271. DOI: 10.1080/08997659.2014.945048

Delannoy, C. M., Zadoks, R. N., Crumlish, M., Rodgers, D., Lainson, F. A., Ferguson, H. W., et al. (2014). Genomic comparison of virulent and non-virulent Streptococcus agalactiae in fish. J Fish Dis.

Drake,M., Zieger, U., Groszkowski, A., Gallardo, B., Sages, P., Reavis, R., Faircloth, L., Jacobson, K., Lonce, N., Pinckney, R., Cole,R. (2014). Survey of helminthes, ectoparasites and chytrid fungus of an introduced population of cane toads, Rhinella marino( Anura: Bufonidae) from Grenada. J. Parasitol. (in Print) DOI: 10.1645/13-470.1

Ferguson, H. W., Kabuusu, R., Lince, J. A., Beltran, S., Reyes, S. del Pozo. (2014). Hepatic syncytial disease of farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus): a case report. J. Fish Diseases 37: 583-589.

Guerrero, T. G., Kalchofner, K., Scherrer, N., & Kircher, P. (2014). The Advanced Locking Plate System (ALPS): a retrospective evaluation in 71 small animal patients. Vet Surg, 43(2), 127-135.

Hariharan, H., Gibson, K., Peterson, R., Frankie, M., Matthew, V., Daniels, J., Martin, N.A., Andrews, L., Paterson, T., Sharma, R. N. (2014). Staphyococcus pseudoentermedius and Staphylococcus schleiferi subspecies coagulans from canine pyoderma cases in Grenada, West Indies, and their susceptibility to Beta-Lactam drugs. Veterinary Medicine International Vol 2014 Article ID 850126. 7 pages. doi:10.1155/2014/850126.

Herbers, M., Harihran, H., Matthew, V., Oliveira, S., Rovira, A., Sharma, R.N. & Ferguson, H.W. (2014). Photobacterium damselae in “jacks” (Selar crumenophthalmus) from Grenada, West Indies. J Fish Diseases 37:675-677.

Kabuusu, R., Lennon, D. (2014). Hemorrhagic Fever Epidemic in Grenada in the 18th Century: A Medical and Historical Analysis. Advances in Anthropology, 4, 119-123.

Kalchofner Guerrero, K. S., Guerrero, T. G., Schweizer-Kolliker, M., Ringer, S. K., Hassig, M., & Bettschart-Wolfensberger, R. (2014). Incidence of delayed hair re-growth, pruritus, and urinary retention after epidural anaesthesia in dogs. Tierarztl Prax Ausg K Kleintiere Heimtiere, 42(2), 94-100.

Kalchofner-Guerrero, K.S., Reichler, I. M., Schwarz, A., Jud R.S., Hassig, M., Bettschart- wolfenberger,R. (2014). Alfaxalone or ketamin-medetomine in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy: a comparision of intra-operative parameters and post- operative pain. Vet Anaesth analg. (on line DIO: 10.111/vaa.12157).

Kumthekar, S., Chikweto, A., Chawla, P., Tiwari, K. P., Gozlan, J., Langeois, Q., Lanza, M., Paterson, T., and Sharma, R. N. (2014). Servalence of canine Leishmaniasis in owned and stray dogs from Grenada, West Indies. J. Anim. Res. 4 (1): 131-139.

Lanza-Perea, M., Zieger, U., Qurollo, B. A., Hegarty, B.C., Pultorak, E.l., Kumthekar, S., Bruhl-Day,R., Breitschwerdt, E.B. (2014). Intra-operative bleeding in dogs from Grenada seroreactive to Anaplasma platys and Ehrlichia canis.J. Vet Intern Med. Doi 10.1111/jvim.12442.

Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K. (2014). A survey of canine heart worm awareness in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science. (in Press) DOI: 10.1080/10888705. 2014. 962231.

Lokken, K.L., Mooney, J.P., Butler, B.P., Xavier, M.N., Chau, J.Y. Schaltenberg, N., Begum, r.H., Muller, W., Luckart,S., Tsolis, r.M. (2014). Malaria parasite infection compromises control of concurrent systemic non-typhoidal Salmonella infection via-10- mediated alteration of myeloid cell function. PLOS Pathog 10 (5) (May 1 ,2014).

Miller, S., Amadi, V., Bekele, A.Z., Zieger, U., Hariharan, H., Stone, D. (2014). Identification of human and poultry Campylobacter sequence types in  small Indian Mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine:Research and Reports. Vol 2014 article ID 676408 DIO: 10.5171/2014.

Miller, S., Amadi, V., Stone, D., Johnson, R., Hariharan, H., & Zieger, U. (2014). Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella spp. in small Indian mongooses (Herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada, West Indies. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis, 37(4), 205-210.

Noonan, B. P., de Mantos, R., Butler, B.P., Southard, T.L., Morrisey, j.K. (2014). Nasal adenocarcinoma and secondary chronic sinusitis in a hyacinth macaw (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus). J. Avian Med. Surg. 28 (2): 143-150.

Paterson, T. E., Halliwell, R. E., Fields, P. J., Louw, M. L., Ball, G., Louw, J., et al. (2014). Canine generalized demodicosis treated with varying doses of a 2.5% moxidectin+10% imidacloprid spot-on and oral ivermectin: Parasiticidal effects and long-term treatment outcomes. Vet Parasitol, 205(3-4), 687-696.

Peterson, R., Hariharan, H., Matthew, V., Stratoon, G., Hegamin-Younger, C., Sharma, R. (2014). Comparison of culture of goat milk with indirect measurement of somatic cell count using a commercial kit, and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates. Int. J. Vet Med: Res and Rep. Vol 2014 Article ID 710797.6 pages.

Schwarz, A., Kalchofner, K., Palm J., Picek, S., Hartnack,S., Bettschart- Wolfensberger,R. (2014). Minimum infusion rate of alfaxlone for total intravenous anaesthesia after sedation with acepromazine or medetomidine in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Vet Anaesth Analg, 41(5): 480-490.

Sharma, R., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., Thomas, D., Stratton, G., Bhaiyat, M.I. (2014). Serologic evidence of chicken infectious anemia in layer and broiler chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary World, 7 (2); 59-61. 2014.

Sharma, R.N., McMillan, M., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., Tomas, D., Bhaiyat, M.I. (2014). Seroprevalcne of Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum infection in cattle in Greanda, West Indies. Global J. Med Res. 14(2):1-3.

Sharma, R.N., Ordas, G., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M.I., DeAllie, C., Paterson, T. (2014). Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in stary and owned dogs of Grenada, West Indies. Vet World Vol 7, 661-664.

Sharma, R.N., Tiwari, K.P., Chikweto, A., Thomas, D., DeAllie, C., Stratton, G. and Bhaiyat, M.I. (2014). Seroprevalcnce of five important viral diseases in commercial chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Int J. Poult Sci. 13(5): 299-303.

Stone, D. M., Chander, Y., Bekele, A. Z., Goyal, S. M., Hariharan, H., Tiwari, K., et al. (2014). Genotypes, Antibiotic Resistance, and ST-8 Genetic Clone in Campylobacter Isolates from Sheep and Goats in Grenada. Vet Med Int, 2014, 212864.

Sylvester, W.R.B., Amadi, V., Hegamin-Younger, C., Pinckney, R., Macpherson, C., McKibben, J., Bruhl-Day, R., John-Sylvester, K.D., Hariharan, H. (2014). Occurrence of antibiotic resistant Escherichia  coli in green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports, Vol. 2014 (2014), Article ID 260412, DOI: 10.5171/2014.260412.

Tiwari, K.P., Bhaiyat, M. I., Chikweto, A., Sharma, R. N., Pawaiya, R. V. S. (2014). Immunohistochemical detection of c-Myc oncoprotein in round cell tumors of dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Indian J. Vet. Pathol. 38 (3); 153-157.

Tiwari, K.P., Bhaiyat, M.I., Chikweto, A., Inga, A., Sharma, R., Pawaiya, R.V.S. (2014). Immunohistochemical detection of P53 tumor suppressor protein in round cell tumors of dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Advances in Ani. Vet Sci. 2 (35): 23-27.

Zieger, U., Marston, D. A. Sharma, R., Chikwet, A., Tiwari, K., Sayyid, M., Louison, B., Goharriz, K., Breed, A.C., Werling, D., Fooks, A.R., Horton, D. L. (2014). The phylogeography of rabies in Grenada, West Indies and prospects for control. PLOS; Negle Trop Dis. 8 (10).

School of Arts and Sciences (4)

Anderson, R., Morrall, C., Jossart, J., Nimrod, S., Bolda, E., Musser, K., Berg, C., Balza, R. (2014). Marine Protected Area monitoring in the nearshore waters of Grenada, Eastern Caribbean. Rev. Biol. Trop. (Int. J. Trop. Biol. ISSN-0034-7744) Vol. 62 (Suppl. 3): 273-286.

Kawamura, K. (2014). Scholar’s Corner: An Interview with Ikujiro Nonaka, PhD.  Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal; 21 (3).

Kawamura, K. (2014). Scholar’s Corner: An Interview with Susan Jackson, PhD. Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal; 21 (2).

Punnett, B.J., Holder, K., Knight, N., & Charles, R., (2014). Culture, leadership and motivation in two commonwealth Caribbean countries: One look at the African diaspora. Canadian Journal of Administrative Sciences, Volume 31 Issue 3.

2013 Publications

School of Medicine (112)

Abbott L.S., Li L., Christensen H., Pluthero F., Urban D., Dror Y., Kahr W.H. Platelet functional and morphological abnormalities in a case of arthrogryposis, renal dysfunction and cholestasis (ARC) syndrome with a novel genetic profile. Blood 2013;122:21

Abel NJ, Rogal GJ, Burns P, Saunders CR, Chamberlain RS. Aortic valve replacement with and without coronary artery bypass graft surgery in octogenarians: is it safe and feasible? Cardiology. 2013;124(3):163-73.

Adeeb N, Deep A, Griessenauer CJ, Mortazavi MM, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA. The intracranial arachnoid mater : a comprehensive review of its history, anatomy, imaging, and pathology. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(1):17-33.

Adeeb N, Mortazavi MM, Deep A, Griessenauer CJ, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The pia mater: a comprehensive review of literature. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(10):1803-10.

Agutter PS, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Rashidi MR, Khalili M, Hosseini SF, Ghabili K, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M. Hysterical paralysis and premature burial: a medieval Persian case, fear and fascination in the West, and modern practice. J Forensic Leg Med. 2013;20(3):133-5.

Akpinar-Elci M., White S.K., Siegel P.D., Park J.-H., Visotcky A., Kreiss K., Cox-Ganser J.M. Markers of upper airway inflammation associated with microbial exposure and symptoms in occupants of a water-damaged building. American Journal of Industrial Medicine. 2013;56:(5)522-530.

Allam H, Vora N, Edgell RC, Callison RC, Al Khalili Y, Storkan M, Alshekhlee A. How Safe is Eptifibatide during Urgent Carotid Artery Stenting? Front Neurol. 2013;4:4.
Alshekhlee A, Geller T, Mehta S, Storkan M, Al Khalili Y, Cruz-Flores S. Thrombolysis for children with acute ischemic stroke: a perspective from the kids’ inpatient database. Pediatr Neurol. 2013;49(5):313-8.

Amuleru-Marshall, O. & Amuleru-Marshall, Z. (2013). The perspective of psychologists in Grenada. The Journal of Black Psychology, 39(3), 321-323.

Anand N, Ogedegbe C, Huie G, Walker C, Feldman J. Axial loading as a cause of tibial plateau fracture. http://nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants.advanceweb.com/Colums/Case-Files/Axial-Loading-as-a-Cause-of-Tibial-Plateaux-Fracture.aspx.

Anderson RH, Spicer DE, Hlavacek AJ, Hill A, Loukas M. Describing the cardiac components–attitudinally appropriate nomenclature. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2013;6(2):118-23.

Apaydin N, Kendir S, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Bozkurt M. Surgical anatomy of the superior gluteal nerve and landmarks for its localization during minimally invasive approaches to the hip. Clin Anat. 2013;26(5):614-20.

Atilade A.G., Holloway K., Henderson C.E. Perinatal outcomes associated with obstructive sleep apnea in obese pregnant women Obstetrics and Gynecology 2013;121(4): 875-876.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS. Biomarkers for pancreatic cancer: promising new markers and options beyond CA 19-9. Tumour Biol. 2013;34(6):3279-92.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS. Utility of intraoperative frozen section examination of sentinel lymph nodes in ductal carcinoma in situ of the breast. Clin Breast Cancer. 2013;13(5):350-8.

Bellary SS, Steinberg A, Mirzayan N, Shirak M, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M. Wormian bones: A review. Clin Anat. 2013;26(8):922-7.

Bosmia A, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Michael Servetus (1511-1553): physician and heretic who described the pulmonary circulation. Int J Cardiol. 2013;167(2):318-21.

Brahee D.D., Ogedegbe C., Hassler C., Nyirenda T., Hazelwood V., Morchel H., Patel R.S., Feldman J. Body mass index and abdominal ultrasound image quality: A pilot survey of sonographers Journal of Diagnostic Medical Sonography 2013;29(2):66-72.

Bunevicius R., Staniute M., Gintauskiene V., Buneviciute J., Nemeroff C.B., Brozaitiene J. Endocrine associations with health-related quality of life in coronary artery disease patients. International Journal of Cardiology 2013;164(2)246-248

Bunevicius R., Staniute M., Gintauskiene V., Buneviciute J., Nemeroff C.B., Brozaitiene J. Endocrine associations with health-related quality of life in coronary artery disease patients. Int J Cardiol. 2013;164(2):246-248.

Buneviciute J, Staniute M, Brozaitiene J, Girdler SS, Bunevicius R. Mood symptoms and personality dimensions as determinants of health-related quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. J Health Psychol. 2013;18(11):1493-504.

Chou J, Walters A, Hage R, Zurada A, Michalak M, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Thyroglossal duct cysts: anatomy, embryology and treatment. Surg Radiol Anat. 2013;35(10):875-81.

Emer J, George DD, Bernardo S, Sidhu H. Shiny white patches of the arms and forehead. J Clin Aesthet Dermatol. 2013;6(8):39-46.

Erolin C, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Rashidi MR, Khalili M, Tubbs RS.What did Avicenna (Ibn Sina, 980-1037A.D.) look like? Int J Cardiol. 20131;167(5):1660-3.

Fakoya FA. Integrating ultrasound technology into teaching gross anatomy: point of order! Med Educ Online. 2013;18:20888.

Foreman P, Griessenauer CJ, Watanabe K, Conklin M, Shoja MM, Rozzelle CJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. L5 spondylolysis/spondylolisthesis: a comprehensive review with an anatomic focus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(2):209-16.

Gilloteaux J, Eze N, Jamison JM, McGuire K, Summers JL. A rare, human prostate oncocyte cell originates from the prostatic carcinoma (DU145) cell line. Ultrastruct Pathol. 2013;37(6):440-8.

Gilloteaux J, Jamison JM, Neal D, Arnold D, Taper HS, Summers JL. Human prostate DU145 carcinoma cells implanted in nude mice remove the peritoneal mesothelium to invade and grow as carcinomas. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013;296(1):40-55.

Gilloteaux J, Ott DW, Oldham-Ott CK. The gallbladder of the electric ray Torpedo marmorata Risso displays excrescent cholecystocytes with merocrine and apocrine-like secretions. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2013 Jan;296(1):79-95.

Gomez A., Messam L.L., Toner L. Collaboration and research as key elements for strengthening blood donation in developing nations: the case of Grenada, West Indies. The West Indian Medical Journal 2013;62(1): 48-55.

Griessenauer C.J., Tubbs R.S., Cohen-Gadol A.A. Analysis of single-staged resection of a fourth ventricular tumor via a combined infratentorial-supracerebellar and telovelar approach: Case report and review of the literature International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 2013 4:10 (842-845)

Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Scott JA, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA. The artery of Davidoff and Schechter: an anatomical study with neurosurgical case correlates. Br J Neurosurg. 2013;27(6):815-8.

Griessenauer CJ, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Watanabe K, Tubbs RS. Heinrich Bircher (1850-1923) and the first description of a surgical approach to the cavernous sinus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(10):1923-5.

Griessenauer CJ, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The value of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in postoperative care of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Med Gas Res. 2012;2(1):29.

Griessenauer CJ, Veith P, Mortazavi MM, Stewart C, Grochowsky A, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Enlarged parietal foramina: a review of genetics, prognosis, radiology, and treatment. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(4):543-7.

Haroon J, Chamberlain RS. An evidence-based review of the current treatment of congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2013;52(2):115-24.

Hassen G.W., Tu T.J., Wei D.H., Hwang A., Lamothe R., Costea A., Liyun Liu L., Smith T., Mualim F., Johnston P., Ming Wai Ng J., Usmani S., Kalantari H. Does angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use exacerbate hereditary angioedema? Journal of Emergency Medicine 2013 45:(4) 602-608.

Hassen GW, Costea A, Smith T, Carrazco C, Hussein H, Soroori-Rad B, Vaidian S, Seashore J, Alderwish E, Sun W, Chen A, Simmons B, Usmani S, Kalantari H, Fernaine G. The Neglected Lead on Electrocardiogram: T Wave Inversion in Lead aVL, Nonspecific Finding or a Sign for Left Anterior Descending Artery Lesion? J Emerg Med. 2013;S0736-4679(13)01070-6.

Hassen GW, Tu TJ, Wei DH, Hwang A, Lamothe R, Costea A, Liu LL, Smith T, Mualim F, Johnston P, Ng JM, Usmani S, Kalantari H. Does angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use exacerbate hereditary angioedema? J Emerg Med. 2013;45(4):602-8.

Helmer RA, Foreman O, Dertien JS, Panchoo M, Bhakta SM, Chilton BS. Role of helicase-like transcription factor (hltf) in the G2/m transition and apoptosis in brain. PLoS One. 2013;8(6):e66799.

Igboechi C, Vaddiparti A, Sorenson EP, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M.Tectal plate gliomas: a review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(10):1827-33.

?klim De?i?ikli?i ve K�resel Halk Sa?l???, Kent E. Pinkerton, William N. Rom, Christopher Carlsten, Jouni J.K. Jaakkola, Hasan Bayram, Torben Sigsgaard, M�ge Akp?nar Elci, Daniel L. Costa. Climate Change and Global Public Health Turk Toraks Derg 2013;14:115-22

Iyengar RL, Gandhi S, Aneja A, Thorpe K, Razzouk L, Greenberg J, Mosovich S, Farkouh ME. NSAIDs are associated with lower depression scores in patients with osteoarthritis. Am J Med. 2013;126(11):1017.e11-8.

Kalani A, Thomas N, Sacerdote A, Bahtiyar G. Roux-en-Y gastric bypass in the treatment of non-classic congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11-hydroxylase deficiency. BMJ Case Rep. 2013; pii: bcr2012008416.

Kalava A, Midha M, Kurnatala LN, SchianodiCola J, Yarmush JM, How clean are the overhead lights in operation rooms? American Journal of Infection Control. 2013 41(4):387-8

Kanthasamy M., Bognanno A., Subramanian V., Macneilly L., Miguel L., Dong S., Taiwo E., Nauta M., Yoong W. Obstetric outcome of ethnic Turkish women in London: A retrospective case-control study Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2013;33:(4) 367-369

Karkar A, Patil S, Chamberlain RS.  A Population-Based Outcomes Analysis of the Impact of Age on Morbidity and Mortality Following Gastrectomy: An Analysis of 13,799 Patients from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample Database.  Journal of Cancer Therapy. 2013, 4, 80-91

Kimball Z, Patil S, Mansour H, Marano MA, Petrone SJ, Chamberlain RS. Clinical outcomes of isolated lower extremity or foot burns in diabetic versus non-diabetic patients: a 10-year retrospective analysis. Burns. 2013;39(2):279-84.

Klaassen Z, Paragi PR, Fletcher HS, Chamberlain RS, Geffner S.  Pediatric Recipients of Adult Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy: A Single Institution Outcomes Analysis. UroToday Int J, 2013;6(1): art 7.

Komaragiri M, Sparber LS, Santos-Zabala ML, Dardik M, Chamberlain RS. Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman disease: a rare soft tissue neoplasm masquerading as a sarcoma. World J Surg Oncol. 2013;11:63.

Krishna V, Konakondla S, Nicholas J, Varma A, Kindy M, Wen X. Biomaterial-based interventions for neuronal regeneration and functional recovery in rodent model of spinal cord injury: a systematic review. J Spinal Cord Med. 2013;36(3):174-90.

Lee S, Yang Y, Fisherman D, Banaszak Holl MM, Hong S. Epithelial-Mesenchymal transition enhances nano-scale actin filament dynamics of ovarian cancer cell: Implication for a mechanism of ovarian cancer metastases. J Phys Chem B. 2013, 8:117(31):9233-40

Littrup PJ, Bang HJ, Currier BP, Goodrich DJ, Aoun HD, Heilbrun LK, Adam BA. Soft-tissue cryoablation in diffuse locations: feasibility and intermediate term outcomes. J Vasc Interv Radiol. 2013;24(12):1817-25.

Louden EJ, Broering CA, Mehlman CT, Lippert WC, Pratt J, King EC. Meta-analysis of function after secondary shoulder surgery in neonatal brachial plexus palsy. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013;33(6):656-63.

Louis RG Jr, Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Harvest of autologous clavipectoral fascia for use in duraplasty: cadaveric feasibility study. J Craniofac Surg. 2013;24(2):619-21.

Loukas M, Bellary SS, Yüzba?io?lu N, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Spinner RJ.Ulnar nerve innervation of the medial head of the triceps brachii muscle: A cadaveric study. Clin Anat. 2013;26(8):1028-30.

Loukas M, Housman B, Blaak C, Kralovic S, Tubbs RS, Anderson RH.Double-chambered right ventricle: a review. Cardiovasc Pathol. 2013;22(6):417-23.

Loukas M, Hulsberg P, Tubbs RS, Kapos T, Wartmann CT, Shaffer K, Moxham BJ. The tori of the mouth and ear: A review. Clin Anat. 2013;26(8):953-60.

Loukas M, Sharma A, Blaak C, Sorenson E, Mian A. The clinical anatomy of the coronary arteries. J Cardiovasc Transl Res. 2013;6(2):197-207.

Macpherson C, Akpinar-Elci M. Impacts of climate change on Caribbean life. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(1):e6.

Macpherson CC. Climate change is a bioethics problem. Bioethics. 2013;27(6):305-8.

Macpherson CN. The epidemiology and public health importance of toxocariasis: a zoonosis of global importance. Int J Parasitol. 2013;43(12-13):999-1008.

Malenfant J, Walters A, Kralovic S, Robitaille M, Schaefer J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Francesco Parona (1842-1908) and his contributions to our understanding of surgery through anatomy. Clin Anat. 2013;26(5):547-50.

Manohar S., Dejesus D., Kwon E., Basak P., Lederman J., Jesmajian S. Eikenella corrodens septic arthritis of the hip. Infectious Diseases in Clinical Practice 2013;21:(5) e32-e33.

Martin S, Hogan E, Sorenson EP, Cohen-Gadol AA, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Proboscis lateralis. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(6):885-91.

Matusz P, Iacob N, Miclaus GD, Pureca A, Ples H, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. An unusual origin of the celiac trunk and the superior mesenteric artery in the thorax. Clin Anat. 2013;26(8):975-9.

Mian A, Shoja MM, Watanabe K, Rozzelle CJ, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Robert Liston (1794-1847): surgical anatomist and resurrectionist with an interest in hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(1):1-4.

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. Defining a place for nipple sparing mastectomy in modern breast care: an evidence based review. Breast J. 2013;19(6):571-81.

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. Nipple-sparing mastectomy in modern breast practice.Clin Anat. 2013;26(1):56-65.

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. Prophylactic mastectomy in patients at high risk: is there a role for sentinel lymph node biopsy? Clin Breast Cancer. 2013 Jun;13(3):180-7.

Norain A. Siddiqui, Murat Civaner, Omur Cinar Elci. Physician Involvement in Torture: An Ethical Perspective. Journal of Medical Humanities  2013;34(1):59-71

Novakovic V., Adel T., Peselow E., Lindenmayer J.-P. Long-acting injectable antipsychotics and the development of postinjection delirium/sedation syndrome (PDSS) Clinical Neuropharmacology 2013;36(2):59-62.

Oelhafen K, Shayota BJ, Muhleman M, Klaassen Z, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Benjamin Alcock (1801-?) and his canal. Clin Anat. 2013;26(6):662-6.

Osiro S, Rodriguez JR, Tiwari KJ, Rodriguez II, Mathenge N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Is preoperative diagnosis possible? A clinical and radiological review of lymphoepithelial cysts of the pancreas. JOP. 2013;14(1):15-20. Osiro S, Tiwari KJ, Mathenge N, Rodriguez JR, Tubbs RS,

Loukas M. When lithium hurts: a look at Ebstein anomaly. Cardiol Rev. 2013;21(5):257-63.

Padmalayam D, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Absence of the sagittal suture does not result in scaphocephaly. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(4):673-7.

Patil S, Jain S, Kaza RC, Chamberlain RS. Congenital Absence of the Cystic Duct: A rare but dangerous anomaly.  Surgical Science. 2013, 4, 241-246

Pontell ME, Scali F, Enix DE, Battaglia PJ, Marshall E. Histological examination of the human obliquus capitis inferior myodural bridge. Ann Anat. 2013;195(6):522-6.

Pontell ME, Scali F, Marshall E, Enix D. The obliquus capitis inferior myodural bridge. Clin Anat. 2013;26(4):450-4.

Rabionwitz E, Ogedegbe C, Feldman J. A case of sarcoidosis disseminated to skeletal tissue. Int J Medical Stidents 2013. 1:43-45

Raghavan SR, Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS.The impact of perioperative blood glucose levels on pancreatic cancer prognosis and surgical outcomes: an evidence-based review. Pancreas. 2013;42(8):1210-7.

Ramai D, Goldin S. Humanities in medicine: preparing for practice. Perspect Med Educ. 2013;2(5-6):332-4.

Ramai D. Domains for global health education and practice. Perspect Med Educ. 2013;2(5-6):356-7.

Rouchou B. Consequences of infertility in developing countries Perspectives in Public Health 2013;133:(3)174-179.

Scali F, Pontell ME, Enix DE, Marshall E. Histological analysis of the rectus capitis posterior major’s myodural bridge. Spine J. 2013;13(5):558-63.

Scali F, Pontell ME, Welk AB, Malmstrom TK, Marshall E, Kettner NW. Magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the atlanto-axial interspace. Clin Anat. 2013;26(4):444-9.

Shaaban H., Downs E., Shakouri P., Guron G. A rare case of non-immune hemolytic anemia in a patient with metastatic breast cancer treated with capecitabine. Medical Oncology 2013;30(1):321

Shayota BJ, Pawar SC, Chamberlain RS.MeSS: A novel prognostic scale specific for pediatric well-differentiated thyroid cancer: a population-based, SEER outcomes study. Surgery. 2013;154(3):429-35.

