Research by St. George’s University Faculty Helps Curb Mercury Levels in Bermuda

Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine Mounts Successful Campaign to Limit Expectant Mothers Exposure to Mercury in Fish

Results from a study conducted in part by St. George’s University Professor Martin Fordeshowed that blood concentration levels of methyl mercury in expecting mothers in Bermuda have dropped significantly since 2003.

news forde martinA 2003 study detected mercury in all samples tested, with 59 percent having levels exceeding the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s guideline for fetal cord blood and 7 percent exceeding derived World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. Since then, Dr. Forde, a Professor of Environmental and Occupational Health in SGU’s Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, working alongside researchers Eric Dewailly, Philippe Rouja, Cheryl Peek-Ball, Suzanne Côté, Emma Smith, Olivia Drescher, and Lyndon Robertson, determined which fish from Bermuda’s waters were safest for consumption and, after involving health authorities, physicians, and the public, mounted the highly successful intervention.

“We are not telling women to stop eating fish,” said Dr. Forde. “The best thing is to avoid larger fish and focus on smaller ones which are also nutritious but contain less mercury.”

Methyl mercury, commonly found in fish, particularly larger predatory fish, is dangerous in large quantities and can damage the nervous system, with children and babies being most susceptible. Although high levels of mercury do not necessarily mean that people will develop adverse health effects, it is important to be aware so that risks can be managed.

This study was just one example of studies conducted under the Caribbean Ecohealth Program (CEHP), a $1.6 million grant project on which Dr. Forde was a co-principal investigator.  Other research studies investigated levels of lead and other contaminants in the blood of pregnant women in 10 Caribbean countries – Antigua, Belize, Bermuda, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St. Kitt’s and Nevis, St. Lucia, and St. Vincent – and compared them to US and Canada data. Dr. Forde and his colleagues hope to do further work and to embark on similar interventions and public education programs to address these.