Oscar Fletcher was born in Bennettsville, South Carolina. He received a BS degree in 1960 from Wofford College in Spartanburg, SC and completed the pre-veterinary requirements at Clemson University.
Dr. Fletcher received his DVM degree in 1964 from the University of Georgia and earned an MS degree in Pathology from the University of Georgia in 1965 and a PhD in Veterinary Science from the University of Wisconsin, Madison in 1968.
Dr. Fletcher joined the faculty of the College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of George in 1968 as an assistant professor in the Department of Pathology and Parasitology. He was the associate dean for Academic Affairs from 1975 to 1982, simultaneously serving as associate professor and professor Pathology and Avian Medicine.
He was professor and head of the Department of Avian Medicine and director of the Poultry Diagnostic and Research Center from 1982 to 1989. From 1989 to 1992, he served as Dean of the College of Veterinary Medicine at Iowa State University. He was appointed Dean of the college of Veterinary Medicine at North Carolina State University in 1992 and served in that capacity for twelve years. He is currently a professor in the Department of Population Health and Pathobiology.
Dr. Fletcher is a diplomate of the American College of Veterinary Pathologists and was president in 1990. He is a founding diplomate of the American College of Poultry Veterinarians and served as president in 1993-1994.
A member of the American Veterinary Medical Association (AVMA), Dr. Fletcher served a six-year term on the AVMA Council on Research and was Chair in 1996-1997.
He served a term on the Advisory Committee for the Center for Veterinary Medicine in the FDA and represented the American Colleges of Veterinary Medicine as a member of the Research, Extension, Education and Economics Advisory Committee to the United States Secretary of Agriculture.
Dr. Fletcher served as president of the Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges (1993-1994) and represented veterinary medicine as liaison to the Budget Committee and Board on Agriculture in NASULGC.
Dr. Fletcher was recognized in 2004 with the A.M. Mills Award given by Alpha Psi professional fraternity at the College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Georgia. He also received the Distinguished Veterinarian award from the North Carolina Veterinary Medical Association and a Distinguished Service Award from the North Carolina Poultry Federation.
Dr. Fletcher and his wife Sybil are the parents of two sons.