Shoja MM, Benninger B, Agutter P, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. A historical perspective: infection from cadaveric dissection from the 18th to 20th centuries. Clin Anat. 2013;26(2):154-60.

Shoja MM, Mortazavi MM, Malakpour M, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS. Andrew Fyfe the elder (1752(4)-1824): not all good anatomists are good teachers. Clin Anat. 2013;26(4):418-22.

Shoja MM, Sharma A, Mirzayan N, Groat C, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Neuroanatomy  of the female abdominopelvic region: A review with application to pelvic pain syndromes. Clin Anat. 2013;26(1):66-76.

Solomon R, Giganti MJ, Weiner A, Akpinar-Elci M. Water safety education among primary school children in Grenada. Int J Inj Contr Saf Promot. 2013;20(3):266-70

Sorenson EP, Powel JE, Rozzelle CJ, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Scalp dermoids: a review of their anatomy, diagnosis, and treatment. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(3):375-80.

Sridharan P, Chamberlain RS. The efficacy of procalcitonin as a biomarker in the management of sepsis: slaying dragons or tilting at Windmills? Surgical infection 2013:14(6)

Srivastava A, Chopra S, Pham A, Sooriakumaran P, Durand M, Chughtai B, Gurschow S, Peyser A, Harneja N Leung R, Lee R, Herman M, Robinson B, Shevshuk M, Tewari A. Effect of a rist-stratified grade of nerve-sparing technique on early retun of continence aster Robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. Eur Uron 2013 63:438-44

Swergold N, Sridharan P, Loukas M, Chamberlain RS. Advances in the Management of Pectus Deformities in Children.  Open Journal of Pediatrics, 2013, 3, 211-223

Tildesley H.D., Wright A.M., Chan J.H.M., Mazanderani A.B., Ross S.A., Tildesley H.G., Lee A.M., Tang T.S., White A.S. A comparison of internet monitoring with continuous glucose monitoring in insulin-requiring type 2 diabetes mellitus Canadian Journal of Diabetes 2013;37:(5) 305-308.

Tirumandas M, Sharma A, Gbenimacho I, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ, Loukas M. Nasal encephaloceles: a review of etiology, pathophysiology, clinical presentations, diagnosis, treatment, and complications. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(5):739-44.

Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Loukas M, Hattab EM, Cohen-Gadol AA. The inferior medullary velum: anatomical study and neurosurgical relevance. J Neurosurg. 2013;118(2):315-8.

Tubbs RS, Cezayirli P, Blackerby WT, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. Govert Bidloo (1649-1713) and the first description of lipomyelomeningocele. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(8):1219-21.

Tubbs RS, Chern JJ, Muhleman M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ. Lateral compression of the foramen magnum with the Chiari I malformation: case illustrations. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(3):495-8.

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer C, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The Circular Sinus: An Anatomic Study with Neurosurgical and Neurointerventional Applications. World Neurosurg. 2013;S1878-8750(12)01341-1.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Farrington WJ, Chern JJ, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Relationships between the posterior interosseous nerve and the supinator muscle:application to peripheral nerve compression syndromes and nerve transfer procedures. J Neurol Surg A Cent Eur Neurosurg. 2013 Sept 74(5):290-293

Tubbs RS, Nechtman C, D’Antoni AV, Shoja MM, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Rozzelle CJ, Spinner RJ. Ossification of the suprascapular ligament: A risk factor for suprascapular nerve compression? Int J Shoulder Surg. 2013;7(1):19-22.

Tubbs RS, Prekupec M, Loukas M, Hattab EM, Cohen-Gadol AA. The indusium griseum: anatomic study with potential application to callosotomy. Neurosurgery. 2013;73(2):312-5; discussion 316

Tubbs RS, Sharma A, Griessenauer C, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Watanabe K, Oakes WJ. Kleeblattschädel skull: a review of its history, diagnosis, associations, and treatment. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(5):745-8.

Tubbs RS, Watanabe K, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Use of the anterior interosseous artery for external to internal carotid artery bypass procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. Br J Neurosurg. 2013;27(6):791-4.

Voss B.L., Santiano K., Milano M., Mangold K.A., Kaul K.L. Integrity and amplification of nucleic acids from snap-frozen prostate tissues from robotic-assisted laparoscopic and open prostatectomies. Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine 2013;137:(4)525-530.

Waechter RL, Goel V, Raymont V, Kruger F, Grafman J. Transitive inference reasoning is impaired by focal lesions in parietal cortex rather than rostrolateral prefrontal cortex. Neuropsychologia. 2013;51(3):464-71.

Watson CC, Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Blount JP, Tubbs RS. William Watson Cheyne (1852-1932): a life in medicine and his innovative surgical treatment of congenital hydrocephalus. Childs Nerv Syst. 2013;29(11):1961-5.

Wernicke A.G., Shamis M., Sidhu K.K., Turner B.C., Goltser Y., Khan I., Christos P.J., Komarnicky-Kocher L.T. Complication rates in patients with negative axillary nodes 10 years after local breast radiotherapy after either sentinel lymph node dissection or axillary clearance. American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials 2013;36(1)12-19

Williams N, Abo Al Haija O, Workneh A, Sarpong D, Keku E, Ogedegbe G, McFarlane SI, Jean-Louis G. Excessive Daytime Sleepiness among Hypertensive US-Born Blacks and Foreign-Born Blacks: Analysis of the CAATCH Data. Int J Hypertens. 2013;2013:852389.

School of Veterinary Medicine (35)

Bhaiyat, M., Chikweto, A., Tiwari, K.P., DeAllie, C., Pawaiya, R.S., Inga, A., Hegamin–Younger, C., and Sharma, R.N. (2013).  A retrospective Study of Canine Tumors in Grenada, West Indies. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences. 1(5), pp.134 – 139.

Bhaiyat, M., Hariharan, H., Chikweto, A., Tiwari, K., Sharma, R.N and Kobayashi, Y. (2013). Isolation of coagulase-negative staphylococcus spp. and Kocuria varians in pure culture from tissues of cases of mortalities in parrots in Grenada, West Indies .International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports. DOI: 10.5171/2013.149634.

Bidaisee, S., Macpherson, C.L. N. Zoonosis and one health. A review of literature. Journal of Parasitology. Downloads.hindawi.com/journals/jpr/aip/874345.pdf 2013

Bursey C, Drake M, Cole R, Sterner III M, Pincney R and Zieger U. New species of Parapharyngodon (nematode: Pharyngodonidae) in Rhinella Marina (Anura: Bufonidae) from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology, 2013, 99(3).475-479.

Chikweto, A., Hariharan, H., Bhaiyat, M.I., Kumthekar, S.M., Tiwari, K.P., Dragon, L. and Sharma, R.N. (2013). Klebsiella pneumoniae Infection in a Squirrel Monkey (Saimiri sciureus) in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Veterinary Medicine: Research & Reports. DOI: 10.5171/2013.264913.

Chikweto, A., Kumthekar, S., Larkin, H., Deallie, C., Tiwari, K.P., Sharma, R.N., Bhaiyat, M.I. (2013). Genital and Extragenital Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumor in Dogs in Grenada, West Indies. Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 3, pp.111-114.

Chikweto, A., Tiwari, K., Kumthekar, S., Stone, D., Louison, B., Thomas, D., Sharma, R. and Hariharan, H. (2013).Serologic detection of antibodies to Brucella spp. using a commercial ELISA in cattle in Grenada, West Indies. Tropical Biomedicine, 30(2), pp. 277–280.

Chikweto, A., Tiwari, K.P., Kumthekar, S., Langeois, Q., Gozlan, J., Lanza, M., Paterson, T. and Sharma, R.N. (2013).  Exposure to Brucella canis in Owned and Stray Dogs in Grenada, West Indies. International Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 5(2), pp.58-60.

Choudhary S, Zieger U, Sharma RN,  Chikweto A, Tiwari KP, Ferreira LR, Oliveira S, Barkley L, Verma SK, Kwok OCH, Su C and Dubey JP. Isolation and RELF Genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from the Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 44(4): 1127-1130; 2013.

Christina, M. Fernandez, Jamie, L. Peyton, Mona Miller, Eric g. Jonson, Jan P. Kovacic. Successful cardiopulmonary resuscitation following cardiopulmonary arrest in a geriatric chinchilla. Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care: 23(6); 657-662. 2013.

Cox-Macpherson,C., Bidaisi, S., Macpherson, C.N.L. Bioethical reflections on human behavior, zoonotic disease and climate change. Bioethics Caribe Issue No.6 Feb. 2013.

Drake, M., Amadi, V., Zieger, U., Johnson, R. and Hariharan, H. (2013). Prevalence of Salmonella spp. in Cane Toads (Bufo marinus) from Grenada, West Indies, and their antimicrobial susceptibility. Zoonoses and Public Health. 60, 437 – 441.

Dubeya, J.P., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., DeAllie, C., Sharma, R., Thomas, D., Choudharya, S., Ferreira, L.R., Oliveira, S., Verma, S.K., Kwok, O.C.H., Su, C. (2013). Isolation and RFLP genotyping of Toxoplasma gondii from the domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) from Grenada, West Indies revealed high genetic variability. Veterinary parasitology. 197, pp. 623– 626.

Ferguson, H.W., Kabuusu, R., Lince, J.A., Beltran, S., Reyes, E. & del Pozo (2013).  Hepatic syncitial disease of farmed tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L): a case report.  “Early bird” On line, J. Fish Diseases.

Guererro, T., Scherrer, N., Kalchofner, KS, Kircher, P. (2013). The advanced locking palte system (ALPS). Application and results in 71 small animal aptients. Minor revisions. Vet Srg (May 2013).

Herbers, M., Hariharan, H., Matthew, V., Oliveira, S., Rovira, A., Sharma, R.N. and Ferguson, H.W. Photobacterium damselae in bigeye scad, Selar crumenophthalmus (Bloch, 1793) from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Fish diseases. 2013 doi:10.1111/jfd. 12149.

Kabuusu, R., Alexander, R. Kabuusu, A., Muwanga, S.N.,Atimnedi, P. Macpherson,C. (2013). effect of a wildlife –livestock interface on the prevalence of intra-erythrocytic hemoparasites in cattle. Open J. Vet Med. 3 (8): 315-318.

Kalchofner Guererro, KS., Guererro, T., Schweizer-Kolliker, M., Inger, SK., Hassing, M., Bettschart-wolfenberger, R. (2013) Incidence of delayed hair regrowth, pruritus and urinary retention after epidural anaesthesia in dogs. Tierarztliche Praxis (in press).

Kumthekar S, Manning EJB, Ghosh P, Tiwari K, Sharma RN and Hariharan H. Mycobacterium avium subspecies para tuberculosis confirmed following serological surveillance of small ruminants in Grenada, West Indies Journal of Veterinary diagnostic investigation 25(4) 527-530.2013.

Macpherson CNL. Epidemiology and Public Health importance of toxocariasis: a zoonosis of global importance. In:  (Eds), Special Issue on Zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology EPub Aug 2013. PMID:23954435

Macpherson, C.N.L. (2013). Dogs, Zoonoses and Human Health: A global perspective – Mini Review. CAB Reviews, 8: 1-2.

Macpherson, C.N.L. (2013). Making health a universal human right. Oped Defex March 25th

Macpherson, C.N.L. (2013). The epidemiology and public health importance of toxocariasis: a zoonosis of global importance. Int J Parasitol, 43(12-13):999-1008.

Miller, S., Amadi, V., Stone, D., Johnson, R., Hariharan, H. , Zieger, U. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella spp. in small Indian mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) in Grenada. Comp. Immunol microbial Infect Dis. (under review) 2013.

Ozegbe, PC., Madekurozwa, MC., Aire, TA. (2013) Animmunohistochemical study of the presence and distribution of neuronal and glial markers of simple testicular custs in the ostrich ( Strthio camelua). Int. J. Anat. Embryol. 119: 67-77.

Peterson R, Hariharan H, Mathew V, Chappell S, Davies R, Parker R and Sharma R.  Prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from Blue Land Crabs (Cardisoma guanhumi) in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Food Protection, 76: 1270-1273, 2013.

Peterson, R., Hariharan, H., Matthew, V., Stratton, G., Hegamin-Younger, C., Sharma R.N. Comparision of culture of goat milk with measurement of somatic cell count using a commercial kit and antimicrobial susceptibility of bacterial isolates. Int J Vet Med Res Rep. (under review). 2013.

Rush EM, Henderson RW, Drake M, Lonce NM.  Predation on the introduced frog Eleutherodactylus johnstonei by the arboreal boid Corallus grenadensis. Herpetology Notes, 6:2013 (In final publication)

Rush EM, Henderson RW. Corallus grenadensis diet. Herpetology Review’s Natural History Notes (online peer reviewed journal) 2013- submitted and in review at present.

Rush EM, Shores A, Meintel S, Hathcock J.  “Diagnosis and successful treatment of a growing skull fracture in a Red Tailed Hawk” In final review JZWM publication review March 2013.

Sharma R, Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Thomas D, Stratton G, Bhaiyat MI. Serologic evidence of chicken infectious anemia in layer and broiler chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Veterinary World ( In press).

Simova-Curd,S., Foldenauer, U., Guerrero, T. Hatt, JM., Hoop,R. (2013) Camparison of ventriculotomy closure with and with out a coelomic fat patch in Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica) J. Avian Med Surg. 27 (1): 7-13.

Sylvester WRB, Amadi, A., Pinckney, R., Macpherson, CNL., McKibben, JS., Bruhl-Day, R., Johnson, R. Hariharan, H. Prevalence, serovars, and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella species  from wild and domestic green iguanas (Iguana iguana) in Grenada, West Indies. Zoonosis and Public health.doi:10.1111/zph 12093

Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI, DeAllie C, Stratton G, Sharma R. Serological evidence of Avian Pneumovirus infection in broiler and layer chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research. Vol 3,  June 2013.

Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Thomas D, Hariharan H, Sis R and Sharma R. Bovine tuberculosis in Grenada, West Indies: current status. Int. J. Vet. Med: Research and reports Article ID 169877 DOI 10, 5171/2013.

School of Arts and Sciences (2)

Doyle, E., Morrall C. and Baldwin. K. (2013). An Inventory of the Geographical Distribution and Conservation Status of Marine Turtles and Sharks in the Wider Caribbean and Relationship to Fisheries.  Commissioned by WWF-MAR. 173 pp.

Mitchell, J., Morrall, C., Nimrod, S., Weil, E. AGRAA, MACC and Reef Check. (2013). Grenada. In: J. Jackson, Donovan, M., Cramer, K. and Lam, V. Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs 1970-2012 (184-186). Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network. International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Washington, D. C. USA.

2012 Publications

School of Medicine (117)

Abbasnejad F, Shoja MM, Agutter PS, Alakbarli F, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Khalili M, Tubbs RS. Rabi Rashidi (Rashidi Quarters): a late thirteen to early fourteenth century Middle Eastern Medical School. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(11):1823-30.

Abel NJ, Klaassen Z, Chamberlain RS.  Long-Term Functional Outcomes in Males Suffering a Genital Burn. Internet J Urol. 2012 9(2), DOI: 10.5580/2ac3

Abel NJ, Klaassen Z, Mansour EH, Marano MA, Petrone SJ, Houng A, Chamberlain RS. Clinical Outcome Analysis of Male and Female Genital Burn Injuries: A 15-Year Experience at a Level-1 Burn Center.  Int J Urol. 2012;19(4):351-8

Agarwal N., Agarwal S. nterarm systolic bp difference and its association with cardiovascular biomarkers and biochemical risk factors. Chest 2012;142(4):1

Agarwal S.K., Agarwal N.K. Trace mitral regurgitation and its relationship to left atrial size in a hypertensive population. Circulation 2012;125(19):e728-e729.

Altohami M. Deleterious effects of smoking on well-being, the effect on age at natural menopause (ANM). Menopause. 2012 Sep;19(9):1062; author reply 1062-3.

Aufforth R., Jain J., Morreale J., Baumgarten R., Falk J., Wesen C. Paravertebral blocks in breast cancer surgery: Is there a difference in postoperative pain, nausea, and vomiting? Annals of Surgical Oncology 2012;19(2):548-552.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS. The clinical utility of serum CA 19-9 in the diagnosis, prognosis and management of pancreatic adenocarcinoma: An evidence based appraisal.  J Gastrointest Oncol. 2012;3(2):105-19

Bansilal S., Vedanthan R., Woodward M., Iyengar R., Hunn M., Lewis M., Francis L., Charney A., Graves C., Farkouh M.E., Fuster V. Cardiovascular risk surveillance to develop a nationwide health promotion strategy: The grenada heart project Global Heart 2012;7(2):87-94.

Bellary SS, Lynch G, Housman B, Esmaeili E, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Medial plica syndrome: a review of the literature. Clin Anat. 2012;25(4):423-8.

Bellary SS, Walters A, Gielecki J, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Jacob B. Winslow (1669-1760). Clin Anat. 2012;25(5):545-7.

Bensimon C.M., Smith M.J., Pisartchik D., Sahni S., Upshur R.E.G. The duty to care in an influenza pandemic: A qualitative study of Canadian public perspectives. Social Science and Medicine 2012;75(12):2425-2430

Cassidy L, Walters A, Bubb K, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Piriformis syndrome: implications of anatomical variations, diagnostic techniques, and treatment options. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(6):479-86.

Chamberlain RS, Patil S, Minja EJ, Kordears K 4th.  Does residents’ involvement in mastectomy cases increase operative cost? If so, who should bear the cost?  J Surg Res. 2012;178(1):18-27
Charran O, Muhleman M, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Charles-Pierre Denonvilliers (1808-1872): Renowned anatomist, plastic surgeon, and influential member of French Society. Clin Anat. 2012 May 10.

Chern J.J., Muhleman M., Tubbs R.S., Miller J.H., Johnston J.M., Wellons III J.C., Blount J.P., Oakes W.J., Rozzelle C.J. Clinical evaluation and surveillance imaging in children with spina bifida aperta and shunt-treated hydrocephalus: Clinical article. Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics 2012;9(6):621-626.

Cohen R., Loarte P., Garcia C., Diaz L., Mirrer B. Syncope as initial presentation of Kommerell diverticulum. International Journal of Angiology 2012;21(2):111-116.

Copperman C., Thongkham D., Terry S.F. Are they really incidental after all? Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 2012;16(8):833-834.

Dean C, Etienne D, Carpentier B, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Hiatal hernias. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(4):291-9.

Dean C, Etienne D, Hindson D, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Pectus excavatum (funnel chest): a historical and current prospective. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(7):573-9.

Delannoy, C. M. J., Zadoks, R. N., Lainson, F. A., Ferguson, H. W., Crumlish, M., Turnbull, J. R., Fontaine, M.C. (2012). Genome Announcement: Draft genome sequence of a nonhaemolytic fishpathogenic Streptococcus agalactiae strain. Journal of Bacteriology, 194(22), 6341-6342.

Dewailly E, Rouja P, Forde M, Peek-Ball C, Côté S, Smith E, Drescher O, Robertson L. Evaluation of a Public Health Intervention to Lower Mercury Exposure from Fish Consumption in Bermuda. PLOS ONE 7(10): e47388.

Dewailly, E., Rouja, P., Forde, M., Peek-Ball, C., Côté, S., Smith, E., Drescher, O., Robertson, L. (2012). Evaluation of a Public Health Intervention to Lower Mercury Exposure from Fish Consumption in Bermuda. PLOS ONE, 7(10).

Ditty B, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. The mendosal suture. Clin Anat. 2012 May;25(4):521-3.

Etienne D, John A, Menias CO, Ward R, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Annular pancreas: a review of its molecular embryology, genetic basis and clinical considerations. Ann Anat. 2012;194(5):422-8.

Etienne D, Zurada A, Matusz P, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. James Watson Kernohan (1896–1981: Frontiers in neuropathology. Clin Anat. 2012;25(4):527-9.

Fragomen A.T., Borst E., Schachter L., Lyman S., Rozbruch S.R. Complex ankle arthrodesis using the ilizarov method yields high rate of fusion foot and ankle. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2012;470(10):2864-2873

George D.D., Wainwright B.D. Dermatology Resources on the Internet Seminars in Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery 2012;31(3):183-19

George DD, Wainwright BD.  Dermatology Resources on the Internet.  Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2012 31: 183-190.

Go PH, Klaassen Z, Chamberlain RS.  An ERAS-based survey evaluating demographics, United States Medical Licensing Examination Performance, and research experience between American medical graduates and United States citizen international medical graduates: is the bar higher on the continent?  J Surg Educ. 2012;69(2):143-8

Go PH, Klaassen Z, Chamberlain RS. Attitudes and practices of surgery residency program directors toward the use of social networking profiles to select residency candidates: a nationwide survey analysis. J Surg Educ. 2012;69(3):292-300

Go PH, Klaassen Z, Chamberlain RS. Residency selection: do the perceptions of US programme directors and applicants match? Med Educ. 2012;46(5):491-500

Griessenauer CJ, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The value of hyperbaric oxygen therapy in postoperative care of subarachnoid hemorrhage. Med Gas Res. 2012;2(1):29.

Grudzen C.R., Hwang U., Cohen J.A., Fischman M., Morrison R.S. Characteristics of emergency department patients who receive a palliative care consultation. Journal of Palliative Medicine 2012;15(4):396-399.

Hann G., Duncan D., Sudhir G., West P., Sohi D. Antifreeze on a freezing morning: Ethylene glycol poisoning in a 2-year-old. BMJ Case Reports 2012

Housman B, Bellary SS, Walters A, Mirzayan N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Moritz Heinrich Romberg (1795-1873): Early founder of neurology. Clin Anat. 2012 Jun 18.

John A, Etienne D, Klaassen Z, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Variations in the locations of the recurrent laryngeal nerve in relation to the ligament of Berry. Am Surg. 2012;78(9):947-51.

Julliard K, Orvieto C, Win A, Sadler S, Al-Haddad B, Simmons B, Gabbe L, Pearson JM, Archinard TM.  Feasibility of Referral of Patients with Elevated Blood Pressure from the Emergency Department.  J Community Health. 2012 37:159-164,

Kalani A., Bahtiyar G., Sacerdote A. Ashwagandha root in the treatment of non-classical adrenal hyperplasia. BMJ Case Reports 2012

Klaassen Z, Choi M, Musselman R, Eapen D, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A review of supernumerary and absent limbs and digits of the upper limb. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(2):101-6.

Klaassen Z, Shweikeh F, Chamberlain RS.  Urological Cancer Metastasis to the Brain:  When Should We Resect?  UroToday Int J. 2012;5(2): art 10.

Lall C.G., Patel H.P., Fujimoto S., Sandhu S., Sundaram C., Landman J. Making sense of postoperative CT imaging following laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. Clinical Radiology 2012;67(7):675-686.

Laratta J, Buhtoiarova T, Sparber L, Chamberlain RS. Gastritis cystica profunda: A rare gastric tumor masquerading as a malignancy.  Surgical Science. 2012;3:158-164

Lenz R, Moore GD, Panchani PN, Dilandro AC, Battaglia F, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Kozlowski PB, D’Antoni AV. The transverse occipital ligament: an anatomic, histologic, and radiographic study. Spine J. 2012;12(7):596-602.

Lippert W.C., Gustat J. Clean Indoor Air Acts reduce the burden of adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Public Health 2012;126(4):279-285

Litrivis E., Singh A.L., Moonian A., Mahadeo K.M. An assessment of end-of-life-care training: Should we consider a cross-fellowship, competency-based simulated program? Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology 2012;34(6):488-489

Lohiya G.-S., Tan-Figueroa L., Krishna V., Lohiya S. Necrotizing fasciitis: Diagnostic challenges in a mute bedridden patient with atypical laboratory parameters. Case Reports in Medicine 2012, pp1-4

Loukas M, El-Zammar D, Tubbs RS, Birungi J, Jacob J, Shoja MM, Anderson RH. Intervenous tubercle of Lower: true tubercle or normal interatrial fold? Clin Anat. 2012;25(6):729-36.

Loukas M, Tubbs S. Gene L. Colborn (1935-2011). Clin Anat. 2012;25(6):793-4.

Loukas M, Walters A, Boon JM, Welch TP, Meiring JH, Abrahams PH. Pericardiocentesis: a clinical anatomy review. Clin Anat. 2012;25(7):872-81.

Macpherson, C. C. (2012). Teaching professionalism in science courses: Anatomy to zoology. Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences, 28(2), 8-12.

Macpherson, C., Akpinar-Elci, M. (2012). Impact of Climate change on Caribbean life. American Journal of Public Health, 103(1).

Matusz P, Miclaus GD, Ples H, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Absence of the celiac trunk: case report using MDCT angiography. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(10):959-63.

McClugage SG, Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ. The history of the surgical repair of spina bifida. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(10):1693-700

Medupe D., Emaleu S.B. Natural selection and the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder-obsessive compulsive personality disorder theory of human behavior. Medical Hypotheses 2012;79(5):702-703

Miclaus GD, Matusz P, Loukas M, Ples H. Rare case of the trunk of the inferior phrenic arteries originating from a common stem with a superior additional left renal artery from the abdominal aorta. Clin Anat. 2012;25(8):979-82.

Minja EJ, Pellerin M, Saviano N, Chamberlain RS.  Retroperitoneal Extrarenal Angiomyolipomas: An Evidence-Based Approach to a Rare Clinical Entity.  Case Reports in Nephrology. Volume 2012 (2012), Article ID 374107, 7 pages

Mortazavi MM, Tubbs RS, Riech S, Verma K, Shoja MM, Zurada A, Benninger B, Loukas M, Cohen Gadol AA. Anatomy and pathology of the cranial emissary veins: a review with surgical implications. Neurosurgery. 2012;70(5):1312-8; discussion 1318-9.

Muhleman M, Charran O, Matusz P, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. The proatlas: a comprehensive review with clinical implications. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(3):349-56.

Muhleman MA, Wartmann CT, Hage R, Matusz P, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A review of the tragal pointer: anatomy and its importance as a landmark in surgical procedures. Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2012;71(2):59-64.

Murthy V, Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS.  Unanswered questions about the role of axillary dissection in women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel node metastasis. Clin Breast Cancer. 2012;12(5):305-7

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS.  Menopausal symptoms in young survivors of breast cancer: a growing problem without an ideal solution. Cancer Control. 2012;19(4):317-29

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS. Defining a Place for Nipple Sparing Mastectomy in Modern Breast Care: An Evidence Based Review.  Breast J. 2012;29:1-11

Narayan P, Murthy V, Su M, Woel R, Grossman IR, Chamberlain RS.  Primary myeloid sarcoma masquerading as an obstructing duodenal carcinoma.  Case Report Hematol. 2012;490438.

Oelhafen K, Shayota BJ, Muhleman M, Klaassen Z, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Peritoneal bands: a review of anatomical distribution and clinical implications. Am Surg. 2012;78(4):377-84.

Ogedegbe C., Knox N., Nyirenda T., Ashtyani H., Feldman J. Relationship between rate of intubation and CPAP use in the out-of-hospital setting. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2012;60 (4):S9-S10.

Osiro S, Downs E, Grater J, Loukas M. Francis Sibson (1814-1876): the unsung hero of modern surgery and anesthesia. World J Surg. 2012;36(8):1993-7.

Osiro S, Gielecki J, Matusz P, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. August Forel (1848-1931): a look at his life and work. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(1):1-5.

Osiro S, Tiwari KJ, Matusz P, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Grisel’s syndrome: a comprehensive review with focus on pathogenesis, natural history, and current treatment options. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(6):821-5.

Osiro S, Wear C, Hudson R, Ma XX, Zurada A, Michalak M, Loukas M. A friend to the airways: a review of the emerging clinical importance of the bronchial arterial circulation. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(9):791-8.

Osiro S, Zurada A, Gielecki J, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A review of subclavian steal syndrome with clinical correlation. Med Sci Monit. 2012;18(5):RA57-63.

Osiro S., Muhammad R., Ruiz J., Sladen A., Mathenge N., Tiwari K.J. Acute necrotizing pancreatitis in the setting of CMV viremia and AIDS: A case report and review of literature from 1980 to 2012. Journal of the Pancreas 2012;13(6): 705-711

Osiro SB, Cunningham D, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Gielecki J, Loukas M. The twisted colon: a review of sigmoid volvulus. Am Surg. 2012 Mar;78(3):271-9.

Patel, ST, Patil, S, Chamberlain, RS.  A United States Population-Based Study on Clinical Outcomes Following Primary Carotid Endarterectomy: Who and When? Surgical Science. 2012;3:592-602.

Patil S, Chamberlain RS. Neoplasms Associated with Germline and Somatic NF1 Gene Mutations.  Oncologist. 2012;17(1):101-16

Patil S, Parcells B, Balsted A, Chamberlain RS.  Surgical Outcome Following Hip Fracture in Patients > 100 Years Old: Will They Ever Walk Again? Surgical Science. 2012;3:554-559

Perrotte N., Gomez A., Mason G., Stroup D. An assessment of knowledge, attitudes and behaviour regarding the human papillomavirus. West Indian Medical Journal 2012;61(1):58-63

Pinkerton K, Rom W, Akpinar-Elci M, Bayram H, Brandli O, Hollingsworth J, Kinney P, Margolis H, Martin W, Smith K, Takaro T, Upahyay D, Wegman L; An Official American Thoracic Society Workshop Report: Climate Change and Human Health. Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2012: 9 (1); 3-8

Porzionato A, Macchi V, Stecco C, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, De Caro R. Surgical anatomy of the pectoral nerves and the pectoral musculature. Clin Anat. 2012;25(5):559-75.

Protyniak B, Meadows MC, Pak HR, Chamberlain RS.  The Safety and Feasibility of Low-Molecular-Weight Heparin Prophylaxis in Major Abdominal Surgery Combined with Neuraxial Anesthesia.  Surgical Science. 2012;3:177-184

Roopnarine R, Stone D, Hariharan H, DeAllie C, Hand C, Hegamin –Younger C, Matthew V, Sharma R. “Fluoroquinolone and metronidazole resistance of Campylobacter spp from broiler chickens and antimicrobial use on farms in Grenada”. Journal of Animal Research. 2012, 2 (3): 219- 227

Sakpal SV, Bindra SS, Chamberlain RS.  Laparoscopic Appendectomy Conversion Rates Two Decades Later: An Analysis of Surgeon and Patient-Specific Factors Resulting in Open Conversion.  J Surg Res. 2012;176(1):42-9.

Salazar-Kagunye R., Shah A., Loshkajian G., Baddoura W., Debari V.A. Association of decreased serum protein fractions with Clostridium difficile infection in the acute care setting: A case-control study. Biomarkers in Medicine 2012;6(5):663-669.

Sandhu A., Gill B.S., Hosseini Rivandi A., Sandhu S.P., Jensen L.G., Nobiensky P.D., Hoh C.K. Response patterns with positron emission tomography after stereotactic radiotherapy of malignant lung lesions. Radiotherapy and Oncology 2012;103(1):S298-S299

Selvaggi TA, Walco JP, Parikh S, Walco GA.  Hypersensitivity Testing for Aspergillus fumigatus IgE Is Significantly More Sensitive Than Testing for Aspergillus niger IgE.  Am J Clin Path.  2012;137:203-206

Shoja MM, Agutter PS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Khalili M, Farhoudi M, Tubbs RS. Cranioplasty in medieval Persia and the potential spread of this knowledge to Europe. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(12):1993-6.

Shoja MM, Harris A, Shoshani Y, Siesky B, Primus S, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Central retinal artery originating from the temporal short posterior ciliary artery associated with intraorbital external-to-internal carotid arterial anastomoses. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(2):187-9.

Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, D’Antoni A, DiLandro A, Curé JK. An aberrant cerebellar artery originating from the internal carotid artery. Surg Radiol Anat. 2012;34(3):285-8

Singh N, Bixby C, Etienne D, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Alexander’s disease: reassessment of a neonatal form. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(12):2029-31.

Thongkham D., Terry S.F. Companion diagnostics: The next step in personalized clinical care. Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers 2012;16(10):1155-1156.

Tildesley H.D., Chan J.H.M., Mazanderani A.B., Wright A.M., Tildesley H.G., Pottinger B. Additional Basal Rates Used in Insulin Pump Therapy Does Not Improve A1C in Adult Patients with Type 1 Diabetes. Canadian Journal of Diabetes 2012;36(1):25-26

Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Shoja M, Cohen Gadol AA. Hieronymus Brunschwig (c. 1450-1513): his life and contributions to surgery. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(4):629-32.

Tubbs RS, Gianaris N, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen Gadol AA. “The heart is simply a muscle” and first description of the tetralogy of “Fallot”. Early contributions to cardiac anatomy and pathology by bishop and anatomist Niels Stensen (1638-1686). Int J Cardiol. 2012;154(3):312-5.

Tubbs RS, Hattab EM, Loukas M, Chern JJ, Wellons M, Wellons JC 3rd, Iskandar BJ, Cohen-Gadol AA. Histological analysis of the third ventricle floor in hydrocephalic and nonhydrocephalic brains: application to neuroendocrine complications following third ventriculostomy procedures. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012;9(2):178-81.

Tubbs RS, Kakati D, Chern JJ, Loukas M, Shoja M, Mortazavi MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Tatsuji Inouye: the mind’s eye. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(1):147-50.

Tubbs RS, Lancaster JR, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Hattab EM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Do grossly identifiable ganglia lie along the spinal accessory nerve? A gross and histologic study with potential neurosurgical significance. World Neurosurg. 2012 ;77(2):349-51.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Song YB, Mortazavi M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. External landmarks for identifying the drainage site of the vein of Labbé: application to neurosurgical procedures. Br J Neurosurg. 2012;26(3):383-5.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi M, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Maister Peter Lowe and his 16th century contributions to cranial surgery. Neurosurgery. 2012;70(2):259-63; discussion 263.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Louis RG, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Chern JJ, Benninger B, Cohen-Gadol AA. The anterior atlantodental ligament: its anatomy and potential functional significance. World Neurosurg. 2012 May-Jun;77(5-6):775-7.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The zygomaticotemporal nerve and its relevance to neurosurgery. World Neurosurg. 2012 Nov;78(5):515-8.

Tubbs RS, Muhleman M, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Ventriculoperitoneal shunt malfunction from cerebrospinal fluid eosinophilia in children: case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(3):345-8.

Tubbs RS, Muhleman M, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. A new form of herniation: the Chiari V malformation. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(2):305-7.

Tubbs RS, Muhleman M, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. Chiari I malformation and syringomyelia in a child following a lightning strike. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 May;28(5):751-3.

Tubbs RS, Muhleman M, McClugage SG, Loukas M, Miller JH, Chern JJ, Rozzelle CJ, Oakes WJ, Cohen-Gadol AA. Progressive symptomatic increase in the size of choroidal fissure cysts. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2012;10(4):306-9.

Tubbs RS, Muhleman M, Miller J, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Wellons JC, Oakes WJ. Cervical ribs with neurological sequelae in children: a case series. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(4):605-8.

Tubbs RS, Nguyen HS, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Anatomic study of the lamina terminalis: neurosurgical relevance in approaching lesions within and around the third ventricle. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(8):1149-56.

Tubbs RS, Radcliff V, Shoja MM, Naftel RP, Mortazavi MM, Zurada A, Loukas M, Cohen Gadol AA. Dorello canal revisited: an observation that potentially explains the frequency of abducens nerve injury after head injury. World Neurosurg. 2012;77(1):119-21.

Tubbs RS, Riech S, Verma K, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Benninger B, Cohen-Gadol AA. Sir Charles Bell (1774-1842) and his contributions to early neurosurgery. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 Mar;28(3):331-5.

Tubbs RS, Rompala O, Verma K, Malakpour M, Shoja MM, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M. James Drake (1667-1707): Anatomist and political activist. Clin Anat. 2012;25(3):295-8.

Tubbs RS, Rompala OJ, Verma K, Mortazavi MM, Benninger B, Loukas M, Chambers MR. Analysis of the uncinate processes of the cervical spine: an anatomical study. J Neurosurg Spine. 2012;16(4):402-7.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Carmichael SW. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. (1809-1894): physician, jurist, poet, inventor, pioneer, and anatomist. Clin Anat. 2012;25(8):992-7.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M. William Henry Battle (1855-1936). J Neurol. 2012;259(4):790-1.

Tubbs RS, Song YB, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Gadol AA. Wilhelm Fabricius von Hilden (Guilhelmus Fabricius Hildanus) 1560-1634: pioneer of early neurosurgery. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012 May;28(5):657-9.

Tubbs RS, Steck DT, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Giovanni Battista Morgagni (1682-1771): his anatomic majesty’s contributions to the neurosciences. Childs Nerv Syst. 2012;28(7):1099-102.

Watanabe K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Tubbs RS. Buntaro Adachi (1865-1945): Japanese master of human anatomic variation. Clin Anat. 2012;25(8):957-60

Watts B.V., Landon B., Groft A., Young-Xu Y. A sham controlled study of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation for posttraumatic stress disorder. Brain Stimulation 2012;5(1):38-43.

Wernicke A.G., Shamis M., Yan W., Trichter S., Sabbas A.M., Goltser Y., Christos P.J., Brennan J.S., Parashar B., Nori D. Role of isotope selection in long-term outcomes in patients with intermediate-risk prostate cancer treated with a combination of external beam radiotherapy and low-dose-rate interstitial brachytherapy. Urology 2012;79(5):1098-1104.

Yalcin B, Tubbs RS, Durmaz A, Comert A, Toygar M, Loukas M, Develi S. Branching pattern of the external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve and its clinical importance. Clin Anat. 2012;25(1):32-9.

School of Veterinary Medicine (30)

Aire, T. A., Ozegbe, P.C. (2012). Components and developments of the centriolar complex during and beyond spermiogenesis in a passerine bird, the masked weaver (Ploceus velatus). Tissue and Cell, 44, 63-67.

Amadi VA, Kotelnikova SV. Occurrence of antibiotic-resistant fecal indicators in coastal waters of southern Grenada, West Indies. Microbiologist (The magazine of The Society for Applied Microbiology). Article submitted for publication in 2011.

Brick TA, Bas S, Daniels JB, et al. Effect of intrauterine dextrose or antibiotic therapy on reproductive performance of lactating dairy cows diagnosed with clinical endometritis. J Dairy Sci. Accepted for Publication in 2011.(A master’s thesis).

Butler, C. M., Sloet van Oldruitenborgh-Oosterbaan, M.M., Stout, T.A., van der Kolk, J.H., Wollenberg, Lv., Nielen, M., Jongejan, F., Werners, A.H., Houwers, D.J. (2012). Prevalence of the causative agents of equine piroplasmosis in the southwest of The Netherlands and the identification of two autochthonous clinical Theileria equi infections. Vet. J, 193(2), 381-385.

Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI, Tiwari KP, deAllie C and Sharma RN. Spirocercoisis in owned and stray dogs in Grenada. Vet Parasitol. 2012.190: 613-616.

Delannoy, C. M. J., Zadoks, R.N., Lainson, F.A., Ferguson, H.W., Crumlish, M., Turnbull, J.F. & Fontaine, M.C. (2012). Genome Announcement: Draft genome sequence of a non-haemolytic fish-pathogenic Streptococcus agalactiae strain. J. Bacteriology, 194, 6341-6342.

Ferguson, HW.,  Kabuusu, R., Lince, JA., Beltran S. Reyes, E., Del pozo. Hepatic syncitial disease of farmed tilapia (Orinochromis niloticus): a case report J. Fish Dis. (in press).

Figuiredo JP, Muir WW, Sams R. Cardiorespiratory, gastrointestinal, and analgestic effects of morphine in conscious healthy horses. Am J Vet Res. 2012 Jun;73(6):799-808. doi: 10.2460/ajvr.73.6.799

Ganchingco JRC, Kumar K, Stone D, Mathew V, Stratton G, Sharma R, Hariharan H. Campylobacter coli and C. jejuni isolated from farmed pigs in Grenada, West Indies. And their antimicrobial resistance pattern. Journal of Animal Research. 2012. 2 (2): 237-245.

Gibson-Kueh S, Chee D, Chen J, Wang YH, Tay S, Leong LN, Ng ML, Jones JB, Nicholls PK, Ferguson HW. The pathology of “scale drop syndrome” in Asian seabass. Lates calcarifer Bolch, a first description. J Fish Dis 35:19-27.;2012

Gutbrod, A., Guerrero, T. G. Effect of External Rotational Humeral Osteotomy on the contact Mechanics of the canine elbow joint. Vet Surg. 41: 845-852; 2012.

Herath, T. K., Ferguson, H.W., Thompson, K., Adams, A. & Richards, R.H. (2012). Ultrastructural morphogenesis of salmonid alphavirus. J. Fish Diseases, 35, 799-808.

Iregui, C. A., Guarín, M., Tibatá, V.M. & Ferguson, H.W. (2012). Novel brain lesions caused by Edwardsiella tarda in a red tilapia: case report. J. Vet. Diag. Invest., 24(2), 446-449.

Kalchofner-Guerrero KS. Comparative study of a new metamizole formulation and carprogen on postoperative pain in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy. VAA proceeding abstact accepted for publication in 2012; Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia. In press.

Kuipers von Lande, R. G., Worth, A.J., Guerrero, T.G., Owen, M.C., Hartman, A. (2012). Comparison between a novel bovine xenograft and an autogenesis cancellous bone graft in the tibial tuberosity advancement procedure. Vet Surg, 41(5), 559-567.

Medl N, Guerrero TG, Holzle L, Haessig M, Montavon PM. Intraoperative contamination of the suction tip in clean orthopedic surgeries in dogs and cats. Vet Surg; 41:254-260; 2012

Ozegbe, P. C., Aire, T.A., Deokar, M.S. (2012). The cytoskeleton proteins in the contractile tissues of the testis and its excurrent ducts of the passerine bird, Masked Weaver (Ploceus velatus). Tissue and Cell, 44(1), 22-31.

Piras, A., Guerrero, T.G. (2012). Minimally invasive repair of meta-bones. Vet Clin North America Small Anim Pract., 42(5), 1045-1050.

Regui, CA, Guarin, M, Tibata, VM and Ferguson HW. (2012) Novel brain lesions caused by Edwardsiella tarda in red tilapia: case report. J. Vet. Diag. Invest. 24: 446-449.

Roopnarine R, Stone D, Hariharan H, DeAllie C, Hand C, Hegamin-Younger C , Mathew V, Sharma R. Fluoroquinolone and metronidazol resistance of Campylobacter spp from broiler chickens and antimicrobial uses on farms in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of animal research, 2012, 2 (2); 219-227.

Rush EM, Ogburn AL, Nelms S, Garner MM. “Multicentric Neurofibromatosis in a California Sea Lion (Zalophus californianus) with ocular Amyloidosis” 2012 Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 43(1): 110-9.

Rush EM, Turner T, Ogburn AL, Urban R, Sidebothum C, LaVasser A, Montgomery R.  “Implantation of a titanium prosthesis in a White-naped Crane with a tarsometatarsal fracture” 2012. JAMS 26(3); 167-175.

Sandoval C, Infante J Bttagllia J Abad J Ferguson HW, Ilardi P. The appearance of Strawberry Disease/ Red Mark Syndrome in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum) in Chili: a case study. 2012.

Sharma RN, Hariharan H, Roopnarine R. Ciprofloxacin resistance in Campylobacter from chickens in Grenada. The Indian Journal of Veterinary Research, 2012, 21 (1), 6-9.

Stone D, Davis M, Baker K, Besser T, Roopnarine R, Sharma R. MLST genotypes and antibiotic resistance of Campylobacter spp in poultry in Grenada. Biomedical Research International. Vol.2013. Article ID 794643, 10 pages.

Stone, D. M., Kumthekar, S.M., Chikweto, A., Thomas, D., Tiwari, K., Sharma, R.N. (2012). Exposure to zoonotic abortifacients among sheep and goats in Grenada. Int J Anim and Vet Advances, 4(2), 113-118.

Tiwari K, Chikweto A, Kumthekar S, Bhaiyat MI and Sharma RN. Hemoparasites in backyard poultry and wild pigeons of Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research, 2012, 2 (2); 209-213.

van der Kolk, J. H., van Putten, L.A., Mulder, C.J., Grinwis, G.C., Reijm, M., Butler, C.M., von Blomberg, B.M. (2012). Glutten-dependent antibodies in horses with inflammatory small bowel disease (ISBD). Vet Q., 32(1), 3-11.

Werners AH and Bryant CE. Pattern recognition receptors in equine endotoxaemia and sepsis. A Review Article. Equine Veterinary Journal. 2012. 44,490-498.

Williams, C. F., Moravec, F., Turnbull, J.F.,Ferguson, H.W. (2012). Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England. J. Helminthology, 86, 328-338.

2011 Publications

School of Medicine (105)

A novel method for cerebrospinal fluid diversion: a cadaveric and animal study. Tubbs RS, Bauer D, Chambers MR, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neurosurgery. 2011 Feb;68(2):491-4; discussion 495.

Agarwal N.K., Agarwal S.K. Subclinical Anxiety: Presence and Implications in Hypertensive Patients Internet Journal of Cardiology 2011 10:2

Akpinar-Elci, M., O. Elci and A. Odabasi (2011). “United airways disease among florists.” Chest Disease Reports 1(e10): 22-24.

Alfakir M., Moammar M.Q., Ali M.I., Alhatem E., Curran R.D., Saoud R.M., Chandran C., Khan M.A., DeBari V.A. Pulmonary gas exchange during hemodialysis: A comparison of subjects with and without COPD on bicarbonate hemodialysis. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 2011 41:4 (315-320)

Alvarez-Downing M, Klaassen Z, Orringer R, Gilder M, Tarantino D, Chamberlain RS. Incidence of Small Bowel Obstruction Following Laparoscopic and Open Colon Resection.  Am J Surg. 2011 Mar;201(3):411-5; discussion 415.

Bajaj S., Shamoon F., Gupta N., Parikh R., Parikh N., Debari V.A., Hamdan A., Bikkina M. Acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction in young adults: Who is at risk? Coronary Artery Disease 2011 22:4 (238-244)

Ballehaninna U, Chamberlain RS. Exploratory Laparoscopy. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1829816-overview#a01

Ballehaninna U, Nguyen S, Chamberlain RS. Lithium associated hyperparathyroidism:  an evidence based surgical approach. Surgical Science. 2011; 2: 468-75.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS.  DCIS: Application of USC/Van Nuys Prognostic Index to assess postmastectomy recurrence: many hits and a few misses.  Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Dec;18 Suppl 3:S272-3; author reply S274-5.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS.  Inclusion of tumor biology molecular markers to improve the ductal carcinoma in situ ipsilateral breast tumor recurrence nomogram predictability.  J Clin Oncol. 2011 Feb 1;29(4):e97-8; author reply e99.

Ballehaninna UK, Chamberlain RS.  Serum CA 19-9 as a Biomarker for Pancreatic Cancer-A Comprehensive Review.  Indian J Surg Oncol. 2011 Jun;2(2):88-100

Belman A, Patel J, Ona M, Tompkins D, Martin GT. The Role of Staphyloccocus aureus in Clostridium difficile Toxin Negative Nosocomial and Antibiotic Associated Diarrhea.  Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 2011; 7: 785 (Letter to the Editor)

Bhusnurmath S., Bhusnurmath B. How can the postgraduate training program in pathology departments in India be improved. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 2011 54:3 (441-447)

Chamberlain RS, El-Sedfy A, Rajkumar D. Aberrant Hepatic Arterial Anatomy and the Whipple Procedure: Lessons Learned.  Am Surg. 2011 May;77(5):517-26.

Chamberlain RS, Klaassen Z, Paragi PR. Complex Hepatobiliary Surgery in the Community Setting: Is it Safe and Feasible?  Am J Surg. 2011 Sep;202(3):273-80.

Chamberlain RS, Tichauer M, Klaassen Z, Paragi PR.  Complex pancreatic surgery: safety and feasibility in the community setting.  J Gastrointest Surg. 2011 Jan;15(1):184-90

Chikweto A., Kumthekar S., Tiwari K., Nyack B., Deokar M.S., Stratton G., MacPherson C.N.L., Sharma R.N., Dubey J.P. Seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii in pigs, sheep, goats, and cattle from grenada and carriacou, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology 2011 97:5 (950-951)

Diamond M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M. Peripheral facial nerve communications and their clinical implications. Clin Anat. 2011 Jan;24(1):10-8.

Elci, O., M. Akpinar-Elci and N. Siddiqui (2011). “The concept of public health and its value in medicine.” The Grenada Medical Journal 3(1): 19-21.

Fakoya F.A. Who is concerned about animal care and use in developing countries? Altex 2011 28 SPEC. ISS. (165)

Francis B.A., Kawji A.S., Vo N.T., Dustin L., Chopra V. Endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (ECP) in the management of uncontrolled glaucoma with prior aqueous tube shunt. Journal of Glaucoma 2011 20:8 (523-527)

Geffner SR, Klaassen Z, Tichauer M, Chamberlain RS, Paragi PR.  Robotic-Assisted Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomies: Early experience and review of the literature. J Robotic Surg. 2011 June:5(2): 115-120

Go PH, Klaassen Z, Meadows MC, Chamberlain RS. Gastrointestinal Cancer and Brain Metastasis: A Rare and Ominous Sign.  Cancer. 2011 Aug 15;117(16):3630-40. doi: 10.1002/cncr.25940.

Hébert-Blouin MN, Amrami KK, Loukas M, Spinner RJ. A proposed anatomical explanation for perineural spread of breast adenocarcinoma to the brachial plexus. Clin Anat. 2011 Jan;24(1):101-5.

Hulsberg P, Garza-Jordan Jde L, Jordan R, Matusz P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Hepatic aneurysm: a review. Am Surg. 2011 May;77(5):586-91.

Joshi M., Reddy S.J., Nanavidekar M., Russo J.P., Russo A.V., Pathak R. Core biopsies of the breast: Diagnostic pitfalls. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 2011 54:4 (671-682)

Klaassen Z, Chen J, Dixit V, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M. Giovanni Maria Lancisi (1654-1720): anatomist and papal physician. Clin Anat. 2011 Oct;24(7):802-6.

Klaassen Z, Go PH, Mansour EH, Marano MA, Petrone SJ, Houng AP, Chamberlain RS. Pediatric Genital Burns: A 15-year Prospective Analysis of Outcomes at a Level 1 Burn Center.  J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Aug;46(8):1532-8.

Klaassen Z, Marshall E, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Wartmann CT, Loukas M. Anatomy of the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves with observations of their spinal nerve contributions. Clin Anat. 2011 May;24(4):454-61.

Klaassen Z, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Supernumerary and absent limbs and digits of the lower limb: a review of the literature. Clin Anat. 2011 Jul;24(5):570-5.

Klaassen Z, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Hage R, Jordan R, Loukas M. Vertebral spinal osteophytes. Anat Sci Int. 2011 Mar;86(1):1-9.

Loukas M, Abel N, Tubbs RS, Grabska J, Birungi J, Anderson RH. The cardiac lymphatic system. Clin Anat. 2011 Sep;24(6):684-91.

Loukas M, Abel N, Tubbs RS, Matusz P, Zurada A, Cohen-Gadol AA. Neural interconnections between the nerves of the upper limb and surgical implications. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jan;114(1):225-35.

Loukas M, Bellary SS, Kuklinski M, Ferrauiola J, Yadav A, Shoja MM, Shaffer K, Tubbs RS. The lymphatic system: a historical perspective. Clin Anat. 2011 Oct;24(7):807-16.

Loukas M, Bellary SS, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Cohen Gadol AA. Deep palmar communications between the ulnar and median nerves. Clin Anat. 2011 Mar;24(2):197-201.

Loukas M, Bilinsky E, Bilinsky S, Abrahams P, Diamond M, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS. Surgery in early Jewish history. Clin Anat. 2011 Mar;24(2):151-4.

Loukas M, Hanna M, Alsaiegh N, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS. Clinical anatomy as practiced by ancient Egyptians. Clin Anat. 2011 May;24(4):409-15.

Loukas M, Hanna M, Chen J, Tubbs RS, Anderson RH. Extracardiac coronary arterial anastomoses. Clin Anat. 2011 Mar;24(2):137-42.

Loukas M, Pellerin M, Kimball Z, de la Garza-Jordan J, Tubbs RS, Jordan R. Intussusception: an anatomical perspective with review of the literature. Clin Anat. 2011 Jul;24(5):552-61.

Loukas M, Pennell C, Groat C, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA. Korbinian Brodmann (1868-1918) and his contributions to mapping the cerebral cortex. Neurosurgery. 2011 Jan;68(1):6-11; discussion 11.

Loukas M, Shayota BJ, Oelhafen K, Miller JH, Chern JJ, Tubbs RS, Oakes WJ. Associated disorders of Chiari Type I malformations: a review. Neurosurg Focus. 2011 Sep;31(3):E3.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Mirzayan N, Shirak M, Steinberg A, Shoja MM. The history of mastectomy. Am Surg. 2011 May;77(5):566-71.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS. The description of the “Valentine” orientation of the heart. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 May;33(4):377-8; author reply 379.

Loukas M, Von Kriegenbergh K, Gilkes M, Tubbs RS, Walker C, Malaiyandi D, Anderson RH. Myocardial bridges: A review. Clin Anat. 2011 Sep;24(6):675-83.

Malenfant J, Robitaille M, Schaefer J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Henry Jacob Bigelow (1818-1890): his contributions to anatomy and surgery. Clin Anat. 2011 Jul;24(5):539-43.

Mbazor J.O., Umeora O.U.J., Egwuatu V.E. Cervical cytology profile of infertility patients in Abakaliki, South-eastern Nigeria Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2011 31:2 (173-177)

Mortazavi MM, Tubbs RS, Brockerhoff MA, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. The first description of Chiari I malformation with intuitive correlation between tonsillar ectopia and syringomyelia. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2011 Mar;7(3):257-60.

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS.  Further expansion of the AJCC/UICC breast cancer staging system to encompass unique problems in the developing world.  Ann Surg Oncol. 2011 Dec;18 Suppl 3:S278-80.

Murthy V, Chamberlain RS.  Recommendation to revise the AJCC/UICC breast cancer staging system for inclusion of proven prognostic factors: ER/PR receptor status and HER2 neu.  Clin Breast Cancer. 2011 Oct;11(5):346-7.

Paragi PR, Klaassen Z, Tichauer M, HS Fletcher, Chamberlain RS, Wellen JR, Sun H, Geffner S. Vascular Constraints in Laparoscopic Renal Allograft: Comparative Analysis of Multiple and Single Renal Arteries in 976 Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomies.  World J Surg. 2011 Sep;35(9):2159-66.

Patil S, Jain S, Kaza RC, Chamberlain RS.  Giant gastrointestinal stromal tumor presenting as a palpable abdominal mass: an unusual presentation.  ISRN Surg. 2011;2011:894829.

Patil S, Kaza RC, Kakkar AK, Chamberlain RS.  Small cell carcinoma of the renal pelvis: a case report and review of the literature.  ISRN Urol. 2011;2011:786505.

Pearson J.F., Brownstein C.A., Brownstein J.S. Potential for electronic health records and online social networking to redefine medical research. Clinical Chemistry 2011 57:2 (196-204)

Pennell C., Westfall S. Multidisciplinary approach to the management of an extracranial internal carotid artery aneurysm approaching the base of the skull in a young patient. Annals of Vascular Surgery 2011 25:5 (699.e5-699.e8)

Pennell C., Westfall S. Multidisciplinary Approach to the Management of an Extracranial Internal Carotid Artery Aneurysm Approaching the Base of the Skull in a Young Patient. Annals of Vascular Surgery Volume 25, Issue 5, July 2011, Pages 699.e5–699.e8

Petrie A, Tubbs RS, Matusz P, Shaffer K, Loukas M. Obturator hernia: anatomy, embryology, diagnosis, and treatment. Clin Anat. 2011 Jul;24(5):562-9.

Pontell M., Scali F., Marshall E. A unique variation in the course of the musculocutaneous nerve. Clinical Anatomy 2011 24:8 (968-970)

Rooney, J., K. Bourne-Yearwood, F. McGill and T. McCann (2011). “The introduction of a simulation laboratory to preclinical students at St. George’s University in Grenada.” Caribbean Medical Journal 72(3): 24.

Scali F., Marsili E.S., Pontell M.E. Anatomical connection between the rectus capitis posterior major and the dura mater Spine 2011 36:25 (E1612-E1614)

Shakov R., Salazar R.S., Kagunye S.K., Baddoura W.J., DeBari V.A. Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for recurrence of Clostridium difficile infection in the acute care hospital setting. American Journal of Infection Control 2011 39:3 (194-198)

Shane Tubbs R, Griessenauer CJ, Marshall T, Dennison CP, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Apaydin N, Cohen-Gadol AA. The adductor minimus muscle revisited. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Jul;33(5):429-32.

Sharma A., Lambert P.J., Maghari A., Lambert W.C. Arcuate, annular, and polycyclic inflammatory and infectious lesions. Clinics in Dermatology 2011 29:2 (140-150)

Sharma MS, Loukas M, Spinner RJ. Accessory phrenic nerve: a rarely discussed common variation with clinical implications. Clin Anat. 2011 Jul;24(5):671-3.

Shoja MM, Loukas M, Etemadi J, Tubbs RS. Letter: Multiple renal vessels associated with testicular vessels. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Aug;33(6):557.

Showerman E, Capaldi D.  Oxymetazoline Superior to Cocaine and Lidocaine for Nosebleeds.  Emergency Medicine News. EM-News.com:  September 22, 2011

Spielberg F., Kurth A., Reidy W., McKnight T., Dikobe W., Wilson C. Iterative evaluation in a mobile counseling and testing program to reach people of color at risk for HIV-new strategies improve program acceptability, effectiveness, and evaluation capabilities. AIDS Education and Prevention 2011 23:3 SUPPL. (110-116)

Stroman D., Young C., Rubano A.R., Pinkhasov A. Adult-Onset Pica Leading to Acute Intestinal Obstruction. Psychosomatics 2011 52:4 (393-394)

Stuart K, Soulsby E. Reducing global health inequalities. Part 2: myriad challenges. J R Soc Med. 2011 Oct;104(10):401-4.

Stuart K, Soulsby E. Reducing global health inequalities. part 3: collaboration and funding. J R Soc Med. 2011 Nov;104(11):442-8.

Stuart K, Soulsby EJ. Reducing global health inequalities. Part 1. J R Soc Med. 2011 Aug;104(8):321-6.

Toivari E., Manninen T., Nahata A.K., Jalonen T.O., Linne M.-L. Effects of transmitters and amyloid-beta peptide on calcium signals in rat cortical astrocytes: Fura-2AM measurements and stochastic model simulations. PLoS ONE 2011 6:3 Article Number e17914

Torgerson P.R., Macpherson C.N.L. The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: Global trends Veterinary Parasitology 2011 182:1 (79-95)

Tubbs RS, Beckman JM, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Median nerve branches to the pronator teres: cadaveric study with potential use in neurotization procedures to the radial nerve at the elbow. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jan;114(1):253-5.

Tubbs RS, Bosmia AN, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Curé JK, Cohen-Gadol AA. The oblique occipital sinus: a review of anatomy and imaging characteristics. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Nov;33(9):747-9.

Tubbs RS, Deep A, Shoja MM, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The arcade of Struthers: An anatomical study with potential neurosurgical significance. Surg Neurol Int. 2011;2:184.

Tubbs RS, Hallock JD, Radcliff V, Naftel RP, Mortazavi M, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Ligaments of the craniocervical junction. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 Jun;14(6):697-709.

Tubbs RS, Hogan E, Deep A, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ. Lateral cephaloceles: case-based update. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Mar;27(3):345-7.

Tubbs RS, Krishnamurthy S, Verma K, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Mortazavi MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Cavum velum interpositum, cavum septum pellucidum, and cavum vergae: a review. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Nov;27(11):1927-30.

Tubbs RS, Lancaster JR, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Chern JJ, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Morphometry of the outlet of the foramen magnum in crania with atlantooccipital fusion. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 Jul;15(1):55-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Mortazavi MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Félix Vicq d’Azyr (1746-1794): early founder of neuroanatomy and royal French physician. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Jul;27(7):1031-4.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M. Arachnoid granulations of the middle cranial fossa. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Apr;33(3):289.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, D’Antoni AV, Shoja MM, Chern JJ, Cohen-Gadol AA. Anatomical study of the third occipital nerve and its potential role in occipital headache/neck pain following midline dissections of the craniocervical junction. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 Jul;15(1):71-5.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, D’Antoni AV, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Cruveilhier plexus: an anatomical study and a potential cause of failed treatments for occipital neuralgia and muscular and facet denervation procedures. J Neurosurg. 2011 Nov;115(5):929-33

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Intraoperative and anatomical descriptions of intracranial connections between the glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves: clinical implications. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jul;115(1):179-81.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. The intracranial denticulate ligament: anatomical study with neurosurgical significance. J Neurosurg. 2011 Feb;114(2):454-7.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Contralateral spinal accessory nerve for ipsilateral neurotization of branches of the brachial plexus: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jun;114(6):1538-40.

Tubbs RS, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The bishop and anatomist Niels Stensen (1638-1686) and his contributions to our early understanding of the brain. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Jan;27(1):1-6.

Tubbs RS, Nguyen HS, Shoja MM, Benninger B, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. The medial tentorial artery of Bernasconi-Cassinari: a comprehensive review of its anatomy and neurosurgical importance. Acta Neurochir (Wien). 2011 Dec;153(12):2485-90.

Tubbs RS, Rasmussen M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Three nearly forgotten anatomical triangles of the neck: triangles of Beclard, Lesser and Pirogoff and their potential applications in surgical dissection of the neck. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Jan;33(1):53-7.

Tubbs RS, Riech S, Verma K, Loukas M, Mortazavi M, Cohen-Gadol A. Emanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772): pioneer of neuroanatomy. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Aug;27(8):1353-5.

Tubbs RS, Rogers JM, Loukas M, Cömert A, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Anatomy of the palmar branch of the ulnar nerve: application to ulnar and median nerve decompressive surgery. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jan;114(1):263-7.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Lancaster J, Mortazavi MM, Hattab EM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Study of the cervical plexus innervation of the trapezius muscle. J Neurosurg Spine. 2011 May;14(5):626-9.

Tubbs RS, Vahedi P, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA. Harvey Cushing’s experience with treating childhood hydrocephalus: in his own words. Childs Nerv Syst. 2011 Jun;27(6):995-9.

Tubbs RS, Vahedi P, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA. Hubert von Luschka (1820-1875): his life, discoveries, and contributions to our understanding of the nervous system. J Neurosurg. 2011 Jan;114(1):268-72.

Tubbs RS, Verma K, Riech S, Mortazavi MM, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Curé JK, Zurada A, Cohen-Gadol AA. Persistent fetal intracranial arteries: a comprehensive review of anatomical and clinical significance. J Neurosurg. 2011 Apr;114(4):1127-34.

Uppal K, Tubbs RS, Matusz P, Shaffer K, Loukas M. Meckel’s diverticulum: a review. Clin Anat. 2011 May;24(4):416-22.

Vollala V.R., Upadhya S., Nayak S. Enhanced dendritic arborization of hippocampal CA3 neurons by Bacopa monniera extract treatment in adult rats. Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology 2011 52:3 (879-886)

Vollala V.R., Upadhya S., Nayak S. Enhancement of basolateral amygdaloid neuronal dendritic arborization following Bacopa monniera extract treatment in adult rats. Clinics 2011 66:4 (663-671)

Vollala V.R., Upadhya S., Nayak S. Learning and memory-enhancing effect of Bacopa monniera in neonatal rats Bratislava Medical Journal 2011 112:12 (663-669)

Wagner L.M., Dionne J.C., Zive J.R., Rochon P.A. Fall Risk Care Processes in Nursing Home Facilities. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association 2011 12:6 (426-430)

Wartmann CT, Kinsella CR Jr, Tubbs RS, Loukas M. A rare case of a complete left inferior vena cava associated with the symptoms of Dunbar syndrome. Clin Anat. 2011 Mar;24(2):262-5.

Wong F.Y., DiGangi J., Young D., Huang Z.J., Smith B.D., John D. Intimate partner violence, depression, and alcohol use among a sample of foreign-born southeast asian women in an urban setting in the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 2011 26:2 (211-229)

Zurada A, Gielecki J, Shane Tubbs R, Loukas M, Maksymowicz W, Chlebiej M, Cohen-Gadol AA, Zawili?ski J, Nowak D, Michalak M. Detailed 3D-morphometry of the anterior communicating artery: potential clinical and neurosurgical implications. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Aug;33(6):531-8.

Zurada A, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Maksymowicz W, Cohen-Gadol AA, Michalak M, Chlebiej M, Zurada-Zieli?ska A. Three-dimensional morphometrical analysis of the M1 segment of the middle cerebral artery: potential clinical and neurosurgical implications. Clin Anat. 2011 Jan;24(1):34-46.

Zurada A, Gielecki JS, Osman N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Zurada-Zieli?ska A, Bedi N, Nowak D. The study techniques of Asian, American, and European medical students during gross anatomy and neuroanatomy courses in Poland. Surg Radiol Anat. 2011 Mar;33(2):161-9.

School of Veterinary Medicine (54)

Arathy DS, Vanpee G, Belot G, Matthew V, DeAllie C, Sharma R. Antimicrobial drug resistance in Escherichia coli isolated from commercial chicken eggs in Grenada, West indies. West Indian Medical Journal. 2011, 60 (1): 53-56

Brunetti E, Garcia HH, Junghanss T; on behalf of the members of the International CE Workshop in        Lima, Peru, 2009. 2011. Cystic Echinococcosis: Chronic, Complex, and Still Neglected. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011 Jul;5(7):e1146. Epub 2011 Jul 26.

Chikweto A, Kumthekar S,  Tiwari K, Nyack B, Deokar MS, Stratton G, Macpherson CNL, Sharma R, and Dubey JP. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in pigs, sheep, goats and cattle from Grenada West Indies. Journal of Parasitology 97; (5): 950-951 2011.

Chikweto A, McNeil P, Bhaiyat MI, Stone D, and Sharma RN. Neoplastic and nonneoplastic cutaneous tumors of dogs in Grenada, West Indies. ISRN Veterinary Sciences Vol 2011 Article ID 416435, 6 pages.

Chikweto A, Sharma RN, Matthew V. Equine infectious anemia in donkeys from Grenada and Carriacou. W Indian Vet J 9(2) IV (letter to Editor)  2011.

Delannoy CMJ, Houghton J, Fleming N, Feguson HW. Mauve stingers (Pelagia noctiluca) as carriers of the bacterial fish pathogen Tenacibaculum maritimum. Aquaculture 2011;311: 255-257.

Di Concetto S, Mandsager R, Riebold T, et al. Effect of hind limb position on the cranicaudal length of the lumbosacral space in anesthetized dogs. Accepted in 2011 for publication in Vet Anaes and Analges.

Drake M, Amadi V, Zieger U, Johnson R, Hariharan H. Isolation of Salmonella enteric Serovars Jamiana, Rubislaw and Montevideo from majority of Salmonella-positive cane toads (Bufo marinus) from Grenada, and their susceptibility to antimicrobial drugs. J Zoonoses Pub Healthi. 2011. Accepted for publication.

Dunkey B, Chaney KP, Dallap-Schaer BL, Pellegrini-Masini A, Mair TS, Boston R. Putative intestinal hperammonaemia in horses: 36 cases. Equine Vet J 2011; 43(2):133-140.

Feguson HW, Delannoy CMJ, Hay S, Nicolson SJ, Sutherland D, Crumlish M. Jellyfish as vectors of bacterial disease for farmed salmon (Salmo salar). J Vet Diagn Invest 2011;22: 376-382.

Fernandez AL, Lee JA, Rahilly LJ, et al. The use of intravenous lipid emulsion as an antidote in veterinary toxicology. J Vet Emergency & Critical Care 2012;21(5)578.

Fisher E and Macpherson CNL. Update on Neglected Tropical Diseases of the Western Hemisphere. Infectious Diseases: Research and Treatment doi: 10.4137/IDRT.S7401 (2011).

Gibson K, Pastenkos G, Moesta S, et al. Neorickettsia risticii surface-exposed proteins: Proteomics identification, recognition by naturally-infected horses and strain variations. Vet Res 2011;42(1):71 PMID 21635728.

Gopalarkrishnan A, Venmathi Maran BA, Velmurugu P, Rajkumar M, Sun J, Balasubramanian T, Ferguson HW. Neoplasia in the Indian oil sardine, Sardinella longiceps (Actinopterygii; Clupeidae) and the great barracuda, Sphyraena barracuda (Actinopterygii: Sphyraenidae) from the southeast coast of India. J Fish Dis 2011;34:881-885.

Green TA, Arble JB, Chew DJ, et al. Diagnosis and management of ureteroceles in two female dogs. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2011; 47(2):138-144.

Guerrero TG, Makara M, Katiofsky K, Fluckiger MA, Morgan JP, Haessig M, Montavon PM. Comparison of healing of the osteotomy gap after tibial tuberosity advancement with and without the use of autogenous cancellous bone graft. Vet Surg 2011;40: 27-33.

Guerrero TG, Pozzi A, Dunbar N, Kipfer N, Haessig M, Horodyski M, Montavon PM. Effect of tibial tuberosity advancement on the contact mechanics and the alignment of the patellofemoral and femorotibial joints. Vet Surg 2011; 40:839-848.

Hariharan H, Brathwaite-Sylvester E, Matthew V. Clinical isolates of bacteria from domestic cats in Grenada. West Indian Veterinary Journal. 2009, 9(2); 14-16 (printed in 2011).

Hariharan H, Brathwaite-Sylvester E., Mathew V. Antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical isolates of Pseudomonas aeryginosa from dogs in Grenada. West Indian Veterinary Journal. 2009, 9(2): 1-3 (printed in 2011)

Hariharan H, Matthew V, Fountain J, Snell A, Doherty D, King B, Shemer E, Oliveira S, Sharma RN. Aerobic bacteria from mucous membranes, ear canals and skin wounds of feral cats in Grenada and the antimicrobial drug susceptibility of major isolates. Comparative Immunology Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. 34; 2011,129-134.

Hariharan H, Rodrigues A, Hariharan S. Update on Guillain-Barre Syndrome like conditions in animals. Webmed Central VETERINARY MEDICINE 2011: 2 (6) 1-9.

Higginbotham MJ, Johnson GC, Levesque DC. Mixed cavernous and vacular malformation at the crebellopontine angle in a dog. Vet Path Submitted in 2011.

Higginbotham MJ, Levesque DC. A review of neuroendoscopy and potential applications in veterinary medicine. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc 2011;47:73-82.

Hofmeister EH, Brainard BM, Braun C, Figueiredo JP. Effect of a heat-moisture exchanger on heat loss in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs undergoing single-limb orthopedic procedures. J Vet Med Assoc In press December 2011.

Hug SA, Guerrero TG, Makara M, Kummer M, Grest P, Bettchart R, Schwarzwald CC. Diagnosis and surgical cellophane banding of an intrahepatic congenital portosystemic shunt in a foal. J Vet Intern Med 2011;26:171-177.

Kalchofner-Guerrero KS. Perioperative schmerztherapie beim hund(perioperative pain management in dogs). Veterinarspiegel 2011;21:76-82 In German.

Kuhn K, Ohlerth S, Makara M, Haasig M, Guerrero TG. Radiographic and ultrasonographic evaluation of the patellar ligament following tibial tuberosity advancement. Vet Radiol and Ultrasound 2011;4:466-471.

Lanza perea M, Kumthekar SM, Sabarinath A, Karpathy SE, Sharma RN, and Stone DM. Doxycycline treatment of asymptomatic dogs seropositive for Ehrlichia canis. West Indian Veterinary Journal 2009 9(2); 11-13 (Printed in 2011).

Lawson CL, Reichle JK, McKlveen T, Smith MO. Imaging findings in dogs with caudal intervertebral disc hermiation. Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2011;52(5):487-491.

Lawson CL. Author of to columns entitled, Radiographic projections of the pelvis and interpretation of pelvic radiography. S Cal Vet Med Assoc Pulse 2011 May and June.

Makera M, Dennler M, Kuhn K, Kalchofner K, Kircher P. Effect of contrast medium injection duration on peak enhancement and time to peak enhancement of canine pulmonary arteries. Vet Radiol and Ultrasound 2011;doi:10.111/j740-8261.2011.018850.x. (E-publication ahead of print).

Marcos-Lopez M, Waltzek TB, Hedrick RP, Baxa D, Garber A, Forward B, Backman S, Ferguson HW. Transmission electron microscopy, molecular characterization, and in situ hybridization of a new hespesvirus GagHV1) in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) gills. J Vet Diagn Invest 2011;24:65-73.

Mitchell D, Vanderdussen D. Mite-Away quick strip honey flow efficacy trial. Am Bee J 2011;150(5):487-489.

Ozegbe PC, Aire TA, Deokar MS. The cytoskeleton proteins in the contractile tissues of the testis and its excurrent ducts of the passerine bird, Masked Weaver (Ploceus velatus). Tissue and Cell DOI:10.1016/jtice.2011.10.002.Also Tissue Cell 2012;44:22-31.

Pinckney RD, Paterson TE. Make your diagnosis: Aberrant migration of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs. Clinician’s Brief 2011, 9(3), 73-76.

Pinckney RD, Paterson TE. Worms found during bladder expression. NAVC Clin Brief. In press 2011.

Rebsamen, E., Furst, A., Hagen, R. Kalchofner, K. S., Kummer, M. Outcome and radiographic assessment of the development of osteoarthritis in 15 horses with rupture of collateral metatarsophageal joints. Pferdeheilkunde 27: 141-146; 2011.

Rodrigues A, Hariharan H, Nimrod S. Occurrence and antimicrobial drug resistance of potential bacterial pathogens from shellfish, including Queen Conchs (Strombus Gigus) and Whelks (Cittarium pica) in Grenada. Webmed Central MICROBIOLOGY; 2011; 2 (5), 1-11.

Rush EM, Ogburn AL, Garner MM. Neurofibromatosis in a California sea lion (Zalopohus californianus) with ocular amyloidosis. 2011; J Zoo Wildl Med. In Press.

Rush EM, Ogburn AL, Monroe D. “Diagnosis, treatment and management of a progressive case of cardiac disease in a Western Lowland Gorilla (Gorilla gorilla)” 2011 Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine 42(2): 263-276

Rush EM, Turner T, Oburn AL, Urban R, Sidebothum C, LaVasser A, Montgomery R. Implantation of a titanium prosthesis in a white-naped crane with a tarsometatarsal fracture. J. AMS 2011; in final review/press 2011.

Rush, EM. Yabapox. In Napier, J.E. and K. C. Gamble (eds). Infectious Diseases of   Concern to Captive and Free Ranging Animals in North America, 1st ed. 2011. Infectious Disease Committee, American Association of Zoo Veterinarians, Yulee, Florida. 374 pp. Website address: http://www.aazv.org/displaycommon.cfm?an=1&subarticlenbr=754..

Sabarinath A, Sabarinath GP, Tiwari KP, Kumthekar SM, Thomas D, and Sharma RN. Virological and Serological Surveillance of Avian Influenza Virus in the birds of Grenada. International Journal of Poultry Science 10 (8) 579-582, 2011.

Sabarinath A, Sabarinath GP,Tiwari KP, Kumthekar SM, Thomas D and Sharma RN. Seroprevalence of Infectious bronchitis virus in birds in Grenada. International Journal of Poultry Science 10 (4): 266-268, 2011.

Sabarinath A, Tiwari K,, DeAllie C, Belot G, Vanpee M, Matthew V, Sharma R, Hariharan H. Antimicrobial resistance and phylogenetic groups of commensal Escherichia coli isolates from healthy pigs in Grenada. Webmed Central VETERINARY MEDICINE 2011, 2(5) 1-10.

Streubel R, Makara M, Guerrero TG. Medial pancarpal arthrodesis in three cats with the Compact 2.0 LOCK TM Mandible Plate System. Vet and Compar Orthopae and Traumatol 2011;24(2):294-298.

Torgerson PR and Macpherson CNL. The socioeconomic burden of parasitic zoonoses: global trends. Veterinary Parasitology 2011;182: 79-95.

Van den Wollenberg L, Butler CM, Houwers DJ, et al. Lawsonia intracellularis-associated proliferative enteritis in weanling foals in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 2011;136:565-570.

Van den Wollenberg L, Butler CM, Houwers DJ, et al. Lawsonia intracellularis-associated proliferative enteritis in weanling foals in the Netherlands. Tijdschrift voor Diergeneeskunde 2011;136:565-570.

Werners AH, Bryant CE. An invited review on endotoxaemia and septicaemia in the horse was submitted to Equine Vet J in 2011.

Werners AH, Bryant CE. Pathogen recognition receptors in equine endotoxaemia and septicaemia was submitted to Equine Vet J in 2011.

Williams CF, Poddubnaya LG, Scholz T, Turnbull JF, Ferguson HW. Pathological changes associated with the tapeworm Monobathrium wageneri (Caryophyllidea) in the intestinal tract of tench Tinca tinca. Dis of Aquatic Organisms 2011;97:143-154.

Yabsley MJ, McKibben J, Macpherson CN, Lanza Louw, M et al. Prevalence of Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, Babesia canis vogeli, Hepatozoon canis, Bartonella vinsonii berkhoffi, and Richettsia spp. In dogs from Grenada. Vet Parasitol 151:279-285.

Zieger U, Trelease H, Winkler N, Matthew V and Sharma R. Bacterial contamination of Leatherback Turtle (Dermochelys coricea) eggs and sand at Levera beach Grenada, West Indies- a preliminary study. West Indian Veterinary Journal. 2009, 9(2): 21-26 Printed in 2011).

2010 Publications

School of Medicine (86)

Apaydin N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Duparc F: Review of the surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve and the anatomic basis of its iatrogenic and traumatic injury. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(3): 193-201. LINK

Ayach B.B., Korda H. Commentary: Type 2 diabetes epidemic in first nations people of Canada. Ethnicity and Disease 2010 20:3 (300-303)

Babel N, Sakpal SV, Chamberlain RS.  The Page kidney phenomenon secondary to a traumatic fall.  Eur J Emerg Med. 2010 Feb;17(1):24-6.

Bhusnurmath S.R. Molecular pathology for the general pathologist: Second oration of the Indian college of pathologists. Indian Journal of Pathology and Microbiology 2010 53:2 (209-216)

Brown MA, Sakpal SV, Chamberlain RS.  Mucobilia: current aspects in the management of a rare cause of malignant biliary obstruction.  J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci. 2010 May;17(3):205-10.

Cahill P.J., Marvil S., Cuddihy L., Schutt C., Idema J., Clements D.H., Antonacci M.D., Asghar J., Samdani A.F., Betz R.R. Autofusion in the immature spine treated with growing rods. Spine 2010 35:22 (E1199-E1203)

Gilloteaux J, Jamison JM, Neal DR, Loukas M, Doberzstyn T, Summers JL: Cell damage and death by autoschizis in human bladder (RT4) carcinoma cells resulting from treatment with ascorbate and menadione. Ultrastruct Pathol 2010; 34(3): 140-60. LINK

Go PH, Meadows MC, Deleon EM, Chamberlain RS. Elastofibroma dorsi: A soft tissue masquerade.  Int J Shoulder Surg. 2010 Oct;4(4):97-101.

Gupta N., Lau C., Al-Dehneh A., Daoko J., Vazir A., Parikh R., Agarwal A., Newton W., Dhillon W., Gupta I., Pandya D., Debari V.A., Hamdan A., Shamoon F., Bikkina M. Importance of performing transesophageal echocardiography in acute stroke patients older than fifty. Echocardiography 2010 27:9 (1086-1092)

Gwede CK, William CM, Thomas KB, et al.: Exploring disparities and variability in perceptions and self-reported colorectal cancer screening among three ethnic subgroups of u. S. Blacks. Oncol Nurs Forum 2010; 37(5): 581-91. LINK

Hlavacek A, Loukas M, Spicer D, Anderson RH: Anomalous origin and course of the coronary arteries. Cardiol Young 2010; 20 Suppl 3: 20-5. LINK

Hoover DJ, Paragi PR, Santoro E, Schafer S, Chamberlain RS.  Prophylactic mastectomy in high risk patients: a practice-based review of the indications. Do we follow guidelines?  Breast Dis. 2010;31(1):19-27.

Kabuusu R.M., Keku E.O., Kiyini R., McCann T.J. Prevalence and patterns of self-reported animal-related injury among veterinarians in metropolitan Kampala Journal of Veterinary Science 2010 11:4 (363-365)

Khalili M, Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Alakbarli F, Newman AJ: Illustration of the heart and blood vessels in medieval times. Int J Cardiol 2010; 143(1): 4-7. LINK

Khan Y., Tisman G. ica in iron deficiency: A case series Journal of Medical Case Reports 2010 4 Article Number 86

Kim A., Biteman B., Malik U.F., Siddique S., Martin M.R., Ali S.A., Maboud N., Raja S., Zachry A., Mahmoud A. A case of pseudohyperkalemia in a patient presenting with leucocytosis and high potassium level: A case report. Cases Journal 2010 3:2 Article Number 73

Klaassen Z, Paragi PR, Chamberlain RS. Adult Mesenchymal Hamartoma of the Liver:  Case Report and Literature Review. Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2010 Mar 13;4(1):84-92.

LaPorta L.D. Occupational Stress in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons: Tendencies, Traits, and Triggers Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Clinics of North America 2010 22:4 (495-502)

Loukas M, Akiyama M, Shoja MM, Yalcin B, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA: John Browne (1642-1702): anatomist and plagiarist. Clin Anat 2010; 23(1): 1-7. LINK

Loukas M, Colborn GL, Tubbs RS: John Elias Skandalakis, MD, PhD, FACS (1920-2009). Clin Anat 2010; 23(3): 332-4. LINK

Loukas M, El-Zammar D, Tubbs RS, et al.: A review of the T2 segment of the brachial plexus. Singapore Med J 2010; 51(6): 464-7. LINK

Loukas M, Klaassen Z, Merbs W, Tubbs RS, Gielecki J, Zurada A: A review of the thoracic splanchnic nerves and celiac ganglia. Clin Anat 2010; 23(5): 512-22. LINK

Loukas M, Klaassen Z, Tubbs RS, et al.: Anatomical observations of the moderator band. Clin Anat 2010; 23(4): 443-50. LINK

Loukas M, Lanteri A, Ferrauiola J, et al.: Anatomy in ancient India: a focus on the Susruta Samhita. J Anat 2010; 217(6): 646-50. LINK

Loukas M, Pennell C, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA: Sir John Struthers (1823-1899) and his ligament and arcade. Neurosurgery 2010; 66(6): 1170-3; discussion 1173. LINK

Loukas M, Saad Y, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM: The heart and cardiovascular system in the Qur’an and Hadeeth. Int J Cardiol 2010; 140(1): 19-23. LINK

Loukas M, Shah R, Tubbs S, Merbs W: Multiple variations of the hepatobiliary vasculature including a splenomesenteric trunk. Singapore Med J 2010; 51(1): e6-8. LINK

Loukas M, Shea M, Shea C, Lutter-Hoppenheim M, Zand P, Tubbs RS, Cohen-Gadol AA. Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): his life and contributions to neuroanatomy. J Neurosurg. 2010 Jun;112(6):1192-6.

Loukas M, Sullivan A, Tubbs RS, Weinhaus AJ, Derderian T, Hanna M: Chiari’s network: review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(10): 895-901. LINK

Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Comment on “Locating the arcuate line of Douglas: Is it of surgical significance?” Clin Anat 2010; 23(2): 246. LINK

Macpherson C, R M: Symposium editorial: African perspectives. DWB 2010(10): 30-33.

Macpherson C: An ethical imperative to use reprocessed medical equipment. Acad Med 2010; 85(9): 1397; author reply 1397. LINK

Macpherson C: Public health, bioethics and policy: Protecting our health and environment. International Public Health Journal 2010; 2(4): 535-540. LINK

Macpherson CC, Veatch RM: Medical student attitudes about bioethics. Camb Q Healthc Ethics 2010; 19(4): 488-96. LINK

Macpherson CC: The egg hunt. Hastings Cent Rep 2010; 40(6): 4. LINK

Malik U.F., Young R., Pham H.D., McCon A., Shen B., Landres R., Mahmoud A. Whole-animal senescent cytotoxic T cell removal using antibodies linked to magnetic nanoparticles. Chronic presentation of Boerhaave’s syndrome. BMC Gastroenterology 2010 10 Article Number 29

Meadows MC, Chamberlain RS. A Review on the Status of Natural Orifice Transluminal Endoscopic Surgery (NOTES) Cholecystectomy: Techniques and Challenges. Open Access Surgery. 2010:3 73–86

Meadows MC, Sun X, Dardik M, Tarantino DR, Chamberlain RS.  Intraabdominal Intravascular Papillary Endothelial Hyperplasia (Masson’s Tumor): A Rare and Novel Cause of Gastrointestinal Bleeding.  Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2010 Mar 20;4(1):124-132.

Messam L.L.McV., O’Brien J.M., Hietala S.K., Gardner I.A. Effect of changes in testing parameters on the cost-effectiveness of two pooled test methods to classify infection status of animals in a herd Preventive Veterinary Medicine 2010 94:3-4 (202-212)

Naik A., Mian T., Abraham A., Rajput V. Iliac vein compression syndrome: An underdiagnosed cause of lower extremity deep venous thrombosis. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2010 5:7 (E12-E13)

Nashed C, Sakpal SV, Cherneykin S, Chamberlain RS. Medullary thyroid carcinoma metastatic to skin. J Cutan Pathol. 2010 Dec:37(12):1237-1240.

Nashed C, Sakpal SV, Shusharina V, Chamberlain RS.  Eosinophilic cholangitis and cholangiopathy: a sheep in wolves clothing.  HPB Surg. 2010;2010:906496. Epub 2010 Nov 7.

O’Neill A.T., Sanchez-Crespo J., Charles F., Fakokunde A., Yoong W. Hip pain in pregnancy: An unusual case of venous thrombosis. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2010 30:7 (732-733)

Patel RH, Pedersen K, Kotelnikova S: The bacteriological analysis and health risks in the urban estuary of St. George’s Bay, Grenada, West Indies. J Environ Health 2010; 73(2): 22-6. LINK

Pearson J.F., Bachireddy C., Shyamprasad S., Goldfine A.B., Brownstein J.S. Association between fine particulate matter and diabetes prevalence in the U.S. Diabetes Care 2010 33:10 (2196-2201)

Pellerin M, Kimball Z, Tubbs RS, et al.: The prefixed and postfixed brachial plexus: a review with surgical implications. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(3): 251-60. LINK

Quinn G.P., Ellery J., Thomas K.B., Marshall R. Developing a common language for using social marketing: An analysis of public health literature. Health Marketing Quarterly 2010 27:4 (334-353)

Rebo J., Causey K., Zealley B., Webb T., Hamalainen M., Cook B., Schloendorn J. Whole-animal senescent cytotoxic T cell removal using antibodies linked to magnetic nanoparticles. Rejuvenation Research 2010 13:2-3 (298-300)

Sakpal SV, Bindra SS, Chamberlain RS. Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy Conversion Rates Two Decades Later.  JSLS. 2010 Oct-Dec;14(4):476-483.

Sakpal SV, Fried K, Chamberlain RS.  Jejunal Diverticulitis: A Rare Case of Severe Peritonitis.  Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2010 Nov 3;4(3):492-497.

Schaaf D, Eurell T, Johnson T: Cultured human keratinocytes for optical transmission measurement. J Biophotonics 2010; 3(3): 161-8. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ardalan MR, Loukas M, Phagava H, Cohen-Gadol AA: A testimony to the history of heart and lung transplantation: English translation of Demikhov’s paper, “Transplantation of the Heart, Lungs and other Organs”. Int J Cardiol 2010; 143(3): 230-4. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ghabili K, Loukas M, Oakes WJ, Cohen-Gadol AA: Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis. Childs Nerv Syst 2010; 26(3): 373-6. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Khalili M, Khodadoost K, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA: Esmail Jorjani (1042-1137) and his descriptions of trigeminal neuralgia, hemifacial spasm, and bell’s palsy. Neurosurgery 2010; 67(2): 431-4. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Ghabili K, Agutter PS: The sub-peritoneal arterial plexus of Sir William Turner. Ann Anat 2010; 192(4): 194-8. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shokouhi G, Loukas M. Wang Qingren and the 19th century Chinese doctrine of the bloodless heart. Int J Cardiol. 2010 Nov 19;145(2):305-6.

Sreekumar E, Issac A, Nair S, et al.: Genetic characterization of 2006-2008 isolates of Chikungunya virus from Kerala, South India, by whole genome sequence analysis. Virus Genes 2010; 40(1): 14-27. LINK

Stefanoudaki E, Williams M, Harwood J: Changes in virgin olive oil characteristics during different storage conditions. European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology 2010; 112(8): 906-914. LINK

Tichauer M, Sakpal SV, Chamberlain RS. Right Ventricular Pneumocardia Secondary to Hepatic Abscesses. Case Rep Gastroenterol. 2010 Nov;4(3):498-501.

Tubbs RS, Dixon J, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA: Regional vascular relationships to the foramen ovale: an anatomical study with application to approaches to the external skull base with an emphasis on transcutaneous procedures for the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia. J Neurosurg 2010; 113(3): 493-7. LINK

Tubbs RS, Dixon J, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Ligament of Barkow of the craniocervical junction: its anatomy and potential clinical and functional significance. J Neurosurg Spine 2010; 12(6): 619-22. LINK

Tubbs RS, Dixon JF, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Relationship between the internal laryngeal nerve and the triticeal cartilage: a potentially unrecognized compression site during anterior cervical spine and carotid endarterectomy operations. Neurosurgery 2010; 66(6 Suppl Operative): 187-90; discussion 190. LINK

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Morphometric analysis of the foramen magnum: an anatomic study. Neurosurgery 2010; 66(2): 385-8; discussion 388. LINK

Tubbs RS, Griessenauer CJ, Loukas M, Zurada A, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: The enigmatic clival canal: anatomy and clinical significance. Childs Nerv Syst 2010; 26(9): 1207-10. LINK

Tubbs RS, Johnson PC, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Anatomical landmarks for localizing the buccal branch of the trigeminal nerve on the face. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(10): 933-5. LINK

Tubbs RS, Jones VL, Loukas M, et al.: Anatomy and landmarks for branches of the brachial plexus: a vade mecum. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(3): 261-70. LINK

Tubbs RS, Levin MR, Loukas M, Potts EA, Cohen-Gadol AA: Anatomy and landmarks for the superior and middle cluneal nerves: application to posterior iliac crest harvest and entrapment syndromes. J Neurosurg Spine 2010; 13(3): 356-9. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Apaydin N, et al.: Correlation between the lengths of the upper limb and cubital tunnel: potential use in patients with proximal ulnar nerve entrapment. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(3): 239-42. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Callahan JD, Cohen-Gadol AA: A novel approach to the upper anterior thoracic spine: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg Spine 2010; 13(3): 346-50. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Dixon J, Cohen-Gadol AA: Compression of the cervical internal carotid artery by the stylopharyngeus muscle: an anatomical study with potential clinical significance. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2010; 113(4): 881-4. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, May WR, Cohen-Gadol AA: A variation of the infraorbital nerve: its potential clinical consequence especially in the treatment of trigeminal neuralgia: case report. Neurosurgery 2010; 67(3 Suppl Operative): onsE315; discussion onsE315. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: John Murray Carnochan (1817-1887): the first description of successful surgery for trigeminal neuralgia. J Neurosurg 2010; 112(1): 199-201. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Refined and simplified surgical landmarks for the MacCarty keyhole and orbitozygomatic craniotomy. Neurosurgery 2010; 66(6 Suppl Operative): 230-3. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M: Errare humanum est perseverare diabolicum. Clin Anat 2010; 23(1): 128. LINK

Tubbs RS, Marshall T, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: The sublime bridge: anatomy and implications in median nerve entrapment. J Neurosurg 2010; 113(1): 110-2. LINK

Tubbs RS, Noordeh N, Parmar A, et al.: Reliability of Poirier’s triangle in localizing the thoracic duct in the thorax. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(8): 757-60. LINK

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ, Cohen-Gadol A: William Henry Battle and Battle’s sign: mastoid ecchymosis as an indicator of basilar skull fracture. J Neurosurg 2010; 112(1): 186-8. LINK

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: Surgical challenges associated with the morphology of the spinal accessory nerve in the posterior cervical triangle: functional or structural? J Neurosurg Spine 2010; 12(1): 22-4. LINK

Tucker A., Ogutu D., Yoong W., Nauta M., Fakokunde A. The unbooked mother: A cohort study of maternal and foetal outcomes in a North London hospital Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2010 281:4 (613-616)

Uz A, Apaydin N, Cinar SO, et al.: A novel approach for anterior sciatic nerve block: cadaveric feasibility study. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(9): 873-8. LINK

Veatch RM, Macpherson CC: Medical school oath-taking: the moral controversy. J Clin Ethics 2010; 21(4): 335-45. LINK

Weger N, Klaassen Z, Sturt C, Hertz S. Endovascular Treatment of a Pseudoaneurysm After an Iatrogenic Axillary Artery Injury. Ann Vasc Surg. 2010 Aug;24(6):826.e9-826.e12.

Weger N., Klaassen Z., Sturt C., Hertz S. Endovascular treatment of a pseudoaneurysm after an iatrogenic axillary artery injury. Annals of Vascular Surgery 2010 24:6 (826.e9-826.e12)

Yousuf S, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Kapos T, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M: A review of the gross anatomy, functions, pathology, and clinical uses of the buccal fat pad. Surg Radiol Anat 2010; 32(5): 427-36. LINK

Zurada A, Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Cohen-Gadol AA, Chlebiej M, Maksymowicz W, Nowak D, Zawili?ski J, Michalak M. Three-dimensional morphometry of the A2 segment of the anterior cerebral artery with neurosurgical relevance. Clin Anat. 2010 Oct;23(7):759-69.

Zurada A, St Gielecki J, Tubbs RS, et al.: Three-dimensional morphometry of the A1 segment of the anterior cerebral artery with neurosurgical relevance. Neurosurgery 2010; 67(6): 1768-82; discussion 1782. LINK

School of Veterinary Medicine (20)

Arathy DS, Tripathy DN, Sabarinath GP, et al.: Preliminary molecular characterization of a fowl poxvirus isolate in Grenada. Avian Dis 2010; 54(3): 1081-5.

Chaney KP, Holcombe SJ, Schott HC, 2nd, Barr BS: Spurious hypercreatininemia: 28 neonatal foals (2000-2008). J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio) 2010; 20(2): 244-9.

Corrigan AM, Behrend EN, Martin LG, Kemppainen RJ: Effect of glucocorticoid administration on serum aldosterone concentration in clinically normal dogs. Am J Vet Res 2010; 71(6): 649-54.

Del-Pozo J, Crumlish M, Ferguson HW, Green DM, Turnbull JF: A prospective longitudinal study of “Candidatus arthromitus”-associated rainbow trout gastroenteritis in the UK. Prev Vet Med 2010; 94(3-4): 289-300.

Del-Pozo J, Crumlish M, Turnbull JF, Ferguson HW: Histopathology and ultrastructure of segmented filamentous bacteria-associated rainbow trout gastroenteritis. Vet Pathol 2010; 47(2): 220-30.

Del-Pozo J, Turnbull J, Ferguson H, Crumlish M: A comparative molecular study of the presence of “Candidatus arthromitus” in the digestive system of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), healthy and affected with rainbow trout gastroenteritis. J Fish Dis 2010; 33(3): 241-50.

Del-Pozo J, Turnbull JF, Crumlish M, Ferguson HW: A study of gross, histological and blood biochemical changes in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), with rainbow trout gastroenteritis (RTGE). J Fish Dis 2010; 33(4): 301-10.

Ferguson HW, Delannoy CM, Hay S, Nicolson J, Sutherland D, Crumlish M: Jellyfish as vectors of bacterial disease for farmed salmon (Salmo salar). J Vet Diagn Invest 2010; 22(3): 376-82.

Fernandez C, Chikweto A, Mofya S, et al.: A serological study of Dirofilaria immitis in feral cats in Grenada, West Indies. J Helminthol 2010; 84(4): 390-3.

Hariharan H, Matthew V, Fountain J, et al.: Aerobic bacteria from mucous membranes, ear canals, and skin wounds of feral cats in Grenada, and the antimicrobial drug susceptibility of major isolates. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2010; 34(2): 129-34.

Kabuusu RM, Keku EO, Kiyini R, McCann TJ. Prevalence and patterns of self –reported animal-related injury among veterinarians in metropolitan Kampala. J Vet Sci 2010;11(4):363-5.

Kabuusu RM, Stroup DF, Fernandez C: Risk factors and characteristics of canine transmissible venereal tumours in Grenada, West Indies. Vet Comp Oncol 2010; 8(1): 50-5.

Kamashi K, Baggot JD, Sharma R. Medicinal properties of Neem (Azadirachita indica): Review Article. West Indian Veterinary Journal, 2010; 9 (1), 37-52.

Martinez and Rudolfo Bruhl Day. Extra hepatic biliary system surgery. Veterinary Focus, 20 (3)24-30; 2010.

Miller RS, Miller WG, Behringer M, Hariharan H, Matthew V, Oyarzabal OA. DNA identification and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated from caecal samples of chickens in Grenada. Journal of Applied Microbiology. 108, 2010; 1041-1049.

Ozegbe PC, Kimaro W, Madekurozwa MC, Soley JT, Aire TA. The excurrent ducts of the testis of the emu(Dromaius novahollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus): Microstereology of the epididymus and immunohistochemistry of its cytoskeletal systems. Anat Histol Embrol 2010:39(1):7-16.

Rosypal AC, Tripp S, Kinlaw C, Sharma RN, Stone D, Dubey JP.  Seroprevalence of canine Leishmaniasis and American Trypanosomiasis in dogs from Grenada, West Indies. J. Parasitol. 96 (1), 2010; 228-229.

Rush EM, Ogburn AL, Hall J, et al.: Surgical implantation of a cardiac resynchronization therapy device in a western lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) with fibrosing cardiomyopathy. J Zoo Wildl Med 2010; 41(3): 395-403.

Schaaf D, Eurell T, Johnson T. Cultured human keratinocytes for optical transmission measurement. J Biophotonics 2010:3(3):161-8.

Sreekumar E, Isaac A, Nair S, Hariharan R, Janki MB, Arathy, Regu R, Mathes T, Anoop M, Niyas KP, Pillai MR. Genetic characterization of 2006-2008 isolates of Chinkungunya virus from Kerala, South India, by whole genome sequence analysis. Virus Genes 2010;40(1):14-27.

2009 Publications

School of Medicine (102)

Anderson RH, Loukas M. The importance of attitudinally appropriate description of cardiac anatomy. Clin Anat. 2009 Jan;22(1):47-51.

Anderson RH, Loukas M: Introduction to the special issue on cardiac anatomy. Clin Anat 2009; 22(1): 2-3. LINK

Anderson RH, Smerup M, Sanchez-Quintana D, Loukas M, Lunkenheimer PP: The three-dimensional arrangement of the myocytes in the ventricular walls. Clin Anat 2009; 22(1): 64-76. LINK

Apaydin N, Bozkurt M, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Esmer AF: The course of the inferior gluteal nerve and surgical landmarks for its localization during posterior approaches to hip. Surg Radiol Anat 2009; 31(6): 415-8. LINK

Apaydin N, Bozkurt M, Loukas M, Vefali H, Tubbs RS, Esmer AF. Relationships of the sural nerve with the calcaneal tendon: an anatomical study with surgical and clinical implications. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009 Dec;31(10):775-80.

Apaydin N, Bozkurt M, Loukas M, Vefali H, Tubbs RS, Esmer AF: Relationships of the sural nerve with the calcaneal tendon: an anatomical study with surgical and clinical implications. Surg Radiol Anat 2009. LINK

Apaydin N, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Duparc F: Review of the surgical anatomy of the axillary nerve and the anatomic basis of its iatrogenic and traumatic injury. Surg Radiol Anat 2009. LINK

Azizi B., Whelan T., Morse M. Renal tumors and the risk of malignancy based on size. The Canadian journal of urology 2009 16:6 (4921-4923)

Babel N, Paragi P, Chamberlain RS.  Management of Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell Lymphoma: An Algorithmic Approach.  Case Rep Oncol. 2009 Feb 28;2(1):36-43.

Babel N, Sakpal SV, Paragi P, Wellen J, Feldman S, Chamberlain RS.  Iatrogenic bile duct injury associated with anomalies of the right hepatic sectoral ducts: a misunderstood and underappreciated problem.  HPB Surg. 2009;2009:153269.

Babel N, Sakpal SV, Shah S, Feldman S, Chamberlain RS.  Chronic diaphragmatic hernia: a delayed problem requiring urgent response.  ANZ J Surg. 2009 Oct;79(10):754-5.

Bindra S, S.V. S, S. C, R.S. C: Location! Location!! Location!!! The Salient Feature of Atypical Lipomatous Tumors. Journal of Pelvic Medicine and Surgery 2009; 15(6): 467-470.

Bindra SS, Sakpal SV, Cherneykin S, Chamberlain RS. Location! Location!! Location!!! The Salient Clinical Feature of Atypical Lipomatous Tumors. J Pelv Med Surg. 2009 Nov-Dec;15(6):467-470.

Chamberlain RS, Korvick D, Mootoo M, Story S, Dubiel B, Sharpnack D. Can Harmonic Focus Curved Shear Effectively Seal the Pancreatic Ducts and Prevent Pancreatic Leak? Feasibility Evaluation and Testing in Ex Vivo and In Vivo Porcine Models. J Surg Res. 2009;157:279-283.

Chamberlain RS, Sakpal SV.  A comprehensive review of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES) techniques for cholecystectomy.  J Gastrointest Surg. 2009 Sep;13(9):1733-40.

Charfen M.A., Ipp E., Kaji A.H., Saleh T., Qazi M.F., Lewis R.J. Detection of undiagnosed diabetes and prediabetic states in high-risk emergency department patients. Academic Emergency Medicine 2009 16:5 (394-402)

Chikweto A., Bhaiyat M.I., Macpherson C.N.L., DeAllie C., Pinckney R.D., Richards C., Sharma R.N. Existence of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies Veterinary Parasitology 2009 162:1-2 (160-162)

Cox Macpherson C, Aarons D: Overcoming Barriers to Pain Relief in the Caribbean. Developing World Bioethics 2009(9): 99-104.

Cox Macpherson C: Time for physicians to take action on climate change. Acad Med 2009; 84(7): 817. LINK

Cox Macpherson C: Undertreated pain: A challenge for physicians and patients. Journal of Medical Ethics 2009; 35: 603-606.

Dayes I., Schnarr K., Julian J., Sathya J., Boreham D. In Reply to Dr. Azria et al. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 2009 75:4 (1275-1276)

Dubey J.P., Lappin M.R., Kwok O.C.H., Mofya S., Chikweto A., Baffa A., Doherty D., Shakeri J., MacPherson C.N.L., Sharma R.N. Seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii and concurrent bartonella spp., feline immunodeficiency virus, and feline leukemia virus infections in cats from Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology 2009 95:5 (1129-1133)

Elci OC, Akpinar-Elci M: Occupational exposures and laryngeal cancer among non-smoking and non-drinking men. Int J Occup Environ Health 2009; 15(4): 370-3. LINK

Gielecki J, Zurada A, Kozlowska H, Nowak D, Loukas M: Morphometric and volumetric analysis of the middle cerebral artery in human fetuses. Acta Neurobiol Exp (Wars) 2009; 69(1): 129-37. LINK

Gomez A., Atallah W., Bidaisee S., Patel C., Amuleru-Marshall O. The centrality of community dynamics in the socio-economic recovery of devastated communities. The West Indian medical journal 2009 58:5 (441-445)

Jiménez J.I., Vansach T., Yoshida W.Y., Sakamoto B., Pörzgen P., Horgen F.D. Halogenated fatty acid amides and cyclic depsipeptides from an eastern Caribbean collection of the cyanobacterium Lyngbya majuscula. Journal of Natural Products 2009 72:9 (1573-1578)

Karatas A, Apaydin N, Uz A, Tubbs SR, Loukas M, Gezen F: Regional anatomic structures of the elbow that may potentially compress the ulnar nerve. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 2009; 18(4): 627-31. LINK

Keenan J., Sharma R., Dicker R., Rayner J., Stone D. Seroprevalence of Leptospira in Rattus Norvegicus in Grenada, West Indies. West Indian Medical Journal 2009 58:2 (114-117).

Kibble J.D. A peer-led supplemental tutorial project for medical physiology: Implementation in a large class. American Journal of Physiology – Advances in Physiology Education 2009 33:2 (111-114)

Louis RG, Jr., Loukas M, Wartmann CT, et al.: Clinical anatomy of the mastoid and occipital emissary veins in a large series. Surg Radiol Anat 2009; 31(2): 139-44. LINK

Loukas M, Bilinsky S, Bilinsky E, el-Sedfy A, Anderson RH: Cardiac veins: a review of the literature. Clin Anat 2009; 22(1): 129-45. LINK

Loukas M, Bilinsky S, Bilinsky E, Petru M, Anderson RH: The clinical anatomy of the coronary collateral circulation. Clin Anat 2009; 22(1): 146-60. LINK

Loukas M, Grabska J, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Jordan R: Mapping the axillary nerve within the deltoid muscle. Surg Radiol Anat 2009; 31(1): 43-7. LINK

Loukas M, Groat C, Khangura R, Owens DG, Anderson RH: The normal and abnormal anatomy of the coronary arteries. Clin Anat 2009; 22(1): 114-28. LINK

Loukas M, Noordeh N, Tubbs RS, Jordan R: Variation of the axillary arch muscle with multiple insertions. Singapore Med J 2009; 50(2): e88-90. LINK

Loukas M, Saad Y, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM: The heart and cardiovascular system in the Qur’an and Hadeeth. Int J Cardiol 2009. LINK

Loukas M, Shane Tubbs R, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: An endoscopic and anatomical approach to the septal papillary muscle of the conus. Surg Radiol Anat 2009. LINK.

Loukas M, Shea M, Shea C, et al.: Jean Baptiste Paulin Trolard (1842-1910): his life and contributions to neuroanatomy. J Neurosurg 2009. LINK.

Loukas M, Strike DR, Tubbs RS, Tarneja N, Shoja MM: An interrupted inferior vena cava in a situs inversus. Case report and review of the literature. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2009; 68(3): 184-7. LINK

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG Jr, Apaydin N, Bartczak A, Huseng V, Alsaiegh N, Fudalej M. An endoscopic and anatomical approach to the septal papillary muscle of the conus. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009 Nov;31(9):701-6.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Musculus dorsoepitrochlearis. Clin Anat 2009; 22(6): 782. LINK

Loukas M, Tubbs S, Louis RG, Jr., Apaydin N: Princeps pollicis artery arising from the superficial palmar arch. Singapore Med J 2009; 50(11): e391-2. LINK

Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the sinutubular junction. Anat Sci Int 2009; 84(1-2): 27-33. LINK

Lynn K.N., Werder G.M., Callaghan R.M., Sullivan A.N., Jafri Z.H., Bloom D.A. Pediatric blunt splenic trauma: A comprehensive review. Pediatric Radiology 2009 39:9 (904-916)

MacPherson C., Aarons D. Overcoming barriers to pain relief in the caribbean Developing World Bioethics 2009 9:3 (99-104)

MacPherson C.C. Time for physicians to take action on climate change Academic Medicine 2009 84:7 (817)

McIntosh KH, Moore JB, Elci OC: Predisposing factors related to adolescent sexuality among students in rural and urban school-based health centers in eastern North Carolina. J Public Health Manag Pract 2009; 15(3): E16-22. LINK

Ngatia P, Kimotho V: Retention of clinical officers in southern Sudan: a tracer study of Maridi National Health Training Institute (NHTI) Graduates. Medicine & Health 2010 2009: 42-44.

Occhipinti LL, Carleton CL, Holcombe SJ, Chaney KP, Agnew DW: Theriogenology question of the month. Scoliosis. J Am Vet Med Assoc 2009; 234(6): 751-3. LINK

Pakkanen K, Kirjavainen S, Makela AR, et al.: Parvovirus capsid disorders cholesterol-rich membranes. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2009; 379(2): 562-6. LINK

Rutledge SE, Abell N, Padmore J, McCann TJ: AIDS stigma in health services in the Eastern Caribbean. Sociol Health Illn 2009; 31(1): 17-34. LINK

Sakpal SV, Addis M, Chamberlain RS.  Rapid progression of multiple splanchnic artery aneurysms.  Surgery. 2009 May;145(5):573-4.

Sakpal SV, Babel N, Chamberlain RS.  Surgical management of hepatolithiasis.  HPB (Oxford). 2009 May;11(3):194-202.

Sakpal SV, Babel N, Pulinthanathu R, Denehy TR, Chamberlain RS.  Krukenberg tumor: metastasis of Meckel’s diverticular adenocarcinoma to ovaries.  J Nihon Med Sch. 2009 Apr;76(2):96-102.

Sakpal SV, McCarthy CS, Addis MD, Chamberlain RS.  Acute progression of multiple visceral artery aneurysms.  Clin Imaging. 2009 Mar-Apr;33(2):137-9.

Sakpal SV, Mehta R, Babel N, Chamberlain RS.  Peripheral artery leiomyosarcoma.  J Vasc Surg. 2009 Jan;49(1):217-21.

Sakpal SV, Patel C, Chamberlain RS.  Near lethal endometriosis and a massive (64 kg) endometrioma: case report and review of the literature.  Clin Exp Obstet Gynecol. 2009;36(1):49-52.

Sakpal SV, Sexcius L, Babel N, Chamberlain RS.  Agenesis of the dorsal pancreas and its association with pancreatic tumors.  Pancreas. 2009 May;38(4):367-73.

Sakpal SV, Tichauer M, Chamberlain RS. Hepatic venous gas and pneumocardia. Dig Liver Dis. 2009 Dec;41(12):915-916.

Schioler KL, Macpherson CN: Dengue transmission in the small-island setting: investigations from the Caribbean island of Grenada. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2009; 81(2): 280-6. LINK

Schnarr K., Boreham D., Sathya J., Julian J., Dayes I.S. Radiation-Induced Lymphocyte Apoptosis to Predict Radiation Therapy Late Toxicity in Prostate Cancer Patients. International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics 2009 74:5 (1424-1430)

Service MW, Macpherson CNL: George Stanley Nelson. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 2009; 103: 369-370.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ghabili K, Loukas M, Oakes WJ, Cohen-Gadol AA: Johan Georg Raeder (1889-1959) and paratrigeminal sympathetic paresis. Childs Nerv Syst 2009. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Khalili M, Alakbarli F, Cohen-Gadol AA: Vasovagal syncope in the Canon of Avicenna: The first mention of carotid artery hypersensitivity. Int J Cardiol 2009; 134(3): 297-301. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Ardalan MR: Facial palsy and its management in the Kitab al-Hawi of Rhazes. Neurosurgery 2009; 64(6): 1188-90; discussion 1190-1. LINK

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shokouhi G, Loukas M: Wang Qingren and the 19th century Chinese doctrine of the bloodless heart. Int J Cardiol 2009. LINK

Snodgrass L, Blunt R: The Value of Play for Conflict Management: a Case Study. South African Journal of Education 2009; 29(1).

Stefanoudaki E, Williams M, Chartzoulakis K, Harwood J: Olive oil qualitative parameters after orchard irrigation with saline water. J Agric Food Chem 2009; 57(4): 1421-5. LINK

Story SK, Chamberlain RS. A comprehensive review of evidence-based strategies to prevent and treat postoperative ileus. Dig Surg. 2009:26(4):265-275.

Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Uz A, et al.: Anatomy of the lateral intermuscular septum of the arm and its relationships to the radial nerve and its proximal branches. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2009; 111(2): 336-9. LINK

Tubbs RS, Apaydin N, Uz A, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the ligament of Barkow at the proximal tibiofibular joint. Surg Radiol Anat 2009; 31(3): 161-3. LINK

Tubbs RS, Bailey M, Barrow WC, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Morphometric analysis of the craniocervical juncture in children with Chiari I malformation and concomitant syringobulbia. Childs Nerv Syst 2009; 25(6): 689-92. LINK

Tubbs RS, El-Zammar D, Loukas M, Comert A, Cohen-Gadol AA: Intradural cervical root adjacent interconnections in the normal, prefixed, and postfixed brachial plexus. J Neurosurg Spine 2009; 11(4): 413-6. LINK

Tubbs RS, El-Zammar D, Rogers ME, et al.: The existence of hypoglossal root ganglion cells in adult humans: potential clinical implications. Surg Radiol Anat 2009; 31(3): 173-6. LINK

Tubbs RS, Groat C, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Cohen-Gadol AA: Pierre Dionis (1643-1718): surgeon and anatomist. Singapore Med J 2009; 50(4): 447-9. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Hill M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Richard Lower (1631-1691): acknowledging his notablecontributions to the exploration of the nervous system. Historical vignette. J Neurosurg 2009; 111(5): 1096-101. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Kato D, Ardalan MR, Shoja MM, Gadol AA: The evolution of the study of anatomy in Japan. Clin Anat 2009; 22(4): 425-35. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja M: Two cases of persistent falcine sinus. World J Pediatr 2009; 5(3): 234; author reply 234. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Bellew MP, Cohen-Gadol AA: Surface landmarks for the junction between the transverse and sigmoid sinuses: application of the “strategic” burr hole for suboccipital craniotomy. Neurosurgery 2009; 65(6 Suppl): 37-41; discussion 41. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Emergency transorbital ventricular puncture: refinement of external landmarks. J Neurosurg 2009; 111(6): 1191-2. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Wilhelm His (1831-1904) and his contributions to neuroanatomy. Childs Nerv Syst 2009; 25(12): 1613-5. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: The contralateral long thoracic nerve as a donor for upper brachial plexus neurotization procedures: cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg 2009; 110(4): 749-53. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Wellons JC, Cohen-Gadol AA: Feasibility of ventricular expansion postmortem: a novel laboratory model for neurosurgical training that simulates intraventricular endoscopic surgery. J Neurosurg 2009; 111(6): 1165-7. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM. The vertebral nerve. Surg Radiol Anat. 2009 Dec;31(10):823-4.
Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Yalcin B, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: Classification and clinical anatomy of the first spinal nerve: surgical implications. J Neurosurg Spine 2009; 10(4): 390-4. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M: Hic locus est Ubi Mortui Viveuntes Docent. Clin Anat 2009; 22(8): 942. LINK

Tubbs RS, Marshall T, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA: The sublime bridge: anatomy and implications in median nerve entrapment. J Neurosurg 2009. LINK

Tubbs RS, May WR, Jr., Apaydin N, et al.: Ossification of ligaments near the foramen ovale: an anatomic study with potential clinical significance regarding transcutaneous approaches to the skull base. Neurosurgery 2009; 65(6 Suppl): 60-4; discussion 64. LINK

Tubbs RS, McDaniel JG, Burns AM, Kumbla A, Cossey TD, Apaydin N, Comert A, Acar HI, Tekdemir I, Shoja MM, Loukas M. Anatomy of the reflected ligament of the inguinal region. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2009;50(4):689-91.

Tubbs RS, Menendez J, Loukas M, et al.: The petrosal nerves: anatomy, pathology, and surgical considerations. Clin Anat 2009; 22(5): 537-44. LINK

Tubbs RS, Miller J, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Shokouhi G, Cohen-Gadol AA: Surgical and anatomical landmarks for the perineal branch of the posterior femoral cutaneous nerve: implications in perineal pain syndromes. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2009; 111(2): 332 5. LINK

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M: Acrel’s ganglion. Clin Anat 2009; 22(3): 420. LINK

Tubbs SR, Loukas M, Apaydin N, et al.: Correlation between the lengths of the upper limb and cubital tunnel: potential use in patients with proximal ulnar nerve entrapment. Surg Radiol Anat 2009. LINK

Tubbs SR, McDaniel JG, Burns AM, et al.: Anatomy of the reflected ligament of the inguinal region. Rom J Morphol Embryol 2009; 50(4): 689-91. LINK

Tubbs SR, Shah NA, Sullivan BP, et al.: The costoclavicular ligament revisited: a functional and anatomical study. Rom J Morphol Embryol 2009; 50(3): 475-9. LINK

Wartmann CT, Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Letter to the editor, on Arcuate Line. Anatomical Science International 2009; 84: 266-267.

Wartmann CT, Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Zygomaticofacial, zygomaticoorbital, and zygomaticotemporal foramina. Clin Anat 2009; 22(5): 637-8. LINK

Weng H.-Y., Messam L.L.M., Hertz-Picciotto I. Three of the authors reply American Journal of Epidemiology 2009 170:10 (1320-1321)

Williams N, Forde M: Ergonomics and obesity. Appl Ergon 2009; 40(1): 148-9. LINK

Yalcin B, Hurmeric V, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Ozan H: Accessory levator muscle slips of the levator palpebrae superioris muscle. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol 2009; 37(4): 407-11. LINK

Yoong W., Ray A., Phillip S.A. Balloon tamponade for postpartum vaginal lacerations in a woman refusing blood transfusion. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2009 106:3 (261)

Yousuf S, Shane Tubbs R, Wartmann CT, Kapos T, Cohen-Gadol AA, Loukas M: A review of the gross anatomy, functions, pathology, and clinical uses of the buccal fat pad. Surg Radiol Anat 2009. LINK

School of Veterinary Medicine (18)

Bhaiyat M, Hariharan H, Chikweto A, et al.: Concurrent lymphosarcoma and Salmonella enteritidis in a cat: a case report. Vet Med-Czech 2009; 54(9): 451-454.

Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI, Macpherson C, et al.: Existence of Angiostrongylus cantonensis in rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies. Vet Parasitol 2009; 162(1-2): 160-2.

Chikweto A, Bhaiyat MI, Sharma R, deAllie C, P.E. M: Angiomatous lesions of the skin of dogs in Grenada. Journal of Commonwealth Veterinary Association 2009; 25: 29-31.

Coomansingh, C., R. D. Pinckney, M. I. Bhaiyat, A. Chikweto, S. Bitner, A. Baffa, and R. Sharma. Prevalence of parasites in wild rats in Grenada, West Indies. West Indian Veterinary Journal, 2009, 9(1).17-21.

Dubey JP, Lappin MR, Kwok OC, et al.: Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii and concurrent Bartonella spp., feline immunodeficiency virus, and feline leukemia virus infections in cats from Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2009; 95(5): 1129-33.

Hariharan H, Sharma R, Chikweto A, Matthew V, DeAllie C: Antimicrobial drug resistance as determined by the E-test in Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, and C. lari isolates from the ceca of broiler and layer chickens in Grenada. Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis 2009; 32(1): 21-8.

Holcombe SJ, Rodriguez KM, Haupt JL, et al.: Prevalence of and risk factors for postoperative ileus after small intestinal surgery in two hundred and thirty-three horses. Vet Surg 2009; 38(3): 368-72.

Keenan J, Sharma R, Decker R, Rayner J, Stone D: Seroprevalence of Leptospira in Rattus norvegicus in Grenada, West Indies. W Indian Med J 2009; 58(2): 114-117.

Martinez CM, Chung YH, Ishler VA, Bailey KW, Varga GA: Effects of dietary forage level and monensin on lactation performance, digestibility and fecal excretion of nutrients, and efficiency of feed nitrogen utilization of Holstein dairy cows. J Dairy Sci 2009; 92(7): 3211-21.

Mbajiorgu, E. F. Aire, T. A., Volk, W. and Albert, M. (2009). Effects of ethanol and/or chloroquine with low protein dietary intake on some biochemical parameters in male rats. Afr. J. Food Agric. Nutr. Dev. 9: 1023-1042.

Miller RS, Miller WG, Behringer M, Hariharan H, Matthew V, Oyarzabal OA: DNA identification and characterization of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolated from caecal samples of chickens in Grenada. J Appl Microbiol 2009.

Ozegbe PC, Kimaro W, Madekurozwa MC, Soley JT, Aire TA: The excurrent ducts of the testis of the emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus): Microstereology of the epididymis and immunohistochemistry of its cytoskeletal systems. Anat Histol Embryol 2009; 39(1): 7-16.

Paterson T, Halliwell R, Fields P, et al.: Treatment of canine generalized demodicosis: a blind, randomized clinical trail comparing the efficacy of Advocate Bayer Animal Health) with ivermectin. Vet Dermatol 2009; 20: 447-455.

Roopnarine RR, Ammons D, Adesiyun AA: Application of immunomagnetic separation (IMS) for the detection of Escherichia coli O157 on dairy farms in Trinidad. West Indian Veterinary Journal 2009; 9(1): (In Press).

Roopnarine RR, Ammons D, Adesiyun AA: Frequency of antimicrobial resistance of E. coli isolates from dairy farms in Trinidad by source and presence of virulence markers. Veterinarski Arhiv 2009; 79(3): 229-243.

Rosypal AC, Tripp S, Kinlaw C, Sharma RN, Stone D, Dubey JP: Seroprevalence of Canine Leishmaniasis and American Trypanosomiasis in Dogs from Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2009: 1.

Rutrecht S, Brown M: Differential virulence in a multiple-host parasite of bumble bees: resolving the paradox of parasite survival? Oikos 2009; 118: 941-949.

Sivanandan V, Dragon L, Hariharan H, Chikweto A, Matthew V, Sharma RN: Phaeohyphomycosis of skin caused by Curvularia species fungus in a dog in Grenada. West Ind Vet J. 2009; 8: 81-83.

2008 Publications

School of Medicine (102)

Acar HI, Comert A, Ozer H, et al.: Femoral seating position of the EndoButton in single incision anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: an anatomical study. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(8): 639-43. LINK

Apaydin N, Basarir K, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Uz A, Kinik H: Compartmental anatomy of the superficial fibular nerve with an emphasis on fascial release operations of the leg. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(1): 47-52. LINK

Apaydin N, Bozkurt M, Sen T, et al.: Effects of the adducted or abducted position of the arm on the course of the musculocutaneous nerve during anterior approaches to the shoulder. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(4): 355-60. LINK

Apaydin N, Loukas M, Kendir S, et al.: The precise localization of distal motor branches of the tibial nerve in the deep posterior compartment of the leg. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(4): 291-5. LINK

Apaydin N, Uz A, Elhan A, Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Does an anatomical sphincter exist in the distal esophagus? Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(1): 11-6. LINK

Apaydin N, Uz A, Evirgen O, Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Elhan A: The phrenico-esophageal ligament: an anatomical study. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(1): 29-36. LINK

Ardalan MR, Tarzamni MK, Ghafari A, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM: Do mechanical fluid laws dictate the branching pattern of the renal artery? Transplant Proc 2008; 40(1): 111-3. LINK

Bauer DF, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS: Study of the effects of flexion on the position of the conus medullaris. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(9): 1043-5. LINK

Blunt R: A Comparison of Medical Students’ Preferences for Structured and Unstructured Peer-Learning. Australasian Journal of Peer Learning 2008; 1(1): 40-50.

Boon JM, van Schoor AN, Abrahams PH, Meiring JH, Welch T: Central venous catheterization–an anatomical review of a clinical skill. Part 2. Internal jugular vein via the supraclavicular approach. Clin Anat 2008; 21(1): 15-22. LINK

Bourne P.G. The role of government in nutrition and fitness World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 2008 98 (174-178)

Bruno CK, Kotelnikova S, Pedersen K: Erythrobacter piscidermidis sp. nov., a Halotolerant, Alkalitolerant Marine Bacterium Isolated from Sparisoma viridae in Grenada. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology 2008: 1-13.

Bruno, C., Kotelnikova, S., K. Pedersen. ”Aerococcus piscidermidis sp. nov., a Halotolerant, Alkalitolerant Aarine Bacterium Isolated from Sparisoma viridae in Grenada”. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM), IJSEM paper no. IJS/2008/001107]

Buckingham B., Wilson D.M., Lecher T., Hanas R., Kaiserman K., Cameron F. Duration of nocturnal hypoglycemia before seizures. Diabetes Care 2008 31:11 (2110-2112).

Delgado M., Cuéllar M.P., Pegalajar M.C. Multiobjective hybrid optimization and training of recurrent neural networks. IEEE transactions on systems, man, and cybernetics. Part B, Cybernetics: a publication of the IEEE Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Society 2008 38:2 (381-403)

Ercan I, Ozdemir ST, Etoz A, et al.: Facial asymmetry in young healthy subjects evaluated by statistical shape analysis. J Anat 2008; 213(6): 663-9. LINK
LINK.

Loukas M, Clarke P, Tubbs RS, Kapos T, Trotz M: The His family and their contributions to cardiology. Int J Cardiol 2008; 123(2): 75-8. LINK

Loukas M, Clarke P, Tubbs RS, Kolbinger W: Adam Christian Thebesius, a historical perspective. Int J Cardiol 2008; 129(1): 138-40. LINK

Loukas M, Diala el Z, Tubbs RS, et al.: A review of the distribution of the arterial and venous vasculature of the diaphragm and its clinical relevance. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(3): 159-65. LINK

Loukas M, El-Sedfy A, Tubbs RS, Gribben WB, Shoja MM, Cermakova A: Vincent Alexander Bochdalek (1801-1883). World J Surg 2008; 32(10): 2324-6. LINK

Loukas M, El-Zammar D, Shoja MM, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the triangle of Grynfeltt. Hernia 2008; 12(3): 227-31. LINK

Loukas M, Kinsella CR, Jr., Kapos T, Tubbs RS, Ramachandra S: Anatomical variation in arterial supply of the mandible with special regard to implant placement. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2008; 37(4): 367-71. LINK

Loukas M, Lam R, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Apaydin N: Ibn al-Nafis (1210-1288): the first description of the pulmonary circulation. Am Surg 2008; 74(5): 440-2. LINK

Loukas M, Linganna S, Chiba A, Tubbs RS: Sunao Tawara, a cardiac pathophysiologist. Clin Anat 2008; 21(1): 2-4. LINK

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Tubbs RS, Wartmann C, Colborn GL: Intra-abdominal laparoscopic pudendal canal decompression – a feasibility study. Surg Endosc 2008; 22(6): 1525-32. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: An anatomic investigation of the serratus posterior superior and serratus posterior inferior muscles. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(2): 119-23. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, Turan-Ozdemir S, Kramer J: The clinical anatomy of the communications between the radial and ulnar nerves on the dorsal surface of the hand. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(2): 85-90. LINK.

Loukas M, Merbs W, Tubbs RS, Curry B, Jordan R: Levator glandulae thyroideae muscle with three slips. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(4): 273-6. LINK.

Loukas M, Myers C, Shah R, et al.: Arcuate line of the rectus sheath: clinical approach. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(3): 140-4. LINK.

Loukas M, Myers CS, Wartmann Ch T, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the cephalic vein in the deltopectoral triangle. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(1): 72-7. LINK.

Loukas M, Noordeh N, Shoja MM, Pugh J, Oakes WJ, Tubbs RS: Hans Chiari (1851-1916). Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(3): 407-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Owens DG, Tubbs RS, Spentzouris G, Elochukwu A, Jordan R: Zygomaticofacial, zygomaticoorbital and zygomaticotemporal foramina: anatomical study. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(2): 77-82. LINK.

Loukas M, Shah R, Esmaeili E, Bangeholm A, Tubbs RS, Jordan R: A case of May-Thurner syndrome. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(3): 214-7. LINK.

Loukas M, Shoja MM, Thurston T, Jones VL, Linganna S, Tubbs RS: Anatomy and biomechanics of the vertebral aponeurosis part of the posterior layer of the thoracolumbar fascia. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(2): 125-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Sullivan A, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM: Levator claviculae: a case report and review of the literature. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(4): 307-10. LINK.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Shoja M: Lumbar hernia, anatomical basis and clinical aspects. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(7): 609-10. LINK.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Stewart D: An abnormal variation of the brachial plexus with potential clinical significance. West Indian Med J 2008; 57(4): 403-5. LINK.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Tongson JM, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the crista terminalis, pectinate muscles and the teniae sagittalis. Ann Anat 2008; 190(1): 81-7. LINK.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS: Intersection patterns of human coronary veins and arteries. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(3): 179-80; author reply 181. LINK.

Loukas M, Wartmann Ch T, Tubbs RS, et al.: Morphologic variation of the diaphragmatic crura: a correlation with pathologic processes of the esophageal hiatus? Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(4): 273-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Tubbs RS, et al.: Right ventricular false tendons, a cadaveric approach. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(4): 317-22. LINK.

Loukas M, Zhan XL, Tubbs RS, Mirchandani D, Shoja MM: The ansa subclavia: a review of the literature. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(3): 166-70. LINK.

Macpherson C, Kenny N: Professionalism and the basic sciences: an untapped resource. Med Educ 2008; 42(2): 183-8. LINK.

Macpherson CC: An International Perspective on American Bioethics. American Society for Bioethics and Humanities 2008; 11(1): 3,10.

Manninen M, Teppola H, Linne ML, Jalonen TO: Cell Level Current and Voltage Measurements in One Cell and Cellular Networks. Solutason virta- ja jännitemittaukset: yhdestä solusta soluverkkoihin. Solubiologi 2008; 26(2): 9-19.

Niessen, L., Koutang, F.M., Zapf, M., Fog Nielsen, K., Kotelnikova, S., Lorenz, M., Vogel, R.F. “Incidence of Potential Aflatoxin Producing Fungi During Nutmeg Production at the Island of Grenada and Application of Essential Oils as a Measure of Control”. J. Natural Products, 2007, pp. 45-55.

Ramaiah VL, Ramsey A, Lenet A, et al.: Impact of Behavioral Intervention on Management of Hypertension in Grenada: Preliminary Report. West Indian Med J 2008; 57 (Suppl 2): 1-64.

Roiha T, Sarkanen JR, Vasarvuori A, Jalonen TO: The Effect of Manganese on Human SH-SY5Y Neuroblastoma Cells. Mangaanin vaikutus ihmisen SH-SY5Y neuroblastooma-soluihin. Solubiologi 2008; 26(2): 20-27.

Shakeri A, Shoja M, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Ardalan M: Screening for renal artery stenosis in patients with aorticoiliac occlusive disease. Vasa 2008; 37(4): 333-7. LINK.

Shakeri AB, Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Ghabili K, Rahimi-Ardabili B, Loukas M: Screening for thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms in patients with aortoiliac atherosclerosis: a preliminary study. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(1): 78-83.

Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Tubbs RS, et al.: The relationship between the internal jugular vein and common carotid artery in the carotid sheath: the effects of age, gender and side. Ann Anat 2008; 190(4): 339-43. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Ardalan MR. Wrong theories on the origin of blood vessels: Polybus and De Natura Hominis. Int J Cardiol. 2008 Jun 6;126(3):313-5.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Ardalan MR: Adolf Wallenberg (1862-1949): physician and neuroanatomist. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(9): 979-81. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Ardalan MR: The Aristotelian account of “heart and veins”. Int J Cardiol 2008; 125(3): 304-10. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Ardalan MR: Wrong theories on the origin of blood vessels: Polybus and De Natura Hominis. Int J Cardiol 2008; 126(3): 313-5. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Ardalan MR: Marie-Francois Xavier Bichat (1771-1802) and his contributions to the foundations of pathological anatomy and modern medicine. Ann Anat 2008; 190(5): 413-20. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Jerry Oakes W. Emil Zuckerkandl (1849-1910): anatomist and pathologist. Ann Anat. 2008;190(1):33-6. Erratum in: Ann Anat. 2009 Apr;191(2):229.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Jerry Oakes W: Emil Zuckerkandl (1849-1910): anatomist and pathologist. Ann Anat 2008; 190(1): 33-6. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G: The split flexor digitorum superficialis. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(2): 103-7. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shakeri A, et al.: Peri-hilar branching patterns and morphologies of the renal artery: a review and anatomical study. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(5): 375-82. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shokouhi G, Loukas M, Ghabili K, Ansarin K: The potential role of carbon dioxide in the neuroimmunoendocrine changes following cerebral ischemia. Life Sci 2008; 83(11-12): 381-7. LINK.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Shokouhi G, Loukas M, Ghabili K, Oakes WJ: The middle perforated substance of the diencephalon. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(2): 97-101. LINK.

Smyth MD, Narayan P, Tubbs RS, et al.: Cumulative diagnostic radiation exposure in children with ventriculoperitoneal shunts: a review. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(4): 493-7. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Gribben WB, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Tubbs KO, Oakes WJ: Franz Kaspar Hesselbach (1759–1816): anatomist and surgeon. World J Surg 2008; 32(11): 2527-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Hill M, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Volumetric analysis of the posterior cranial fossa in a family with four generations of the Chiari malformation Type I. J Neurosurg Pediatr 2008; 1(1): 21-4. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Hill M, May WR, et al.: Does the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve traverse the cavernous sinus? An anatomical study and review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(1): 37-40. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Linganna S, Loukas M: Matteo Realdo Colombo (c. 1516-1559): the anatomist and surgeon. Am Surg 2008; 74(1): 84-6. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: Histopathological basis for neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine 2008; 8(4): 347-51. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: Suprascapular nerve as a donor for extracranial facial nerve reanimation procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg 2008; 108(1): 145-8. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: The velum interpositum revisited and redefined. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(2): 131-5. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: Use of the clavicle in anterior cervical discectomy/corpectomy fusion procedures: cadaveric feasibility study. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(3): 337-41. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Apaydin N, Ardalan MR, Oakes WJ: Lateral lakes of Trolard: anatomy, quantitation, and surgical landmarks. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2008; 108(5): 1005-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Apaydin N, Ardalan MR, Shokouhi G, Oakes WJ. Costanzo Varolio (Constantius Varolius 1543-1575) and the Pons Varolli. Neurosurgery. 2008 Mar;62(3):734-7; discussion 734-7.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Apaydin N, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: The intriguing history of the human calvaria: sinister and religious. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(4): 417-22. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan M, Oakes WJ: Ibn Jazlah and his 11th century accounts (Taqwim al-abdan fi tadbir al-insan) of disease of the brain and spinal cord. Historical vignette. J Neurosurg Spine 2008; 9(3): 314-7. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Oakes WJ: Richard Lower (1631-1691) and his early contributions to cardiology. Int J Cardiol 2008; 128(1): 17-21. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Cohen-Gadol AA, Wellons JC, 3rd, Oakes WJ: Roots of neuroanatomy, neurology, and neurosurgery as found in the Bible and Talmud. Neurosurgery 2008; 63(1): 156-62; discussion 162-3. LINK

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Doyle S, Wellons JC, 3rd: Retained hand function following transection of the ulnar nerve. Bratisl Lek Listy 2008; 109(6): 281-2. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: Contributions of the fourth spinal nerve to the brachial plexus without prefixation. J Neurosurg Spine 2008; 8(6): 548-51. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: Costanzo Varolio (Constantius Varolius 1543-1575) and the Pons Varolli. Neurosurgery 2008; 62(3): 734-7; discussion 734-7. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ. The venous circle of Trolard. Bratisl Lek Listy. 2008;109(4):180-1.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Salter F, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: Use of autologous scapula for cranioplasty: cadaveric feasibility study. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(8): 955-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Shokouhi G, Oakes WJ: Francois Magendie (1783-1855) and his contributions to the foundations of neuroscience and neurosurgery. J Neurosurg 2008; 108(5): 1038-42. LINK.

Tubbs RS, May WR, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: Peroneotalocalcaneus muscle. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(4): 280-2. LINK.

Tubbs RS, McKinley JE, Joseph DB, et al.: Isolated intraspinal germinoma in a child with congenital adrenal hyperplasia. Spinal Cord 2008; 46(10): 707-8. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Michelson J, Loukas M, et al.: The transverse genicular ligament: anatomical study and review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(1): 5-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Parmar A, Noordeh N, et al.: Surgical anatomy of the radial nerve and profunda brachii artery within the triangular interval. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(3): 129-34. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Pearson B, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Phrenic nerve neurotization utilizing the spinal accessory nerve: technical note with potential application in patients with high cervical quadriplegia. Childs Nerv Syst 2008; 24(11): 1341-4. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Rizek P, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan M, Oakes WJ: Massive diminution of the cervical spine: one case report. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(2): 75-81. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shaffer WA, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Harrigan MR, Oakes WJ: Intraluminal septation of the basilar artery: incidence and potential clinical significance. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2008; 67(3): 193-5. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shaffer WA, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: The long thoracic nerve as a donor for facial nerve reanimation procedures: cadaveric feasibility study: laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2008; 108(6): 1225-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Ardalan MR, Shokouhi G, Loukas M: Hindbrain herniation: A review of embryological theories. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(1): 37-46. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M: An unusual finding of the posterior cranial fossa: one case report. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(2): 83-6. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M: Anatomical landmarks to the superficial and deep palmar arches. Plast Reconstr Surg 2008; 122(4): 1292; author reply 1292-3. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M: Bony eminence on the middle cranial fossa corresponding to the temporomandibular joint. Clin Anat 2008; 21(6): 609. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Shokouhi G, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Insertion of the pectoralis major into the shoulder joint capsule. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(4): 291-3. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Kelly DR, et al.: Immunohistochemical study of the phrenic ganglion. Anat Sci Int 2008; 83(3): 159-61. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Yablick MW, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan M, Oakes WJ: Capsular attachment of the brachialis muscle (Portal’s muscle): an anatomical and functional study. Surg Radiol Anat 2008; 30(3): 229-32. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Zhan L, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Ardalan M, Oakes WJ: Fourth ventriculoceles with extracranial extension: one case report. Ital J Anat Embryol 2008; 113(2): 87-90. LINK.

Tubbs SR, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: The venous circle of Trolard. Bratisl Lek Listy 2008; 109(4): 180-1. LINK.

Williams M, Harwood JL: Characterisation of lipoxygenase isoforms from olive callus cultures. Phytochemistry 2008; 69(14): 2532-8. LINK.

Williams, N., Forde, M. “Letter to the Editor: Ergonomics and Obesity”, Applied Ergonomics 40 (2009) 148-149.

School of Veterinary Medicine (23)

Aire TA, Ozegbe PC, Soley JT, Madekurozwa MC: Structural and immunohistochemical features of the epididymal duct unit of the ostrich (Struthio camelus). Anat Histol Embryol 2008; 37(4): 296-302.

Aire TA, Ozegbe PC: Immunohistochemistry of the cytoskeleton in the excurrent ducts of the testis in birds of the Galloanserae monophyly. Cell Tissue Res 2008; 333(2): 311-21.

Banga RK, Singh GK, Chauhan RS: Histoarchitechtural and Histochemical Studies during Development of Thymus in Chick Embryo. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 2008; 10(1): 53-55.

Caldwell, E. Cappon, O. Amuleru Marshal, R. Sharma, H. Russell, M.V. Gittens, D. Stone. Seroprevalence of Leptospirosis in dogs in Grenada, West Indies. West Indian Veterinary Journal, 2008, 8 (2)

Capon E, Caldwell G, Gittens-St. Hilaire M, et al.: Seroprevalence of Leptospira in dogs in Grenada, West Indies. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(2): 50-55.

Chikweto A, Sharma R, Matthew V, et al.: Seroprevalence of West Nile virus in donkeys in Grenada and Carriacou. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(1): 32-33.

Coomansingh C, Pinckney RD, Bhaiyat MI, et al.: Prevalence of parasites in wild rats in Grenada, West Indies. West Indian Veterinary Journal 2008; In Press.

Dubey JP, Stone D, Kwok OC, Sharma RN: Toxoplasma gondii and Neospora caninum antibodies in dogs from Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2008; 94(3): 750-1.

Elias MZ, Aire TA, Soley JT: Macroscopic features of the venous drainage of the reproductive system of the male ostrich (Struthio camelus). Onderstepoort J Vet Res 2008; 75(4): 289-98.

Glenn ME, Bensen KJ: Forest structure and tree species composition of the Grand Etang Forest on Grenada, West Indies, pre-Hurricane Ivan. Caribbean Journal of Science 2008; 44(3): 395-401.

Hariharan H, Brathwaite E, Sivanandan V, Matthew V: Antibiotic susceptibility of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus intermedius and Staphylococcus aureus from dogs in Grenada. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(2): 62-66.

Hariharan H, Chikweto A, Bhaiyat M, Brathwaite E, Sharma R: Isolation of Aerococcus viridans from a hepatitis outbreak in a broiler flock in Grenada. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8: 72-76.

Hariharan H, Oliveira S, Sharma R, V M: Antimicrobial drug resistance and genetic diversity of commensal Escherichia coli from ceca of chickens in Grenada. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(1): 3-10.

Hariharan H, Sharma S, Chikweto A, Matthew V: Enterobacteriaceae in Chicken Ceca in Grenada and Susceptibility of Escherichia coliIsolates to fluoroquinolones. West Indian Veterinary Journal 2008; 7: 8-11.

Hariharan, Simon Oliveira and S. Sharma. Isolation of Aerococcus viridans from an outbreak of hepatitis in a broiler flock in Grenada. West Indian Veterinary Journal, 2008, 8 (2), 72-76.

Keenan L, Chikweto A, Sharma R, Stone D: Seroprevalence of Hanta virus in Rattus norvegicus in Grenada, West Indies. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(2): 67-71.

Mbajiorgu E, Aire T, Volk W, Albert M: Low protein diet enhances the toxicity of combined ethanol and chloroquine administration on gonadal weight, seminiferous tubular diameter and epithelial height of male Sprague-Dawley rats: a morphometric study. International J Health Sci 2008; 1: 120-126.

Mofya S, Sharma R, Stone D, et al.: Seroepidemiological study of feline leukemia virus and feline immunodeficiency virus in feral and domestic cats in Grenada. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(1): 18-22.

Ozegbe PC, Aire TA, Madekurozwa MC, Soley JT: Morphological and immunohistochemical study of testicular capsule and peritubular tissue of emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus). Cell Tissue Res 2008; 332(1): 151-8.

Pinckney R, Coomansingh C, Bhaiyat M, Chikweto A, Sharma R, Macpherson C: Prevalence of parasites in free range chickens from Grenada, West Indies. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(1): 23-26.

Rutrecht ST, Brown MJ: The life-history impact and implications of multiple parasites for bumble bee queens. Int J Parasitol 2008; 38(7): 799-808.

Sivanandan V, Dragon L, Hariharan H, Chikweto A, Matthew V, Sharma R: Isolation, identification and treatment of Curvularia species fungus from skin lesions of a dog in Grenada, West Indies. W Indian Vet J 2008; 8(2): 72-76.

Yabsley MJ, McKibben J, Macpherson CN, et al.: Prevalence of Ehrlichia canis, Anaplasma platys, Babesia canis vogeli, Hepatozoon canis, Bartonella vinsonii berkhoffii, and Rickettsia spp. in dogs from Grenada. Vet Parasitol 2008; 151(2-4): 279-85.

School of Arts and Sciences (1)

Charles R: National Culture, Worker Motivation and Workplace Goals: An Exploratory Review of their Relationship. The International Journal of Knowledge, Culture and Change Management 2008; 8(10): 135-140.

2007 Publications

School of Medicine (79)

Abell N, Rutledge SE, McCann TJ, Padmore J: Examining HIV/AIDS provider stigma: assessing regional concerns in the islands of the Eastern Caribbean. AIDS Care 2007; 19(2): 242-7.

Conlon M: Canute Caliste: The Assassination of Maurice Bishop. Small Axe, A Caribbean Journal of Criticism, SX 22 No. 22 2007; 11(1): 145-148.

Gomez A, Franco R: Survival Always Trumps Ideology: A Case Study. Human Organiza 2007; 66(3).

Goodmurphy C., Chiodo A., Haig A. The accuracy of needle placement in extremity muscles: A blinded study Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 2007 24:4 (366-378)

Harland E.J., Damodaram M., Musaib-Ali L., Yoong W. Primary amenorrhoea caused by congenital absence of the uterusArchives of Gynecology and Obstetrics 2007 275:3 (199-201).

Jayatilaka S., Shakov R., Eddi R., Bakaj G., Baddoura W.J., DeBari V.A. Clostridium difficile infection in an urban medical center: Five-year analysis of infection rates among adult admissions and association with the use of proton pump inhibitors. Annals of Clinical and Laboratory Science 2007 37:3 (241-247).

Jean Loukas M, Linganna S, Jordan R.Casimir Félix Guyon–urologist and anatomist. Clin Anat. 2007 Jan;20(1):1-2.

Kibble J. Use of unsupervised online quizzes as formative assessment in a medical physiology course: Effects of incentives on student participation and performance. American Journal of Physiology – Advances in Physiology Education 2007 31:3 (253-260)

Liechty P, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, et al.: Spinal accessory nerve meningioma in a paediatric patient: case report. Folia Neuropathol 2007; 45(1): 23-5.

Loukas M, Clarke P, Tubbs RS, Kapos T: Raymond de Vieussens. Anat Sci Int 2007; 82(4): 233-6.

Loukas M, Clarke P, Tubbs RS: Accessory breasts: a historical and current perspective. Am Surg 2007; 73(5): 525-8.

Loukas M, El-Sedfy A, Tubbs RS, Linganna S, Salter EG, Jordan R: Gimbernat y Arbos, Antonio de (1734-1816). World J Surg 2007; 31(4): 855-7.

Loukas M, El-Sedfy A, Tubbs RS, Wartman C: Jules Germain Cloquet (1790-1883)–drawing master and anatomist. Am Surg 2007; 73(11): 1169-72.

Loukas M, Grabska J, Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr.: An unusual union of the intercostobrachial nerve and the medial pectoral nerve. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(4): 356-9.

Loukas M, Jordan R: Comment on “a portrait of Aristotle as an anatomist”. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 712.

Loukas M, Klaassen Z, Tubbs RS, Apaydin N: Popliteal artery aneurysms: a review. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(4): 272-6.

Loukas M, Linganna S, Jordan R: Jean Casimir Felix Guyon–urologist and anatomist. Clin Anat 2007; 20(1): 1-2.

Loukas M, Linganna S, Jordan R: St. George’s University: an anatomist’s experiences during Grenada’s revolution and intervention. Clin Anat 2007; 20(4): 350-6.

Loukas M, Louis RG Jr, Stewart L, Hallner B, DeLuca T, Morgan W, Shah R, Mlejnek J. The surgical anatomy of ulnar and median nerve communications in the palmar surface of the hand. J Neurosurg. 2007 May;106(5):887-93.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Black B, Pham D, Fudalej M, Sharkees M: False tendons: an endoscopic cadaveric approach. Clin Anat 2007; 20(2): 163-9.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT, et al.: Superior phrenic artery: an anatomic study. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(1): 97-102.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT: T2 contributions to the brachial plexus. Neurosurgery 2007; 60(2 Suppl 1): ONS13-8; discussion ONS18.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Wartman CT: Letter to the Editor, Response to Fernando Martínez. Clinical Anatomy 2007; 23: 474.

Loukas M, Louis ZR, Jr., Stewart L, et al.: The surgical anatomy of ulnar and median nerve communications in the palmar surface of the hand. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(5): 887-93.

Loukas M, Pinyard J, Vaid S, Kinsella C, Tariq A, Tubbs RS: Clinical anatomy of celiac artery compression syndrome: a review. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 612-7.

Loukas M, Spentzouris G, Tubbs RS, Kapos T, Curry B: Ruggero Ferdinando Antonio Guiseppe Vincenzo Oddi. World J Surg 2007; 31(11): 2260-5.

Loukas M, Thorsell A, Tubbs RS, et al.: The ansa cervicalis revisited. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(2): 120-5.

Loukas M, Tobola MS, Tubbs RS, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the internal thoracic veins. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(1): 25-32.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Bright JL, Fudalej M, Wagner T, Anderson RH: The anatomy of the tendon of the infundibulum revisited. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(1): 33-8.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, El-Sedfy A, et al.: The clinical anatomy of the triangle of Petit. Hernia 2007; 11(5): 441-4.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Jordan R: Aneurysm of the great cardiac vein. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(2): 169-72.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Pinyard J, Vaid S, Curry B: The cardiovascular system in the pre-Hippocratic era. Int J Cardiol 2007; 120(2): 145-9.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Louis RG, Jr.: Comment on “Superficial palmar communications between the ulnar and median nerves in Turkish cadavers”. Clin Anat 2007; 20(7): 849-50.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS: An accessory muscle within the suboccipital triangle. Clin Anat 2007; 20(8): 962-3.

Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: Cisterna chyli: a detailed anatomic investigation. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 683-8.

Loukas M, Wartmann CT, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: The clinical anatomy of the posterior gastric artery revisited. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(5): 361-6.

Macpherson CC: Global bioethics: did the universal declaration on bioethics and human rights miss the boat? J Med Ethics 2007; 33(10): 588-90.

Ryan TD, Dimmitt RA, Tubbs RS, et al.: Contribution of surgical evacuation of a large subgaleal hematoma to the resolution of severe conjugated hyperbilirubinemia in a neonate. Case report. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(2 Suppl): 131-3.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Ardalan MR, et al.: Anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042-1137) and The treasure of the Khwarazm shah. Neurosurgery 2007; 61(6): 1325-30; discussion 1330-1.

Shoja MM, Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shokouhi G, Oakes WJ: A complex dural-venous variation in the posterior cranial fossa: a triplicate falx cerebelli and an aberrant venous sinus. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(2): 148-51

Sjöberg L., Yearwood R. Impact of a category-3 hurricane on the need for surgical hospital care. Prehospital and disaster medicine : the official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the World Association for Emergency and Disaster Medicine in association with the Acute Care Foundation 2007 22:3 (194-198)

Tubbs RS, Bui CJ, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Partial dorsal rhizotomy for spasticity in children with congenital brain malformations. Report of two cases. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(5 Suppl): 407-9.

Tubbs RS, Bui CJ, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: The horizontal sacrum as an indicator of the tethered spinal cord in spina bifida aperta and occulta. Neurosurg Focus 2007; 23(2): 1-4.

Tubbs RS, Bui CJ, Rice WC, et al.: Critical analysis of the Chiari malformation Type I found in children with lipomyelomeningocele. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(3 Suppl): 196-200.

Tubbs RS, Hansasuta A, Loukas M, et al.: Branches of the petrous and cavernous segments of the internal carotid artery. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 596-601.

Tubbs RS, Hansasuta A, Loukas M, et al.: The basilar venous plexus. Clin Anat 2007; 20(7): 755-9.

Tubbs RS, Hansasuta A, Stetler W, et al.: Human spinal arachnoid villi revisited: immunohistological study and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine 2007; 7(3): 328-31.

Tubbs RS, Johnson PC, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Foramen arcuale: anatomical study and review of the literature. J Neurosurg Spine 2007; 6(1): 31-4.

Tubbs RS, Kelly DR, Pugh JL, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Benign fibrous histiocytoma of the skull base. Case report. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(1 Suppl): 65-7.

Tubbs RS, Linganna S, Loukas M: Franciscus Sylvius (1614-1672): a historical review. Childs Nerv Syst 2007; 23(1): 1-2.

Tubbs RS, Linganna S, Loukas M: Jacobus Sylvius (1478-1555): physician, teacher, and anatomist. Clin Anat 2007; 20(8): 868-70.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Loukas M, Gupta AA, Shoja MM, Oakes J: The first description of the palmaris brevis muscle. J Hand Surg Eur Vol 2007; 32(4): 382-3.

Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Loukas M, Shoja MM, Blount JP: Giant intracranial lipoma. Folia Neuropathol 2007; 45(4): 247-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: Anatomy of the falcine venous plexus. J Neurosurg 2007; 107(1): 155-7.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: Surgical anatomy and landmarks for the basal vein of rosenthal. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(5): 900-2.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Phantana-Angkool A, et al.: Posterior distraction forces of the posterior longitudinal ligament stratified according to vertebral level. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(8): 667-70.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Remy AC, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: The vertebral nerve revisited. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 644-7.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: Wilhelm Erb and Erb’s point. Clin Anat 2007; 20(5): 486-8.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shahid K, et al.: Anatomy and quantitation of the subscapular nerves. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 656-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Acakpo-Satchivi L, Wellons JC 3rd, Blount JP, Oakes WJ. The nerve to the mylohyoid as a donor for facial nerve reanimation procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg. 2007 Apr;106(4):677-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Apaydin N, Oakes WJ, Salter EG: Anatomy and potential clinical significance of the vastoadductor membrane. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(7): 569-73.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: An unreported variation of the cervical vagus nerve: anatomical and histological observations. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(2): 155-7.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: Endoscopically assisted decompression of the suprascapular nerve in the supraspinous fossa: a cadaveric feasibility study. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg 2007; 107(6): 1164-7.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, et al.: The nerve to the mylohyoid as a donor for facial nerve reanimation procedures: a cadaveric feasibility study. J Neurosurg 2007; 106(4): 677-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Accessory venous sinus of Hyrtl. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(3): 198-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Matthew Baillie (1761-1823) and his early detailed descriptions of childhood hydrocephalus in the Morbid Anatomy. J Neurosurg 2007; 107(4 Suppl): 338-41.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: Observations at the craniocervical junction with simultaneous caudal traction of the spinal cord. Childs Nerv Syst 2007; 23(4): 367-9.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: Indirect inguinal hernia of the urinary bladder through a persistent canal of Nuck: case report. Hernia 2007; 11(3): 287-8.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Slappey JB, et al.: Surgical and clinical anatomy of the interclavicular ligament. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(5): 357-60.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Slappey JB, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ, Salter EG: Clinical anatomy of the C1 dorsal root, ganglion, and ramus: a review and anatomical study. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 624-7.

Tubbs RS, Lyerly MJ, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Oakes WJ: The pediatric Chiari I malformation: a review. Childs Nerv Syst 2007; 23(11): 1239-50.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Abubakr Muhammad Ibn Zakaria Razi, Rhazes (865-925 AD: ). Childs Nerv Syst 2007; 23(11): 1225-6.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Shokouhi G, Farahani RM, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Simultaneous lateral and posterior ponticles resulting in the formation of a vertebral artery tunnel of the atlas: case report and review of the literature. Folia Neuropathol 2007; 45(1): 43-6.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Shokouhi G, Loukas M, Oakes WJ: Retrosplenic course of the transverse cervical artery with the suprascapular artery travelling through the suprascapular notch. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(1): 80-2.

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Kelly DR, et al.: Acrel’s ganglion. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(5): 379-81.

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Shoja MM, et al.: The lateral atlantooccipital ligament. Surg Radiol Anat 2007; 29(3): 219-23.

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Shoja MM, Loukas M, Salter EG, Oakes WJ: An unusual muscular variation of the infratemporal fossa. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2007; 66(3): 200-2.

Tubbs RS, Wartmann CT, Louis RG, Jr., Shoja MM, Cormier J, Loukas M: Use of the scapular spine in lumbar fusion procedures: cadaveric feasibility study. Laboratory investigation. J Neurosurg Spine 2007; 7(5): 554-7.

Tubbs RS, Winters RG, Naftel RP, et al.: Predicting orthopedic involvement in patients with lipomyelomeningoceles. Childs Nerv Syst 2007; 23(8): 835-8.

School of Veterinary Medicine (11)

Aire TA, Ozegbe PC: The testicular capsule and peritubular tissue of birds: morphometry, histology, ultrastructure and immunohistochemistry. J Anat 2007; 210(6): 731-40.

Boon JM, van Schoor AN, Abrahams PH, Meiring JH, Welch T, Shanahan D: Central venous catheterization — an anatomical review of a clinical skill — Part 1: subclavian vein via the infraclavicular approach. Clin Anat 2007; 20(6): 602-11.

Elias MZ, Aire TA, Soley JT: Macroscopic features of the arterial supply to the reproductive system of the male ostrich (Struthio camelus). Anat Histol Embryol 2007; 36(4): 255-62.

Erskine A, Jacobus D, Fields C, Pinckney R: A comparative study into the prevalence of intestinal parasites in owned dogs in Grenada, West Indies. UK Vet 2007; 12(2).

Hariharan H, Lopez A, Conboy G, Coles M, Muirhead T: Isolation of Escherichia fergusonii from the feces and internal organs of a goat with diarrhea. Can Vet J 2007; 48(6): 630-1.

Hariharan H, Sharma R, Chikweto A, Matthew V: Enterobacteriaceae in Chicken Ceca in Grenada and Susceptibility of Escherichia coli Isolates to Fluoroquinolones. West Indian Veterinary Journal 2007; 7(1): 8-11.

Jenkins MC, Parker C, Hill D, Pinckney RD, Dyer R, Dubey JP: Neospora caninum detected in feral rodents. Vet Parasitol 2007; 143(2): 161-5.

Mbajiorgu E, Aire T, Volk W, Akbert M, Debusho L: Haematological profile of male rats treated with ethanol and/or chloroquine and fed normal or low protein diet. The Internet J Hematolol 2007; 3: 1-6.

Mealey, R. H., Stone, D. M., Hines, M. T., Alperin, D. C. Littke, M. H., Leib, n S. R., Leach, S. E., Hines, S. A. (2007) Experimental Rhodococcus equi and equine infectious anemia virus DNA vaccination in adult and neonatal horses: effect of IL-12, dose, and route. Vaccine. 25 (43): 7582-7597.

Niessen L, Koutang FM, Zapf M, et al.: Incidence of Potential Aflatoxin Producing Fungi During Nutmeg Production at the Island of Grenada and Application of Essential Oils as a Measure of Control. J. Natural Products 2007: 44-55.

Rutrecht ST, Klee J, Brown MJ: Horizontal transmission success of Nosema bombi to its adult bumble bee hosts: effects of dosage, spore source and host age. Parasitology 2007; 134(Pt 12): 1719-26.

School of Arts and Sciences (2)

Benoit O: Ressentiment and the Gairy Social Revolution. Small Axe, A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 2007; 11(1): 195-211.

Martin CC, Storey KB: Ensuring anonymity in the internet age. Nature (Peer to Peer) 2007(May 2007): 22.

2006 Publications

School of Medicine (48)

Apostolopoulos Y., Sonmez S., Kronenfeld J., Castillo E., McLendon L., Smith D. STI/HIV risks for Mexican migrant laborers: Exploratory ethnographies. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 2006 8:3 (291-302)

Asthana SP, Macpherson C, Weiss SH, et al.: Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women and cats in Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2006; 92(3): 644-5. LINK.

Chiodo A., Goodmurphy C., Haig A. Cadaver evaluation of EMG needle insertion techniques used to target muscles of the thorax. Spine 2006 31:9 (E241-E243)

Chiodo A., Goodmurphy C., Haig A. Diaphragm Needle Placement Techniques Evaluated in Cadaveric Specimens. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2006 87:8 (1150-1152)

Cox Macpherson C: Healthcare development requires stakeholder consultation: palliative care in the Caribbean. Camb Q Healthc Ethics 2006; 15(3): 248-55. LINK.

Cox Macpherson C: Qualitative Research Elucidates Needs for Palliative Care. Tip Etigi-Hukuku-Tarihi (Turkish Journal of Medical Ethics, Law and History) 2006; 14(1): 16-22.

Deokar MS, Dhande PL: Gross anatomical study of the ovary during prenatal development (day 46- day 60) in sheep (ovis aries). W Indian Med J 2006; 6(1): 21.

Dubey JP, Bhaiyat MI, Macpherson C, et al.: Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2006; 92(5): 1107-8. LINK.

Eshleman S.H., Jones D., Galovich J., Paxinos E.E., Petropoulos C.J., Jackson J.B., Parkin N. Phenotypic drug resistance patterns in subtype A HIV-1 clones with nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase resistance mutations. AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses 2006 22:3 (289 293)

Ganske I, Su T, Loukas M, Shaffer K: Teaching methods in anatomy courses in North American medical schools the role of radiology. Acad Radiol 2006; 13(8): 1038-46. LINK.

Kamkar M., Steggles M.A., Martin C.C. Fish pharming: Identifying gene function and therapeutic targets using pharmacologic treatment of zebrafish embryos. Current Pharmacogenomics 2006 4:2 (145-152)

Kapos T, Wright FS, Loukas M: The Clinical Anatomy of the Incisive Foramen. The Faseb Journal 2006; 20(4): A444.

Kibble J., Hansen P.A., Nelson L. Use of modified SOAP notes and peer-led small-group discussion in a Medical Physiology course: Addressing the hidden curriculum American Journal of Physiology – Advances in Physiology Education 2006 30:4 (230-236)

Loukas M, Curry B, Bowers M, et al.: The relationship of myocardial bridges to coronary artery dominance in the adult human heart. J Anat 2006; 209(1): 43-50. LINK.

Loukas M, Curry B: A case of an atypical radial artery. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 706-7. LINK.

Loukas M, Curry B: Bilateral lateral bipartite levator palpebrae superioris muscles. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 698-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Curry B: Right atrial aneurysm. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 710-1. LINK.

Loukas M, El-Sedfy A, Tubbs RS, et al.: Identification of greater occipital nerve landmarks for the treatment of occipital neuralgia. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(4): 337-42. LINK.

Loukas M, Fergurson A, Louis RG, Jr., Colborn GL: Multiple variations of the hepatobiliary vasculature including double cystic arteries, accessory left hepatic artery and hepatosplenic trunk: a case report. Surg Radiol Anat 2006; 28(5): 525-8. LINK.

Loukas M, Hullett J, Louis RG, Jr., et al.: A detailed observation of variations of the facial artery, with emphasis on the superior labial artery. Surg Radiol Anat 2006; 28(3): 316-24. LINK.

Loukas M, Hullett J, Louis RG, Jr., Holdman S, Holdman D: The gross anatomy of the extrathoracic course of the intercostobrachial nerve. Clin Anat 2006; 19(2): 106-11. LINK.

Loukas M, Jordan R: An unusual arterial connection between the celiac trunk and the gastroduodenal artery. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 712-3. LINK.

Loukas M, Kapos T, Louis RG, Jr., Wartman C, Jones A, Hallner B: Gross anatomical, CT and MRI analyses of the buccal fat pad with special emphasis on volumetric variations. Surg Radiol Anat 2006; 28(3): 254-60. LINK.

Loukas M, Kinsella CR, Jr., Louis RG, Jr., Gandhi S, Curry B: Surgical anatomy of the accessory phrenic nerve. Ann Thorac Surg 2006; 82(5): 1870-5. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Childs RS: Anatomical examination of the recurrent artery of Heubner. Clin Anat 2006; 19(1): 25-31. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Fitzsimmons J, Colborn G: The surgical anatomy of the ansa pectoralis. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 685-93. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Fogg QA, Hallner B, Gupta AA: An unusual innervation of pectoralis minor and major muscles from a branch of the intercostobrachial nerve. Clin Anat 2006; 19(4): 347-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Gaspard J, Fudalej M, Tubbs RS, Merbs W: A retrotracheal right subclavian artery in association with a vertebral artery and thyroidea ima. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(3): 236-41. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Hallner B, Gupta AA, White D: Anatomical and surgical considerations of the sacrotuberous ligament and its relevance in pudendal nerve entrapment syndrome. Surg Radiol Anat 2006; 28(2): 163-9. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Jordan R: Comment on “a new device for cricothyroidotomy”. Clin Anat 2006; 19(7): 681. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Merbs W: A case of atypical insertion of the levator scapulae. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(3): 232-5. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., South G, Alsheik E, Christopherson C: A case of an accessory brachialis muscle. Clin Anat 2006; 19(6): 550-3. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Van der Wall B, et al.: Iliolumbar membrane, a newly recognised structure in the back. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(1): 15-21. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT: Superficial lateral thoracic artery. Ann Plast Surg 2006; 57(4): 475-6; author reply 476-7. LINK.

Loukas M, Louis RG, Jr., Wartmann CT: The cutaneous innervation of the dorsal hand: Detailed anatomy with clinical implications. J Hand Surg Am 2006; 31(10): 1699-700. LINK.

Loukas M, South G, Louis RG, Jr., Fogg QA, Davis T: A case of an anomalous pectoralis major muscle. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(1): 100-3. LINK.

Loukas M, Tubbs RS, Louis RG, Jr., Curry B: Pseudoaneurysm of the membranous septum, case report and review of the literature. Surg Radiol Anat 2006; 28(6): 564-8. LINK.

Loukas M: Clinical Oriented Anatomy, Moore and Daley, 5th edition, Book Review. Clinical Anatomy 2006; 19: 367.

Macpherson CNL, Brunetti E, Richter J, Cretu C, Felice C: The role of ultrasound in parasitic disease. Clinical Microbiology Reviews 2006.

Millar I.D., Taylor H.C., Cooper G.J., Kibble J.D., Barhanin J., Robson L. Adaptive downregulation of a quinidine-sensitive cation conductance in renal principal cells of TWIK-1 knockout mice Pflugers. Archiv European Journal of Physiology 2006 453:1 (107-116)

Millar I.D., Taylor H.C., Cooper G.J., Kibble J.D., Robson L. A Kir2.3-like K+ conductance in mouse cortical collecting duct principal cells. Journal of Membrane Biology 2006 211:3 (173-184)

Serby M.J., Brody D., Amin S., Yanowitch P. Psychiatric Services 2006 57:2 (273-274)
Tubbs RS, Kelly DR, Shoja MM, et al.: Does the ganglion of Ribes exist? Folia Neuropathol 2006; 44(3): 197-201. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M, Shoja MM, Salter EG, Oakes WJ, Blount JP: Approach to the cervical portion of the vagus nerve via the posterior cervical triangle: a cadaveric feasibility study with potential use in vagus nerve stimulation procedures. J Neurosurg Spine 2006; 5(6): 540-2. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M: An unusual formation of the deep palmar arch. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 708-9. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Loukas M: Duplication of the superior sagittal sinus. Clin Anat 2006; 19(8): 728. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Shoja MM, Khaki AA, et al.: The morphology and function of the quadrate ligament. Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(3): 225-7. LINK.

Tubbs RS, Stetler W, Jr., Savage AJ, et al.: Does a third head of the rectus femoris muscle exist? Folia Morphol (Warsz) 2006; 65(4): 377-80. LINK.

School of Veterinary Medicine (8)

Asthana,  C. N. L. Macpherson, S. H. Weiss, R. Stephens, T. N. Denny, R. N. Sharma and J. P. Dubey.  Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in pregnant women and cats in Grenada. J. Parasitol. 92 (3), 2006 pp 644-645.

Banga RK: Development of Digital Atlas of Osteology using Hypertext Markup Language (HTML). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 2006; 18(1): 69-71.

Banga RK: Lameness in Cow: What is New in Prevention? International Journal of Cow Science 2006; 2(2): 78-81.

Dubey, M.I. Bhaiyat, C.L. N. Macpherson,, C. DeAllie, A. Chikweto, O. C. H. Kwok and R. N. Sharma.  Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Grenada, West Indies. J. Parasitol. 92 (3), (2006).

Kabuusu R, Bakamanume B, Kiyini R: Risk factors for cow-related injuries among small-scale cow farmers in Kampala, Uganda. Int Journal Cow Sci 2006(2): 11-13.

Kumthekar S, Kabuusu R, Larkin H, Chikewto A: Veterinary cytological findings and some histological comparisons. W Indian Vet J 2006; 6(1): 13.

Larkin H, Kumthekar S, Kabuusu R, Chikewto A: Blood values of dogs with microfilariasis. W Indian Vet J 2006; 6(1): 14.

Locatelli-Dittrich RL, Dittrich JR, Richartz RRTB, et al.: Investigation of Neospora sp. and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in mares and in precolostral foals from Parana State, Southern Brazil. Veterinary Parasitology 2006; 135: 215-221.

School of Arts and Sciences (2)

Best AC: Appropriate Use of Online Communication Methods in Education. Journal of Instruction Delivery Systems 2006; 20(summer/fall 2006): 413-17.

Best AC: Supporting Faculty and Students in Online Learning Environments. Journal of Instruction Delivery Systems 2006; 20(Summer/Fall 2006): 418-22.

2005 Publications

School of Medicine (10)

Brunetti E., Filice C., Schantz P., MacPherson C. Comment on ‘classification of hydatid liver cysts’ by kjossev and losanoff. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2005 20:12 (1947-1948)

Coverdale L.E., Martin C.C. Epigenomics – Genome wide modifications of cytosine and new dimensions in our understanding of differentiation and disease. Current Genomics 2005 6:7 (491-500)

Macpherson C.N.L. Human behaviour and the epidemiology of parasitic zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology 2005 35:11-12 (1319-1331)

Chiodo A., Goodmurphy C., Haig A. Cadaveric study of methods for subscapularis muscle needle insertion. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2005 84:9 (662-665)

Loukas M., Louis R.G., Kapos T., Kwiatkowska M. A case of a bilateral accessory digastric muscle. Folia Morphologica 2005 64:3 (233-236)

Dubey J.P., Bhaiyat M.I., De Allie C., Macpherson C.N.L., Sharma R.N., Sreekumar C., Vianna M.C.B., Shen S.K., Kwok O.C.H., Miska K.B., Hill D.E., Lehmann T. Isolation, tissue distribution and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Parasitology 2005 91:3 (557-560)

Van Schoor A.N., Boon J.M., Bosenberg A.T., Abrahams P.H., Meiring J.H. Anatomical considerations of the pediatric ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve block. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2005 15:5 (371-377)

Panagos A., Lacy E.R., Gubler D.J., Macpherson C.N.L. Dengue in Grenada. Revista Panamericana de Salud Publica/Pan American. Journal of Public Health 2005 17:4

Forde M.S., Punnett L., Wegman D.H. Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in union ironworkers. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene 2005 2:4 (203-212)

Noel T.P., Zabriskie J., Macpherson C.N.L., Perrotte G. Beta-haemolytic streptococci in school chidren 5-15 years of age with an emphasis of rheumatic fever, in the tri-island state of Grenada. West Indian Medical Journal 2005 54:1 (22-27)

School of Veterinary Medicine (10)

Banga RK, Chauhan RS, Telang AG: Immunosuppressive Diseases of Livestock and Poultry. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 2005; 75(4): 445-455.

Banga RK, Kumar P, Chauhan RS: Animal Disease Surveillance and Management. The Indian Cow 2005; 1(3): 3-9.

Banga RK, Kumar P, Singhal LK, Sharma A, Chauhan RS: Red Hill Cattle is Characterized as ‘Badri Cow’ based on Physical Characters and Body Measur. The Indian Cow 2005; 1(3): 10-14.

Banga RK, Puri G, Kumar P, Chauhan RS: Fungal Diseases of Cow and their Prevention. The Indian Cow 2005; 2(4): 24-26.

Banga RK, Singhal LK, Chauhan RS: Cow Urine and Immunomodulation: An Update on Cowpathy. International Journal of Cow Science 2005; 1(2): 26-29.

Bhaiyat MI, Sharma RN: A four footed broiler chicken with duplication of cloaca. West Indies Veterinary Journal 2005; 5(1): 27-29.

Deokar M, Dhande P, Patil A, Gaikwad S: Histomorophological and histochemical changes in the ovary and oviduct in prenatal sheep (Ovis aries). Indian J Vet Anat 2005; 17(1&2): 58-64.

Dubey JR, Bhaiyat MI, de Allie C, et al.: Isolation, tissue distribution, and molecular characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from chickens in Grenada, West Indies. J Parasitol 2005; 91(3): 557-60. LINK.

Shukla G, Banga RK, Singhal LK, Ravindra PV, Chauhan RS: In vitro Immunotoxicity Induced by Cadmium and Lead in Avian Lymphocytes. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 2005; 7(1): 42-47.

Vaid RK, Banga RK: New Framework of Animal Disease Notification System with New List from OIE. Journal of Immunology and Immunopathology 2005; 7(1): 79-83.

School of Arts and Sciences (1)

Coverdale LE, Martin CC: Epigenomics – genome wide modifications of cytosine and new dimensions in our understanding of differentiation and disease. Current Genomics 2005; 6(7).

2004 Publications

School of Medicine (20)

Asulin Y, McCann TJ, McCarty CW, Hage RW, Rooney PJ, Macpherson C: Cancer incidence and mortality in Grenada 1990-2000. West Indian Med J 2004; 53(6): 368-73.

Anson R.M., Hansford R.G. Mitochondrial influence on aging rate in Caenorhabditis elegans. Aging Cell. 2004 Feb;3(1):29-34

Cox Macpherson C: The future of institution review boards: IRBs in developing countries. The Lancet Oncology 2004; 5(May 2004): 328-329.

Forde MS, Buchholz B: Task content and physical ergonomic risk factors in construction ironwork. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 2004; 34: 319-333.

Forman S: Decompression illness among the fishermen divers of Grenada waters. W Indian Med J 2004; 53: 26.

Ghersi D., Campbell E.G., Pentz R., Macpherson C.C. The future of institutional review boards Lancet Oncology 2004 5:5 (325-329)

Hauer K.E., Wachter R.M., McCulloch C.E., Woo G.A., Auerbach A.D. Effects of hospitalist attending physicians on trainee satisfaction with teaching and with internal medicine rotations. Archives of Internal Medicine 2004 164:17 (1866-1871)

Ingram D.K., Anson R.M., De Cabo R., Mamczarz J., Zhu M., Mattison J., Lane M.A., Roth G.S. Development of calorie restriction mimetics as a prolongevity strategy. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 2004 1019 (412-423)

Joshi SG, Cymet HB, Kerkvliet G, Cymet T: Anthrax in America 2001-2003. J Natl Med Assoc 2004; 96(3): 344-50.

Junck A, Lennon D, Chamarthy S, Macpherson C: A cross-sectional prevalence study of intestinal nematode infections in rural school children aged 6-12 years in Grenada. W Indian Med J 2004; 53: 34.

Kreitschiltz S, Cox Macpherson C: End of Life Care in Grenada: perspectives from families and caregivers. W Indian Med J 2004; 53: 41.

Lane M.A., De Cabo R., Mattison J., Anson R.M., Roth G.S., Ingram D.K. The Roy Walford legacy: Diet restriction from molecules to mice to monkeys to man and onto mimetics Experimental Gerontology 2004 39:6 (897-902)

Macpherson CC: Research sponsors duties to developing world host nations: the ongoing WMA discussion of possible revisions to the 2000 Declaration of Helsinki (paragraph 30). Dev World Bioeth 2004; 4(2): 173-5.

Macpherson CC: To strengthen consensus, consult the stakeholders. Bioethics 2004; 18(3): 283-92.

Macpherson CN, Kachani M, Lyagoubi M, et al.: Cystic echinococcosis in the Berber of the Mid Atlas mountains, Morocco: new insights into the natural history of the disease in humans. Ann Trop Med Parasitol 2004; 98(5): 481-90.

Millar I.D., Hartley J.A., Haigh C., Grace A.A., White S.J., Kibble J.D., Robson L. Volume regulation is defective in renal proximal tubule cells isolated from KCNE1 knockout mice. Experimental Physiology 2004 89:2 (173-180)

Ng YW, Macpherson CNL, R.L. M: Presence of microflora in culture with Mycobacterium leprae enhances IL-12 and TNF-? cytokine production: a contribution to the understanding of the pathogenesis of lymphatic filariasis, an important cause of global morbidity. W Indian Med J 2004; 53: 34.

Rayner J, Veeh R, Flood J: Prevalence of microbial biofilms on selected fresh produce and household surfaces. Int J Food Microbiol 2004; 95(1): 29-39.

Shuhaiber J.H., Shuhaiber H.H., Dumanian G.A. The role of palmaris muscle tendon in mitral valve annulus reconstruction: A novel technique for mitral valve repair Heart Surgery Forum 2004 7:5 (382-385)

World Health Organization working group iN, Grifty-Maria and supervisor: Overview of the WHO framework for monitoring and evaluating surveillance and response systems for comuunicable diseases. Weekly epidemiological record / Relevé épidémiologique hebdomadaire 2004; 36(79): 321-328.

School of Veterinary Medicine (4)

Andreotti R, Pinckney RD, Pires PP, é Silva EA: Evidence of Neospora caninum in a beef cattle and dogs in the State of Mato Grosso du Sul, Center-Western region, Brazil. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Brazilian Journal of Parasitology) 2004; 13(3): 129-131.

Bowman MR, Pare JA, Pinckney RD: Trichosomoides crassicauda infection in a pet hooded rat. Vet Rec 2004; 154(12): 374-5.

Bruno C, Kotelnikova S: Antagonistic properties of microflora isolated from epithelial mucus of reef fish. West Indian Medical Journal 2004; 53: 82.

Locatelli-Dittrich RL, Thomaz-Soccol VT, Richartz RR, Gasinio-Joineau ME, Van Der Vinne R, Pinckney RD: Isolamento de Neospora caninum de feto bovino de rebanho leiteiro no Paraná. Rev. Bras. Parasitol. Vet. (Brazilian Journal of Parasitology) 2004; 13(3): 103-109.

2003 Publications

School of Medicine (11)

Ayoub E.M., Nelson B., Shulman S.T., Barrett D.J., Campbell J.D., Armstrong G., Lovejoy J., Angoff G.H., Rockenmacher S. Group A streptococcal antibodies in subjects with or without rheumatic fever in areas with high or low incidences of rheumatic fever Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology 2003 10:5 (886-890)

Balloch K.J.D., Hartley J.A., Millar I.D., Kibble J.D., Robson L. A hypertonicity-activated nonselective conductance in single proximal tubule cells isolated from mouse kidney. Journal of Membrane Biology 2003 192:3 (191-201)

Buchholz B, Paquet V, Wellman H, Forde M: Quantification of ergonomic hazards for ironworkers performing concrete reinforcement tasks during heavy highway construction. AIHA J (Fairfax, Va) 2003; 64(2): 243-50.

Jenkins DJ, Macpherson C: Transmission ecology of Echinococcus in wild-life in Australia and Africa. Parasitology 2003; 127 Suppl: S63-72.

Kabuusu, R.M. McCann, T.J. and Sharma, R.N. 2003. Isolation of bacterial pathogens from table eggs in Grenada. Journal of the Caribbean Veterinary Medical Association, 1: 21-25.

Kachani M, Macpherson C, Lyagoubi M, et al.: Public health education/importance and experience from the field. Educational impact of community-based ultrasound screening surveys. Acta Trop 2003; 85(2): 263-9.

Kreitzschitz K, Cox Macpherson C: End of life care. Perspectives from families and caregivers. West Indian Med J 2003; 52(4): 311-6.

Macpherson C, Bartholomot B, Frider B: Application of ultrasound in diagnosis, treatment, epidemiology, public health and control of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis. Parasitology 2003; 127 Suppl: S21-35.

Macpherson C, Milner R: Performance characteristics and quality control of community based ultrasound surveys for cystic and alveolar echinococcosis. Acta Trop 2003; 85(2): 203-9.

Macpherson C, Vuitton DA, Gharbi HA, et al.: International classification of ultrasound images in cystic echinococcosis for application in clinical and field epidemiological settings. Acta Tropica 2003; 85: 243-261.

Smith W.S., Johnston S.C., Skalabrin E.J., Weaver M., Azari P., Albers G.W., Gress D.R. Spinal manipulative therapy is an independent risk factor for vertebral artery dissection Neurology 2003 60:9 (1424-1428)

School of Veterinary Medicine (3)

Kabuusu RM, McCann TJ, Sharma RN: Isolation of Bacterial Pathogens from Table Eggs in Grenada. Caribbean Veterinary Medical Association Journal 2003; 3(1): 21-25.

Locatelli-Dittrich R, Richartz RR, Joineau ME, et al.: Isolation of Neospora caninum from a blind calf in Parana, southern Brazil. Vet Rec 2003; 153(12): 366-7.

MacColl ADC, Stevenson IR: Stasis in the morph ratio cline in the banaquit on Grenada, West Indies. The Condor 2003; 105: 821-825.

2002 Publication

School of Medicine (7)

Bartholomot G, Vuitton DA, Harraga S, et al.: Combined ultrasound and serologic screening for hepatic alveolar echinococcosis in central China. Am J Trop Med Hyg 2002; 66(1): 23-9.

Bhusnurmath B, Bhusnurmath S: Concept Maps – Use as Adjunct Teaching Tools in Pathology. Pathology Education 2002; 26: 35-41.

Bhusnurmath B, Bhusnurmath S, Pensick A: Optimization of Learning of Pathology with the Use of Clinical Tutors. Pathology Education 2002; 26: 46-48.

Bhusnurmath S, Bhusnurmath B: Sequestered Examinations- Can they be Linked to Formative Feedback to Students? Pathology Education 2002; 26: 49-51.

Cox Macpherson C: Palliative care: A global duty. Tip Etigi. (Turkiye Klinikeri: Turkish Clinical Journal of Medical Ethics 2002; 10: 11-15.

Cox Macpherson C, Connolly RL: Enough is enough? Disclosure in cross-cultural research. Irb 2002; 24(3): 7-9.

Forde MS, Punnett L, Wegman DH: Pathomechanisms of work-related musculoskeletal disorders: conceptual issues. Ergonomics, 2002; 45(9): 619-630.

School of Veterinary Medicine (1)

Horne DJ, Pinckney RD: Head off damaging Neospora problems. Hoard’s Dairyman 2002: 53.

2001 Publications

School of Medicine (10)

Bhusnurmath B, Bhusnurmath S: Pathology Curriculum at the St. George’s University School of Medicine (SGUSOM) a hybrid model of clinical problem solving curriculum development, an exhilarating experience over the past three years. Pathology Education 2001; 25: 27-33.

Cox Macpherson C: Ethics committees. Research ethics: beyond the guidelines. Dev World Bioeth 2001; 1(1): 57-68.

Cox Macpherson C: Research ethics committee: getting started. West Indian Med J 2001; 50(3): 186-8.

Halperin H, Bourne PG, Hansford R, et al.: Public Access Defibrillation in the Caribbean: The Time has Come. Caribbean Health 2001(June 2001).

Hansford R: Thrombolytic Therapy in the Caribbean. Caribbean Health 2001(October 2001).

Koul P, Chand RP, Bhusnurmath SR: Severe autosomal recessive rippling muscle disease. Muscle and Nerve 2001; 214: 1542-1547.

Macpherson C: The changing picture of intestinal parasitoses in the Caribbean. Caribbean Health 2001; 32(2): 274-277.

Ross ZM, O’Gara EA, Hill DJ, Sleightholme HV, Maslin DJ: Antimicrobial properties of garlic oil against human enteric bacteria: evaluation of methodologies and comparisons with garlic oil sulfides and garlic powder. Appl Environ Microbiol 2001; 67(1): 475-80.

Stewart PS, Rayner J, Roe F, Rees WM: Biofilm penetration and disinfection efficacy of alkaline hypochlorite and chlorosulfamates. J Appl Microbiol 2001; 91(3): 525-32.

Wang YH, Rogan MT, Vuitton DA, et al.: Cystic echinococcosis in semi-nomadic pastoral communities in north-west China. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 2001; 95(2): 153-8.

2000 Publications

School of Medicine (3)

Bourne P, Hansford R: Cardiology Practice in Grenada, West Indies: A Unique Collaborative Approach. Caribbean Health 2000(December 2000).

Macpherson C, Gottstein B, Geerts S: Parasitic food-borne and water-borne zoonoses. Rev Sci Tech 2000; 19(1): 240-58.

Stewart PS, Roe F, Rayner J, et al.: Effect of catalase on hydrogen peroxide penetration into Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilms. Appl Environ Microbiol 2000; 66(2): 836-8.

School of Veterinary Medicine (2)

Conner MM, McCarty CW, Miller MW: Detection of bias in harvest-based estimates of chronic wasting disease prevalence in mule deer. J Wildl Dis 2000; 36(4): 691-9.

Miller MW, Williams ES, McCarty CW, et al.: Epizootiology of chronic wasting disease in free-ranging cervids in Colorado and Wyoming. J Wildl Dis 2000; 36(4): 676-90.

School of Arts and Sciences (1)

MacDonald-Smythe A: Gendering The Nation, Authorising the Caribbean Subject: A Review of Belinda Edmondson’s Making Men: Gender, Literary Authority and Women’s Writing in Caribbean Narrative. Small Axe, A Caribbean Journal of Criticism 2000; 7: 127-132.

1999 Publications

School of Medicine (3)

Cox Macpherson C: Should the Declaration of Helsinki be revised? N Engl J Med 1999; 341(24): 1852; author reply 1853.

Cox Macpherson C: Research ethics committees: a regional approach. Theor Med Bioeth 1999; 20(2): 161-79.

Shambesh MA, Craig PS, Macpherson CN, Rogan MT, Gusbi AM, Echtuish EF: An extensive ultrasound and serologic study to investigate the prevalence of human cystic echinococcosis in northern Libya. Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999; 60(3): 462-8.

School of Veterinary Medicine (4)

Bensen K: Comparisons between island and mainland dwelling populations of mona monkeys in Africa and the Caribbean. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1999; 18: 91.

Coetzee M, Estrada-Franco JG, Wunderlich CA, Hunt RH: Cytogenetic evidence for a species complex within Anopheles pseudopunctipennis theobald (Diptera: Culicidae). Am J Trop Med Hyg 1999; 60(4): 649-53.

Glenn ME, Bensen K: Island and Mainland Dwelling Populations of Mona Monkeys (Cercopithecus mona) in Africa and the Caribbean: Phase II, Sâo Tomé and Príncipe. International Journal of Primatology 1999.

Glenn ME, Bensen K: Cercopithecus mona all-male groups: A new phenomenon in the Cercopithecus genus? American Journal of Physical Anthropology 1999; 18: 91.

1997 Publications

School of Medicine (1)

Cox Macpherson C: Medical education, women’s status, and medical issues’ effect on women’s health in the Caribbean. Health Care Women Int 1997; 18(4): 383-93.

School of Veterinary Medicine (4)

Bensen KJ, Glenn ME: Population size, hunting rates and sustainability of  mona monkeys (Cercopithecus mona) on the island of Grenada. American Journal of Primatology 1997; 42(2): 93-94.

Glenn ME, Bensen KJ: Comparisons of the vocal repertoire of mainland- and island-dwelling mona monkeys (Cercopithecus mona) in Africa and the Caribbean. American Journal of Primatology 1997; 42(2): 113.

Glenn ME, Bensen KJ: Surveys of mona monkey on the island of São Tomé. Gulf of Guinea Conservation News 1997(7): 1-2.

Glenn ME: Group size and group composition of the mona monkey (Cercopithecus mona) on the Island of Grenada, West Indies. Am J Primatol 1997; 43(2): 167-73.

1996 Publications

1995 Publications

School of Medicine (1)

Macpherson C: The socio-economic consequences of animal diseases on individuals, communities and nations. The Journal of the South African Veterinary Association 1995; 66: 117 118.

School of Veterinary Medicine (1)

Macpherson C: The effect of transhumance on the epidemiology of animal diseases. Preventive Veterinary Medicine 1995; 25(2): 213-224.

1994 Publications

School of Medicine (1)

Bensen K: National Parks and local involvement in Grenada: An object lesson from the Caribbean. Courier: Africa-Caribbean-Pacific-European Union 1994; 148: 89-90.

School of Veterinary Medicine (2)

Macpherson C: Epidemiology and control of parasites in nomadic situations. Vet Parasitol 1994; 54(1-3): 87-102.

Macpherson C: The effect of transhumance on the epidemiology of animal diseases. The Kenya Veterinarian 1994; 18: 22-23.